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Active Support JSON Encoder

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A pure-Ruby ActiveSupport JSON encoder. This was the default encoder used by ActiveSupport prior to Rails 4.1. The main advantage of using this encoder over the new default is for the #encode_json support (see below).

Installation

Simply include this gem in your Gemfile:

gem 'activesupport-json_encoder'

Configuration

By default, ActiveSupport encodes BigDecimal objects as a string:

{ big_number: BigDecimal.new('12345678901234567890') }.to_json # => "{\"big_number\":\"12345678901234567890.0\"}"

To change this, you can set ActiveSupport.encode_big_decimal_as_string to false:

ActiveSupport.encode_big_decimal_as_string = false
{ big_number: BigDecimal.new('12345678901234567890') }.to_json # => "{\"big_number\":12345678901234567890.0}"

Beware that you may lose precision on the consuming-end if you do this:

// Parsing this in JavaScript in the browser
JSON.parse("{\"big_number\":12345678901234567890.0}").big_number // => 12345678901234567000

JSON Serialization for Custom Objects

By default, when the encoder encounters a Ruby object that it does not recognize, it will serialize its instance variables:

class MyClass
  def initialize
    @foo = :bar
  end
end

MyClass.new.to_json # => "{\"foo\":\"bar\"}"

There are two ways to customize this behavior on a per-class basis. Typically, you should override #as_json to return a Ruby-representation of your object. Any options passed to #to_json will be made available to this method:

class MyClass
  def as_json(options = {})
    options[:as_array] ? [:foo, :bar] : {foo: :bar}
  end
end

MyClass.new.to_json # => "{\"foo\":\"bar\"}"
MyClass.new.to_json(as_array: true) # => "[\"foo\",\"bar\"]"

This method is supported by all encoders.

However, sometimes this might not give you enough control. For example, you might want to encode numeric values in a certain format. In this case, you can override the #encoder_json method. This method has access to the Encoder object and is expected to return a String that would be injected to the JSON output directly:

class Money
  def initialize(dollars, cents)
    @dollars = dollars
    @cents = cents
  end

  def as_json(options = nil)
    # Opt-out from the default Object#as_json
    self
  end

  def encode_json(encoder)
    if @cents.to_i < 10
      "#{@dollars.to_i}.0#{@cents.to_i}"
    else
      "#{@dollars.to_i}.#{@cents.to_i}"
    end
  end
end

{ price: Money.new(0,10) }.to_json # => "{\"price\":0.10}"

Beware that this function is specific to this gem and is not supported by other encoders. You should also be extra careful to return valid JSON because the return value of this method will be injected into the output with no sanitization whatsoever. Use this method with extreme caution, especially when dealing with user input.

Dependencies

  • activesupport >= 4.1.0

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