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Fix issue where working dir becomes wrong on subst drive on Windows. Fixes #5965 #6523

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merged 3 commits into from Jun 8, 2020

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fabioz
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@fabioz fabioz commented Jan 21, 2020

Note that I didn't change all the Path.resolve() occurrences on pytest, only the ones related to getting the current directory.

Fix #5965
Fix #7333
Close #6733

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fabioz commented Jan 21, 2020

Note: builds are failing because of some internal pip error when installing deps not because of this change.

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@blueyed blueyed closed this Jan 21, 2020
@blueyed blueyed reopened this Jan 21, 2020
@fabioz fabioz closed this Jan 21, 2020
@fabioz fabioz reopened this Jan 21, 2020
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fabioz commented Jan 21, 2020

Humm, it seems that in python 3.8 the test I added is failing (I had run it only on Python 3.7 in my machine so far)... I'll investigate.

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@nicoddemus nicoddemus left a comment

Howdy Zaza, thanks a lot for the PR!

Please take a look at the commits and let me know your thoughts. 👍

changelog/5965.bugfix.rst Outdated Show resolved Hide resolved
src/_pytest/config/__init__.py Outdated Show resolved Hide resolved
src/_pytest/config/__init__.py Outdated Show resolved Hide resolved
src/_pytest/config/__init__.py Outdated Show resolved Hide resolved
testing/test_windows_subst.py Outdated Show resolved Hide resolved
testing/test_windows_subst.py Outdated Show resolved Hide resolved
testing/test_windows_subst.py Outdated Show resolved Hide resolved
testing/test_windows_subst.py Outdated Show resolved Hide resolved
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@fabioz fabioz force-pushed the master branch 2 times, most recently from 4032fd1 to 129687d Compare Feb 13, 2020
@@ -195,7 +195,21 @@ def pytest_addoption(parser):
reason="symlink not available on this platform",
)
def test_conftest_symlink(testdir):
"""Ensure that conftest.py is used for resolved symlinks."""
"""
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@fabioz fabioz Feb 13, 2020

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This test changed the outcome significantly, so, I'd like to elaborate a bit...

What it did was that if the user had the structure:

/real
/real/conftest.py
/real/app
/real/app/tests
/real/app/tests/test_foo.py

with the following links:

/symlinktests -> /real/app/tests (running at symlinktests should fail)
/symlink -> /real (running at /symlink should work)

Running a test in /symlinktests would still find the conftest. This was surprising for me, so, this will probably break someone that expected to have that working...

I still think that the change does make sense and pytest should respect the current dir without resolving symlinks, which is more flexible (i.e.: users can build their own structure with symlinks)... the other approach required users to build their structure without any symlinks but allowed the creation of symlinks to any folder and the user could enter the symlink to run the tests against the non-symlinked version (which strikes me as odd).

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@blueyed blueyed Feb 13, 2020

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This is from me.. :) (via 7268462 #4108)

In this case I've used a symlink "to build my own structure" (to have a shorter path mostly).
tests -> src/app/tests/, but with ./src/app/conftest.py (like you've described).

The workaround/fix here is just moving (or also symlinking (not sure though how that work with your changes)) the conftest.py, so that would be OK with me (and maybe there is nobody else expecting this to work then.. :))

And while I like the change in general (less resolving), I'd still like to investigate if it could be made to still work - given that it is below "rootdir" after all, and it is rather surprising that tests might behave differently based on where they are linked from to - although that might also be seen as a feature then.
In general though symlink resolution works as a first step, and then config files (e.g. .ignore with ripgrep) are looked up from there (up to a certain root).
In pytest's case I consider conftest.py to be a config file, and rootdir where it should stop looking then.

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fabioz commented Feb 13, 2020

I just did the change for both (Windows and Linux), and it's ready to review.

@@ -195,7 +195,21 @@ def pytest_addoption(parser):
reason="symlink not available on this platform",
)
def test_conftest_symlink(testdir):
"""Ensure that conftest.py is used for resolved symlinks."""
"""
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This is from me.. :) (via 7268462 #4108)

In this case I've used a symlink "to build my own structure" (to have a shorter path mostly).
tests -> src/app/tests/, but with ./src/app/conftest.py (like you've described).

The workaround/fix here is just moving (or also symlinking (not sure though how that work with your changes)) the conftest.py, so that would be OK with me (and maybe there is nobody else expecting this to work then.. :))

And while I like the change in general (less resolving), I'd still like to investigate if it could be made to still work - given that it is below "rootdir" after all, and it is rather surprising that tests might behave differently based on where they are linked from to - although that might also be seen as a feature then.
In general though symlink resolution works as a first step, and then config files (e.g. .ignore with ripgrep) are looked up from there (up to a certain root).
In pytest's case I consider conftest.py to be a config file, and rootdir where it should stop looking then.

"lib/foo/bar/test_bar.py::test_bar PASSED*",
"lib/foo/bar/test_bar.py::test_other PASSED*",
"local/lib/foo/bar/test_bar.py::test_bar PASSED*",
"local/lib/foo/bar/test_bar.py::test_other PASSED*",
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Note that the behavior here also changes (due to #4159 however already, which should have changed it to using -vv instead probably).

Also reminded me of https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/pull/6701/files#diff-1f1fc4eef6bf4c4da558e0dce9e74e9b - which is a bit related maybe at least?

I.e. please try if #6701 helps / is related in some way.

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Answering both comments here...

I didn't comment on this because it's actually the same thing (i.e.: it reports things based on the view of the working dir, which includes the symlinked version and not the resolved version).

I tried with #6701 and tests fail -- the reason is still the same: with this change pytest views things are they are from the current working directory (i.e.: symlinked), not from the resolved version...

So, basically it boils down to the way pytest should see things... it should either ignore links and always use the resolved version (and symlinks are a way to cd into a module) or symlinks are respected and that becomes the way that pytest views things.

If symlinks are to be respected, I don't think pytest should resolve conftest if it's not seen from the working directory (it makes things more complex than they should -- and I'd find that surprising if it works)... as you mentioned, if that's needed the user should also symlink conftest.

-- as a note, the main issue with resolving is that the paths reported aren't the paths that I'm seeing on IDEs/editors, so, clicking to get to the source file gets a different version of the file (i.e.: I've opened /my/linked/folder/my_file.py and paths are seen/reported as /my/real/folder/my_file.py, which opens a different view of the file and confuses the IDEs/editors opening a second version of the file I already have open) -- the fact that the full path is also reported on the console is also a bit annoying but not as much as having IDEs/editors confused (I checked with PyDev and VSCode Python, and I'd be surprised if any IDE would be able to find it... the solution is of course never using symlinks/subst drives on IDEs and always use the real folders, but that's pretty annoying if you actually use those to structure your code/projects).

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@blueyed @nicoddemus any thoughts here?

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I honestly don't know the code well enough to have thoughts on the above, except to agree that, on Windows, most apps don't "resolve" link-like things, such as subst drives.

I'm still pegged to pytest==5.0.1 to avoid this bug.

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fabioz commented Mar 11, 2020

@blueyed @nicoddemus waiting on feedback here (personally, I think that links should not be followed and the patch should be applied in the current version, but it's definitely up to pytest maintainers to agree on that or not -- either way, it'd be nice to have some feedback).

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fabioz commented Mar 26, 2020

@blueyed @nicoddemus ping?

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nicoddemus commented Mar 26, 2020

Hey Zaza, thanks for the ping!

I'm a bit swamped at the moment though, and this thread is long and needs to be reviewed carefully. I will take it on ASAP. 👍

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fabioz commented May 6, 2020

@RonnyPfannschmidt @blueyed @nicoddemus pinging again to see if someone can update the position on this issue (as @adamkerz, I still have to use an older version of pytest due to this bug, but I'd really like to update at some point).

p.s.: Sorry for the noise, I know that handling an open source project is hard and time consuming, so, please see this as a gentle nudge to see if some time has cleared up to review the issue (hopefully me doing this at most once/month isn't that much of a burden, but I can stop if you'd like).

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RonnyPfannschmidt commented May 6, 2020

@fabioz i apologize for the long time inaction, we are still in the process of sorting out the fallout of the conflict that happened
also thanks for your patience

"""
)
symlink = testdir.tmpdir.join("symlink.py")
symlink.mksymlinkto(real)
result = testdir.runpytest("-v", symlink)
result.stdout.fnmatch_lines(["real.py::test_nodeid PASSED*", "*1 passed in*"])
result.stdout.fnmatch_lines(["symlink.py::test_nodeid PASSED*", "*1 passed in*"])
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i fear that this detail change may cause some troublr wrt resolution of symlinks

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@RonnyPfannschmidt, well, the whole point of the pull request is not resolving symlinks (I think my comment at #6523 (comment) explains the rationale).

I'll reword it here, so, hopefully it's clearer: if pytest does resolve symlinks, it's not possible to actually use symlinks to structure projects (be it subst drives, junctions or symlinks) because the paths reported by pytest never match the cwd being used for the run and the only usage for symlinks is as a helper to cd into a directory (which is what the current symlink resolution accomplishes).

So, what pytest maintainers need to decide is what is the wanted behavior for pytest (and I believe those are mutually exclusive, either users are allowed to use symlinks to structure the project or users are allowed to use symlinks as a helper to cd into a directory).

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on linux/unix the resolve behaviour makes a lot of sense (and makes things better/avoids certain issues) on windows it seems like the resolve behavour should be to "not" do it if it can be avoided so its a topic where any binary choice is "bad" and a non-binary one may be even worse

in any case its a breaking change that requires a major version, im kinda onboard with making it happen, but i wonder if it should be controllable with a environment variable with sane defaults for unix to resolve and for windows to "not" resolve

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I'm ok in checking for an env variable and updating the patch (and possibly making the default different for each OS). How do you think it should be named?

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Not using Linux as a desktop, I can only speak to Windows, but, in my experience, most apps don't do any resolution of symlinks on Windows, so if pytest DOES resolve, paths to the same file will not match. IMHO, an env var is fine for people to configure for those edge cases, but the default for each OS should be the thing that will work for most people. So, in this case, resolve for Linux (as it currently is) and don't resolve for Windows (as it WAS pre-v5.1.0).

Given the above, I would argue that it isn't a breaking change - there is no change on Linux and it is fixing a bug that was introduced in v5.1.0 on Windows. It's probably not that common for people to use subst on Windows so probably not affecting most Windows users either. If there is anything I can do to help beyond giving my opinions, please let me know how. :-)

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I agree with Adam

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nicoddemus commented Jun 4, 2020

In summary can we agree then that, in general, we don't want to solve symlinks on Windows, but solve them on Linux? And we want that to be (at least for now) configured through an environment variable? Should that be an option perhaps?

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fabioz commented Jun 4, 2020

I think so... what would be the name of this environment variable? PYTEST_RESOLVE_SYMLINKS?

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nicoddemus commented Jun 4, 2020

Sounds good, values would be auto/yes/no, with auto being no on Windows and yes on Linux (same logic if we change it into an ini option instead).

Also, if we agree this is a bug fix, I would rather fix this and release 5.4.4 with just this change, because it seems like a possibly sensitive issue so I would like a release with just this change to help detect problems/regressions.

@RonnyPfannschmidt what do you think?

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RonnyPfannschmidt commented Jun 4, 2020

@nicoddemus i completely agree, thanks

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nicoddemus commented Jun 5, 2020

@RonnyPfannschmidt thinking about this a bit more, does it really make sense for pytest to follow symlinks at all? I understand there might be an use case for that, but is that the norm for applications to do that on Linux?

I ask because this was done in 7268462 as a bugfix, but in retrospect this is really a new major feature.

It also strikes me as doubtful because pytest is very sensible to paths (we use it to match conftest.py files for example), so I would stay way from trying to resolve any symlinks TBH. The original use case seems a bit contrived: symlink project/app/tests to somewhere else, and expect those tests to find project/app/conftest.py (the conftest.py should have been linked too IMHO).

I also worry about the different behaviors in Windows/Linux: we need to document that, users need to be aware of that, and I'm sure users will be puzzled if they try this feature on Linux and it doesn't work on Windows, and vice-versa (you can have symlinks on Windows, I use it all the time).

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nicoddemus commented Jun 5, 2020

(Also I realized that even the previous plan (#6523 (comment)) would require a minor release, as it introduces a behavior change and new environment variable)

@nicoddemus nicoddemus merged commit 322190f into pytest-dev:master Jun 8, 2020
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nicoddemus commented Jun 8, 2020

Thanks again @fabioz for raising the issue and the enormous patience. 🙇

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fabioz commented Jun 8, 2020

Thank you for taking a look at it and merging the fix ;)

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adamkerz commented Jun 9, 2020

Thank you very much guys!

bors bot added a commit to aragilar/spaceplot that referenced this pull request Apr 17, 2021
6: Pin pytest to latest version 6.2.3 r=aragilar a=pyup-bot


This PR pins [pytest](https://pypi.org/project/pytest) to the latest release **6.2.3**.



<details>
  <summary>Changelog</summary>
  
  
   ### 6.2.2
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `8152 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8152&gt;`_: Fixed &quot;(&lt;Skipped instance&gt;)&quot; being shown as a skip reason in the verbose test summary line when the reason is empty.


- `8249 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8249&gt;`_: Fix the ``faulthandler`` plugin for occasions when running with ``twisted.logger`` and using ``pytest --capture=no``.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.2.1
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7678 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7678&gt;`_: Fixed bug where ``ImportPathMismatchError`` would be raised for files compiled in
  the host and loaded later from an UNC mounted path (Windows).


- `8132 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8132&gt;`_: Fixed regression in ``approx``: in 6.2.0 ``approx`` no longer raises
  ``TypeError`` when dealing with non-numeric types, falling back to normal comparison.
  Before 6.2.0, array types like tf.DeviceArray fell through to the scalar case,
  and happened to compare correctly to a scalar if they had only one element.
  After 6.2.0, these types began failing, because they inherited neither from
  standard Python number hierarchy nor from ``numpy.ndarray``.

  ``approx`` now converts arguments to ``numpy.ndarray`` if they expose the array
  protocol and are not scalars. This treats array-like objects like numpy arrays,
  regardless of size.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.2.0
   ```
   =========================

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `7808 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7808&gt;`_: pytest now supports python3.6+ only.



Deprecations
------------

- `7469 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7469&gt;`_: Directly constructing/calling the following classes/functions is now deprecated:

  - ``_pytest.cacheprovider.Cache``
  - ``_pytest.cacheprovider.Cache.for_config()``
  - ``_pytest.cacheprovider.Cache.clear_cache()``
  - ``_pytest.cacheprovider.Cache.cache_dir_from_config()``
  - ``_pytest.capture.CaptureFixture``
  - ``_pytest.fixtures.FixtureRequest``
  - ``_pytest.fixtures.SubRequest``
  - ``_pytest.logging.LogCaptureFixture``
  - ``_pytest.pytester.Pytester``
  - ``_pytest.pytester.Testdir``
  - ``_pytest.recwarn.WarningsRecorder``
  - ``_pytest.recwarn.WarningsChecker``
  - ``_pytest.tmpdir.TempPathFactory``
  - ``_pytest.tmpdir.TempdirFactory``

  These have always been considered private, but now issue a deprecation warning, which may become a hard error in pytest 7.0.0.


- `7530 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7530&gt;`_: The ``--strict`` command-line option has been deprecated, use ``--strict-markers`` instead.

  We have plans to maybe in the future to reintroduce ``--strict`` and make it an encompassing flag for all strictness
  related options (``--strict-markers`` and ``--strict-config`` at the moment, more might be introduced in the future).


- `7988 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7988&gt;`_: The ``pytest.yield_fixture`` decorator/function is now deprecated. Use :func:`pytest.fixture` instead.

  ``yield_fixture`` has been an alias for ``fixture`` for a very long time, so can be search/replaced safely.



Features
--------

- `5299 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5299&gt;`_: pytest now warns about unraisable exceptions and unhandled thread exceptions that occur in tests on Python&gt;=3.8.
  See :ref:`unraisable` for more information.


- `7425 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7425&gt;`_: New :fixture:`pytester` fixture, which is identical to :fixture:`testdir` but its methods return :class:`pathlib.Path` when appropriate instead of ``py.path.local``.

  This is part of the movement to use :class:`pathlib.Path` objects internally, in order to remove the dependency to ``py`` in the future.

  Internally, the old :class:`Testdir &lt;_pytest.pytester.Testdir&gt;` is now a thin wrapper around :class:`Pytester &lt;_pytest.pytester.Pytester&gt;`, preserving the old interface.


- `7695 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7695&gt;`_: A new hook was added, `pytest_markeval_namespace` which should return a dictionary.
  This dictionary will be used to augment the &quot;global&quot; variables available to evaluate skipif/xfail/xpass markers.

  Pseudo example

  ``conftest.py``:

  .. code-block:: python

     def pytest_markeval_namespace():
         return {&quot;color&quot;: &quot;red&quot;}

  ``test_func.py``:

  .. code-block:: python

     pytest.mark.skipif(&quot;color == &#39;blue&#39;&quot;, reason=&quot;Color is not red&quot;)
     def test_func():
         assert False


- `8006 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8006&gt;`_: It is now possible to construct a :class:`~pytest.MonkeyPatch` object directly as ``pytest.MonkeyPatch()``,
  in cases when the :fixture:`monkeypatch` fixture cannot be used. Previously some users imported it
  from the private `_pytest.monkeypatch.MonkeyPatch` namespace.

  Additionally, :meth:`MonkeyPatch.context &lt;pytest.MonkeyPatch.context&gt;` is now a classmethod,
  and can be used as ``with MonkeyPatch.context() as mp: ...``. This is the recommended way to use
  ``MonkeyPatch`` directly, since unlike the ``monkeypatch`` fixture, an instance created directly
  is not ``undo()``-ed automatically.



Improvements
------------

- `1265 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1265&gt;`_: Added an ``__str__`` implementation to the :class:`~pytest.pytester.LineMatcher` class which is returned from ``pytester.run_pytest().stdout`` and similar. It returns the entire output, like the existing ``str()`` method.


- `2044 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/2044&gt;`_: Verbose mode now shows the reason that a test was skipped in the test&#39;s terminal line after the &quot;SKIPPED&quot;, &quot;XFAIL&quot; or &quot;XPASS&quot;.


- `7469 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7469&gt;`_ The types of builtin pytest fixtures are now exported so they may be used in type annotations of test functions.
  The newly-exported types are:

  - ``pytest.FixtureRequest`` for the :fixture:`request` fixture.
  - ``pytest.Cache`` for the :fixture:`cache` fixture.
  - ``pytest.CaptureFixture[str]`` for the :fixture:`capfd` and :fixture:`capsys` fixtures.
  - ``pytest.CaptureFixture[bytes]`` for the :fixture:`capfdbinary` and :fixture:`capsysbinary` fixtures.
  - ``pytest.LogCaptureFixture`` for the :fixture:`caplog` fixture.
  - ``pytest.Pytester`` for the :fixture:`pytester` fixture.
  - ``pytest.Testdir`` for the :fixture:`testdir` fixture.
  - ``pytest.TempdirFactory`` for the :fixture:`tmpdir_factory` fixture.
  - ``pytest.TempPathFactory`` for the :fixture:`tmp_path_factory` fixture.
  - ``pytest.MonkeyPatch`` for the :fixture:`monkeypatch` fixture.
  - ``pytest.WarningsRecorder`` for the :fixture:`recwarn` fixture.

  Constructing them is not supported (except for `MonkeyPatch`); they are only meant for use in type annotations.
  Doing so will emit a deprecation warning, and may become a hard-error in pytest 7.0.

  Subclassing them is also not supported. This is not currently enforced at runtime, but is detected by type-checkers such as mypy.


- `7527 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7527&gt;`_: When a comparison between :func:`namedtuple &lt;collections.namedtuple&gt;` instances of the same type fails, pytest now shows the differing field names (possibly nested) instead of their indexes.


- `7615 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7615&gt;`_: :meth:`Node.warn &lt;_pytest.nodes.Node.warn&gt;` now permits any subclass of :class:`Warning`, not just :class:`PytestWarning &lt;pytest.PytestWarning&gt;`.


- `7701 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7701&gt;`_: Improved reporting when using ``--collected-only``. It will now show the number of collected tests in the summary stats.


- `7710 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7710&gt;`_: Use strict equality comparison for non-numeric types in :func:`pytest.approx` instead of
  raising :class:`TypeError`.

  This was the undocumented behavior before 3.7, but is now officially a supported feature.


- `7938 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7938&gt;`_: New ``--sw-skip`` argument which is a shorthand for ``--stepwise-skip``.


- `8023 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8023&gt;`_: Added ``&#39;node_modules&#39;`` to default value for :confval:`norecursedirs`.


- `8032 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8032&gt;`_: :meth:`doClassCleanups &lt;unittest.TestCase.doClassCleanups&gt;` (introduced in :mod:`unittest` in Python and 3.8) is now called appropriately.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `4824 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4824&gt;`_: Fixed quadratic behavior and improved performance of collection of items using autouse fixtures and xunit fixtures.


- `7758 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7758&gt;`_: Fixed an issue where some files in packages are getting lost from ``--lf`` even though they contain tests that failed. Regressed in pytest 5.4.0.


- `7911 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7911&gt;`_: Directories created by by :fixture:`tmp_path` and :fixture:`tmpdir` are now considered stale after 3 days without modification (previous value was 3 hours) to avoid deleting directories still in use in long running test suites.


- `7913 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7913&gt;`_: Fixed a crash or hang in :meth:`pytester.spawn &lt;_pytest.pytester.Pytester.spawn&gt;` when the :mod:`readline` module is involved.


- `7951 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7951&gt;`_: Fixed handling of recursive symlinks when collecting tests.


- `7981 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7981&gt;`_: Fixed symlinked directories not being followed during collection. Regressed in pytest 6.1.0.


- `8016 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8016&gt;`_: Fixed only one doctest being collected when using ``pytest --doctest-modules path/to/an/__init__.py``.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `7429 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7429&gt;`_: Add more information and use cases about skipping doctests.


- `7780 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7780&gt;`_: Classes which should not be inherited from are now marked ``final class`` in the API reference.


- `7872 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7872&gt;`_: ``_pytest.config.argparsing.Parser.addini()`` accepts explicit ``None`` and ``&quot;string&quot;``.


- `7878 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7878&gt;`_: In pull request section, ask to commit after editing changelog and authors file.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `7802 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7802&gt;`_: The ``attrs`` dependency requirement is now &gt;=19.2.0 instead of &gt;=17.4.0.


- `8014 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8014&gt;`_: `.pyc` files created by pytest&#39;s assertion rewriting now conform to the newer PEP-552 format on Python&gt;=3.7.
  (These files are internal and only interpreted by pytest itself.)
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.1.2
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7758 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7758&gt;`_: Fixed an issue where some files in packages are getting lost from ``--lf`` even though they contain tests that failed. Regressed in pytest 5.4.0.


- `7911 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7911&gt;`_: Directories created by `tmpdir` are now considered stale after 3 days without modification (previous value was 3 hours) to avoid deleting directories still in use in long running test suites.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `7815 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7815&gt;`_: Improve deprecation warning message for ``pytest._fillfuncargs()``.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.1.1
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7807 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7807&gt;`_: Fixed regression in pytest 6.1.0 causing incorrect rootdir to be determined in some non-trivial cases where parent directories have config files as well.


- `7814 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7814&gt;`_: Fixed crash in header reporting when :confval:`testpaths` is used and contains absolute paths (regression in 6.1.0).
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.1.0
   ```
   =========================

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `5585 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5585&gt;`_: As per our policy, the following features which have been deprecated in the 5.X series are now
  removed:

  * The ``funcargnames`` read-only property of ``FixtureRequest``, ``Metafunc``, and ``Function`` classes. Use ``fixturenames`` attribute.

  * ``pytest.fixture`` no longer supports positional arguments, pass all arguments by keyword instead.

  * Direct construction of ``Node`` subclasses now raise an error, use ``from_parent`` instead.

  * The default value for ``junit_family`` has changed to ``xunit2``. If you require the old format, add ``junit_family=xunit1`` to your configuration file.

  * The ``TerminalReporter`` no longer has a ``writer`` attribute. Plugin authors may use the public functions of the ``TerminalReporter`` instead of accessing the ``TerminalWriter`` object directly.

  * The ``--result-log`` option has been removed. Users are recommended to use the `pytest-reportlog &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-reportlog&gt;`__ plugin instead.


  For more information consult
  `Deprecations and Removals &lt;https://docs.pytest.org/en/stable/deprecations.html&gt;`__ in the docs.



Deprecations
------------

- `6981 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6981&gt;`_: The ``pytest.collect`` module is deprecated: all its names can be imported from ``pytest`` directly.


- `7097 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7097&gt;`_: The ``pytest._fillfuncargs`` function is deprecated. This function was kept
  for backward compatibility with an older plugin.

  It&#39;s functionality is not meant to be used directly, but if you must replace
  it, use `function._request._fillfixtures()` instead, though note this is not
  a public API and may break in the future.


- `7210 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7210&gt;`_: The special ``-k &#39;-expr&#39;`` syntax to ``-k`` is deprecated. Use ``-k &#39;not expr&#39;``
  instead.

  The special ``-k &#39;expr:&#39;`` syntax to ``-k`` is deprecated. Please open an issue
  if you use this and want a replacement.


- `7255 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7255&gt;`_: The :func:`pytest_warning_captured &lt;_pytest.hookspec.pytest_warning_captured&gt;` hook is deprecated in favor
  of :func:`pytest_warning_recorded &lt;_pytest.hookspec.pytest_warning_recorded&gt;`, and will be removed in a future version.


- `7648 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7648&gt;`_: The ``gethookproxy()`` and ``isinitpath()`` methods of ``FSCollector`` and ``Package`` are deprecated;
  use ``self.session.gethookproxy()`` and ``self.session.isinitpath()`` instead.
  This should work on all pytest versions.



Features
--------

- `7667 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7667&gt;`_: New ``--durations-min`` command-line flag controls the minimal duration for inclusion in the slowest list of tests shown by ``--durations``. Previously this was hard-coded to ``0.005s``.



Improvements
------------

- `6681 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6681&gt;`_: Internal pytest warnings issued during the early stages of initialization are now properly handled and can filtered through :confval:`filterwarnings` or ``--pythonwarnings/-W``.

  This also fixes a number of long standing issues: `2891 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/2891&gt;`__, `#7620 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7620&gt;`__, `#7426 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7426&gt;`__.


- `7572 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7572&gt;`_: When a plugin listed in ``required_plugins`` is missing or an unknown config key is used with ``--strict-config``, a simple error message is now shown instead of a stacktrace.


- `7685 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7685&gt;`_: Added two new attributes :attr:`rootpath &lt;_pytest.config.Config.rootpath&gt;` and :attr:`inipath &lt;_pytest.config.Config.inipath&gt;` to :class:`Config &lt;_pytest.config.Config&gt;`.
  These attributes are :class:`pathlib.Path` versions of the existing :attr:`rootdir &lt;_pytest.config.Config.rootdir&gt;` and :attr:`inifile &lt;_pytest.config.Config.inifile&gt;` attributes,
  and should be preferred over them when possible.


- `7780 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7780&gt;`_: Public classes which are not designed to be inherited from are now marked `final &lt;https://docs.python.org/3/library/typing.html#typing.final&gt;`_.
  Code which inherits from these classes will trigger a type-checking (e.g. mypy) error, but will still work in runtime.
  Currently the ``final`` designation does not appear in the API Reference but hopefully will in the future.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `1953 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1953&gt;`_: Fixed error when overwriting a parametrized fixture, while also reusing the super fixture value.

  .. code-block:: python

       conftest.py
      import pytest


      pytest.fixture(params=[1, 2])
      def foo(request):
          return request.param


       test_foo.py
      import pytest


      pytest.fixture
      def foo(foo):
          return foo * 2


- `4984 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4984&gt;`_: Fixed an internal error crash with ``IndexError: list index out of range`` when
  collecting a module which starts with a decorated function, the decorator
  raises, and assertion rewriting is enabled.


- `7591 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7591&gt;`_: pylint shouldn&#39;t complain anymore about unimplemented abstract methods when inheriting from :ref:`File &lt;non-python tests&gt;`.


- `7628 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7628&gt;`_: Fixed test collection when a full path without a drive letter was passed to pytest on Windows (for example ``\projects\tests\test.py`` instead of ``c:\projects\tests\pytest.py``).


- `7638 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7638&gt;`_: Fix handling of command-line options that appear as paths but trigger an OS-level syntax error on Windows, such as the options used internally by ``pytest-xdist``.


- `7742 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7742&gt;`_: Fixed INTERNALERROR when accessing locals / globals with faulty ``exec``.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `1477 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1477&gt;`_: Removed faq.rst and its reference in contents.rst.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `7536 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7536&gt;`_: The internal ``junitxml`` plugin has rewritten to use ``xml.etree.ElementTree``.
  The order of attributes in XML elements might differ. Some unneeded escaping is
  no longer performed.


- `7587 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7587&gt;`_: The dependency on the ``more-itertools`` package has been removed.


- `7631 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7631&gt;`_: The result type of :meth:`capfd.readouterr() &lt;_pytest.capture.CaptureFixture.readouterr&gt;` (and similar) is no longer a namedtuple,
  but should behave like one in all respects. This was done for technical reasons.


- `7671 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7671&gt;`_: When collecting tests, pytest finds test classes and functions by examining the
  attributes of python objects (modules, classes and instances). To speed up this
  process, pytest now ignores builtin attributes (like ``__class__``,
  ``__delattr__`` and ``__new__``) without consulting the :confval:`python_classes` and
  :confval:`python_functions` configuration options and without passing them to plugins
  using the :func:`pytest_pycollect_makeitem &lt;_pytest.hookspec.pytest_pycollect_makeitem&gt;` hook.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.0.2
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7148 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7148&gt;`_: Fixed ``--log-cli`` potentially causing unrelated ``print`` output to be swallowed.


- `7672 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7672&gt;`_: Fixed log-capturing level restored incorrectly if ``caplog.set_level`` is called more than once.


- `7686 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7686&gt;`_: Fixed `NotSetType.token` being used as the parameter ID when the parametrization list is empty.
  Regressed in pytest 6.0.0.


- `7707 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7707&gt;`_: Fix internal error when handling some exceptions that contain multiple lines or the style uses multiple lines (``--tb=line`` for example).
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.0.1
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7394 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7394&gt;`_: Passing an empty ``help`` value to ``Parser.add_option`` is now accepted instead of crashing when running ``pytest --help``.
  Passing ``None`` raises a more informative ``TypeError``.


- `7558 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7558&gt;`_: Fix pylint ``not-callable`` lint on ``pytest.mark.parametrize()`` and the other builtin marks:
  ``skip``, ``skipif``, ``xfail``, ``usefixtures``, ``filterwarnings``.


- `7559 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7559&gt;`_: Fix regression in plugins using ``TestReport.longreprtext`` (such as ``pytest-html``) when ``TestReport.longrepr`` is not a string.


- `7569 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7569&gt;`_: Fix logging capture handler&#39;s level not reset on teardown after a call to ``caplog.set_level()``.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.0.0
   ```
   =========================

(**Please see the full set of changes for this release also in the 6.0.0rc1 notes below**)

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `5584 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5584&gt;`_: **PytestDeprecationWarning are now errors by default.**

  Following our plan to remove deprecated features with as little disruption as
  possible, all warnings of type ``PytestDeprecationWarning`` now generate errors
  instead of warning messages.

  **The affected features will be effectively removed in pytest 6.1**, so please consult the
  `Deprecations and Removals &lt;https://docs.pytest.org/en/latest/deprecations.html&gt;`__
  section in the docs for directions on how to update existing code.

  In the pytest ``6.0.X`` series, it is possible to change the errors back into warnings as a
  stopgap measure by adding this to your ``pytest.ini`` file:

  .. code-block:: ini

      [pytest]
      filterwarnings =
          ignore::pytest.PytestDeprecationWarning

  But this will stop working when pytest ``6.1`` is released.

  **If you have concerns** about the removal of a specific feature, please add a
  comment to `5584 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5584&gt;`__.


- `7472 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7472&gt;`_: The ``exec_()`` and ``is_true()`` methods of ``_pytest._code.Frame`` have been removed.



Features
--------

- `7464 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7464&gt;`_: Added support for :envvar:`NO_COLOR` and :envvar:`FORCE_COLOR` environment variables to control colored output.



Improvements
------------

- `7467 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7467&gt;`_: ``--log-file`` CLI option and ``log_file`` ini marker now create subdirectories if needed.


- `7489 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7489&gt;`_: The :func:`pytest.raises` function has a clearer error message when ``match`` equals the obtained string but is not a regex match. In this case it is suggested to escape the regex.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `7392 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7392&gt;`_: Fix the reported location of tests skipped with ``pytest.mark.skip`` when ``--runxfail`` is used.


- `7491 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7491&gt;`_: :fixture:`tmpdir` and :fixture:`tmp_path` no longer raise an error if the lock to check for
  stale temporary directories is not accessible.


- `7517 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7517&gt;`_: Preserve line endings when captured via ``capfd``.


- `7534 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7534&gt;`_: Restored the previous formatting of ``TracebackEntry.__str__`` which was changed by accident.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `7422 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7422&gt;`_: Clarified when the ``usefixtures`` mark can apply fixtures to test.


- `7441 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7441&gt;`_: Add a note about ``-q`` option used in getting started guide.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `7389 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7389&gt;`_: Fixture scope ``package`` is no longer considered experimental.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.0.0rc1
   ```
   ============================

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `1316 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1316&gt;`_: ``TestReport.longrepr`` is now always an instance of ``ReprExceptionInfo``. Previously it was a ``str`` when a test failed with ``pytest.fail(..., pytrace=False)``.


- `5965 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5965&gt;`_: symlinks are no longer resolved during collection and matching `conftest.py` files with test file paths.

  Resolving symlinks for the current directory and during collection was introduced as a bugfix in 3.9.0, but it actually is a new feature which had unfortunate consequences in Windows and surprising results in other platforms.

  The team decided to step back on resolving symlinks at all, planning to review this in the future with a more solid solution (see discussion in
  `6523 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/pull/6523&gt;`__ for details).

  This might break test suites which made use of this feature; the fix is to create a symlink
  for the entire test tree, and not only to partial files/tress as it was possible previously.


- `6505 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6505&gt;`_: ``Testdir.run().parseoutcomes()`` now always returns the parsed nouns in plural form.

  Originally ``parseoutcomes()`` would always returns the nouns in plural form, but a change
  meant to improve the terminal summary by using singular form single items (``1 warning`` or ``1 error``)
  caused an unintended regression by changing the keys returned by ``parseoutcomes()``.

  Now the API guarantees to always return the plural form, so calls like this:

  .. code-block:: python

      result = testdir.runpytest()
      result.assert_outcomes(error=1)

  Need to be changed to:


  .. code-block:: python

      result = testdir.runpytest()
      result.assert_outcomes(errors=1)


- `6903 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6903&gt;`_: The ``os.dup()`` function is now assumed to exist. We are not aware of any
  supported Python 3 implementations which do not provide it.


- `7040 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7040&gt;`_: ``-k`` no longer matches against the names of the directories outside the test session root.

  Also, ``pytest.Package.name`` is now just the name of the directory containing the package&#39;s
  ``__init__.py`` file, instead of the full path. This is consistent with how the other nodes
  are named, and also one of the reasons why ``-k`` would match against any directory containing
  the test suite.


- `7122 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7122&gt;`_: Expressions given to the ``-m`` and ``-k`` options are no longer evaluated using Python&#39;s :func:`eval`.
  The format supports ``or``, ``and``, ``not``, parenthesis and general identifiers to match against.
  Python constants, keywords or other operators are no longer evaluated differently.


- `7135 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7135&gt;`_: Pytest now uses its own ``TerminalWriter`` class instead of using the one from the ``py`` library.
  Plugins generally access this class through ``TerminalReporter.writer``, ``TerminalReporter.write()``
  (and similar methods), or ``_pytest.config.create_terminal_writer()``.

  The following breaking changes were made:

  - Output (``write()`` method and others) no longer flush implicitly; the flushing behavior
    of the underlying file is respected. To flush explicitly (for example, if you
    want output to be shown before an end-of-line is printed), use ``write(flush=True)`` or
    ``terminal_writer.flush()``.
  - Explicit Windows console support was removed, delegated to the colorama library.
  - Support for writing ``bytes`` was removed.
  - The ``reline`` method and ``chars_on_current_line`` property were removed.
  - The ``stringio`` and ``encoding`` arguments was removed.
  - Support for passing a callable instead of a file was removed.


- `7224 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7224&gt;`_: The `item.catch_log_handler` and `item.catch_log_handlers` attributes, set by the
  logging plugin and never meant to be public, are no longer available.

  The deprecated ``--no-print-logs`` option and ``log_print`` ini option are removed. Use ``--show-capture`` instead.


- `7226 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7226&gt;`_: Removed the unused ``args`` parameter from ``pytest.Function.__init__``.


- `7418 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7418&gt;`_: Removed the `pytest_doctest_prepare_content` hook specification. This hook
  hasn&#39;t been triggered by pytest for at least 10 years.


- `7438 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7438&gt;`_: Some changes were made to the internal ``_pytest._code.source``, listed here
  for the benefit of plugin authors who may be using it:

  - The ``deindent`` argument to ``Source()`` has been removed, now it is always true.
  - Support for zero or multiple arguments to ``Source()`` has been removed.
  - Support for comparing ``Source`` with an ``str`` has been removed.
  - The methods ``Source.isparseable()`` and ``Source.putaround()`` have been removed.
  - The method ``Source.compile()`` and function ``_pytest._code.compile()`` have
    been removed; use plain ``compile()`` instead.
  - The function ``_pytest._code.source.getsource()`` has been removed; use
    ``Source()`` directly instead.



Deprecations
------------

- `7210 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7210&gt;`_: The special ``-k &#39;-expr&#39;`` syntax to ``-k`` is deprecated. Use ``-k &#39;not expr&#39;``
  instead.

  The special ``-k &#39;expr:&#39;`` syntax to ``-k`` is deprecated. Please open an issue
  if you use this and want a replacement.

- `4049 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4049&gt;`_: ``pytest_warning_captured`` is deprecated in favor of the ``pytest_warning_recorded`` hook.


Features
--------

- `1556 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1556&gt;`_: pytest now supports ``pyproject.toml`` files for configuration.

  The configuration options is similar to the one available in other formats, but must be defined
  in a ``[tool.pytest.ini_options]`` table to be picked up by pytest:

  .. code-block:: toml

       pyproject.toml
      [tool.pytest.ini_options]
      minversion = &quot;6.0&quot;
      addopts = &quot;-ra -q&quot;
      testpaths = [
          &quot;tests&quot;,
          &quot;integration&quot;,
      ]

  More information can be found `in the docs &lt;https://docs.pytest.org/en/stable/customize.html#configuration-file-formats&gt;`__.


- `3342 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/3342&gt;`_: pytest now includes inline type annotations and exposes them to user programs.
  Most of the user-facing API is covered, as well as internal code.

  If you are running a type checker such as mypy on your tests, you may start
  noticing type errors indicating incorrect usage. If you run into an error that
  you believe to be incorrect, please let us know in an issue.

  The types were developed against mypy version 0.780. Versions before 0.750
  are known not to work. We recommend using the latest version. Other type
  checkers may work as well, but they are not officially verified to work by
  pytest yet.


- `4049 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4049&gt;`_: Introduced a new hook named `pytest_warning_recorded` to convey information about warnings captured by the internal `pytest` warnings plugin.

  This hook is meant to replace `pytest_warning_captured`, which is deprecated and will be removed in a future release.


- `6471 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6471&gt;`_: New command-line flags:

  * `--no-header`: disables the initial header, including platform, version, and plugins.
  * `--no-summary`: disables the final test summary, including warnings.


- `6856 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6856&gt;`_: A warning is now shown when an unknown key is read from a config INI file.

  The `--strict-config` flag has been added to treat these warnings as errors.


- `6906 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6906&gt;`_: Added `--code-highlight` command line option to enable/disable code highlighting in terminal output.


- `7245 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7245&gt;`_: New ``--import-mode=importlib`` option that uses `importlib &lt;https://docs.python.org/3/library/importlib.html&gt;`__ to import test modules.

  Traditionally pytest used ``__import__`` while changing ``sys.path`` to import test modules (which
  also changes ``sys.modules`` as a side-effect), which works but has a number of drawbacks, like requiring test modules
  that don&#39;t live in packages to have unique names (as they need to reside under a unique name in ``sys.modules``).

  ``--import-mode=importlib`` uses more fine grained import mechanisms from ``importlib`` which don&#39;t
  require pytest to change ``sys.path`` or ``sys.modules`` at all, eliminating much of the drawbacks
  of the previous mode.

  We intend to make ``--import-mode=importlib`` the default in future versions, so users are encouraged
  to try the new mode and provide feedback (both positive or negative) in issue `7245 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7245&gt;`__.

  You can read more about this option in `the documentation &lt;https://docs.pytest.org/en/latest/pythonpath.html#import-modes&gt;`__.


- `7305 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7305&gt;`_: New ``required_plugins`` configuration option allows the user to specify a list of plugins, including version information, that are required for pytest to run. An error is raised if any required plugins are not found when running pytest.


Improvements
------------

- `4375 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4375&gt;`_: The ``pytest`` command now suppresses the ``BrokenPipeError`` error message that
  is printed to stderr when the output of ``pytest`` is piped and and the pipe is
  closed by the piped-to program (common examples are ``less`` and ``head``).


- `4391 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4391&gt;`_: Improved precision of test durations measurement. ``CallInfo`` items now have a new ``&lt;CallInfo&gt;.duration`` attribute, created using ``time.perf_counter()``. This attribute is used to fill the ``&lt;TestReport&gt;.duration`` attribute, which is more accurate than the previous ``&lt;CallInfo&gt;.stop - &lt;CallInfo&gt;.start`` (as these are based on ``time.time()``).


- `4675 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4675&gt;`_: Rich comparison for dataclasses and `attrs`-classes is now recursive.


- `6285 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6285&gt;`_: Exposed the `pytest.FixtureLookupError` exception which is raised by `request.getfixturevalue()`
  (where `request` is a `FixtureRequest` fixture) when a fixture with the given name cannot be returned.


- `6433 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6433&gt;`_: If an error is encountered while formatting the message in a logging call, for
  example ``logging.warning(&quot;oh no!: %s: %s&quot;, &quot;first&quot;)`` (a second argument is
  missing), pytest now propagates the error, likely causing the test to fail.

  Previously, such a mistake would cause an error to be printed to stderr, which
  is not displayed by default for passing tests. This change makes the mistake
  visible during testing.

  You may supress this behavior temporarily or permanently by setting
  ``logging.raiseExceptions = False``.


- `6817 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6817&gt;`_: Explicit new-lines in help texts of command-line options are preserved, allowing plugins better control
  of the help displayed to users.


- `6940 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6940&gt;`_: When using the ``--duration`` option, the terminal message output is now more precise about the number and duration of hidden items.


- `6991 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6991&gt;`_: Collected files are displayed after any reports from hooks, e.g. the status from ``--lf``.


- `7091 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7091&gt;`_: When ``fd`` capturing is used, through ``--capture=fd`` or the ``capfd`` and
  ``capfdbinary`` fixtures, and the file descriptor (0, 1, 2) cannot be
  duplicated, FD capturing is still performed. Previously, direct writes to the
  file descriptors would fail or be lost in this case.


- `7119 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7119&gt;`_: Exit with an error if the ``--basetemp`` argument is empty, is the current working directory or is one of the parent directories.
  This is done to protect against accidental data loss, as any directory passed to this argument is cleared.


- `7128 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7128&gt;`_: `pytest --version` now displays just the pytest version, while `pytest --version --version` displays more verbose information including plugins. This is more consistent with how other tools show `--version`.


- `7133 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7133&gt;`_: :meth:`caplog.set_level() &lt;_pytest.logging.LogCaptureFixture.set_level&gt;` will now override any :confval:`log_level` set via the CLI or configuration file.


- `7159 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7159&gt;`_: :meth:`caplog.set_level() &lt;_pytest.logging.LogCaptureFixture.set_level&gt;` and :meth:`caplog.at_level() &lt;_pytest.logging.LogCaptureFixture.at_level&gt;` no longer affect
  the level of logs that are shown in the *Captured log report* report section.


- `7348 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7348&gt;`_: Improve recursive diff report for comparison asserts on dataclasses / attrs.


- `7385 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7385&gt;`_: ``--junitxml`` now includes the exception cause in the ``message`` XML attribute for failures during setup and teardown.

  Previously:

  .. code-block:: xml

      &lt;error message=&quot;test setup failure&quot;&gt;

  Now:

  .. code-block:: xml

      &lt;error message=&quot;failed on setup with &amp;quot;ValueError: Some error during setup&amp;quot;&quot;&gt;



Bug Fixes
---------

- `1120 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1120&gt;`_: Fix issue where directories from :fixture:`tmpdir` are not removed properly when multiple instances of pytest are running in parallel.


- `4583 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4583&gt;`_: Prevent crashing and provide a user-friendly error when a marker expression (`-m`) invoking of :func:`eval` raises any exception.


- `4677 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4677&gt;`_: The path shown in the summary report for SKIPPED tests is now always relative. Previously it was sometimes absolute.


- `5456 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5456&gt;`_: Fix a possible race condition when trying to remove lock files used to control access to folders
  created by :fixture:`tmp_path` and :fixture:`tmpdir`.


- `6240 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6240&gt;`_: Fixes an issue where logging during collection step caused duplication of log
  messages to stderr.


- `6428 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6428&gt;`_: Paths appearing in error messages are now correct in case the current working directory has
  changed since the start of the session.


- `6755 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6755&gt;`_: Support deleting paths longer than 260 characters on windows created inside :fixture:`tmpdir`.


- `6871 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6871&gt;`_: Fix crash with captured output when using :fixture:`capsysbinary`.


- `6909 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6909&gt;`_: Revert the change introduced by `#6330 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/pull/6330&gt;`_, which required all arguments to ``pytest.mark.parametrize`` to be explicitly defined in the function signature.

  The intention of the original change was to remove what was expected to be an unintended/surprising behavior, but it turns out many people relied on it, so the restriction has been reverted.


- `6910 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6910&gt;`_: Fix crash when plugins return an unknown stats while using the ``--reportlog`` option.


- `6924 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6924&gt;`_: Ensure a ``unittest.IsolatedAsyncioTestCase`` is actually awaited.


- `6925 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6925&gt;`_: Fix `TerminalRepr` instances to be hashable again.


- `6947 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6947&gt;`_: Fix regression where functions registered with :meth:`unittest.TestCase.addCleanup` were not being called on test failures.


- `6951 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6951&gt;`_: Allow users to still set the deprecated ``TerminalReporter.writer`` attribute.


- `6956 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6956&gt;`_: Prevent pytest from printing `ConftestImportFailure` traceback to stdout.


- `6991 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6991&gt;`_: Fix regressions with `--lf` filtering too much since pytest 5.4.


- `6992 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6992&gt;`_: Revert &quot;tmpdir: clean up indirection via config for factories&quot; `#6767 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6767&gt;`_ as it breaks pytest-xdist.


- `7061 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7061&gt;`_: When a yielding fixture fails to yield a value, report a test setup error instead of crashing.


- `7076 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7076&gt;`_: The path of file skipped by ``pytest.mark.skip`` in the SKIPPED report is now relative to invocation directory. Previously it was relative to root directory.


- `7110 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7110&gt;`_: Fixed regression: ``asyncbase.TestCase`` tests are executed correctly again.


- `7126 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7126&gt;`_: ``--setup-show`` now doesn&#39;t raise an error when a bytes value is used as a ``parametrize``
  parameter when Python is called with the ``-bb`` flag.


- `7143 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7143&gt;`_: Fix :meth:`pytest.File.from_parent` so it forwards extra keyword arguments to the constructor.


- `7145 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7145&gt;`_: Classes with broken ``__getattribute__`` methods are displayed correctly during failures.


- `7150 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7150&gt;`_: Prevent hiding the underlying exception when ``ConfTestImportFailure`` is raised.


- `7180 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7180&gt;`_: Fix ``_is_setup_py`` for files encoded differently than locale.


- `7215 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7215&gt;`_: Fix regression where running with ``--pdb`` would call :meth:`unittest.TestCase.tearDown` for skipped tests.


- `7253 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7253&gt;`_: When using ``pytest.fixture`` on a function directly, as in ``pytest.fixture(func)``,
  if the ``autouse`` or ``params`` arguments are also passed, the function is no longer
  ignored, but is marked as a fixture.


- `7360 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7360&gt;`_: Fix possibly incorrect evaluation of string expressions passed to ``pytest.mark.skipif`` and ``pytest.mark.xfail``,
  in rare circumstances where the exact same string is used but refers to different global values.


- `7383 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7383&gt;`_: Fixed exception causes all over the codebase, i.e. use `raise new_exception from old_exception` when wrapping an exception.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `7202 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7202&gt;`_: The development guide now links to the contributing section of the docs and `RELEASING.rst` on GitHub.


- `7233 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7233&gt;`_: Add a note about ``--strict`` and ``--strict-markers`` and the preference for the latter one.


- `7345 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7345&gt;`_: Explain indirect parametrization and markers for fixtures.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `7035 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7035&gt;`_: The ``originalname`` attribute of ``_pytest.python.Function`` now defaults to ``name`` if not
  provided explicitly, and is always set.


- `7264 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7264&gt;`_: The dependency on the ``wcwidth`` package has been removed.


- `7291 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7291&gt;`_: Replaced ``py.iniconfig`` with `iniconfig &lt;https://pypi.org/project/iniconfig/&gt;`__.


- `7295 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7295&gt;`_: ``src/_pytest/config/__init__.py`` now uses the ``warnings`` module to report warnings instead of ``sys.stderr.write``.


- `7356 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7356&gt;`_: Remove last internal uses of deprecated *slave* term from old ``pytest-xdist``.


- `7357 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7357&gt;`_: ``py``&gt;=1.8.2 is now required.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.4.3
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `6428 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6428&gt;`_: Paths appearing in error messages are now correct in case the current working directory has
  changed since the start of the session.


- `6755 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6755&gt;`_: Support deleting paths longer than 260 characters on windows created inside tmpdir.


- `6956 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6956&gt;`_: Prevent pytest from printing ConftestImportFailure traceback to stdout.


- `7150 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7150&gt;`_: Prevent hiding the underlying exception when ``ConfTestImportFailure`` is raised.


- `7215 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7215&gt;`_: Fix regression where running with ``--pdb`` would call the ``tearDown`` methods of ``unittest.TestCase``
  subclasses for skipped tests.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.4.2
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `6871 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6871&gt;`_: Fix crash with captured output when using the :fixture:`capsysbinary fixture &lt;capsysbinary&gt;`.


- `6924 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6924&gt;`_: Ensure a ``unittest.IsolatedAsyncioTestCase`` is actually awaited.


- `6925 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6925&gt;`_: Fix TerminalRepr instances to be hashable again.


- `6947 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6947&gt;`_: Fix regression where functions registered with ``TestCase.addCleanup`` were not being called on test failures.


- `6951 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6951&gt;`_: Allow users to still set the deprecated ``TerminalReporter.writer`` attribute.


- `6992 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6992&gt;`_: Revert &quot;tmpdir: clean up indirection via config for factories&quot; #6767 as it breaks pytest-xdist.


- `7110 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7110&gt;`_: Fixed regression: ``asyncbase.TestCase`` tests are executed correctly again.


- `7143 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7143&gt;`_: Fix ``File.from_parent`` so it forwards extra keyword arguments to the constructor.


- `7145 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7145&gt;`_: Classes with broken ``__getattribute__`` methods are displayed correctly during failures.


- `7180 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7180&gt;`_: Fix ``_is_setup_py`` for files encoded differently than locale.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.4.1
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `6909 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6909&gt;`_: Revert the change introduced by `#6330 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/pull/6330&gt;`_, which required all arguments to ``pytest.mark.parametrize`` to be explicitly defined in the function signature.

  The intention of the original change was to remove what was expected to be an unintended/surprising behavior, but it turns out many people relied on it, so the restriction has been reverted.


- `6910 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6910&gt;`_: Fix crash when plugins return an unknown stats while using the ``--reportlog`` option.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.4.0
   ```
   =========================

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `6316 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6316&gt;`_: Matching of ``-k EXPRESSION`` to test names is now case-insensitive.


- `6443 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6443&gt;`_: Plugins specified with ``-p`` are now loaded after internal plugins, which results in their hooks being called *before* the internal ones.

  This makes the ``-p`` behavior consistent with ``PYTEST_PLUGINS``.


- `6637 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6637&gt;`_: Removed the long-deprecated ``pytest_itemstart`` hook.

  This hook has been marked as deprecated and not been even called by pytest for over 10 years now.


- `6673 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6673&gt;`_: Reversed / fix meaning of &quot;+/-&quot; in error diffs.  &quot;-&quot; means that sth. expected is missing in the result and &quot;+&quot; means that there are unexpected extras in the result.


- `6737 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6737&gt;`_: The ``cached_result`` attribute of ``FixtureDef`` is now set to ``None`` when
  the result is unavailable, instead of being deleted.

  If your plugin performs checks like ``hasattr(fixturedef, &#39;cached_result&#39;)``,
  for example in a ``pytest_fixture_post_finalizer`` hook implementation, replace
  it with ``fixturedef.cached_result is not None``. If you ``del`` the attribute,
  set it to ``None`` instead.



Deprecations
------------

- `3238 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/3238&gt;`_: Option ``--no-print-logs`` is deprecated and meant to be removed in a future release. If you use ``--no-print-logs``, please try out ``--show-capture`` and
  provide feedback.

  ``--show-capture`` command-line option was added in ``pytest 3.5.0`` and allows to specify how to
  display captured output when tests fail: ``no``, ``stdout``, ``stderr``, ``log`` or ``all`` (the default).


- `571 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/571&gt;`_: Deprecate the unused/broken `pytest_collect_directory` hook.
  It was misaligned since the removal of the ``Directory`` collector in 2010
  and incorrect/unusable as soon as collection was split from test execution.


- `5975 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5975&gt;`_: Deprecate using direct constructors for ``Nodes``.

  Instead they are now constructed via ``Node.from_parent``.

  This transitional mechanism enables us to untangle the very intensely
  entangled ``Node`` relationships by enforcing more controlled creation/configuration patterns.

  As part of this change, session/config are already disallowed parameters and as we work on the details we might need disallow a few more as well.

  Subclasses are expected to use `super().from_parent` if they intend to expand the creation of `Nodes`.


- `6779 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6779&gt;`_: The ``TerminalReporter.writer`` attribute has been deprecated and should no longer be used. This
  was inadvertently exposed as part of the public API of that plugin and ties it too much
  with ``py.io.TerminalWriter``.



Features
--------

- `4597 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4597&gt;`_: New :ref:`--capture=tee-sys &lt;capture-method&gt;` option to allow both live printing and capturing of test output.


- `5712 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5712&gt;`_: Now all arguments to ``pytest.mark.parametrize`` need to be explicitly declared in the function signature or via ``indirect``.
  Previously it was possible to omit an argument if a fixture with the same name existed, which was just an accident of implementation and was not meant to be a part of the API.


- `6454 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6454&gt;`_: Changed default for `-r` to `fE`, which displays failures and errors in the :ref:`short test summary &lt;pytest.detailed_failed_tests_usage&gt;`.  `-rN` can be used to disable it (the old behavior).


- `6469 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6469&gt;`_: New options have been added to the :confval:`junit_logging` option: ``log``, ``out-err``, and ``all``.


- `6834 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6834&gt;`_: Excess warning summaries are now collapsed per file to ensure readable display of warning summaries.



Improvements
------------

- `1857 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1857&gt;`_: ``pytest.mark.parametrize`` accepts integers for ``ids`` again, converting it to strings.


- `449 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/449&gt;`_: Use &quot;yellow&quot; main color with any XPASSED tests.


- `4639 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4639&gt;`_: Revert &quot;A warning is now issued when assertions are made for ``None``&quot;.

  The warning proved to be less useful than initially expected and had quite a
  few false positive cases.


- `5686 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5686&gt;`_: ``tmpdir_factory.mktemp`` now fails when given absolute and non-normalized paths.


- `5984 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5984&gt;`_: The ``pytest_warning_captured`` hook now receives a ``location`` parameter with the code location that generated the warning.


- `6213 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6213&gt;`_: pytester: the ``testdir`` fixture respects environment settings from the ``monkeypatch`` fixture for inner runs.


- `6247 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6247&gt;`_: ``--fulltrace`` is honored with collection errors.


- `6384 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6384&gt;`_: Make `--showlocals` work also with `--tb=short`.


- `6653 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6653&gt;`_: Add support for matching lines consecutively with :attr:`LineMatcher &lt;_pytest.pytester.LineMatcher&gt;`&#39;s :func:`~_pytest.pytester.LineMatcher.fnmatch_lines` and :func:`~_pytest.pytester.LineMatcher.re_match_lines`.


- `6658 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6658&gt;`_: Code is now highlighted in tracebacks when ``pygments`` is installed.

  Users are encouraged to install ``pygments`` into their environment and provide feedback, because
  the plan is to make ``pygments`` a regular dependency in the future.


- `6795 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6795&gt;`_: Import usage error message with invalid `-o` option.


- `759 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/759&gt;`_: ``pytest.mark.parametrize`` supports iterators and generators for ``ids``.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `310 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/310&gt;`_: Add support for calling `pytest.xfail()` and `pytest.importorskip()` with doctests.


- `3823 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/3823&gt;`_: ``--trace`` now works with unittests.


- `4445 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4445&gt;`_: Fixed some warning reports produced by pytest to point to the correct location of the warning in the user&#39;s code.


- `5301 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5301&gt;`_: Fix ``--last-failed`` to collect new tests from files with known failures.


- `5928 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5928&gt;`_: Report ``PytestUnknownMarkWarning`` at the level of the user&#39;s code, not ``pytest``&#39;s.


- `5991 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5991&gt;`_: Fix interaction with ``--pdb`` and unittests: do not use unittest&#39;s ``TestCase.debug()``.


- `6334 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6334&gt;`_: Fix summary entries appearing twice when ``f/F`` and ``s/S`` report chars were used at the same time in the ``-r`` command-line option (for example ``-rFf``).

  The upper case variants were never documented and the preferred form should be the lower case.


- `6409 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6409&gt;`_: Fallback to green (instead of yellow) for non-last items without previous passes with colored terminal progress indicator.


- `6454 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6454&gt;`_: `--disable-warnings` is honored with `-ra` and `-rA`.


- `6497 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6497&gt;`_: Fix bug in the comparison of request key with cached key in fixture.

  A construct ``if key == cached_key:`` can fail either because ``==`` is explicitly disallowed, or for, e.g., NumPy arrays, where the result of ``a == b`` cannot generally be converted to `bool`.
  The implemented fix replaces `==` with ``is``.


- `6557 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6557&gt;`_: Make capture output streams ``.write()`` method return the same return value from original streams.


- `6566 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6566&gt;`_: Fix ``EncodedFile.writelines`` to call the underlying buffer&#39;s ``writelines`` method.


- `6575 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6575&gt;`_: Fix internal crash when ``faulthandler`` starts initialized
  (for example with ``PYTHONFAULTHANDLER=1`` environment variable set) and ``faulthandler_timeout`` defined
  in the configuration file.


- `6597 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6597&gt;`_: Fix node ids which contain a parametrized empty-string variable.


- `6646 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6646&gt;`_: Assertion rewriting hooks are (re)stored for the current item, which fixes them being still used after e.g. pytester&#39;s :func:`testdir.runpytest &lt;_pytest.pytester.Testdir.runpytest&gt;` etc.


- `6660 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6660&gt;`_: :py:func:`pytest.exit` is handled when emitted from the :func:`pytest_sessionfinish &lt;_pytest.hookspec.pytest_sessionfinish&gt;` hook.  This includes quitting from a debugger.


- `6752 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6752&gt;`_: When :py:func:`pytest.raises` is used as a function (as opposed to a context manager),
  a `match` keyword argument is now passed through to the tested function. Previously
  it was swallowed and ignored (regression in pytest 5.1.0).


- `6801 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6801&gt;`_: Do not display empty lines inbetween traceback for unexpected exceptions with doctests.


- `6802 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6802&gt;`_: The :fixture:`testdir fixture &lt;testdir&gt;` works within doctests now.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `6696 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6696&gt;`_: Add list of fixtures to start of fixture chapter.


- `6742 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6742&gt;`_: Expand first sentence on fixtures into a paragraph.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `6404 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6404&gt;`_: Remove usage of ``parser`` module, deprecated in Python 3.9.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.3.5
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `6517 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6517&gt;`_: Fix regression in pytest 5.3.4 causing an INTERNALERROR due to a wrong assertion.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.3.4
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `6496 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6496&gt;`_: Revert `#6436 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6436&gt;`__: unfortunately this change has caused a number of regressions in many suites,
  so the team decided to revert this change and make a new release while we continue to look for a solution.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.3.3
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `2780 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/2780&gt;`_: Captured output during teardown is shown with ``-rP``.


- `5971 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5971&gt;`_: Fix a ``pytest-xdist`` crash when dealing with exceptions raised in subprocesses created by the
  ``multiprocessing`` module.


- `6436 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6436&gt;`_: :class:`FixtureDef &lt;_pytest.fixtures.FixtureDef&gt;` objects now properly register their finalizers with autouse and
  parameterized fixtures that execute before them in the fixture stack so they are torn
  down at the right times, and in the right order.


- `6532 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6532&gt;`_: Fix parsing of outcomes containing multiple errors with ``testdir`` results (regression in 5.3.0).



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `6350 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6350&gt;`_: Optimized automatic renaming of test parameter IDs.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.3.2
   ```
   =========================

Improvements
------------

- `4639 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4639&gt;`_: Revert &quot;A warning is now issued when assertions are made for ``None``&quot;.

  The warning proved to be less useful than initially expected and had quite a
  few false positive cases.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `5430 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5430&gt;`_: junitxml: Logs for failed test are now passed to junit report in case the test fails during call phase.


- `6290 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6290&gt;`_: The supporting files in the ``.pytest_cache`` directory are kept with ``--cache-clear``, which only clears cached values now.


- `6301 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6301&gt;`_: Fix assertion rewriting for egg-based distributions and ``editable`` installs (``pip install --editable``).
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.3.1
   ```
   =========================

Improvements
------------

- `6231 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6231&gt;`_: Improve check for misspelling of :ref:`pytest.mark.parametrize ref`.


- `6257 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6257&gt;`_: Handle :py:func:`pytest.exit` being used via :py:func:`~_pytest.hookspec.pytest_internalerror`, e.g. when quitting pdb from post mortem.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `5914 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5914&gt;`_: pytester: fix :py:func:`~_pytest.pytester.LineMatcher.no_fnmatch_line` when used after positive matching.


- `6082 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6082&gt;`_: Fix line detection for doctest samples inside :py:class:`python:property` docstrings, as a workaround to `bpo-17446 &lt;https://bugs.python.org/issue17446&gt;`__.


- `6254 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6254&gt;`_: Fix compatibility with pytest-parallel (regression in pytest 5.3.0).


- `6255 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6255&gt;`_: Clear the :py:data:`sys.last_traceback`, :py:data:`sys.last_type`
  and :py:data:`sys.last_value` attributes by deleting them instead
  of setting them to ``None``. This better matches the behaviour of
  the Python standard library.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.3.0
   ```
   =========================

Deprecations
------------

- `6179 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6179&gt;`_: The default value of :confval:`junit_family` option will change to ``&quot;xunit2&quot;`` in pytest 6.0, given
  that this is the version supported by default in modern tools that manipulate this type of file.

  In order to smooth the transition, pytest will issue a warning in case the ``--junitxml`` o…
bors bot added a commit to aragilar/spaceplot that referenced this pull request Apr 17, 2021
6: Pin pytest to latest version 6.2.3 r=aragilar a=pyup-bot


This PR pins [pytest](https://pypi.org/project/pytest) to the latest release **6.2.3**.



<details>
  <summary>Changelog</summary>
  
  
   ### 6.2.2
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `8152 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8152&gt;`_: Fixed &quot;(&lt;Skipped instance&gt;)&quot; being shown as a skip reason in the verbose test summary line when the reason is empty.


- `8249 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8249&gt;`_: Fix the ``faulthandler`` plugin for occasions when running with ``twisted.logger`` and using ``pytest --capture=no``.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.2.1
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7678 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7678&gt;`_: Fixed bug where ``ImportPathMismatchError`` would be raised for files compiled in
  the host and loaded later from an UNC mounted path (Windows).


- `8132 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8132&gt;`_: Fixed regression in ``approx``: in 6.2.0 ``approx`` no longer raises
  ``TypeError`` when dealing with non-numeric types, falling back to normal comparison.
  Before 6.2.0, array types like tf.DeviceArray fell through to the scalar case,
  and happened to compare correctly to a scalar if they had only one element.
  After 6.2.0, these types began failing, because they inherited neither from
  standard Python number hierarchy nor from ``numpy.ndarray``.

  ``approx`` now converts arguments to ``numpy.ndarray`` if they expose the array
  protocol and are not scalars. This treats array-like objects like numpy arrays,
  regardless of size.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.2.0
   ```
   =========================

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `7808 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7808&gt;`_: pytest now supports python3.6+ only.



Deprecations
------------

- `7469 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7469&gt;`_: Directly constructing/calling the following classes/functions is now deprecated:

  - ``_pytest.cacheprovider.Cache``
  - ``_pytest.cacheprovider.Cache.for_config()``
  - ``_pytest.cacheprovider.Cache.clear_cache()``
  - ``_pytest.cacheprovider.Cache.cache_dir_from_config()``
  - ``_pytest.capture.CaptureFixture``
  - ``_pytest.fixtures.FixtureRequest``
  - ``_pytest.fixtures.SubRequest``
  - ``_pytest.logging.LogCaptureFixture``
  - ``_pytest.pytester.Pytester``
  - ``_pytest.pytester.Testdir``
  - ``_pytest.recwarn.WarningsRecorder``
  - ``_pytest.recwarn.WarningsChecker``
  - ``_pytest.tmpdir.TempPathFactory``
  - ``_pytest.tmpdir.TempdirFactory``

  These have always been considered private, but now issue a deprecation warning, which may become a hard error in pytest 7.0.0.


- `7530 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7530&gt;`_: The ``--strict`` command-line option has been deprecated, use ``--strict-markers`` instead.

  We have plans to maybe in the future to reintroduce ``--strict`` and make it an encompassing flag for all strictness
  related options (``--strict-markers`` and ``--strict-config`` at the moment, more might be introduced in the future).


- `7988 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7988&gt;`_: The ``pytest.yield_fixture`` decorator/function is now deprecated. Use :func:`pytest.fixture` instead.

  ``yield_fixture`` has been an alias for ``fixture`` for a very long time, so can be search/replaced safely.



Features
--------

- `5299 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5299&gt;`_: pytest now warns about unraisable exceptions and unhandled thread exceptions that occur in tests on Python&gt;=3.8.
  See :ref:`unraisable` for more information.


- `7425 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7425&gt;`_: New :fixture:`pytester` fixture, which is identical to :fixture:`testdir` but its methods return :class:`pathlib.Path` when appropriate instead of ``py.path.local``.

  This is part of the movement to use :class:`pathlib.Path` objects internally, in order to remove the dependency to ``py`` in the future.

  Internally, the old :class:`Testdir &lt;_pytest.pytester.Testdir&gt;` is now a thin wrapper around :class:`Pytester &lt;_pytest.pytester.Pytester&gt;`, preserving the old interface.


- `7695 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7695&gt;`_: A new hook was added, `pytest_markeval_namespace` which should return a dictionary.
  This dictionary will be used to augment the &quot;global&quot; variables available to evaluate skipif/xfail/xpass markers.

  Pseudo example

  ``conftest.py``:

  .. code-block:: python

     def pytest_markeval_namespace():
         return {&quot;color&quot;: &quot;red&quot;}

  ``test_func.py``:

  .. code-block:: python

     pytest.mark.skipif(&quot;color == &#39;blue&#39;&quot;, reason=&quot;Color is not red&quot;)
     def test_func():
         assert False


- `8006 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8006&gt;`_: It is now possible to construct a :class:`~pytest.MonkeyPatch` object directly as ``pytest.MonkeyPatch()``,
  in cases when the :fixture:`monkeypatch` fixture cannot be used. Previously some users imported it
  from the private `_pytest.monkeypatch.MonkeyPatch` namespace.

  Additionally, :meth:`MonkeyPatch.context &lt;pytest.MonkeyPatch.context&gt;` is now a classmethod,
  and can be used as ``with MonkeyPatch.context() as mp: ...``. This is the recommended way to use
  ``MonkeyPatch`` directly, since unlike the ``monkeypatch`` fixture, an instance created directly
  is not ``undo()``-ed automatically.



Improvements
------------

- `1265 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1265&gt;`_: Added an ``__str__`` implementation to the :class:`~pytest.pytester.LineMatcher` class which is returned from ``pytester.run_pytest().stdout`` and similar. It returns the entire output, like the existing ``str()`` method.


- `2044 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/2044&gt;`_: Verbose mode now shows the reason that a test was skipped in the test&#39;s terminal line after the &quot;SKIPPED&quot;, &quot;XFAIL&quot; or &quot;XPASS&quot;.


- `7469 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7469&gt;`_ The types of builtin pytest fixtures are now exported so they may be used in type annotations of test functions.
  The newly-exported types are:

  - ``pytest.FixtureRequest`` for the :fixture:`request` fixture.
  - ``pytest.Cache`` for the :fixture:`cache` fixture.
  - ``pytest.CaptureFixture[str]`` for the :fixture:`capfd` and :fixture:`capsys` fixtures.
  - ``pytest.CaptureFixture[bytes]`` for the :fixture:`capfdbinary` and :fixture:`capsysbinary` fixtures.
  - ``pytest.LogCaptureFixture`` for the :fixture:`caplog` fixture.
  - ``pytest.Pytester`` for the :fixture:`pytester` fixture.
  - ``pytest.Testdir`` for the :fixture:`testdir` fixture.
  - ``pytest.TempdirFactory`` for the :fixture:`tmpdir_factory` fixture.
  - ``pytest.TempPathFactory`` for the :fixture:`tmp_path_factory` fixture.
  - ``pytest.MonkeyPatch`` for the :fixture:`monkeypatch` fixture.
  - ``pytest.WarningsRecorder`` for the :fixture:`recwarn` fixture.

  Constructing them is not supported (except for `MonkeyPatch`); they are only meant for use in type annotations.
  Doing so will emit a deprecation warning, and may become a hard-error in pytest 7.0.

  Subclassing them is also not supported. This is not currently enforced at runtime, but is detected by type-checkers such as mypy.


- `7527 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7527&gt;`_: When a comparison between :func:`namedtuple &lt;collections.namedtuple&gt;` instances of the same type fails, pytest now shows the differing field names (possibly nested) instead of their indexes.


- `7615 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7615&gt;`_: :meth:`Node.warn &lt;_pytest.nodes.Node.warn&gt;` now permits any subclass of :class:`Warning`, not just :class:`PytestWarning &lt;pytest.PytestWarning&gt;`.


- `7701 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7701&gt;`_: Improved reporting when using ``--collected-only``. It will now show the number of collected tests in the summary stats.


- `7710 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7710&gt;`_: Use strict equality comparison for non-numeric types in :func:`pytest.approx` instead of
  raising :class:`TypeError`.

  This was the undocumented behavior before 3.7, but is now officially a supported feature.


- `7938 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7938&gt;`_: New ``--sw-skip`` argument which is a shorthand for ``--stepwise-skip``.


- `8023 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8023&gt;`_: Added ``&#39;node_modules&#39;`` to default value for :confval:`norecursedirs`.


- `8032 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8032&gt;`_: :meth:`doClassCleanups &lt;unittest.TestCase.doClassCleanups&gt;` (introduced in :mod:`unittest` in Python and 3.8) is now called appropriately.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `4824 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4824&gt;`_: Fixed quadratic behavior and improved performance of collection of items using autouse fixtures and xunit fixtures.


- `7758 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7758&gt;`_: Fixed an issue where some files in packages are getting lost from ``--lf`` even though they contain tests that failed. Regressed in pytest 5.4.0.


- `7911 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7911&gt;`_: Directories created by by :fixture:`tmp_path` and :fixture:`tmpdir` are now considered stale after 3 days without modification (previous value was 3 hours) to avoid deleting directories still in use in long running test suites.


- `7913 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7913&gt;`_: Fixed a crash or hang in :meth:`pytester.spawn &lt;_pytest.pytester.Pytester.spawn&gt;` when the :mod:`readline` module is involved.


- `7951 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7951&gt;`_: Fixed handling of recursive symlinks when collecting tests.


- `7981 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7981&gt;`_: Fixed symlinked directories not being followed during collection. Regressed in pytest 6.1.0.


- `8016 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8016&gt;`_: Fixed only one doctest being collected when using ``pytest --doctest-modules path/to/an/__init__.py``.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `7429 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7429&gt;`_: Add more information and use cases about skipping doctests.


- `7780 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7780&gt;`_: Classes which should not be inherited from are now marked ``final class`` in the API reference.


- `7872 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7872&gt;`_: ``_pytest.config.argparsing.Parser.addini()`` accepts explicit ``None`` and ``&quot;string&quot;``.


- `7878 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7878&gt;`_: In pull request section, ask to commit after editing changelog and authors file.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `7802 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7802&gt;`_: The ``attrs`` dependency requirement is now &gt;=19.2.0 instead of &gt;=17.4.0.


- `8014 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8014&gt;`_: `.pyc` files created by pytest&#39;s assertion rewriting now conform to the newer PEP-552 format on Python&gt;=3.7.
  (These files are internal and only interpreted by pytest itself.)
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.1.2
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7758 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7758&gt;`_: Fixed an issue where some files in packages are getting lost from ``--lf`` even though they contain tests that failed. Regressed in pytest 5.4.0.


- `7911 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7911&gt;`_: Directories created by `tmpdir` are now considered stale after 3 days without modification (previous value was 3 hours) to avoid deleting directories still in use in long running test suites.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `7815 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7815&gt;`_: Improve deprecation warning message for ``pytest._fillfuncargs()``.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.1.1
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7807 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7807&gt;`_: Fixed regression in pytest 6.1.0 causing incorrect rootdir to be determined in some non-trivial cases where parent directories have config files as well.


- `7814 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7814&gt;`_: Fixed crash in header reporting when :confval:`testpaths` is used and contains absolute paths (regression in 6.1.0).
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.1.0
   ```
   =========================

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `5585 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5585&gt;`_: As per our policy, the following features which have been deprecated in the 5.X series are now
  removed:

  * The ``funcargnames`` read-only property of ``FixtureRequest``, ``Metafunc``, and ``Function`` classes. Use ``fixturenames`` attribute.

  * ``pytest.fixture`` no longer supports positional arguments, pass all arguments by keyword instead.

  * Direct construction of ``Node`` subclasses now raise an error, use ``from_parent`` instead.

  * The default value for ``junit_family`` has changed to ``xunit2``. If you require the old format, add ``junit_family=xunit1`` to your configuration file.

  * The ``TerminalReporter`` no longer has a ``writer`` attribute. Plugin authors may use the public functions of the ``TerminalReporter`` instead of accessing the ``TerminalWriter`` object directly.

  * The ``--result-log`` option has been removed. Users are recommended to use the `pytest-reportlog &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-reportlog&gt;`__ plugin instead.


  For more information consult
  `Deprecations and Removals &lt;https://docs.pytest.org/en/stable/deprecations.html&gt;`__ in the docs.



Deprecations
------------

- `6981 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6981&gt;`_: The ``pytest.collect`` module is deprecated: all its names can be imported from ``pytest`` directly.


- `7097 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7097&gt;`_: The ``pytest._fillfuncargs`` function is deprecated. This function was kept
  for backward compatibility with an older plugin.

  It&#39;s functionality is not meant to be used directly, but if you must replace
  it, use `function._request._fillfixtures()` instead, though note this is not
  a public API and may break in the future.


- `7210 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7210&gt;`_: The special ``-k &#39;-expr&#39;`` syntax to ``-k`` is deprecated. Use ``-k &#39;not expr&#39;``
  instead.

  The special ``-k &#39;expr:&#39;`` syntax to ``-k`` is deprecated. Please open an issue
  if you use this and want a replacement.


- `7255 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7255&gt;`_: The :func:`pytest_warning_captured &lt;_pytest.hookspec.pytest_warning_captured&gt;` hook is deprecated in favor
  of :func:`pytest_warning_recorded &lt;_pytest.hookspec.pytest_warning_recorded&gt;`, and will be removed in a future version.


- `7648 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7648&gt;`_: The ``gethookproxy()`` and ``isinitpath()`` methods of ``FSCollector`` and ``Package`` are deprecated;
  use ``self.session.gethookproxy()`` and ``self.session.isinitpath()`` instead.
  This should work on all pytest versions.



Features
--------

- `7667 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7667&gt;`_: New ``--durations-min`` command-line flag controls the minimal duration for inclusion in the slowest list of tests shown by ``--durations``. Previously this was hard-coded to ``0.005s``.



Improvements
------------

- `6681 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6681&gt;`_: Internal pytest warnings issued during the early stages of initialization are now properly handled and can filtered through :confval:`filterwarnings` or ``--pythonwarnings/-W``.

  This also fixes a number of long standing issues: `2891 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/2891&gt;`__, `#7620 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7620&gt;`__, `#7426 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7426&gt;`__.


- `7572 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7572&gt;`_: When a plugin listed in ``required_plugins`` is missing or an unknown config key is used with ``--strict-config``, a simple error message is now shown instead of a stacktrace.


- `7685 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7685&gt;`_: Added two new attributes :attr:`rootpath &lt;_pytest.config.Config.rootpath&gt;` and :attr:`inipath &lt;_pytest.config.Config.inipath&gt;` to :class:`Config &lt;_pytest.config.Config&gt;`.
  These attributes are :class:`pathlib.Path` versions of the existing :attr:`rootdir &lt;_pytest.config.Config.rootdir&gt;` and :attr:`inifile &lt;_pytest.config.Config.inifile&gt;` attributes,
  and should be preferred over them when possible.


- `7780 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7780&gt;`_: Public classes which are not designed to be inherited from are now marked `final &lt;https://docs.python.org/3/library/typing.html#typing.final&gt;`_.
  Code which inherits from these classes will trigger a type-checking (e.g. mypy) error, but will still work in runtime.
  Currently the ``final`` designation does not appear in the API Reference but hopefully will in the future.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `1953 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1953&gt;`_: Fixed error when overwriting a parametrized fixture, while also reusing the super fixture value.

  .. code-block:: python

       conftest.py
      import pytest


      pytest.fixture(params=[1, 2])
      def foo(request):
          return request.param


       test_foo.py
      import pytest


      pytest.fixture
      def foo(foo):
          return foo * 2


- `4984 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4984&gt;`_: Fixed an internal error crash with ``IndexError: list index out of range`` when
  collecting a module which starts with a decorated function, the decorator
  raises, and assertion rewriting is enabled.


- `7591 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7591&gt;`_: pylint shouldn&#39;t complain anymore about unimplemented abstract methods when inheriting from :ref:`File &lt;non-python tests&gt;`.


- `7628 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7628&gt;`_: Fixed test collection when a full path without a drive letter was passed to pytest on Windows (for example ``\projects\tests\test.py`` instead of ``c:\projects\tests\pytest.py``).


- `7638 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7638&gt;`_: Fix handling of command-line options that appear as paths but trigger an OS-level syntax error on Windows, such as the options used internally by ``pytest-xdist``.


- `7742 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7742&gt;`_: Fixed INTERNALERROR when accessing locals / globals with faulty ``exec``.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `1477 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1477&gt;`_: Removed faq.rst and its reference in contents.rst.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `7536 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7536&gt;`_: The internal ``junitxml`` plugin has rewritten to use ``xml.etree.ElementTree``.
  The order of attributes in XML elements might differ. Some unneeded escaping is
  no longer performed.


- `7587 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7587&gt;`_: The dependency on the ``more-itertools`` package has been removed.


- `7631 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7631&gt;`_: The result type of :meth:`capfd.readouterr() &lt;_pytest.capture.CaptureFixture.readouterr&gt;` (and similar) is no longer a namedtuple,
  but should behave like one in all respects. This was done for technical reasons.


- `7671 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7671&gt;`_: When collecting tests, pytest finds test classes and functions by examining the
  attributes of python objects (modules, classes and instances). To speed up this
  process, pytest now ignores builtin attributes (like ``__class__``,
  ``__delattr__`` and ``__new__``) without consulting the :confval:`python_classes` and
  :confval:`python_functions` configuration options and without passing them to plugins
  using the :func:`pytest_pycollect_makeitem &lt;_pytest.hookspec.pytest_pycollect_makeitem&gt;` hook.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.0.2
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7148 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7148&gt;`_: Fixed ``--log-cli`` potentially causing unrelated ``print`` output to be swallowed.


- `7672 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7672&gt;`_: Fixed log-capturing level restored incorrectly if ``caplog.set_level`` is called more than once.


- `7686 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7686&gt;`_: Fixed `NotSetType.token` being used as the parameter ID when the parametrization list is empty.
  Regressed in pytest 6.0.0.


- `7707 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7707&gt;`_: Fix internal error when handling some exceptions that contain multiple lines or the style uses multiple lines (``--tb=line`` for example).
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.0.1
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7394 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7394&gt;`_: Passing an empty ``help`` value to ``Parser.add_option`` is now accepted instead of crashing when running ``pytest --help``.
  Passing ``None`` raises a more informative ``TypeError``.


- `7558 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7558&gt;`_: Fix pylint ``not-callable`` lint on ``pytest.mark.parametrize()`` and the other builtin marks:
  ``skip``, ``skipif``, ``xfail``, ``usefixtures``, ``filterwarnings``.


- `7559 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7559&gt;`_: Fix regression in plugins using ``TestReport.longreprtext`` (such as ``pytest-html``) when ``TestReport.longrepr`` is not a string.


- `7569 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7569&gt;`_: Fix logging capture handler&#39;s level not reset on teardown after a call to ``caplog.set_level()``.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.0.0
   ```
   =========================

(**Please see the full set of changes for this release also in the 6.0.0rc1 notes below**)

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `5584 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5584&gt;`_: **PytestDeprecationWarning are now errors by default.**

  Following our plan to remove deprecated features with as little disruption as
  possible, all warnings of type ``PytestDeprecationWarning`` now generate errors
  instead of warning messages.

  **The affected features will be effectively removed in pytest 6.1**, so please consult the
  `Deprecations and Removals &lt;https://docs.pytest.org/en/latest/deprecations.html&gt;`__
  section in the docs for directions on how to update existing code.

  In the pytest ``6.0.X`` series, it is possible to change the errors back into warnings as a
  stopgap measure by adding this to your ``pytest.ini`` file:

  .. code-block:: ini

      [pytest]
      filterwarnings =
          ignore::pytest.PytestDeprecationWarning

  But this will stop working when pytest ``6.1`` is released.

  **If you have concerns** about the removal of a specific feature, please add a
  comment to `5584 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5584&gt;`__.


- `7472 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7472&gt;`_: The ``exec_()`` and ``is_true()`` methods of ``_pytest._code.Frame`` have been removed.



Features
--------

- `7464 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7464&gt;`_: Added support for :envvar:`NO_COLOR` and :envvar:`FORCE_COLOR` environment variables to control colored output.



Improvements
------------

- `7467 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7467&gt;`_: ``--log-file`` CLI option and ``log_file`` ini marker now create subdirectories if needed.


- `7489 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7489&gt;`_: The :func:`pytest.raises` function has a clearer error message when ``match`` equals the obtained string but is not a regex match. In this case it is suggested to escape the regex.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `7392 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7392&gt;`_: Fix the reported location of tests skipped with ``pytest.mark.skip`` when ``--runxfail`` is used.


- `7491 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7491&gt;`_: :fixture:`tmpdir` and :fixture:`tmp_path` no longer raise an error if the lock to check for
  stale temporary directories is not accessible.


- `7517 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7517&gt;`_: Preserve line endings when captured via ``capfd``.


- `7534 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7534&gt;`_: Restored the previous formatting of ``TracebackEntry.__str__`` which was changed by accident.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `7422 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7422&gt;`_: Clarified when the ``usefixtures`` mark can apply fixtures to test.


- `7441 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7441&gt;`_: Add a note about ``-q`` option used in getting started guide.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `7389 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7389&gt;`_: Fixture scope ``package`` is no longer considered experimental.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.0.0rc1
   ```
   ============================

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `1316 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1316&gt;`_: ``TestReport.longrepr`` is now always an instance of ``ReprExceptionInfo``. Previously it was a ``str`` when a test failed with ``pytest.fail(..., pytrace=False)``.


- `5965 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5965&gt;`_: symlinks are no longer resolved during collection and matching `conftest.py` files with test file paths.

  Resolving symlinks for the current directory and during collection was introduced as a bugfix in 3.9.0, but it actually is a new feature which had unfortunate consequences in Windows and surprising results in other platforms.

  The team decided to step back on resolving symlinks at all, planning to review this in the future with a more solid solution (see discussion in
  `6523 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/pull/6523&gt;`__ for details).

  This might break test suites which made use of this feature; the fix is to create a symlink
  for the entire test tree, and not only to partial files/tress as it was possible previously.


- `6505 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6505&gt;`_: ``Testdir.run().parseoutcomes()`` now always returns the parsed nouns in plural form.

  Originally ``parseoutcomes()`` would always returns the nouns in plural form, but a change
  meant to improve the terminal summary by using singular form single items (``1 warning`` or ``1 error``)
  caused an unintended regression by changing the keys returned by ``parseoutcomes()``.

  Now the API guarantees to always return the plural form, so calls like this:

  .. code-block:: python

      result = testdir.runpytest()
      result.assert_outcomes(error=1)

  Need to be changed to:


  .. code-block:: python

      result = testdir.runpytest()
      result.assert_outcomes(errors=1)


- `6903 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6903&gt;`_: The ``os.dup()`` function is now assumed to exist. We are not aware of any
  supported Python 3 implementations which do not provide it.


- `7040 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7040&gt;`_: ``-k`` no longer matches against the names of the directories outside the test session root.

  Also, ``pytest.Package.name`` is now just the name of the directory containing the package&#39;s
  ``__init__.py`` file, instead of the full path. This is consistent with how the other nodes
  are named, and also one of the reasons why ``-k`` would match against any directory containing
  the test suite.


- `7122 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7122&gt;`_: Expressions given to the ``-m`` and ``-k`` options are no longer evaluated using Python&#39;s :func:`eval`.
  The format supports ``or``, ``and``, ``not``, parenthesis and general identifiers to match against.
  Python constants, keywords or other operators are no longer evaluated differently.


- `7135 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7135&gt;`_: Pytest now uses its own ``TerminalWriter`` class instead of using the one from the ``py`` library.
  Plugins generally access this class through ``TerminalReporter.writer``, ``TerminalReporter.write()``
  (and similar methods), or ``_pytest.config.create_terminal_writer()``.

  The following breaking changes were made:

  - Output (``write()`` method and others) no longer flush implicitly; the flushing behavior
    of the underlying file is respected. To flush explicitly (for example, if you
    want output to be shown before an end-of-line is printed), use ``write(flush=True)`` or
    ``terminal_writer.flush()``.
  - Explicit Windows console support was removed, delegated to the colorama library.
  - Support for writing ``bytes`` was removed.
  - The ``reline`` method and ``chars_on_current_line`` property were removed.
  - The ``stringio`` and ``encoding`` arguments was removed.
  - Support for passing a callable instead of a file was removed.


- `7224 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7224&gt;`_: The `item.catch_log_handler` and `item.catch_log_handlers` attributes, set by the
  logging plugin and never meant to be public, are no longer available.

  The deprecated ``--no-print-logs`` option and ``log_print`` ini option are removed. Use ``--show-capture`` instead.


- `7226 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7226&gt;`_: Removed the unused ``args`` parameter from ``pytest.Function.__init__``.


- `7418 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7418&gt;`_: Removed the `pytest_doctest_prepare_content` hook specification. This hook
  hasn&#39;t been triggered by pytest for at least 10 years.


- `7438 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7438&gt;`_: Some changes were made to the internal ``_pytest._code.source``, listed here
  for the benefit of plugin authors who may be using it:

  - The ``deindent`` argument to ``Source()`` has been removed, now it is always true.
  - Support for zero or multiple arguments to ``Source()`` has been removed.
  - Support for comparing ``Source`` with an ``str`` has been removed.
  - The methods ``Source.isparseable()`` and ``Source.putaround()`` have been removed.
  - The method ``Source.compile()`` and function ``_pytest._code.compile()`` have
    been removed; use plain ``compile()`` instead.
  - The function ``_pytest._code.source.getsource()`` has been removed; use
    ``Source()`` directly instead.



Deprecations
------------

- `7210 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7210&gt;`_: The special ``-k &#39;-expr&#39;`` syntax to ``-k`` is deprecated. Use ``-k &#39;not expr&#39;``
  instead.

  The special ``-k &#39;expr:&#39;`` syntax to ``-k`` is deprecated. Please open an issue
  if you use this and want a replacement.

- `4049 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4049&gt;`_: ``pytest_warning_captured`` is deprecated in favor of the ``pytest_warning_recorded`` hook.


Features
--------

- `1556 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1556&gt;`_: pytest now supports ``pyproject.toml`` files for configuration.

  The configuration options is similar to the one available in other formats, but must be defined
  in a ``[tool.pytest.ini_options]`` table to be picked up by pytest:

  .. code-block:: toml

       pyproject.toml
      [tool.pytest.ini_options]
      minversion = &quot;6.0&quot;
      addopts = &quot;-ra -q&quot;
      testpaths = [
          &quot;tests&quot;,
          &quot;integration&quot;,
      ]

  More information can be found `in the docs &lt;https://docs.pytest.org/en/stable/customize.html#configuration-file-formats&gt;`__.


- `3342 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/3342&gt;`_: pytest now includes inline type annotations and exposes them to user programs.
  Most of the user-facing API is covered, as well as internal code.

  If you are running a type checker such as mypy on your tests, you may start
  noticing type errors indicating incorrect usage. If you run into an error that
  you believe to be incorrect, please let us know in an issue.

  The types were developed against mypy version 0.780. Versions before 0.750
  are known not to work. We recommend using the latest version. Other type
  checkers may work as well, but they are not officially verified to work by
  pytest yet.


- `4049 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4049&gt;`_: Introduced a new hook named `pytest_warning_recorded` to convey information about warnings captured by the internal `pytest` warnings plugin.

  This hook is meant to replace `pytest_warning_captured`, which is deprecated and will be removed in a future release.


- `6471 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6471&gt;`_: New command-line flags:

  * `--no-header`: disables the initial header, including platform, version, and plugins.
  * `--no-summary`: disables the final test summary, including warnings.


- `6856 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6856&gt;`_: A warning is now shown when an unknown key is read from a config INI file.

  The `--strict-config` flag has been added to treat these warnings as errors.


- `6906 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6906&gt;`_: Added `--code-highlight` command line option to enable/disable code highlighting in terminal output.


- `7245 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7245&gt;`_: New ``--import-mode=importlib`` option that uses `importlib &lt;https://docs.python.org/3/library/importlib.html&gt;`__ to import test modules.

  Traditionally pytest used ``__import__`` while changing ``sys.path`` to import test modules (which
  also changes ``sys.modules`` as a side-effect), which works but has a number of drawbacks, like requiring test modules
  that don&#39;t live in packages to have unique names (as they need to reside under a unique name in ``sys.modules``).

  ``--import-mode=importlib`` uses more fine grained import mechanisms from ``importlib`` which don&#39;t
  require pytest to change ``sys.path`` or ``sys.modules`` at all, eliminating much of the drawbacks
  of the previous mode.

  We intend to make ``--import-mode=importlib`` the default in future versions, so users are encouraged
  to try the new mode and provide feedback (both positive or negative) in issue `7245 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7245&gt;`__.

  You can read more about this option in `the documentation &lt;https://docs.pytest.org/en/latest/pythonpath.html#import-modes&gt;`__.


- `7305 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7305&gt;`_: New ``required_plugins`` configuration option allows the user to specify a list of plugins, including version information, that are required for pytest to run. An error is raised if any required plugins are not found when running pytest.


Improvements
------------

- `4375 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4375&gt;`_: The ``pytest`` command now suppresses the ``BrokenPipeError`` error message that
  is printed to stderr when the output of ``pytest`` is piped and and the pipe is
  closed by the piped-to program (common examples are ``less`` and ``head``).


- `4391 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4391&gt;`_: Improved precision of test durations measurement. ``CallInfo`` items now have a new ``&lt;CallInfo&gt;.duration`` attribute, created using ``time.perf_counter()``. This attribute is used to fill the ``&lt;TestReport&gt;.duration`` attribute, which is more accurate than the previous ``&lt;CallInfo&gt;.stop - &lt;CallInfo&gt;.start`` (as these are based on ``time.time()``).


- `4675 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4675&gt;`_: Rich comparison for dataclasses and `attrs`-classes is now recursive.


- `6285 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6285&gt;`_: Exposed the `pytest.FixtureLookupError` exception which is raised by `request.getfixturevalue()`
  (where `request` is a `FixtureRequest` fixture) when a fixture with the given name cannot be returned.


- `6433 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6433&gt;`_: If an error is encountered while formatting the message in a logging call, for
  example ``logging.warning(&quot;oh no!: %s: %s&quot;, &quot;first&quot;)`` (a second argument is
  missing), pytest now propagates the error, likely causing the test to fail.

  Previously, such a mistake would cause an error to be printed to stderr, which
  is not displayed by default for passing tests. This change makes the mistake
  visible during testing.

  You may supress this behavior temporarily or permanently by setting
  ``logging.raiseExceptions = False``.


- `6817 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6817&gt;`_: Explicit new-lines in help texts of command-line options are preserved, allowing plugins better control
  of the help displayed to users.


- `6940 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6940&gt;`_: When using the ``--duration`` option, the terminal message output is now more precise about the number and duration of hidden items.


- `6991 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6991&gt;`_: Collected files are displayed after any reports from hooks, e.g. the status from ``--lf``.


- `7091 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7091&gt;`_: When ``fd`` capturing is used, through ``--capture=fd`` or the ``capfd`` and
  ``capfdbinary`` fixtures, and the file descriptor (0, 1, 2) cannot be
  duplicated, FD capturing is still performed. Previously, direct writes to the
  file descriptors would fail or be lost in this case.


- `7119 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7119&gt;`_: Exit with an error if the ``--basetemp`` argument is empty, is the current working directory or is one of the parent directories.
  This is done to protect against accidental data loss, as any directory passed to this argument is cleared.


- `7128 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7128&gt;`_: `pytest --version` now displays just the pytest version, while `pytest --version --version` displays more verbose information including plugins. This is more consistent with how other tools show `--version`.


- `7133 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7133&gt;`_: :meth:`caplog.set_level() &lt;_pytest.logging.LogCaptureFixture.set_level&gt;` will now override any :confval:`log_level` set via the CLI or configuration file.


- `7159 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7159&gt;`_: :meth:`caplog.set_level() &lt;_pytest.logging.LogCaptureFixture.set_level&gt;` and :meth:`caplog.at_level() &lt;_pytest.logging.LogCaptureFixture.at_level&gt;` no longer affect
  the level of logs that are shown in the *Captured log report* report section.


- `7348 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7348&gt;`_: Improve recursive diff report for comparison asserts on dataclasses / attrs.


- `7385 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7385&gt;`_: ``--junitxml`` now includes the exception cause in the ``message`` XML attribute for failures during setup and teardown.

  Previously:

  .. code-block:: xml

      &lt;error message=&quot;test setup failure&quot;&gt;

  Now:

  .. code-block:: xml

      &lt;error message=&quot;failed on setup with &amp;quot;ValueError: Some error during setup&amp;quot;&quot;&gt;



Bug Fixes
---------

- `1120 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1120&gt;`_: Fix issue where directories from :fixture:`tmpdir` are not removed properly when multiple instances of pytest are running in parallel.


- `4583 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4583&gt;`_: Prevent crashing and provide a user-friendly error when a marker expression (`-m`) invoking of :func:`eval` raises any exception.


- `4677 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4677&gt;`_: The path shown in the summary report for SKIPPED tests is now always relative. Previously it was sometimes absolute.


- `5456 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5456&gt;`_: Fix a possible race condition when trying to remove lock files used to control access to folders
  created by :fixture:`tmp_path` and :fixture:`tmpdir`.


- `6240 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6240&gt;`_: Fixes an issue where logging during collection step caused duplication of log
  messages to stderr.


- `6428 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6428&gt;`_: Paths appearing in error messages are now correct in case the current working directory has
  changed since the start of the session.


- `6755 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6755&gt;`_: Support deleting paths longer than 260 characters on windows created inside :fixture:`tmpdir`.


- `6871 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6871&gt;`_: Fix crash with captured output when using :fixture:`capsysbinary`.


- `6909 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6909&gt;`_: Revert the change introduced by `#6330 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/pull/6330&gt;`_, which required all arguments to ``pytest.mark.parametrize`` to be explicitly defined in the function signature.

  The intention of the original change was to remove what was expected to be an unintended/surprising behavior, but it turns out many people relied on it, so the restriction has been reverted.


- `6910 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6910&gt;`_: Fix crash when plugins return an unknown stats while using the ``--reportlog`` option.


- `6924 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6924&gt;`_: Ensure a ``unittest.IsolatedAsyncioTestCase`` is actually awaited.


- `6925 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6925&gt;`_: Fix `TerminalRepr` instances to be hashable again.


- `6947 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6947&gt;`_: Fix regression where functions registered with :meth:`unittest.TestCase.addCleanup` were not being called on test failures.


- `6951 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6951&gt;`_: Allow users to still set the deprecated ``TerminalReporter.writer`` attribute.


- `6956 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6956&gt;`_: Prevent pytest from printing `ConftestImportFailure` traceback to stdout.


- `6991 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6991&gt;`_: Fix regressions with `--lf` filtering too much since pytest 5.4.


- `6992 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6992&gt;`_: Revert &quot;tmpdir: clean up indirection via config for factories&quot; `#6767 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6767&gt;`_ as it breaks pytest-xdist.


- `7061 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7061&gt;`_: When a yielding fixture fails to yield a value, report a test setup error instead of crashing.


- `7076 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7076&gt;`_: The path of file skipped by ``pytest.mark.skip`` in the SKIPPED report is now relative to invocation directory. Previously it was relative to root directory.


- `7110 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7110&gt;`_: Fixed regression: ``asyncbase.TestCase`` tests are executed correctly again.


- `7126 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7126&gt;`_: ``--setup-show`` now doesn&#39;t raise an error when a bytes value is used as a ``parametrize``
  parameter when Python is called with the ``-bb`` flag.


- `7143 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7143&gt;`_: Fix :meth:`pytest.File.from_parent` so it forwards extra keyword arguments to the constructor.


- `7145 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7145&gt;`_: Classes with broken ``__getattribute__`` methods are displayed correctly during failures.


- `7150 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7150&gt;`_: Prevent hiding the underlying exception when ``ConfTestImportFailure`` is raised.


- `7180 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7180&gt;`_: Fix ``_is_setup_py`` for files encoded differently than locale.


- `7215 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7215&gt;`_: Fix regression where running with ``--pdb`` would call :meth:`unittest.TestCase.tearDown` for skipped tests.


- `7253 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7253&gt;`_: When using ``pytest.fixture`` on a function directly, as in ``pytest.fixture(func)``,
  if the ``autouse`` or ``params`` arguments are also passed, the function is no longer
  ignored, but is marked as a fixture.


- `7360 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7360&gt;`_: Fix possibly incorrect evaluation of string expressions passed to ``pytest.mark.skipif`` and ``pytest.mark.xfail``,
  in rare circumstances where the exact same string is used but refers to different global values.


- `7383 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7383&gt;`_: Fixed exception causes all over the codebase, i.e. use `raise new_exception from old_exception` when wrapping an exception.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `7202 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7202&gt;`_: The development guide now links to the contributing section of the docs and `RELEASING.rst` on GitHub.


- `7233 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7233&gt;`_: Add a note about ``--strict`` and ``--strict-markers`` and the preference for the latter one.


- `7345 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7345&gt;`_: Explain indirect parametrization and markers for fixtures.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `7035 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7035&gt;`_: The ``originalname`` attribute of ``_pytest.python.Function`` now defaults to ``name`` if not
  provided explicitly, and is always set.


- `7264 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7264&gt;`_: The dependency on the ``wcwidth`` package has been removed.


- `7291 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7291&gt;`_: Replaced ``py.iniconfig`` with `iniconfig &lt;https://pypi.org/project/iniconfig/&gt;`__.


- `7295 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7295&gt;`_: ``src/_pytest/config/__init__.py`` now uses the ``warnings`` module to report warnings instead of ``sys.stderr.write``.


- `7356 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7356&gt;`_: Remove last internal uses of deprecated *slave* term from old ``pytest-xdist``.


- `7357 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7357&gt;`_: ``py``&gt;=1.8.2 is now required.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.4.3
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `6428 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6428&gt;`_: Paths appearing in error messages are now correct in case the current working directory has
  changed since the start of the session.


- `6755 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6755&gt;`_: Support deleting paths longer than 260 characters on windows created inside tmpdir.


- `6956 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6956&gt;`_: Prevent pytest from printing ConftestImportFailure traceback to stdout.


- `7150 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7150&gt;`_: Prevent hiding the underlying exception when ``ConfTestImportFailure`` is raised.


- `7215 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7215&gt;`_: Fix regression where running with ``--pdb`` would call the ``tearDown`` methods of ``unittest.TestCase``
  subclasses for skipped tests.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.4.2
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `6871 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6871&gt;`_: Fix crash with captured output when using the :fixture:`capsysbinary fixture &lt;capsysbinary&gt;`.


- `6924 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6924&gt;`_: Ensure a ``unittest.IsolatedAsyncioTestCase`` is actually awaited.


- `6925 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6925&gt;`_: Fix TerminalRepr instances to be hashable again.


- `6947 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6947&gt;`_: Fix regression where functions registered with ``TestCase.addCleanup`` were not being called on test failures.


- `6951 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6951&gt;`_: Allow users to still set the deprecated ``TerminalReporter.writer`` attribute.


- `6992 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6992&gt;`_: Revert &quot;tmpdir: clean up indirection via config for factories&quot; #6767 as it breaks pytest-xdist.


- `7110 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7110&gt;`_: Fixed regression: ``asyncbase.TestCase`` tests are executed correctly again.


- `7143 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7143&gt;`_: Fix ``File.from_parent`` so it forwards extra keyword arguments to the constructor.


- `7145 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7145&gt;`_: Classes with broken ``__getattribute__`` methods are displayed correctly during failures.


- `7180 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7180&gt;`_: Fix ``_is_setup_py`` for files encoded differently than locale.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.4.1
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `6909 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6909&gt;`_: Revert the change introduced by `#6330 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/pull/6330&gt;`_, which required all arguments to ``pytest.mark.parametrize`` to be explicitly defined in the function signature.

  The intention of the original change was to remove what was expected to be an unintended/surprising behavior, but it turns out many people relied on it, so the restriction has been reverted.


- `6910 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6910&gt;`_: Fix crash when plugins return an unknown stats while using the ``--reportlog`` option.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.4.0
   ```
   =========================

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `6316 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6316&gt;`_: Matching of ``-k EXPRESSION`` to test names is now case-insensitive.


- `6443 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6443&gt;`_: Plugins specified with ``-p`` are now loaded after internal plugins, which results in their hooks being called *before* the internal ones.

  This makes the ``-p`` behavior consistent with ``PYTEST_PLUGINS``.


- `6637 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6637&gt;`_: Removed the long-deprecated ``pytest_itemstart`` hook.

  This hook has been marked as deprecated and not been even called by pytest for over 10 years now.


- `6673 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6673&gt;`_: Reversed / fix meaning of &quot;+/-&quot; in error diffs.  &quot;-&quot; means that sth. expected is missing in the result and &quot;+&quot; means that there are unexpected extras in the result.


- `6737 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6737&gt;`_: The ``cached_result`` attribute of ``FixtureDef`` is now set to ``None`` when
  the result is unavailable, instead of being deleted.

  If your plugin performs checks like ``hasattr(fixturedef, &#39;cached_result&#39;)``,
  for example in a ``pytest_fixture_post_finalizer`` hook implementation, replace
  it with ``fixturedef.cached_result is not None``. If you ``del`` the attribute,
  set it to ``None`` instead.



Deprecations
------------

- `3238 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/3238&gt;`_: Option ``--no-print-logs`` is deprecated and meant to be removed in a future release. If you use ``--no-print-logs``, please try out ``--show-capture`` and
  provide feedback.

  ``--show-capture`` command-line option was added in ``pytest 3.5.0`` and allows to specify how to
  display captured output when tests fail: ``no``, ``stdout``, ``stderr``, ``log`` or ``all`` (the default).


- `571 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/571&gt;`_: Deprecate the unused/broken `pytest_collect_directory` hook.
  It was misaligned since the removal of the ``Directory`` collector in 2010
  and incorrect/unusable as soon as collection was split from test execution.


- `5975 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5975&gt;`_: Deprecate using direct constructors for ``Nodes``.

  Instead they are now constructed via ``Node.from_parent``.

  This transitional mechanism enables us to untangle the very intensely
  entangled ``Node`` relationships by enforcing more controlled creation/configuration patterns.

  As part of this change, session/config are already disallowed parameters and as we work on the details we might need disallow a few more as well.

  Subclasses are expected to use `super().from_parent` if they intend to expand the creation of `Nodes`.


- `6779 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6779&gt;`_: The ``TerminalReporter.writer`` attribute has been deprecated and should no longer be used. This
  was inadvertently exposed as part of the public API of that plugin and ties it too much
  with ``py.io.TerminalWriter``.



Features
--------

- `4597 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4597&gt;`_: New :ref:`--capture=tee-sys &lt;capture-method&gt;` option to allow both live printing and capturing of test output.


- `5712 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5712&gt;`_: Now all arguments to ``pytest.mark.parametrize`` need to be explicitly declared in the function signature or via ``indirect``.
  Previously it was possible to omit an argument if a fixture with the same name existed, which was just an accident of implementation and was not meant to be a part of the API.


- `6454 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6454&gt;`_: Changed default for `-r` to `fE`, which displays failures and errors in the :ref:`short test summary &lt;pytest.detailed_failed_tests_usage&gt;`.  `-rN` can be used to disable it (the old behavior).


- `6469 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6469&gt;`_: New options have been added to the :confval:`junit_logging` option: ``log``, ``out-err``, and ``all``.


- `6834 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6834&gt;`_: Excess warning summaries are now collapsed per file to ensure readable display of warning summaries.



Improvements
------------

- `1857 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1857&gt;`_: ``pytest.mark.parametrize`` accepts integers for ``ids`` again, converting it to strings.


- `449 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/449&gt;`_: Use &quot;yellow&quot; main color with any XPASSED tests.


- `4639 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4639&gt;`_: Revert &quot;A warning is now issued when assertions are made for ``None``&quot;.

  The warning proved to be less useful than initially expected and had quite a
  few false positive cases.


- `5686 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5686&gt;`_: ``tmpdir_factory.mktemp`` now fails when given absolute and non-normalized paths.


- `5984 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5984&gt;`_: The ``pytest_warning_captured`` hook now receives a ``location`` parameter with the code location that generated the warning.


- `6213 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6213&gt;`_: pytester: the ``testdir`` fixture respects environment settings from the ``monkeypatch`` fixture for inner runs.


- `6247 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6247&gt;`_: ``--fulltrace`` is honored with collection errors.


- `6384 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6384&gt;`_: Make `--showlocals` work also with `--tb=short`.


- `6653 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6653&gt;`_: Add support for matching lines consecutively with :attr:`LineMatcher &lt;_pytest.pytester.LineMatcher&gt;`&#39;s :func:`~_pytest.pytester.LineMatcher.fnmatch_lines` and :func:`~_pytest.pytester.LineMatcher.re_match_lines`.


- `6658 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6658&gt;`_: Code is now highlighted in tracebacks when ``pygments`` is installed.

  Users are encouraged to install ``pygments`` into their environment and provide feedback, because
  the plan is to make ``pygments`` a regular dependency in the future.


- `6795 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6795&gt;`_: Import usage error message with invalid `-o` option.


- `759 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/759&gt;`_: ``pytest.mark.parametrize`` supports iterators and generators for ``ids``.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `310 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/310&gt;`_: Add support for calling `pytest.xfail()` and `pytest.importorskip()` with doctests.


- `3823 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/3823&gt;`_: ``--trace`` now works with unittests.


- `4445 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4445&gt;`_: Fixed some warning reports produced by pytest to point to the correct location of the warning in the user&#39;s code.


- `5301 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5301&gt;`_: Fix ``--last-failed`` to collect new tests from files with known failures.


- `5928 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5928&gt;`_: Report ``PytestUnknownMarkWarning`` at the level of the user&#39;s code, not ``pytest``&#39;s.


- `5991 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5991&gt;`_: Fix interaction with ``--pdb`` and unittests: do not use unittest&#39;s ``TestCase.debug()``.


- `6334 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6334&gt;`_: Fix summary entries appearing twice when ``f/F`` and ``s/S`` report chars were used at the same time in the ``-r`` command-line option (for example ``-rFf``).

  The upper case variants were never documented and the preferred form should be the lower case.


- `6409 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6409&gt;`_: Fallback to green (instead of yellow) for non-last items without previous passes with colored terminal progress indicator.


- `6454 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6454&gt;`_: `--disable-warnings` is honored with `-ra` and `-rA`.


- `6497 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6497&gt;`_: Fix bug in the comparison of request key with cached key in fixture.

  A construct ``if key == cached_key:`` can fail either because ``==`` is explicitly disallowed, or for, e.g., NumPy arrays, where the result of ``a == b`` cannot generally be converted to `bool`.
  The implemented fix replaces `==` with ``is``.


- `6557 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6557&gt;`_: Make capture output streams ``.write()`` method return the same return value from original streams.


- `6566 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6566&gt;`_: Fix ``EncodedFile.writelines`` to call the underlying buffer&#39;s ``writelines`` method.


- `6575 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6575&gt;`_: Fix internal crash when ``faulthandler`` starts initialized
  (for example with ``PYTHONFAULTHANDLER=1`` environment variable set) and ``faulthandler_timeout`` defined
  in the configuration file.


- `6597 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6597&gt;`_: Fix node ids which contain a parametrized empty-string variable.


- `6646 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6646&gt;`_: Assertion rewriting hooks are (re)stored for the current item, which fixes them being still used after e.g. pytester&#39;s :func:`testdir.runpytest &lt;_pytest.pytester.Testdir.runpytest&gt;` etc.


- `6660 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6660&gt;`_: :py:func:`pytest.exit` is handled when emitted from the :func:`pytest_sessionfinish &lt;_pytest.hookspec.pytest_sessionfinish&gt;` hook.  This includes quitting from a debugger.


- `6752 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6752&gt;`_: When :py:func:`pytest.raises` is used as a function (as opposed to a context manager),
  a `match` keyword argument is now passed through to the tested function. Previously
  it was swallowed and ignored (regression in pytest 5.1.0).


- `6801 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6801&gt;`_: Do not display empty lines inbetween traceback for unexpected exceptions with doctests.


- `6802 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6802&gt;`_: The :fixture:`testdir fixture &lt;testdir&gt;` works within doctests now.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `6696 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6696&gt;`_: Add list of fixtures to start of fixture chapter.


- `6742 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6742&gt;`_: Expand first sentence on fixtures into a paragraph.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `6404 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6404&gt;`_: Remove usage of ``parser`` module, deprecated in Python 3.9.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.3.5
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `6517 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6517&gt;`_: Fix regression in pytest 5.3.4 causing an INTERNALERROR due to a wrong assertion.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.3.4
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `6496 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6496&gt;`_: Revert `#6436 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6436&gt;`__: unfortunately this change has caused a number of regressions in many suites,
  so the team decided to revert this change and make a new release while we continue to look for a solution.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.3.3
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `2780 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/2780&gt;`_: Captured output during teardown is shown with ``-rP``.


- `5971 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5971&gt;`_: Fix a ``pytest-xdist`` crash when dealing with exceptions raised in subprocesses created by the
  ``multiprocessing`` module.


- `6436 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6436&gt;`_: :class:`FixtureDef &lt;_pytest.fixtures.FixtureDef&gt;` objects now properly register their finalizers with autouse and
  parameterized fixtures that execute before them in the fixture stack so they are torn
  down at the right times, and in the right order.


- `6532 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6532&gt;`_: Fix parsing of outcomes containing multiple errors with ``testdir`` results (regression in 5.3.0).



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `6350 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6350&gt;`_: Optimized automatic renaming of test parameter IDs.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.3.2
   ```
   =========================

Improvements
------------

- `4639 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4639&gt;`_: Revert &quot;A warning is now issued when assertions are made for ``None``&quot;.

  The warning proved to be less useful than initially expected and had quite a
  few false positive cases.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `5430 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5430&gt;`_: junitxml: Logs for failed test are now passed to junit report in case the test fails during call phase.


- `6290 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6290&gt;`_: The supporting files in the ``.pytest_cache`` directory are kept with ``--cache-clear``, which only clears cached values now.


- `6301 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6301&gt;`_: Fix assertion rewriting for egg-based distributions and ``editable`` installs (``pip install --editable``).
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.3.1
   ```
   =========================

Improvements
------------

- `6231 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6231&gt;`_: Improve check for misspelling of :ref:`pytest.mark.parametrize ref`.


- `6257 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6257&gt;`_: Handle :py:func:`pytest.exit` being used via :py:func:`~_pytest.hookspec.pytest_internalerror`, e.g. when quitting pdb from post mortem.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `5914 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5914&gt;`_: pytester: fix :py:func:`~_pytest.pytester.LineMatcher.no_fnmatch_line` when used after positive matching.


- `6082 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6082&gt;`_: Fix line detection for doctest samples inside :py:class:`python:property` docstrings, as a workaround to `bpo-17446 &lt;https://bugs.python.org/issue17446&gt;`__.


- `6254 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6254&gt;`_: Fix compatibility with pytest-parallel (regression in pytest 5.3.0).


- `6255 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6255&gt;`_: Clear the :py:data:`sys.last_traceback`, :py:data:`sys.last_type`
  and :py:data:`sys.last_value` attributes by deleting them instead
  of setting them to ``None``. This better matches the behaviour of
  the Python standard library.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.3.0
   ```
   =========================

Deprecations
------------

- `6179 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6179&gt;`_: The default value of :confval:`junit_family` option will change to ``&quot;xunit2&quot;`` in pytest 6.0, given
  that this is the version supported by default in modern tools that manipulate this type of file.

  In order to smooth the transition, pytest will issue a warning in case the ``--junitxml`` opti…
bors bot added a commit to aragilar/spaceplot that referenced this pull request Aug 6, 2021
3: Pin sphinx_rtd_theme to latest version 0.5.1 r=aragilar a=pyup-bot


This PR pins [sphinx_rtd_theme](https://pypi.org/project/sphinx_rtd_theme) to the latest release **0.5.1**.



*The bot wasn't able to find a changelog for this release. [Got an idea?](https://github.com/pyupio/changelogs/issues/new)*

<details>
  <summary>Links</summary>
  
  - PyPI: https://pypi.org/project/sphinx-rtd-theme
  - Repo: https://github.com/readthedocs/sphinx_rtd_theme
</details>



4: Pin pytest to latest version 6.2.2 r=aragilar a=pyup-bot


This PR pins [pytest](https://pypi.org/project/pytest) to the latest release **6.2.2**.



<details>
  <summary>Changelog</summary>
  
  
   ### 6.2.2
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `8152 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8152&gt;`_: Fixed &quot;(&lt;Skipped instance&gt;)&quot; being shown as a skip reason in the verbose test summary line when the reason is empty.


- `8249 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8249&gt;`_: Fix the ``faulthandler`` plugin for occasions when running with ``twisted.logger`` and using ``pytest --capture=no``.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.2.1
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7678 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7678&gt;`_: Fixed bug where ``ImportPathMismatchError`` would be raised for files compiled in
  the host and loaded later from an UNC mounted path (Windows).


- `8132 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8132&gt;`_: Fixed regression in ``approx``: in 6.2.0 ``approx`` no longer raises
  ``TypeError`` when dealing with non-numeric types, falling back to normal comparison.
  Before 6.2.0, array types like tf.DeviceArray fell through to the scalar case,
  and happened to compare correctly to a scalar if they had only one element.
  After 6.2.0, these types began failing, because they inherited neither from
  standard Python number hierarchy nor from ``numpy.ndarray``.

  ``approx`` now converts arguments to ``numpy.ndarray`` if they expose the array
  protocol and are not scalars. This treats array-like objects like numpy arrays,
  regardless of size.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.2.0
   ```
   =========================

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `7808 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7808&gt;`_: pytest now supports python3.6+ only.



Deprecations
------------

- `7469 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7469&gt;`_: Directly constructing/calling the following classes/functions is now deprecated:

  - ``_pytest.cacheprovider.Cache``
  - ``_pytest.cacheprovider.Cache.for_config()``
  - ``_pytest.cacheprovider.Cache.clear_cache()``
  - ``_pytest.cacheprovider.Cache.cache_dir_from_config()``
  - ``_pytest.capture.CaptureFixture``
  - ``_pytest.fixtures.FixtureRequest``
  - ``_pytest.fixtures.SubRequest``
  - ``_pytest.logging.LogCaptureFixture``
  - ``_pytest.pytester.Pytester``
  - ``_pytest.pytester.Testdir``
  - ``_pytest.recwarn.WarningsRecorder``
  - ``_pytest.recwarn.WarningsChecker``
  - ``_pytest.tmpdir.TempPathFactory``
  - ``_pytest.tmpdir.TempdirFactory``

  These have always been considered private, but now issue a deprecation warning, which may become a hard error in pytest 7.0.0.


- `7530 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7530&gt;`_: The ``--strict`` command-line option has been deprecated, use ``--strict-markers`` instead.

  We have plans to maybe in the future to reintroduce ``--strict`` and make it an encompassing flag for all strictness
  related options (``--strict-markers`` and ``--strict-config`` at the moment, more might be introduced in the future).


- `7988 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7988&gt;`_: The ``pytest.yield_fixture`` decorator/function is now deprecated. Use :func:`pytest.fixture` instead.

  ``yield_fixture`` has been an alias for ``fixture`` for a very long time, so can be search/replaced safely.



Features
--------

- `5299 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5299&gt;`_: pytest now warns about unraisable exceptions and unhandled thread exceptions that occur in tests on Python&gt;=3.8.
  See :ref:`unraisable` for more information.


- `7425 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7425&gt;`_: New :fixture:`pytester` fixture, which is identical to :fixture:`testdir` but its methods return :class:`pathlib.Path` when appropriate instead of ``py.path.local``.

  This is part of the movement to use :class:`pathlib.Path` objects internally, in order to remove the dependency to ``py`` in the future.

  Internally, the old :class:`Testdir &lt;_pytest.pytester.Testdir&gt;` is now a thin wrapper around :class:`Pytester &lt;_pytest.pytester.Pytester&gt;`, preserving the old interface.


- `7695 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7695&gt;`_: A new hook was added, `pytest_markeval_namespace` which should return a dictionary.
  This dictionary will be used to augment the &quot;global&quot; variables available to evaluate skipif/xfail/xpass markers.

  Pseudo example

  ``conftest.py``:

  .. code-block:: python

     def pytest_markeval_namespace():
         return {&quot;color&quot;: &quot;red&quot;}

  ``test_func.py``:

  .. code-block:: python

     pytest.mark.skipif(&quot;color == &#39;blue&#39;&quot;, reason=&quot;Color is not red&quot;)
     def test_func():
         assert False


- `8006 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8006&gt;`_: It is now possible to construct a :class:`~pytest.MonkeyPatch` object directly as ``pytest.MonkeyPatch()``,
  in cases when the :fixture:`monkeypatch` fixture cannot be used. Previously some users imported it
  from the private `_pytest.monkeypatch.MonkeyPatch` namespace.

  Additionally, :meth:`MonkeyPatch.context &lt;pytest.MonkeyPatch.context&gt;` is now a classmethod,
  and can be used as ``with MonkeyPatch.context() as mp: ...``. This is the recommended way to use
  ``MonkeyPatch`` directly, since unlike the ``monkeypatch`` fixture, an instance created directly
  is not ``undo()``-ed automatically.



Improvements
------------

- `1265 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1265&gt;`_: Added an ``__str__`` implementation to the :class:`~pytest.pytester.LineMatcher` class which is returned from ``pytester.run_pytest().stdout`` and similar. It returns the entire output, like the existing ``str()`` method.


- `2044 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/2044&gt;`_: Verbose mode now shows the reason that a test was skipped in the test&#39;s terminal line after the &quot;SKIPPED&quot;, &quot;XFAIL&quot; or &quot;XPASS&quot;.


- `7469 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7469&gt;`_ The types of builtin pytest fixtures are now exported so they may be used in type annotations of test functions.
  The newly-exported types are:

  - ``pytest.FixtureRequest`` for the :fixture:`request` fixture.
  - ``pytest.Cache`` for the :fixture:`cache` fixture.
  - ``pytest.CaptureFixture[str]`` for the :fixture:`capfd` and :fixture:`capsys` fixtures.
  - ``pytest.CaptureFixture[bytes]`` for the :fixture:`capfdbinary` and :fixture:`capsysbinary` fixtures.
  - ``pytest.LogCaptureFixture`` for the :fixture:`caplog` fixture.
  - ``pytest.Pytester`` for the :fixture:`pytester` fixture.
  - ``pytest.Testdir`` for the :fixture:`testdir` fixture.
  - ``pytest.TempdirFactory`` for the :fixture:`tmpdir_factory` fixture.
  - ``pytest.TempPathFactory`` for the :fixture:`tmp_path_factory` fixture.
  - ``pytest.MonkeyPatch`` for the :fixture:`monkeypatch` fixture.
  - ``pytest.WarningsRecorder`` for the :fixture:`recwarn` fixture.

  Constructing them is not supported (except for `MonkeyPatch`); they are only meant for use in type annotations.
  Doing so will emit a deprecation warning, and may become a hard-error in pytest 7.0.

  Subclassing them is also not supported. This is not currently enforced at runtime, but is detected by type-checkers such as mypy.


- `7527 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7527&gt;`_: When a comparison between :func:`namedtuple &lt;collections.namedtuple&gt;` instances of the same type fails, pytest now shows the differing field names (possibly nested) instead of their indexes.


- `7615 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7615&gt;`_: :meth:`Node.warn &lt;_pytest.nodes.Node.warn&gt;` now permits any subclass of :class:`Warning`, not just :class:`PytestWarning &lt;pytest.PytestWarning&gt;`.


- `7701 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7701&gt;`_: Improved reporting when using ``--collected-only``. It will now show the number of collected tests in the summary stats.


- `7710 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7710&gt;`_: Use strict equality comparison for non-numeric types in :func:`pytest.approx` instead of
  raising :class:`TypeError`.

  This was the undocumented behavior before 3.7, but is now officially a supported feature.


- `7938 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7938&gt;`_: New ``--sw-skip`` argument which is a shorthand for ``--stepwise-skip``.


- `8023 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8023&gt;`_: Added ``&#39;node_modules&#39;`` to default value for :confval:`norecursedirs`.


- `8032 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8032&gt;`_: :meth:`doClassCleanups &lt;unittest.TestCase.doClassCleanups&gt;` (introduced in :mod:`unittest` in Python and 3.8) is now called appropriately.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `4824 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4824&gt;`_: Fixed quadratic behavior and improved performance of collection of items using autouse fixtures and xunit fixtures.


- `7758 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7758&gt;`_: Fixed an issue where some files in packages are getting lost from ``--lf`` even though they contain tests that failed. Regressed in pytest 5.4.0.


- `7911 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7911&gt;`_: Directories created by by :fixture:`tmp_path` and :fixture:`tmpdir` are now considered stale after 3 days without modification (previous value was 3 hours) to avoid deleting directories still in use in long running test suites.


- `7913 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7913&gt;`_: Fixed a crash or hang in :meth:`pytester.spawn &lt;_pytest.pytester.Pytester.spawn&gt;` when the :mod:`readline` module is involved.


- `7951 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7951&gt;`_: Fixed handling of recursive symlinks when collecting tests.


- `7981 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7981&gt;`_: Fixed symlinked directories not being followed during collection. Regressed in pytest 6.1.0.


- `8016 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8016&gt;`_: Fixed only one doctest being collected when using ``pytest --doctest-modules path/to/an/__init__.py``.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `7429 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7429&gt;`_: Add more information and use cases about skipping doctests.


- `7780 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7780&gt;`_: Classes which should not be inherited from are now marked ``final class`` in the API reference.


- `7872 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7872&gt;`_: ``_pytest.config.argparsing.Parser.addini()`` accepts explicit ``None`` and ``&quot;string&quot;``.


- `7878 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7878&gt;`_: In pull request section, ask to commit after editing changelog and authors file.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `7802 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7802&gt;`_: The ``attrs`` dependency requirement is now &gt;=19.2.0 instead of &gt;=17.4.0.


- `8014 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8014&gt;`_: `.pyc` files created by pytest&#39;s assertion rewriting now conform to the newer PEP-552 format on Python&gt;=3.7.
  (These files are internal and only interpreted by pytest itself.)
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.1.2
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7758 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7758&gt;`_: Fixed an issue where some files in packages are getting lost from ``--lf`` even though they contain tests that failed. Regressed in pytest 5.4.0.


- `7911 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7911&gt;`_: Directories created by `tmpdir` are now considered stale after 3 days without modification (previous value was 3 hours) to avoid deleting directories still in use in long running test suites.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `7815 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7815&gt;`_: Improve deprecation warning message for ``pytest._fillfuncargs()``.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.1.1
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7807 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7807&gt;`_: Fixed regression in pytest 6.1.0 causing incorrect rootdir to be determined in some non-trivial cases where parent directories have config files as well.


- `7814 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7814&gt;`_: Fixed crash in header reporting when :confval:`testpaths` is used and contains absolute paths (regression in 6.1.0).
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.1.0
   ```
   =========================

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `5585 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5585&gt;`_: As per our policy, the following features which have been deprecated in the 5.X series are now
  removed:

  * The ``funcargnames`` read-only property of ``FixtureRequest``, ``Metafunc``, and ``Function`` classes. Use ``fixturenames`` attribute.

  * ``pytest.fixture`` no longer supports positional arguments, pass all arguments by keyword instead.

  * Direct construction of ``Node`` subclasses now raise an error, use ``from_parent`` instead.

  * The default value for ``junit_family`` has changed to ``xunit2``. If you require the old format, add ``junit_family=xunit1`` to your configuration file.

  * The ``TerminalReporter`` no longer has a ``writer`` attribute. Plugin authors may use the public functions of the ``TerminalReporter`` instead of accessing the ``TerminalWriter`` object directly.

  * The ``--result-log`` option has been removed. Users are recommended to use the `pytest-reportlog &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-reportlog&gt;`__ plugin instead.


  For more information consult
  `Deprecations and Removals &lt;https://docs.pytest.org/en/stable/deprecations.html&gt;`__ in the docs.



Deprecations
------------

- `6981 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6981&gt;`_: The ``pytest.collect`` module is deprecated: all its names can be imported from ``pytest`` directly.


- `7097 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7097&gt;`_: The ``pytest._fillfuncargs`` function is deprecated. This function was kept
  for backward compatibility with an older plugin.

  It&#39;s functionality is not meant to be used directly, but if you must replace
  it, use `function._request._fillfixtures()` instead, though note this is not
  a public API and may break in the future.


- `7210 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7210&gt;`_: The special ``-k &#39;-expr&#39;`` syntax to ``-k`` is deprecated. Use ``-k &#39;not expr&#39;``
  instead.

  The special ``-k &#39;expr:&#39;`` syntax to ``-k`` is deprecated. Please open an issue
  if you use this and want a replacement.


- `7255 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7255&gt;`_: The :func:`pytest_warning_captured &lt;_pytest.hookspec.pytest_warning_captured&gt;` hook is deprecated in favor
  of :func:`pytest_warning_recorded &lt;_pytest.hookspec.pytest_warning_recorded&gt;`, and will be removed in a future version.


- `7648 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7648&gt;`_: The ``gethookproxy()`` and ``isinitpath()`` methods of ``FSCollector`` and ``Package`` are deprecated;
  use ``self.session.gethookproxy()`` and ``self.session.isinitpath()`` instead.
  This should work on all pytest versions.



Features
--------

- `7667 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7667&gt;`_: New ``--durations-min`` command-line flag controls the minimal duration for inclusion in the slowest list of tests shown by ``--durations``. Previously this was hard-coded to ``0.005s``.



Improvements
------------

- `6681 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6681&gt;`_: Internal pytest warnings issued during the early stages of initialization are now properly handled and can filtered through :confval:`filterwarnings` or ``--pythonwarnings/-W``.

  This also fixes a number of long standing issues: `2891 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/2891&gt;`__, `#7620 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7620&gt;`__, `#7426 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7426&gt;`__.


- `7572 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7572&gt;`_: When a plugin listed in ``required_plugins`` is missing or an unknown config key is used with ``--strict-config``, a simple error message is now shown instead of a stacktrace.


- `7685 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7685&gt;`_: Added two new attributes :attr:`rootpath &lt;_pytest.config.Config.rootpath&gt;` and :attr:`inipath &lt;_pytest.config.Config.inipath&gt;` to :class:`Config &lt;_pytest.config.Config&gt;`.
  These attributes are :class:`pathlib.Path` versions of the existing :attr:`rootdir &lt;_pytest.config.Config.rootdir&gt;` and :attr:`inifile &lt;_pytest.config.Config.inifile&gt;` attributes,
  and should be preferred over them when possible.


- `7780 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7780&gt;`_: Public classes which are not designed to be inherited from are now marked `final &lt;https://docs.python.org/3/library/typing.html#typing.final&gt;`_.
  Code which inherits from these classes will trigger a type-checking (e.g. mypy) error, but will still work in runtime.
  Currently the ``final`` designation does not appear in the API Reference but hopefully will in the future.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `1953 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1953&gt;`_: Fixed error when overwriting a parametrized fixture, while also reusing the super fixture value.

  .. code-block:: python

       conftest.py
      import pytest


      pytest.fixture(params=[1, 2])
      def foo(request):
          return request.param


       test_foo.py
      import pytest


      pytest.fixture
      def foo(foo):
          return foo * 2


- `4984 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4984&gt;`_: Fixed an internal error crash with ``IndexError: list index out of range`` when
  collecting a module which starts with a decorated function, the decorator
  raises, and assertion rewriting is enabled.


- `7591 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7591&gt;`_: pylint shouldn&#39;t complain anymore about unimplemented abstract methods when inheriting from :ref:`File &lt;non-python tests&gt;`.


- `7628 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7628&gt;`_: Fixed test collection when a full path without a drive letter was passed to pytest on Windows (for example ``\projects\tests\test.py`` instead of ``c:\projects\tests\pytest.py``).


- `7638 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7638&gt;`_: Fix handling of command-line options that appear as paths but trigger an OS-level syntax error on Windows, such as the options used internally by ``pytest-xdist``.


- `7742 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7742&gt;`_: Fixed INTERNALERROR when accessing locals / globals with faulty ``exec``.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `1477 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1477&gt;`_: Removed faq.rst and its reference in contents.rst.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `7536 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7536&gt;`_: The internal ``junitxml`` plugin has rewritten to use ``xml.etree.ElementTree``.
  The order of attributes in XML elements might differ. Some unneeded escaping is
  no longer performed.


- `7587 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7587&gt;`_: The dependency on the ``more-itertools`` package has been removed.


- `7631 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7631&gt;`_: The result type of :meth:`capfd.readouterr() &lt;_pytest.capture.CaptureFixture.readouterr&gt;` (and similar) is no longer a namedtuple,
  but should behave like one in all respects. This was done for technical reasons.


- `7671 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7671&gt;`_: When collecting tests, pytest finds test classes and functions by examining the
  attributes of python objects (modules, classes and instances). To speed up this
  process, pytest now ignores builtin attributes (like ``__class__``,
  ``__delattr__`` and ``__new__``) without consulting the :confval:`python_classes` and
  :confval:`python_functions` configuration options and without passing them to plugins
  using the :func:`pytest_pycollect_makeitem &lt;_pytest.hookspec.pytest_pycollect_makeitem&gt;` hook.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.0.2
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7148 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7148&gt;`_: Fixed ``--log-cli`` potentially causing unrelated ``print`` output to be swallowed.


- `7672 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7672&gt;`_: Fixed log-capturing level restored incorrectly if ``caplog.set_level`` is called more than once.


- `7686 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7686&gt;`_: Fixed `NotSetType.token` being used as the parameter ID when the parametrization list is empty.
  Regressed in pytest 6.0.0.


- `7707 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7707&gt;`_: Fix internal error when handling some exceptions that contain multiple lines or the style uses multiple lines (``--tb=line`` for example).
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.0.1
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7394 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7394&gt;`_: Passing an empty ``help`` value to ``Parser.add_option`` is now accepted instead of crashing when running ``pytest --help``.
  Passing ``None`` raises a more informative ``TypeError``.


- `7558 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7558&gt;`_: Fix pylint ``not-callable`` lint on ``pytest.mark.parametrize()`` and the other builtin marks:
  ``skip``, ``skipif``, ``xfail``, ``usefixtures``, ``filterwarnings``.


- `7559 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7559&gt;`_: Fix regression in plugins using ``TestReport.longreprtext`` (such as ``pytest-html``) when ``TestReport.longrepr`` is not a string.


- `7569 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7569&gt;`_: Fix logging capture handler&#39;s level not reset on teardown after a call to ``caplog.set_level()``.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.0.0
   ```
   =========================

(**Please see the full set of changes for this release also in the 6.0.0rc1 notes below**)

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `5584 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5584&gt;`_: **PytestDeprecationWarning are now errors by default.**

  Following our plan to remove deprecated features with as little disruption as
  possible, all warnings of type ``PytestDeprecationWarning`` now generate errors
  instead of warning messages.

  **The affected features will be effectively removed in pytest 6.1**, so please consult the
  `Deprecations and Removals &lt;https://docs.pytest.org/en/latest/deprecations.html&gt;`__
  section in the docs for directions on how to update existing code.

  In the pytest ``6.0.X`` series, it is possible to change the errors back into warnings as a
  stopgap measure by adding this to your ``pytest.ini`` file:

  .. code-block:: ini

      [pytest]
      filterwarnings =
          ignore::pytest.PytestDeprecationWarning

  But this will stop working when pytest ``6.1`` is released.

  **If you have concerns** about the removal of a specific feature, please add a
  comment to `5584 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5584&gt;`__.


- `7472 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7472&gt;`_: The ``exec_()`` and ``is_true()`` methods of ``_pytest._code.Frame`` have been removed.



Features
--------

- `7464 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7464&gt;`_: Added support for :envvar:`NO_COLOR` and :envvar:`FORCE_COLOR` environment variables to control colored output.



Improvements
------------

- `7467 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7467&gt;`_: ``--log-file`` CLI option and ``log_file`` ini marker now create subdirectories if needed.


- `7489 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7489&gt;`_: The :func:`pytest.raises` function has a clearer error message when ``match`` equals the obtained string but is not a regex match. In this case it is suggested to escape the regex.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `7392 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7392&gt;`_: Fix the reported location of tests skipped with ``pytest.mark.skip`` when ``--runxfail`` is used.


- `7491 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7491&gt;`_: :fixture:`tmpdir` and :fixture:`tmp_path` no longer raise an error if the lock to check for
  stale temporary directories is not accessible.


- `7517 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7517&gt;`_: Preserve line endings when captured via ``capfd``.


- `7534 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7534&gt;`_: Restored the previous formatting of ``TracebackEntry.__str__`` which was changed by accident.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `7422 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7422&gt;`_: Clarified when the ``usefixtures`` mark can apply fixtures to test.


- `7441 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7441&gt;`_: Add a note about ``-q`` option used in getting started guide.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `7389 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7389&gt;`_: Fixture scope ``package`` is no longer considered experimental.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.0.0rc1
   ```
   ============================

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `1316 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1316&gt;`_: ``TestReport.longrepr`` is now always an instance of ``ReprExceptionInfo``. Previously it was a ``str`` when a test failed with ``pytest.fail(..., pytrace=False)``.


- `5965 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5965&gt;`_: symlinks are no longer resolved during collection and matching `conftest.py` files with test file paths.

  Resolving symlinks for the current directory and during collection was introduced as a bugfix in 3.9.0, but it actually is a new feature which had unfortunate consequences in Windows and surprising results in other platforms.

  The team decided to step back on resolving symlinks at all, planning to review this in the future with a more solid solution (see discussion in
  `6523 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/pull/6523&gt;`__ for details).

  This might break test suites which made use of this feature; the fix is to create a symlink
  for the entire test tree, and not only to partial files/tress as it was possible previously.


- `6505 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6505&gt;`_: ``Testdir.run().parseoutcomes()`` now always returns the parsed nouns in plural form.

  Originally ``parseoutcomes()`` would always returns the nouns in plural form, but a change
  meant to improve the terminal summary by using singular form single items (``1 warning`` or ``1 error``)
  caused an unintended regression by changing the keys returned by ``parseoutcomes()``.

  Now the API guarantees to always return the plural form, so calls like this:

  .. code-block:: python

      result = testdir.runpytest()
      result.assert_outcomes(error=1)

  Need to be changed to:


  .. code-block:: python

      result = testdir.runpytest()
      result.assert_outcomes(errors=1)


- `6903 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6903&gt;`_: The ``os.dup()`` function is now assumed to exist. We are not aware of any
  supported Python 3 implementations which do not provide it.


- `7040 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7040&gt;`_: ``-k`` no longer matches against the names of the directories outside the test session root.

  Also, ``pytest.Package.name`` is now just the name of the directory containing the package&#39;s
  ``__init__.py`` file, instead of the full path. This is consistent with how the other nodes
  are named, and also one of the reasons why ``-k`` would match against any directory containing
  the test suite.


- `7122 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7122&gt;`_: Expressions given to the ``-m`` and ``-k`` options are no longer evaluated using Python&#39;s :func:`eval`.
  The format supports ``or``, ``and``, ``not``, parenthesis and general identifiers to match against.
  Python constants, keywords or other operators are no longer evaluated differently.


- `7135 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7135&gt;`_: Pytest now uses its own ``TerminalWriter`` class instead of using the one from the ``py`` library.
  Plugins generally access this class through ``TerminalReporter.writer``, ``TerminalReporter.write()``
  (and similar methods), or ``_pytest.config.create_terminal_writer()``.

  The following breaking changes were made:

  - Output (``write()`` method and others) no longer flush implicitly; the flushing behavior
    of the underlying file is respected. To flush explicitly (for example, if you
    want output to be shown before an end-of-line is printed), use ``write(flush=True)`` or
    ``terminal_writer.flush()``.
  - Explicit Windows console support was removed, delegated to the colorama library.
  - Support for writing ``bytes`` was removed.
  - The ``reline`` method and ``chars_on_current_line`` property were removed.
  - The ``stringio`` and ``encoding`` arguments was removed.
  - Support for passing a callable instead of a file was removed.


- `7224 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7224&gt;`_: The `item.catch_log_handler` and `item.catch_log_handlers` attributes, set by the
  logging plugin and never meant to be public, are no longer available.

  The deprecated ``--no-print-logs`` option and ``log_print`` ini option are removed. Use ``--show-capture`` instead.


- `7226 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7226&gt;`_: Removed the unused ``args`` parameter from ``pytest.Function.__init__``.


- `7418 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7418&gt;`_: Removed the `pytest_doctest_prepare_content` hook specification. This hook
  hasn&#39;t been triggered by pytest for at least 10 years.


- `7438 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7438&gt;`_: Some changes were made to the internal ``_pytest._code.source``, listed here
  for the benefit of plugin authors who may be using it:

  - The ``deindent`` argument to ``Source()`` has been removed, now it is always true.
  - Support for zero or multiple arguments to ``Source()`` has been removed.
  - Support for comparing ``Source`` with an ``str`` has been removed.
  - The methods ``Source.isparseable()`` and ``Source.putaround()`` have been removed.
  - The method ``Source.compile()`` and function ``_pytest._code.compile()`` have
    been removed; use plain ``compile()`` instead.
  - The function ``_pytest._code.source.getsource()`` has been removed; use
    ``Source()`` directly instead.



Deprecations
------------

- `7210 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7210&gt;`_: The special ``-k &#39;-expr&#39;`` syntax to ``-k`` is deprecated. Use ``-k &#39;not expr&#39;``
  instead.

  The special ``-k &#39;expr:&#39;`` syntax to ``-k`` is deprecated. Please open an issue
  if you use this and want a replacement.

- `4049 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4049&gt;`_: ``pytest_warning_captured`` is deprecated in favor of the ``pytest_warning_recorded`` hook.


Features
--------

- `1556 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1556&gt;`_: pytest now supports ``pyproject.toml`` files for configuration.

  The configuration options is similar to the one available in other formats, but must be defined
  in a ``[tool.pytest.ini_options]`` table to be picked up by pytest:

  .. code-block:: toml

       pyproject.toml
      [tool.pytest.ini_options]
      minversion = &quot;6.0&quot;
      addopts = &quot;-ra -q&quot;
      testpaths = [
          &quot;tests&quot;,
          &quot;integration&quot;,
      ]

  More information can be found `in the docs &lt;https://docs.pytest.org/en/stable/customize.html#configuration-file-formats&gt;`__.


- `3342 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/3342&gt;`_: pytest now includes inline type annotations and exposes them to user programs.
  Most of the user-facing API is covered, as well as internal code.

  If you are running a type checker such as mypy on your tests, you may start
  noticing type errors indicating incorrect usage. If you run into an error that
  you believe to be incorrect, please let us know in an issue.

  The types were developed against mypy version 0.780. Versions before 0.750
  are known not to work. We recommend using the latest version. Other type
  checkers may work as well, but they are not officially verified to work by
  pytest yet.


- `4049 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4049&gt;`_: Introduced a new hook named `pytest_warning_recorded` to convey information about warnings captured by the internal `pytest` warnings plugin.

  This hook is meant to replace `pytest_warning_captured`, which is deprecated and will be removed in a future release.


- `6471 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6471&gt;`_: New command-line flags:

  * `--no-header`: disables the initial header, including platform, version, and plugins.
  * `--no-summary`: disables the final test summary, including warnings.


- `6856 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6856&gt;`_: A warning is now shown when an unknown key is read from a config INI file.

  The `--strict-config` flag has been added to treat these warnings as errors.


- `6906 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6906&gt;`_: Added `--code-highlight` command line option to enable/disable code highlighting in terminal output.


- `7245 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7245&gt;`_: New ``--import-mode=importlib`` option that uses `importlib &lt;https://docs.python.org/3/library/importlib.html&gt;`__ to import test modules.

  Traditionally pytest used ``__import__`` while changing ``sys.path`` to import test modules (which
  also changes ``sys.modules`` as a side-effect), which works but has a number of drawbacks, like requiring test modules
  that don&#39;t live in packages to have unique names (as they need to reside under a unique name in ``sys.modules``).

  ``--import-mode=importlib`` uses more fine grained import mechanisms from ``importlib`` which don&#39;t
  require pytest to change ``sys.path`` or ``sys.modules`` at all, eliminating much of the drawbacks
  of the previous mode.

  We intend to make ``--import-mode=importlib`` the default in future versions, so users are encouraged
  to try the new mode and provide feedback (both positive or negative) in issue `7245 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7245&gt;`__.

  You can read more about this option in `the documentation &lt;https://docs.pytest.org/en/latest/pythonpath.html#import-modes&gt;`__.


- `7305 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7305&gt;`_: New ``required_plugins`` configuration option allows the user to specify a list of plugins, including version information, that are required for pytest to run. An error is raised if any required plugins are not found when running pytest.


Improvements
------------

- `4375 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4375&gt;`_: The ``pytest`` command now suppresses the ``BrokenPipeError`` error message that
  is printed to stderr when the output of ``pytest`` is piped and and the pipe is
  closed by the piped-to program (common examples are ``less`` and ``head``).


- `4391 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4391&gt;`_: Improved precision of test durations measurement. ``CallInfo`` items now have a new ``&lt;CallInfo&gt;.duration`` attribute, created using ``time.perf_counter()``. This attribute is used to fill the ``&lt;TestReport&gt;.duration`` attribute, which is more accurate than the previous ``&lt;CallInfo&gt;.stop - &lt;CallInfo&gt;.start`` (as these are based on ``time.time()``).


- `4675 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4675&gt;`_: Rich comparison for dataclasses and `attrs`-classes is now recursive.


- `6285 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6285&gt;`_: Exposed the `pytest.FixtureLookupError` exception which is raised by `request.getfixturevalue()`
  (where `request` is a `FixtureRequest` fixture) when a fixture with the given name cannot be returned.


- `6433 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6433&gt;`_: If an error is encountered while formatting the message in a logging call, for
  example ``logging.warning(&quot;oh no!: %s: %s&quot;, &quot;first&quot;)`` (a second argument is
  missing), pytest now propagates the error, likely causing the test to fail.

  Previously, such a mistake would cause an error to be printed to stderr, which
  is not displayed by default for passing tests. This change makes the mistake
  visible during testing.

  You may supress this behavior temporarily or permanently by setting
  ``logging.raiseExceptions = False``.


- `6817 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6817&gt;`_: Explicit new-lines in help texts of command-line options are preserved, allowing plugins better control
  of the help displayed to users.


- `6940 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6940&gt;`_: When using the ``--duration`` option, the terminal message output is now more precise about the number and duration of hidden items.


- `6991 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6991&gt;`_: Collected files are displayed after any reports from hooks, e.g. the status from ``--lf``.


- `7091 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7091&gt;`_: When ``fd`` capturing is used, through ``--capture=fd`` or the ``capfd`` and
  ``capfdbinary`` fixtures, and the file descriptor (0, 1, 2) cannot be
  duplicated, FD capturing is still performed. Previously, direct writes to the
  file descriptors would fail or be lost in this case.


- `7119 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7119&gt;`_: Exit with an error if the ``--basetemp`` argument is empty, is the current working directory or is one of the parent directories.
  This is done to protect against accidental data loss, as any directory passed to this argument is cleared.


- `7128 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7128&gt;`_: `pytest --version` now displays just the pytest version, while `pytest --version --version` displays more verbose information including plugins. This is more consistent with how other tools show `--version`.


- `7133 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7133&gt;`_: :meth:`caplog.set_level() &lt;_pytest.logging.LogCaptureFixture.set_level&gt;` will now override any :confval:`log_level` set via the CLI or configuration file.


- `7159 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7159&gt;`_: :meth:`caplog.set_level() &lt;_pytest.logging.LogCaptureFixture.set_level&gt;` and :meth:`caplog.at_level() &lt;_pytest.logging.LogCaptureFixture.at_level&gt;` no longer affect
  the level of logs that are shown in the *Captured log report* report section.


- `7348 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7348&gt;`_: Improve recursive diff report for comparison asserts on dataclasses / attrs.


- `7385 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7385&gt;`_: ``--junitxml`` now includes the exception cause in the ``message`` XML attribute for failures during setup and teardown.

  Previously:

  .. code-block:: xml

      &lt;error message=&quot;test setup failure&quot;&gt;

  Now:

  .. code-block:: xml

      &lt;error message=&quot;failed on setup with &amp;quot;ValueError: Some error during setup&amp;quot;&quot;&gt;



Bug Fixes
---------

- `1120 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1120&gt;`_: Fix issue where directories from :fixture:`tmpdir` are not removed properly when multiple instances of pytest are running in parallel.


- `4583 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4583&gt;`_: Prevent crashing and provide a user-friendly error when a marker expression (`-m`) invoking of :func:`eval` raises any exception.


- `4677 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4677&gt;`_: The path shown in the summary report for SKIPPED tests is now always relative. Previously it was sometimes absolute.


- `5456 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5456&gt;`_: Fix a possible race condition when trying to remove lock files used to control access to folders
  created by :fixture:`tmp_path` and :fixture:`tmpdir`.


- `6240 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6240&gt;`_: Fixes an issue where logging during collection step caused duplication of log
  messages to stderr.


- `6428 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6428&gt;`_: Paths appearing in error messages are now correct in case the current working directory has
  changed since the start of the session.


- `6755 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6755&gt;`_: Support deleting paths longer than 260 characters on windows created inside :fixture:`tmpdir`.


- `6871 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6871&gt;`_: Fix crash with captured output when using :fixture:`capsysbinary`.


- `6909 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6909&gt;`_: Revert the change introduced by `#6330 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/pull/6330&gt;`_, which required all arguments to ``pytest.mark.parametrize`` to be explicitly defined in the function signature.

  The intention of the original change was to remove what was expected to be an unintended/surprising behavior, but it turns out many people relied on it, so the restriction has been reverted.


- `6910 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6910&gt;`_: Fix crash when plugins return an unknown stats while using the ``--reportlog`` option.


- `6924 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6924&gt;`_: Ensure a ``unittest.IsolatedAsyncioTestCase`` is actually awaited.


- `6925 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6925&gt;`_: Fix `TerminalRepr` instances to be hashable again.


- `6947 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6947&gt;`_: Fix regression where functions registered with :meth:`unittest.TestCase.addCleanup` were not being called on test failures.


- `6951 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6951&gt;`_: Allow users to still set the deprecated ``TerminalReporter.writer`` attribute.


- `6956 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6956&gt;`_: Prevent pytest from printing `ConftestImportFailure` traceback to stdout.


- `6991 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6991&gt;`_: Fix regressions with `--lf` filtering too much since pytest 5.4.


- `6992 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6992&gt;`_: Revert &quot;tmpdir: clean up indirection via config for factories&quot; `#6767 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6767&gt;`_ as it breaks pytest-xdist.


- `7061 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7061&gt;`_: When a yielding fixture fails to yield a value, report a test setup error instead of crashing.


- `7076 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7076&gt;`_: The path of file skipped by ``pytest.mark.skip`` in the SKIPPED report is now relative to invocation directory. Previously it was relative to root directory.


- `7110 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7110&gt;`_: Fixed regression: ``asyncbase.TestCase`` tests are executed correctly again.


- `7126 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7126&gt;`_: ``--setup-show`` now doesn&#39;t raise an error when a bytes value is used as a ``parametrize``
  parameter when Python is called with the ``-bb`` flag.


- `7143 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7143&gt;`_: Fix :meth:`pytest.File.from_parent` so it forwards extra keyword arguments to the constructor.


- `7145 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7145&gt;`_: Classes with broken ``__getattribute__`` methods are displayed correctly during failures.


- `7150 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7150&gt;`_: Prevent hiding the underlying exception when ``ConfTestImportFailure`` is raised.


- `7180 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7180&gt;`_: Fix ``_is_setup_py`` for files encoded differently than locale.


- `7215 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7215&gt;`_: Fix regression where running with ``--pdb`` would call :meth:`unittest.TestCase.tearDown` for skipped tests.


- `7253 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7253&gt;`_: When using ``pytest.fixture`` on a function directly, as in ``pytest.fixture(func)``,
  if the ``autouse`` or ``params`` arguments are also passed, the function is no longer
  ignored, but is marked as a fixture.


- `7360 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7360&gt;`_: Fix possibly incorrect evaluation of string expressions passed to ``pytest.mark.skipif`` and ``pytest.mark.xfail``,
  in rare circumstances where the exact same string is used but refers to different global values.


- `7383 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7383&gt;`_: Fixed exception causes all over the codebase, i.e. use `raise new_exception from old_exception` when wrapping an exception.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `7202 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7202&gt;`_: The development guide now links to the contributing section of the docs and `RELEASING.rst` on GitHub.


- `7233 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7233&gt;`_: Add a note about ``--strict`` and ``--strict-markers`` and the preference for the latter one.


- `7345 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7345&gt;`_: Explain indirect parametrization and markers for fixtures.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `7035 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7035&gt;`_: The ``originalname`` attribute of ``_pytest.python.Function`` now defaults to ``name`` if not
  provided explicitly, and is always set.


- `7264 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7264&gt;`_: The dependency on the ``wcwidth`` package has been removed.


- `7291 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7291&gt;`_: Replaced ``py.iniconfig`` with `iniconfig &lt;https://pypi.org/project/iniconfig/&gt;`__.


- `7295 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7295&gt;`_: ``src/_pytest/config/__init__.py`` now uses the ``warnings`` module to report warnings instead of ``sys.stderr.write``.


- `7356 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7356&gt;`_: Remove last internal uses of deprecated *slave* term from old ``pytest-xdist``.


- `7357 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7357&gt;`_: ``py``&gt;=1.8.2 is now required.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.4.3
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `6428 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6428&gt;`_: Paths appearing in error messages are now correct in case the current working directory has
  changed since the start of the session.


- `6755 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6755&gt;`_: Support deleting paths longer than 260 characters on windows created inside tmpdir.


- `6956 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6956&gt;`_: Prevent pytest from printing ConftestImportFailure traceback to stdout.


- `7150 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7150&gt;`_: Prevent hiding the underlying exception when ``ConfTestImportFailure`` is raised.


- `7215 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7215&gt;`_: Fix regression where running with ``--pdb`` would call the ``tearDown`` methods of ``unittest.TestCase``
  subclasses for skipped tests.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.4.2
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `6871 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6871&gt;`_: Fix crash with captured output when using the :fixture:`capsysbinary fixture &lt;capsysbinary&gt;`.


- `6924 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6924&gt;`_: Ensure a ``unittest.IsolatedAsyncioTestCase`` is actually awaited.


- `6925 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6925&gt;`_: Fix TerminalRepr instances to be hashable again.


- `6947 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6947&gt;`_: Fix regression where functions registered with ``TestCase.addCleanup`` were not being called on test failures.


- `6951 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6951&gt;`_: Allow users to still set the deprecated ``TerminalReporter.writer`` attribute.


- `6992 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6992&gt;`_: Revert &quot;tmpdir: clean up indirection via config for factories&quot; #6767 as it breaks pytest-xdist.


- `7110 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7110&gt;`_: Fixed regression: ``asyncbase.TestCase`` tests are executed correctly again.


- `7143 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7143&gt;`_: Fix ``File.from_constructor`` so it forwards extra keyword arguments to the constructor.


- `7145 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7145&gt;`_: Classes with broken ``__getattribute__`` methods are displayed correctly during failures.


- `7180 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7180&gt;`_: Fix ``_is_setup_py`` for files encoded differently than locale.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.4.1
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `6909 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6909&gt;`_: Revert the change introduced by `#6330 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/pull/6330&gt;`_, which required all arguments to ``pytest.mark.parametrize`` to be explicitly defined in the function signature.

  The intention of the original change was to remove what was expected to be an unintended/surprising behavior, but it turns out many people relied on it, so the restriction has been reverted.


- `6910 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6910&gt;`_: Fix crash when plugins return an unknown stats while using the ``--reportlog`` option.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.4.0
   ```
   =========================

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `6316 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6316&gt;`_: Matching of ``-k EXPRESSION`` to test names is now case-insensitive.


- `6443 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6443&gt;`_: Plugins specified with ``-p`` are now loaded after internal plugins, which results in their hooks being called *before* the internal ones.

  This makes the ``-p`` behavior consistent with ``PYTEST_PLUGINS``.


- `6637 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6637&gt;`_: Removed the long-deprecated ``pytest_itemstart`` hook.

  This hook has been marked as deprecated and not been even called by pytest for over 10 years now.


- `6673 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6673&gt;`_: Reversed / fix meaning of &quot;+/-&quot; in error diffs.  &quot;-&quot; means that sth. expected is missing in the result and &quot;+&quot; means that there are unexpected extras in the result.


- `6737 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6737&gt;`_: The ``cached_result`` attribute of ``FixtureDef`` is now set to ``None`` when
  the result is unavailable, instead of being deleted.

  If your plugin performs checks like ``hasattr(fixturedef, &#39;cached_result&#39;)``,
  for example in a ``pytest_fixture_post_finalizer`` hook implementation, replace
  it with ``fixturedef.cached_result is not None``. If you ``del`` the attribute,
  set it to ``None`` instead.



Deprecations
------------

- `3238 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/3238&gt;`_: Option ``--no-print-logs`` is deprecated and meant to be removed in a future release. If you use ``--no-print-logs``, please try out ``--show-capture`` and
  provide feedback.

  ``--show-capture`` command-line option was added in ``pytest 3.5.0`` and allows to specify how to
  display captured output when tests fail: ``no``, ``stdout``, ``stderr``, ``log`` or ``all`` (the default).


- `571 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/571&gt;`_: Deprecate the unused/broken `pytest_collect_directory` hook.
  It was misaligned since the removal of the ``Directory`` collector in 2010
  and incorrect/unusable as soon as collection was split from test execution.


- `5975 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5975&gt;`_: Deprecate using direct constructors for ``Nodes``.

  Instead they are now constructed via ``Node.from_parent``.

  This transitional mechanism enables us to untangle the very intensely
  entangled ``Node`` relationships by enforcing more controlled creation/configuration patterns.

  As part of this change, session/config are already disallowed parameters and as we work on the details we might need disallow a few more as well.

  Subclasses are expected to use `super().from_parent` if they intend to expand the creation of `Nodes`.


- `6779 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6779&gt;`_: The ``TerminalReporter.writer`` attribute has been deprecated and should no longer be used. This
  was inadvertently exposed as part of the public API of that plugin and ties it too much
  with ``py.io.TerminalWriter``.



Features
--------

- `4597 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4597&gt;`_: New :ref:`--capture=tee-sys &lt;capture-method&gt;` option to allow both live printing and capturing of test output.


- `5712 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5712&gt;`_: Now all arguments to ``pytest.mark.parametrize`` need to be explicitly declared in the function signature or via ``indirect``.
  Previously it was possible to omit an argument if a fixture with the same name existed, which was just an accident of implementation and was not meant to be a part of the API.


- `6454 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6454&gt;`_: Changed default for `-r` to `fE`, which displays failures and errors in the :ref:`short test summary &lt;pytest.detailed_failed_tests_usage&gt;`.  `-rN` can be used to disable it (the old behavior).


- `6469 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6469&gt;`_: New options have been added to the :confval:`junit_logging` option: ``log``, ``out-err``, and ``all``.


- `6834 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6834&gt;`_: Excess warning summaries are now collapsed per file to ensure readable display of warning summaries.



Improvements
------------

- `1857 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1857&gt;`_: ``pytest.mark.parametrize`` accepts integers for ``ids`` again, converting it to strings.


- `449 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/449&gt;`_: Use &quot;yellow&quot; main color with any XPASSED tests.


- `4639 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4639&gt;`_: Revert &quot;A warning is now issued when assertions are made for ``None``&quot;.

  The warning proved to be less useful than initially expected and had quite a
  few false positive cases.


- `5686 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5686&gt;`_: ``tmpdir_factory.mktemp`` now fails when given absolute and non-normalized paths.


- `5984 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5984&gt;`_: The ``pytest_warning_captured`` hook now receives a ``location`` parameter with the code location that generated the warning.


- `6213 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6213&gt;`_: pytester: the ``testdir`` fixture respects environment settings from the ``monkeypatch`` fixture for inner runs.


- `6247 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6247&gt;`_: ``--fulltrace`` is honored with collection errors.


- `6384 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6384&gt;`_: Make `--showlocals` work also with `--tb=short`.


- `6653 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6653&gt;`_: Add support for matching lines consecutively with :attr:`LineMatcher &lt;_pytest.pytester.LineMatcher&gt;`&#39;s :func:`~_pytest.pytester.LineMatcher.fnmatch_lines` and :func:`~_pytest.pytester.LineMatcher.re_match_lines`.


- `6658 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6658&gt;`_: Code is now highlighted in tracebacks when ``pygments`` is installed.

  Users are encouraged to install ``pygments`` into their environment and provide feedback, because
  the plan is to make ``pygments`` a regular dependency in the future.


- `6795 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6795&gt;`_: Import usage error message with invalid `-o` option.


- `759 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/759&gt;`_: ``pytest.mark.parametrize`` supports iterators and generators for ``ids``.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `310 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/310&gt;`_: Add support for calling `pytest.xfail()` and `pytest.importorskip()` with doctests.


- `3823 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/3823&gt;`_: ``--trace`` now works with unittests.


- `4445 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4445&gt;`_: Fixed some warning reports produced by pytest to point to the correct location of the warning in the user&#39;s code.


- `5301 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5301&gt;`_: Fix ``--last-failed`` to collect new tests from files with known failures.


- `5928 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5928&gt;`_: Report ``PytestUnknownMarkWarning`` at the level of the user&#39;s code, not ``pytest``&#39;s.


- `5991 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5991&gt;`_: Fix interaction with ``--pdb`` and unittests: do not use unittest&#39;s ``TestCase.debug()``.


- `6334 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6334&gt;`_: Fix summary entries appearing twice when ``f/F`` and ``s/S`` report chars were used at the same time in the ``-r`` command-line option (for example ``-rFf``).

  The upper case variants were never documented and the preferred form should be the lower case.


- `6409 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6409&gt;`_: Fallback to green (instead of yellow) for non-last items without previous passes with colored terminal progress indicator.


- `6454 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6454&gt;`_: `--disable-warnings` is honored with `-ra` and `-rA`.


- `6497 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6497&gt;`_: Fix bug in the comparison of request key with cached key in fixture.

  A construct ``if key == cached_key:`` can fail either because ``==`` is explicitly disallowed, or for, e.g., NumPy arrays, where the result of ``a == b`` cannot generally be converted to `bool`.
  The implemented fix replaces `==` with ``is``.


- `6557 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6557&gt;`_: Make capture output streams ``.write()`` method return the same return value from original streams.


- `6566 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6566&gt;`_: Fix ``EncodedFile.writelines`` to call the underlying buffer&#39;s ``writelines`` method.


- `6575 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6575&gt;`_: Fix internal crash when ``faulthandler`` starts initialized
  (for example with ``PYTHONFAULTHANDLER=1`` environment variable set) and ``faulthandler_timeout`` defined
  in the configuration file.


- `6597 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6597&gt;`_: Fix node ids which contain a parametrized empty-string variable.


- `6646 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6646&gt;`_: Assertion rewriting hooks are (re)stored for the current item, which fixes them being still used after e.g. pytester&#39;s :func:`testdir.runpytest &lt;_pytest.pytester.Testdir.runpytest&gt;` etc.


- `6660 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6660&gt;`_: :py:func:`pytest.exit` is handled when emitted from the :func:`pytest_sessionfinish &lt;_pytest.hookspec.pytest_sessionfinish&gt;` hook.  This includes quitting from a debugger.


- `6752 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6752&gt;`_: When :py:func:`pytest.raises` is used as a function (as opposed to a context manager),
  a `match` keyword argument is now passed through to the tested function. Previously
  it was swallowed and ignored (regression in pytest 5.1.0).


- `6801 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6801&gt;`_: Do not display empty lines inbetween traceback for unexpected exceptions with doctests.


- `6802 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6802&gt;`_: The :fixture:`testdir fixture &lt;testdir&gt;` works within doctests now.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `6696 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6696&gt;`_: Add list of fixtures to start of fixture chapter.


- `6742 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6742&gt;`_: Expand first sentence on fixtures into a paragraph.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `6404 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6404&gt;`_: Remove usage of ``parser`` module, deprecated in Python 3.9.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.3.5
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `6517 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6517&gt;`_: Fix regression in pytest 5.3.4 causing an INTERNALERROR due to a wrong assertion.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.3.4
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `6496 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6496&gt;`_: Revert `#6436 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6436&gt;`__: unfortunately this change has caused a number of regressions in many suites,
  so the team decided to revert this change and make a new release while we continue to look for a solution.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.3.3
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `2780 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/2780&gt;`_: Captured output during teardown is shown with ``-rP``.


- `5971 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5971&gt;`_: Fix a ``pytest-xdist`` crash when dealing with exceptions raised in subprocesses created by the
  ``multiprocessing`` module.


- `6436 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6436&gt;`_: :class:`FixtureDef &lt;_pytest.fixtures.FixtureDef&gt;` objects now properly register their finalizers with autouse and
  parameterized fixtures that execute before them in the fixture stack so they are torn
  down at the right times, and in the right order.


- `6532 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6532&gt;`_: Fix parsing of outcomes containing multiple errors with ``testdir`` results (regression in 5.3.0).



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `6350 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6350&gt;`_: Optimized automatic renaming of test parameter IDs.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.3.2
   ```
   =========================

Improvements
------------

- `4639 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4639&gt;`_: Revert &quot;A warning is now issued when assertions are made for ``None``&quot;.

  The warning proved to be less useful than initially expected and had quite a
  few false positive cases.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `5430 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5430&gt;`_: junitxml: Logs for failed test are now passed to junit report in case the test fails during call phase.


- `6290 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6290&gt;`_: The supporting files in the ``.pytest_cache`` directory are kept with ``--cache-clear``, which only clears cached values now.


- `6301 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6301&gt;`_: Fix assertion rewriting for egg-based distributions and ``editable`` installs (``pip install --editable``).
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 5.3.1
   ```
   =========================

Improvements
------------

- `6231 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6231&gt;`_: Improve check for misspelling of :ref:`pytest.mark.parametrize ref`.


- `6257 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6257&gt;`_: Handle :py:func:`pytest.exit` being used via :py:func:`~_pytest.hookspec.pytest_internalerror`, e.g. when quitting pdb from post mortem.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `5914 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5914&gt;`_: pytester: fix :py:func:`~_pytest.pytester.LineMatcher.no_fnmatch_line` when used after positive matching.


- `6082 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6082&gt;`_: Fix line detection for doctest samples inside :py:class:`python:property` docstrings, as a workaround to `bpo-17446 &lt;https://bugs.python.org/issue17446&gt;`__.


- `6254 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6254&gt;`_: Fix compatibility with pytest-parallel (regression in pytest 5.3.0).


- `6255 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6255&gt;`_: Clear the :py:data:`sys.last_traceback`, :py:data:`sys.last_type`
  and :py:data:`sys.last_value` attributes by deleting them instead
  of setting them to ``None``. This better matches the behaviour of
  the Python standar…
bors bot added a commit to aragilar/spaceplot that referenced this pull request Aug 6, 2021
7: Pin sphinx_rtd_theme to latest version 0.5.2 r=aragilar a=pyup-bot


This PR pins [sphinx_rtd_theme](https://pypi.org/project/sphinx_rtd_theme) to the latest release **0.5.2**.



*The bot wasn't able to find a changelog for this release. [Got an idea?](https://github.com/pyupio/changelogs/issues/new)*

<details>
  <summary>Links</summary>
  
  - PyPI: https://pypi.org/project/sphinx-rtd-theme
  - Repo: https://github.com/readthedocs/sphinx_rtd_theme
</details>



8: Pin pytest to latest version 6.2.4 r=aragilar a=pyup-bot


This PR pins [pytest](https://pypi.org/project/pytest) to the latest release **6.2.4**.



<details>
  <summary>Changelog</summary>
  
  
   ### 6.2.4
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `8539 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8539&gt;`_: Fixed assertion rewriting on Python 3.10.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.2.3
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `8414 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8414&gt;`_: pytest used to create directories under ``/tmp`` with world-readable
  permissions. This means that any user in the system was able to read
  information written by tests in temporary directories (such as those created by
  the ``tmp_path``/``tmpdir`` fixture). Now the directories are created with
  private permissions.

  pytest used to silenty use a pre-existing ``/tmp/pytest-of-&lt;username&gt;`` directory,
  even if owned by another user. This means another user could pre-create such a
  directory and gain control of another user&#39;s temporary directory. Now such a
  condition results in an error.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.2.2
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `8152 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8152&gt;`_: Fixed &quot;(&lt;Skipped instance&gt;)&quot; being shown as a skip reason in the verbose test summary line when the reason is empty.


- `8249 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8249&gt;`_: Fix the ``faulthandler`` plugin for occasions when running with ``twisted.logger`` and using ``pytest --capture=no``.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.2.1
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7678 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7678&gt;`_: Fixed bug where ``ImportPathMismatchError`` would be raised for files compiled in
  the host and loaded later from an UNC mounted path (Windows).


- `8132 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8132&gt;`_: Fixed regression in ``approx``: in 6.2.0 ``approx`` no longer raises
  ``TypeError`` when dealing with non-numeric types, falling back to normal comparison.
  Before 6.2.0, array types like tf.DeviceArray fell through to the scalar case,
  and happened to compare correctly to a scalar if they had only one element.
  After 6.2.0, these types began failing, because they inherited neither from
  standard Python number hierarchy nor from ``numpy.ndarray``.

  ``approx`` now converts arguments to ``numpy.ndarray`` if they expose the array
  protocol and are not scalars. This treats array-like objects like numpy arrays,
  regardless of size.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.2.0
   ```
   =========================

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `7808 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7808&gt;`_: pytest now supports python3.6+ only.



Deprecations
------------

- `7469 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7469&gt;`_: Directly constructing/calling the following classes/functions is now deprecated:

  - ``_pytest.cacheprovider.Cache``
  - ``_pytest.cacheprovider.Cache.for_config()``
  - ``_pytest.cacheprovider.Cache.clear_cache()``
  - ``_pytest.cacheprovider.Cache.cache_dir_from_config()``
  - ``_pytest.capture.CaptureFixture``
  - ``_pytest.fixtures.FixtureRequest``
  - ``_pytest.fixtures.SubRequest``
  - ``_pytest.logging.LogCaptureFixture``
  - ``_pytest.pytester.Pytester``
  - ``_pytest.pytester.Testdir``
  - ``_pytest.recwarn.WarningsRecorder``
  - ``_pytest.recwarn.WarningsChecker``
  - ``_pytest.tmpdir.TempPathFactory``
  - ``_pytest.tmpdir.TempdirFactory``

  These have always been considered private, but now issue a deprecation warning, which may become a hard error in pytest 7.0.0.


- `7530 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7530&gt;`_: The ``--strict`` command-line option has been deprecated, use ``--strict-markers`` instead.

  We have plans to maybe in the future to reintroduce ``--strict`` and make it an encompassing flag for all strictness
  related options (``--strict-markers`` and ``--strict-config`` at the moment, more might be introduced in the future).


- `7988 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7988&gt;`_: The ``pytest.yield_fixture`` decorator/function is now deprecated. Use :func:`pytest.fixture` instead.

  ``yield_fixture`` has been an alias for ``fixture`` for a very long time, so can be search/replaced safely.



Features
--------

- `5299 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5299&gt;`_: pytest now warns about unraisable exceptions and unhandled thread exceptions that occur in tests on Python&gt;=3.8.
  See :ref:`unraisable` for more information.


- `7425 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7425&gt;`_: New :fixture:`pytester` fixture, which is identical to :fixture:`testdir` but its methods return :class:`pathlib.Path` when appropriate instead of ``py.path.local``.

  This is part of the movement to use :class:`pathlib.Path` objects internally, in order to remove the dependency to ``py`` in the future.

  Internally, the old :class:`Testdir &lt;_pytest.pytester.Testdir&gt;` is now a thin wrapper around :class:`Pytester &lt;_pytest.pytester.Pytester&gt;`, preserving the old interface.


- `7695 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7695&gt;`_: A new hook was added, `pytest_markeval_namespace` which should return a dictionary.
  This dictionary will be used to augment the &quot;global&quot; variables available to evaluate skipif/xfail/xpass markers.

  Pseudo example

  ``conftest.py``:

  .. code-block:: python

     def pytest_markeval_namespace():
         return {&quot;color&quot;: &quot;red&quot;}

  ``test_func.py``:

  .. code-block:: python

     pytest.mark.skipif(&quot;color == &#39;blue&#39;&quot;, reason=&quot;Color is not red&quot;)
     def test_func():
         assert False


- `8006 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8006&gt;`_: It is now possible to construct a :class:`~pytest.MonkeyPatch` object directly as ``pytest.MonkeyPatch()``,
  in cases when the :fixture:`monkeypatch` fixture cannot be used. Previously some users imported it
  from the private `_pytest.monkeypatch.MonkeyPatch` namespace.

  Additionally, :meth:`MonkeyPatch.context &lt;pytest.MonkeyPatch.context&gt;` is now a classmethod,
  and can be used as ``with MonkeyPatch.context() as mp: ...``. This is the recommended way to use
  ``MonkeyPatch`` directly, since unlike the ``monkeypatch`` fixture, an instance created directly
  is not ``undo()``-ed automatically.



Improvements
------------

- `1265 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1265&gt;`_: Added an ``__str__`` implementation to the :class:`~pytest.pytester.LineMatcher` class which is returned from ``pytester.run_pytest().stdout`` and similar. It returns the entire output, like the existing ``str()`` method.


- `2044 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/2044&gt;`_: Verbose mode now shows the reason that a test was skipped in the test&#39;s terminal line after the &quot;SKIPPED&quot;, &quot;XFAIL&quot; or &quot;XPASS&quot;.


- `7469 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7469&gt;`_ The types of builtin pytest fixtures are now exported so they may be used in type annotations of test functions.
  The newly-exported types are:

  - ``pytest.FixtureRequest`` for the :fixture:`request` fixture.
  - ``pytest.Cache`` for the :fixture:`cache` fixture.
  - ``pytest.CaptureFixture[str]`` for the :fixture:`capfd` and :fixture:`capsys` fixtures.
  - ``pytest.CaptureFixture[bytes]`` for the :fixture:`capfdbinary` and :fixture:`capsysbinary` fixtures.
  - ``pytest.LogCaptureFixture`` for the :fixture:`caplog` fixture.
  - ``pytest.Pytester`` for the :fixture:`pytester` fixture.
  - ``pytest.Testdir`` for the :fixture:`testdir` fixture.
  - ``pytest.TempdirFactory`` for the :fixture:`tmpdir_factory` fixture.
  - ``pytest.TempPathFactory`` for the :fixture:`tmp_path_factory` fixture.
  - ``pytest.MonkeyPatch`` for the :fixture:`monkeypatch` fixture.
  - ``pytest.WarningsRecorder`` for the :fixture:`recwarn` fixture.

  Constructing them is not supported (except for `MonkeyPatch`); they are only meant for use in type annotations.
  Doing so will emit a deprecation warning, and may become a hard-error in pytest 7.0.

  Subclassing them is also not supported. This is not currently enforced at runtime, but is detected by type-checkers such as mypy.


- `7527 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7527&gt;`_: When a comparison between :func:`namedtuple &lt;collections.namedtuple&gt;` instances of the same type fails, pytest now shows the differing field names (possibly nested) instead of their indexes.


- `7615 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7615&gt;`_: :meth:`Node.warn &lt;_pytest.nodes.Node.warn&gt;` now permits any subclass of :class:`Warning`, not just :class:`PytestWarning &lt;pytest.PytestWarning&gt;`.


- `7701 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7701&gt;`_: Improved reporting when using ``--collected-only``. It will now show the number of collected tests in the summary stats.


- `7710 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7710&gt;`_: Use strict equality comparison for non-numeric types in :func:`pytest.approx` instead of
  raising :class:`TypeError`.

  This was the undocumented behavior before 3.7, but is now officially a supported feature.


- `7938 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7938&gt;`_: New ``--sw-skip`` argument which is a shorthand for ``--stepwise-skip``.


- `8023 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8023&gt;`_: Added ``&#39;node_modules&#39;`` to default value for :confval:`norecursedirs`.


- `8032 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8032&gt;`_: :meth:`doClassCleanups &lt;unittest.TestCase.doClassCleanups&gt;` (introduced in :mod:`unittest` in Python and 3.8) is now called appropriately.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `4824 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4824&gt;`_: Fixed quadratic behavior and improved performance of collection of items using autouse fixtures and xunit fixtures.


- `7758 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7758&gt;`_: Fixed an issue where some files in packages are getting lost from ``--lf`` even though they contain tests that failed. Regressed in pytest 5.4.0.


- `7911 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7911&gt;`_: Directories created by by :fixture:`tmp_path` and :fixture:`tmpdir` are now considered stale after 3 days without modification (previous value was 3 hours) to avoid deleting directories still in use in long running test suites.


- `7913 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7913&gt;`_: Fixed a crash or hang in :meth:`pytester.spawn &lt;_pytest.pytester.Pytester.spawn&gt;` when the :mod:`readline` module is involved.


- `7951 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7951&gt;`_: Fixed handling of recursive symlinks when collecting tests.


- `7981 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7981&gt;`_: Fixed symlinked directories not being followed during collection. Regressed in pytest 6.1.0.


- `8016 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8016&gt;`_: Fixed only one doctest being collected when using ``pytest --doctest-modules path/to/an/__init__.py``.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `7429 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7429&gt;`_: Add more information and use cases about skipping doctests.


- `7780 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7780&gt;`_: Classes which should not be inherited from are now marked ``final class`` in the API reference.


- `7872 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7872&gt;`_: ``_pytest.config.argparsing.Parser.addini()`` accepts explicit ``None`` and ``&quot;string&quot;``.


- `7878 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7878&gt;`_: In pull request section, ask to commit after editing changelog and authors file.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `7802 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7802&gt;`_: The ``attrs`` dependency requirement is now &gt;=19.2.0 instead of &gt;=17.4.0.


- `8014 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/8014&gt;`_: `.pyc` files created by pytest&#39;s assertion rewriting now conform to the newer PEP-552 format on Python&gt;=3.7.
  (These files are internal and only interpreted by pytest itself.)
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.1.2
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7758 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7758&gt;`_: Fixed an issue where some files in packages are getting lost from ``--lf`` even though they contain tests that failed. Regressed in pytest 5.4.0.


- `7911 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7911&gt;`_: Directories created by `tmpdir` are now considered stale after 3 days without modification (previous value was 3 hours) to avoid deleting directories still in use in long running test suites.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `7815 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7815&gt;`_: Improve deprecation warning message for ``pytest._fillfuncargs()``.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.1.1
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7807 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7807&gt;`_: Fixed regression in pytest 6.1.0 causing incorrect rootdir to be determined in some non-trivial cases where parent directories have config files as well.


- `7814 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7814&gt;`_: Fixed crash in header reporting when :confval:`testpaths` is used and contains absolute paths (regression in 6.1.0).
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.1.0
   ```
   =========================

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `5585 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5585&gt;`_: As per our policy, the following features which have been deprecated in the 5.X series are now
  removed:

  * The ``funcargnames`` read-only property of ``FixtureRequest``, ``Metafunc``, and ``Function`` classes. Use ``fixturenames`` attribute.

  * ``pytest.fixture`` no longer supports positional arguments, pass all arguments by keyword instead.

  * Direct construction of ``Node`` subclasses now raise an error, use ``from_parent`` instead.

  * The default value for ``junit_family`` has changed to ``xunit2``. If you require the old format, add ``junit_family=xunit1`` to your configuration file.

  * The ``TerminalReporter`` no longer has a ``writer`` attribute. Plugin authors may use the public functions of the ``TerminalReporter`` instead of accessing the ``TerminalWriter`` object directly.

  * The ``--result-log`` option has been removed. Users are recommended to use the `pytest-reportlog &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-reportlog&gt;`__ plugin instead.


  For more information consult
  `Deprecations and Removals &lt;https://docs.pytest.org/en/stable/deprecations.html&gt;`__ in the docs.



Deprecations
------------

- `6981 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6981&gt;`_: The ``pytest.collect`` module is deprecated: all its names can be imported from ``pytest`` directly.


- `7097 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7097&gt;`_: The ``pytest._fillfuncargs`` function is deprecated. This function was kept
  for backward compatibility with an older plugin.

  It&#39;s functionality is not meant to be used directly, but if you must replace
  it, use `function._request._fillfixtures()` instead, though note this is not
  a public API and may break in the future.


- `7210 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7210&gt;`_: The special ``-k &#39;-expr&#39;`` syntax to ``-k`` is deprecated. Use ``-k &#39;not expr&#39;``
  instead.

  The special ``-k &#39;expr:&#39;`` syntax to ``-k`` is deprecated. Please open an issue
  if you use this and want a replacement.


- `7255 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7255&gt;`_: The :func:`pytest_warning_captured &lt;_pytest.hookspec.pytest_warning_captured&gt;` hook is deprecated in favor
  of :func:`pytest_warning_recorded &lt;_pytest.hookspec.pytest_warning_recorded&gt;`, and will be removed in a future version.


- `7648 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7648&gt;`_: The ``gethookproxy()`` and ``isinitpath()`` methods of ``FSCollector`` and ``Package`` are deprecated;
  use ``self.session.gethookproxy()`` and ``self.session.isinitpath()`` instead.
  This should work on all pytest versions.



Features
--------

- `7667 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7667&gt;`_: New ``--durations-min`` command-line flag controls the minimal duration for inclusion in the slowest list of tests shown by ``--durations``. Previously this was hard-coded to ``0.005s``.



Improvements
------------

- `6681 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6681&gt;`_: Internal pytest warnings issued during the early stages of initialization are now properly handled and can filtered through :confval:`filterwarnings` or ``--pythonwarnings/-W``.

  This also fixes a number of long standing issues: `2891 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/2891&gt;`__, `#7620 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7620&gt;`__, `#7426 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7426&gt;`__.


- `7572 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7572&gt;`_: When a plugin listed in ``required_plugins`` is missing or an unknown config key is used with ``--strict-config``, a simple error message is now shown instead of a stacktrace.


- `7685 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7685&gt;`_: Added two new attributes :attr:`rootpath &lt;_pytest.config.Config.rootpath&gt;` and :attr:`inipath &lt;_pytest.config.Config.inipath&gt;` to :class:`Config &lt;_pytest.config.Config&gt;`.
  These attributes are :class:`pathlib.Path` versions of the existing :attr:`rootdir &lt;_pytest.config.Config.rootdir&gt;` and :attr:`inifile &lt;_pytest.config.Config.inifile&gt;` attributes,
  and should be preferred over them when possible.


- `7780 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7780&gt;`_: Public classes which are not designed to be inherited from are now marked `final &lt;https://docs.python.org/3/library/typing.html#typing.final&gt;`_.
  Code which inherits from these classes will trigger a type-checking (e.g. mypy) error, but will still work in runtime.
  Currently the ``final`` designation does not appear in the API Reference but hopefully will in the future.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `1953 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1953&gt;`_: Fixed error when overwriting a parametrized fixture, while also reusing the super fixture value.

  .. code-block:: python

       conftest.py
      import pytest


      pytest.fixture(params=[1, 2])
      def foo(request):
          return request.param


       test_foo.py
      import pytest


      pytest.fixture
      def foo(foo):
          return foo * 2


- `4984 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/4984&gt;`_: Fixed an internal error crash with ``IndexError: list index out of range`` when
  collecting a module which starts with a decorated function, the decorator
  raises, and assertion rewriting is enabled.


- `7591 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7591&gt;`_: pylint shouldn&#39;t complain anymore about unimplemented abstract methods when inheriting from :ref:`File &lt;non-python tests&gt;`.


- `7628 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7628&gt;`_: Fixed test collection when a full path without a drive letter was passed to pytest on Windows (for example ``\projects\tests\test.py`` instead of ``c:\projects\tests\pytest.py``).


- `7638 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7638&gt;`_: Fix handling of command-line options that appear as paths but trigger an OS-level syntax error on Windows, such as the options used internally by ``pytest-xdist``.


- `7742 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7742&gt;`_: Fixed INTERNALERROR when accessing locals / globals with faulty ``exec``.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `1477 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1477&gt;`_: Removed faq.rst and its reference in contents.rst.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `7536 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7536&gt;`_: The internal ``junitxml`` plugin has rewritten to use ``xml.etree.ElementTree``.
  The order of attributes in XML elements might differ. Some unneeded escaping is
  no longer performed.


- `7587 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7587&gt;`_: The dependency on the ``more-itertools`` package has been removed.


- `7631 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7631&gt;`_: The result type of :meth:`capfd.readouterr() &lt;_pytest.capture.CaptureFixture.readouterr&gt;` (and similar) is no longer a namedtuple,
  but should behave like one in all respects. This was done for technical reasons.


- `7671 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7671&gt;`_: When collecting tests, pytest finds test classes and functions by examining the
  attributes of python objects (modules, classes and instances). To speed up this
  process, pytest now ignores builtin attributes (like ``__class__``,
  ``__delattr__`` and ``__new__``) without consulting the :confval:`python_classes` and
  :confval:`python_functions` configuration options and without passing them to plugins
  using the :func:`pytest_pycollect_makeitem &lt;_pytest.hookspec.pytest_pycollect_makeitem&gt;` hook.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.0.2
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7148 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7148&gt;`_: Fixed ``--log-cli`` potentially causing unrelated ``print`` output to be swallowed.


- `7672 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7672&gt;`_: Fixed log-capturing level restored incorrectly if ``caplog.set_level`` is called more than once.


- `7686 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7686&gt;`_: Fixed `NotSetType.token` being used as the parameter ID when the parametrization list is empty.
  Regressed in pytest 6.0.0.


- `7707 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7707&gt;`_: Fix internal error when handling some exceptions that contain multiple lines or the style uses multiple lines (``--tb=line`` for example).
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.0.1
   ```
   =========================

Bug Fixes
---------

- `7394 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7394&gt;`_: Passing an empty ``help`` value to ``Parser.add_option`` is now accepted instead of crashing when running ``pytest --help``.
  Passing ``None`` raises a more informative ``TypeError``.


- `7558 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7558&gt;`_: Fix pylint ``not-callable`` lint on ``pytest.mark.parametrize()`` and the other builtin marks:
  ``skip``, ``skipif``, ``xfail``, ``usefixtures``, ``filterwarnings``.


- `7559 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7559&gt;`_: Fix regression in plugins using ``TestReport.longreprtext`` (such as ``pytest-html``) when ``TestReport.longrepr`` is not a string.


- `7569 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7569&gt;`_: Fix logging capture handler&#39;s level not reset on teardown after a call to ``caplog.set_level()``.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.0.0
   ```
   =========================

(**Please see the full set of changes for this release also in the 6.0.0rc1 notes below**)

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `5584 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5584&gt;`_: **PytestDeprecationWarning are now errors by default.**

  Following our plan to remove deprecated features with as little disruption as
  possible, all warnings of type ``PytestDeprecationWarning`` now generate errors
  instead of warning messages.

  **The affected features will be effectively removed in pytest 6.1**, so please consult the
  `Deprecations and Removals &lt;https://docs.pytest.org/en/latest/deprecations.html&gt;`__
  section in the docs for directions on how to update existing code.

  In the pytest ``6.0.X`` series, it is possible to change the errors back into warnings as a
  stopgap measure by adding this to your ``pytest.ini`` file:

  .. code-block:: ini

      [pytest]
      filterwarnings =
          ignore::pytest.PytestDeprecationWarning

  But this will stop working when pytest ``6.1`` is released.

  **If you have concerns** about the removal of a specific feature, please add a
  comment to `5584 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5584&gt;`__.


- `7472 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7472&gt;`_: The ``exec_()`` and ``is_true()`` methods of ``_pytest._code.Frame`` have been removed.



Features
--------

- `7464 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7464&gt;`_: Added support for :envvar:`NO_COLOR` and :envvar:`FORCE_COLOR` environment variables to control colored output.



Improvements
------------

- `7467 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7467&gt;`_: ``--log-file`` CLI option and ``log_file`` ini marker now create subdirectories if needed.


- `7489 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7489&gt;`_: The :func:`pytest.raises` function has a clearer error message when ``match`` equals the obtained string but is not a regex match. In this case it is suggested to escape the regex.



Bug Fixes
---------

- `7392 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7392&gt;`_: Fix the reported location of tests skipped with ``pytest.mark.skip`` when ``--runxfail`` is used.


- `7491 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7491&gt;`_: :fixture:`tmpdir` and :fixture:`tmp_path` no longer raise an error if the lock to check for
  stale temporary directories is not accessible.


- `7517 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7517&gt;`_: Preserve line endings when captured via ``capfd``.


- `7534 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7534&gt;`_: Restored the previous formatting of ``TracebackEntry.__str__`` which was changed by accident.



Improved Documentation
----------------------

- `7422 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7422&gt;`_: Clarified when the ``usefixtures`` mark can apply fixtures to test.


- `7441 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7441&gt;`_: Add a note about ``-q`` option used in getting started guide.



Trivial/Internal Changes
------------------------

- `7389 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7389&gt;`_: Fixture scope ``package`` is no longer considered experimental.
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 6.0.0rc1
   ```
   ============================

Breaking Changes
----------------

- `1316 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/1316&gt;`_: ``TestReport.longrepr`` is now always an instance of ``ReprExceptionInfo``. Previously it was a ``str`` when a test failed with ``pytest.fail(..., pytrace=False)``.


- `5965 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5965&gt;`_: symlinks are no longer resolved during collection and matching `conftest.py` files with test file paths.

  Resolving symlinks for the current directory and during collection was introduced as a bugfix in 3.9.0, but it actually is a new feature which had unfortunate consequences in Windows and surprising results in other platforms.

  The team decided to step back on resolving symlinks at all, planning to review this in the future with a more solid solution (see discussion in
  `6523 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/pull/6523&gt;`__ for details).

  This might break test suites which made use of this feature; the fix is to create a symlink
  for the entire test tree, and not only to partial files/tress as it was possible previously.


- `6505 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6505&gt;`_: ``Testdir.run().parseoutcomes()`` now always returns the parsed nouns in plural form.

  Originally ``parseoutcomes()`` would always returns the nouns in plural form, but a change
  meant to improve the terminal summary by using singular form single items (``1 warning`` or ``1 error``)
  caused an unintended regression by changing the keys returned by ``parseoutcomes()``.

  Now the API guarantees to always return the plural form, so calls like this:

  .. code-block:: python

      result = testdir.runpytest()
      result.assert_outcomes(error=1)

  Need to be changed to:


  .. code-block:: python

      result = testdir.runpytest()
      result.assert_outcomes(errors=1)


- `6903 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/6903&gt;`_: The ``os.dup()`` function is now assumed to exist. We are not aware of any
  supported Python 3 implementations which do not provide it.


- `7040 &lt;https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/7040&gt;`_: ``-k`` no longer matches against the names of the directories outside the test session root.

  Also, ``pytest.Package.name`` is now just the name of the directory containing the package&#39;