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Fix possibility of creating a "phantom" segment after promotion.
When promoting a standby just after a XLOG_SWITCH record was replayed, and next segment(s) are already are locally available (via walsender, restore_command + trigger/recovery target), that segment could accidentally be recycled onto the past of the new timeline. Later checkpointer would create a .ready file for it, assuming there was an error during creation, and it would get archived. That causes trouble if another standby is later brought up from a basebackup from before the timeline creation, because it would try to read the segment, because XLogFileReadAnyTLI just tries all possible timelines, which doesn't have valid contents. Thus replay would fail. The problem, if already occurred, can be fixed by removing the segment and/or having restore_command filter it out. The reason for the creation of such "phantom" segments was, that after an XLOG_SWITCH record the EndOfLog variable points to the beginning of the next segment, and RemoveXlogFile() used XLByteToPrevSeg(). Normally RemoveXlogFile() doing so is harmless, because the last segment will still exist preventing InstallXLogFileSegment() from causing harm, but just after promotion there's no previous segment on the new timeline. Fix that by using XLByteToSeg() instead of XLByteToPrevSeg(). Author: Andres Freund Reported-By: Greg Burek Discussion: https://email@example.com Backpatch: 9.2-, bug older than all supported versions
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