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Siwago is an implementation of authenticating "Sign in with Apple" tokens with Apple servers. It implements the validation and generation of tokens outlined at this link:

This repo contains the functionality to validate the authorization code provided to the client while signing in with Apple and to generate access_token. This is intended to be used on the server side.

This implementation has no external dependencies and manages encoding and singing using the go provided core functions.

Install & Usage


Execute go get This installs the package in your $GOPATH.


Get the tokens from Apple in the following three steps:

  1. Initialize SiwaConfig object siwago.GetObject(KID, TEAMID, BUNDLEID, duration, nonce)
  2. Set the private key in one of the following ways
    • Using file: siwagoObj.SetSecretP8File("/etc/keys/AuthKey_3UHT5POLK9.p8")
    • Using file contents as string: siwagoObj.SetSecretP8String("//-----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----\njkfweshjdjkhjsbjvguybjebvuewkvbbhj+jbdhbjhbvjhbvjhbvbjvbvjvagcve\njkfweshjdjkhjsbjvguybje/vuewkvbbhjdjbdhbjhbvjhbvjhbvbjvbvjvagcve\njkfweshjdjkhjsbjvguybjebvuewkvbbhj+jbdhbjhbvjhbvjhbvbjvbvjvagcve\njkfweshj\n-----END PRIVATE KEY-----")
    • Using file contents as []byte: siwagoObj.SetSecretP8Bytes(byteContents)
  3. Exchange the code for a token token:=siwagoObj.ExchangeAuthCode(code, redirectUri) redirectUri can be "" if it does not apply

If there is an error token.Error is set to the error recieved from Apple. More info:

In case of success token object is populated with the access token, refresh token, etc. from apple. More info:


SiwaConfig object

This object holds the app configuration that will be used to generate JWT token. This token can be initialized using a helper function GetObject(keyId string, teamId string, bundleId string, d time.Duration) or directly SiwaConfig{KeyId: keyId, TokenDelta: d, TeamId: teamId, BundleId: bundleId}

type SiwaConfig struct {
    //key Id from Certificates, Identifiers & Profiles on
    KeyId           string 
    //duration for which you would want the generated client_secret jwt token to be valid.
    //Can not be more than 15777000 (6 months in seconds) from the Current Unix Time on the server.
    TokenDelta      time.Duration 
    //Team Id that is configured with Key, 
    //can also ne found in Certificates, Identifiers & Profiles on
    TeamId          string 
    //bundleId for product com.companyname.product
    BundleId        string 
    //contents of the p8 file
    PemFileContents []byte 
    //nonce is set while making the request to generate authorization_code. If you dont use it, keep it an empty string
    Nonce           string

Setting Secret

The signing secret or the private key can be set with a file on the disk - .p8 file downloaded from the Apple Developer website, or as a string or []byte.

Private key file format:



func (self *SiwaConfig) SetSecretP8File(p8Filename string) error


func (self *SiwaConfig) SetSecretP8String(p8Contents string)


func (self *SiwaConfig) SetSecretP8Bytes(p8Contents []byte)

Token object

The token object is returned by the ExchangeAuthCode method. This contains the response from Apple. The API returns a TokenResponse or ErrorResponse. If there is an error, the Token.Error is set with the message, else all the other fields are populated.

To check for errors, see if .Error is "".

type Token struct {
    //(Reserved for future use) A token used to access allowed data. Currently, no data set has been defined for access.
    AccessToken  string `json:"access_token"`
    //The type of access token. It will always be bearer.
    TokenType    string `json:"token_type"`
    //The amount of time, in seconds, before the access token expires.
    ExpiresIn    int64  `json:"expires_in"`
    //The refresh token used to regenerate new access tokens. Store this token securely on your server.
    RefreshToken string `json:"refresh_token"`
    //A JSON Web Token that contains the user’s identity information.
    IdToken      string `json:"id_token"`
    //Set if ErrorResponse is recieved
    //A string that describes the reason for the unsuccessful request. The string consists of a single allowed value.
    //Possible values: invalid_request, invalid_client, invalid_grant, unauthorized_client, unsupported_grant_type, invalid_scope
    Error        string `json:"error"`
    //After the token is fetched from apple, id token is validated
    //this field stores the result of the validation check
    Valid bool `json:"_"`
    //The decoded Id token
    //Holds the decoded JWT Header, Body, Signature and result of validity check
    DecodedIdToken *SiwaIdToken `json:"_"`

Token Validation

The id_token returned by apple is validated as follows:

  • Verify the JWS E256 signature using the server’s public key
  • Verify the nonce for the authentication
  • Verify that the iss field contains
  • Verify that the aud field is the developer’s client_id
  • Verify that the time is earlier than the exp value of the token

This is as per the guidelines on apple developer website at

Sample code

Here is a sample implementation for checking the token

package main

import (


const KID = "3UHT5POLK9"
const BUNDLEID = ""

func main() {
    var code string
    var d time.Duration
    var siwagoObj *siwago.SiwaConfig
    var token *siwago.Token
    var err error

    code = "ce47cc89t73da4d3897905f349d404hq5.0.nrrxy.H2Pt0rU0wi0VdumPWM9pEg"
    d = 30 * 24 * time.Hour
    siwagoObj = siwago.GetObject(KID, TEAMID, BUNDLEID, d, "test_nonce")
    err = siwagoObj.SetSecretP8File("/etc/keys/AuthKey_3UHT5POLK9.p8")
    if err != nil {

    token, err = siwagoObj.ExchangeAuthCode(code, "")
    //if there was an error and token is not nil, it can be used to get more information about the failure
    //to check if the apple request failed or token validation failed
    if err != nil {
        if token == nil {
            fmt.Println("Error with exchanging token, token is nil.", err.Error())
        } else if token.Error != "" {
            fmt.Println("Error while requesting token error:", token.Error)
        } else if !token.Valid {
            fmt.Println("Invalid token", err.Error(), token.String())

    fmt.Println("Generated Valid Token:", token.String())


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