Parallel SSH commands executioner and file synchronization tool
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multiwrite_closer.go
nop_closer.go
protocol_node_writer.go
remote_execution.go
remote_execution_node.go
remote_execution_runner.go
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status_bar_update_writer.go
sync.go
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README.md

orgalorg goreport MIT

orgalorg can run command and upload files in parallel by SSH on many hosts

Features

  • Zero-configuration. No config files. Everything is done via command line flags.

  • Running SSH commands or shell scripts on any number of hosts in parallel. All output from nodes will be returned back, keeping stdout and stderr streams mapping of original commands.

  • Synchronizing files and directories across cluster with prior global cluster locking. After synchronization is done, arbitrary command can be evaluated.

  • Synchronizing files and directories with subsequent run of complex multi-step scenario with steps synchronization across cluster.

  • User-friendly progress indication.

  • Both strict or loose modes of failover to be sure that everything will either fail on any error or try to complete, no matter of what.

  • Interactive password authentication as well as SSH public key authentication.

  • Ability to run commands through sudo.

  • Grouped mode of output, so stdout and stderr from nodes will be grouped by node name. Alternatively, output can be returned as soon as node returns something.

Installation

go get

go get github.com/reconquest/orgalorg

Alternatives

  • ansible: intended to apply complex DSL-based scenarios of actions;
    orgalorg aimed only on running commands and synchronizing files in parallel. orgalorg can accept target hosts list on stdin and can provide realtime output from commands, which ansible can't do (like running tail -f). orgalorg also uses same argument semantic as ssh:
    orgalorg ... -C tail -f '/var/log/*.log' will do exactly the same.

  • clusterssh / cssh: will open number of xterm terminals to all nodes.
    orgalorg intended to use in batch mode, no GUI is assumed. orgalorg, however, can be used in interactive mode (see example section below).

  • pssh: buggy, uses binary ssh, which is not resource efficient.
    orgalorg uses native SSH protocol implementation, so safe and fast to use on thousand of nodes.

  • dsh / gsh / pdsh: not maintained.

Example usages

-o <host>... in later examples will mean any supported combination of host-specification arguments, like
-o node1.example.com -o node2.example.com.

Evaluating command on hosts in parallel

orgalorg -o <host>... -C uptime

Evaluating command on hosts given by stdin

axfr is a tool of your choice for retrieving domain information from your infrastructure DNS.

axfr | grep phpnode | orgalorg -s -C uptime

Evaluate command under root (passwordless sudo required)

orgalorg -o <host>... -x -C whoami

Tailing logs from many hosts in realtime

orgalorg -o <host>... -C tail -f /var/log/syslog

Copying SSH public key for remote authentication

orgalorg -o <host>... -p -i ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub -C tee -a ~/.ssh/authorized_keys

Synchronizing configs and then reloading service (like nginx)

orgalorg -o <host>... -xn 'systemctl reload nginx' -S /etc/nginx.conf

Evaluating shell script

orgalorg -o <host>... -i script.bash -C bash

Install package on all nodes and get combined output from each node

orgalorg -o <host>... -lx -C pacman -Sy my-package --noconfirm

Evaluating shell oneliner

orgalorg -o <host>... -C sleep '$(($RANDOM % 10))' '&&' echo done

Running poor-man interactive parallel shell

orgalorg -o <host>... -i /dev/stdin -C bash -s

Obtaining global cluster lock

orgalorg -o <host>... -L

Next orgalorg calls will fail with message, that lock is already acquired, until first instance will be stopped.

Useful for setting cluster into maintenance state.

Obtaining global cluster lock on custom directory

orgalorg -o <host>... -L -r /etc

Description

orgalorg provides easy way of synchronizing files across cluster and running arbitrary SSH commands.

orgalorg works through SSH & tar, so no unexpected protocol errors will arise.

In default mode of operation (lately referred as sync mode) orgalorg will perform steps in the following order:

  1. Acquire global cluster lock (check more detailed info above).
  2. Create, upload and extract specified files in streaming mode to the specified nodes into temporary run directory.
  3. Start synchronization tool on each node, that should relocate files from temporary run directory to the destination.

So, orgalorg expected to work with third-party synchronization tool, that will do actual files relocation and can be quite intricate, but orgalorg can work without that tool and perform simple files sync (more on this later).

Global Cluster Lock

Before doing anything else orgalorg will perform global cluster lock. That lock is acquired atomically, and no other orgalorg instance can acquire lock if it is already acquired.

Locking is done via flock'ing specified file or directory on each of target nodes, and will fail, if flock fails on at least one node.

Directory can be used as lock target as well as ordinary file. --lock-file can be used to specify lock target different from /.

After acquiring lock, orgalorg will run heartbeat process, which will check, that lock is still intact. By default, that check will be performed every 10 seconds. If at least one heartbeat is failed, then orgalorg will abort entire sync procedure.

User can stop there by using --lock or -L flag, effectively transform orgalorg to the distributed locking tool.

File Upload

Files will be sent from local node to the amount of specified nodes.

orgalorg will perform streaming transfer, so it's safe to synchronize large files without major memory consumption.

By default, orgalorg will upload files to the temporary run directory. That behaviour can be changed by using --root or -r flag. Then, files will be uploaded to the specified directory.

User can specify --upload or -U flag to transform orgalorg to the simple file upload tool. In that mode orgalorg will upload files to the specified directory and then exit.

orgalorg preserves all file attributes while transfer as well as user and group IDs. That behaviour can be changed by using --no-preserve-uid and --no-preseve-gid command line options.

By default, orgalorg will keep source file paths as is, creating same directory layout on the target nodes. E.g., if orgalorg told to upload file a while current working directory is /b/c/, orgalorg will upload file to the <root>/b/c/a on the remote nodes. That behaviour can be changed by specifying --relative or -e flag. Then, orgalorg will not preserve source file base directory.

orgalorg will try to upload files under specified user (current user by default). However, if user has NOPASSWD record in the sudoers file on the remote nodes, --sudo or -x can be used to elevate to root before uploading files. It makes possible to login to the remote nodes under normal user and rewrite system files.

Synchronization Tool

After file upload orgalorg will execute synchronization tool (/usr/lib/orgalorg/sync). That tool is expected to relocate synced files from temporary directory to the target directory. However, that tool can perform arbitrary actions, like reloading system services.

To specify custom synchronization tool user can use --sync-cmd or -n flag. Full shell syntax is supported in the argument to that option.

Tool is also expected to communicate with orgalorg using sync protocol (described below), however, it's not required. If not specified, orgalorg will communicate with that tool using stdin/stdout streams. User can change that behaviour using --simple or -m flag, which will cause orgalorg to treat specified sync tool as simple shell command. User can even provide stdin to that program by using --stdin or -i flag.

Tool can accept number of arguments, which can be specified by using -g or --arg flags.

Synchronization Protocol

orgalorg will communicate with given sync tool using special sync protocol, which gives possibility to perform some actions with synchronization across entire cluster.

orgalorg will start sync tool as it specified in the command line, without any modification.

After start, orgalorg will communicate with running sync tool using stdin and stdout streams. stderr will be passed to user untouched.

All communication messages should be prefixed by special prefix, which is send by orgalorg in the hello message. All lines on stdout that are not match given prefix will be printed as is, untouched.

Communication begins from the hello message.

Protocol

HELLO

orgalorg -> sync tool

<prefix> HELLO

Start communication session. All further messages should be prefixed with given prefix.

NODE

orgalorg -> sync tool

<prefix> NODE <node>

orgalorg will send node list to the sync tools on each running node.

START

orgalorg -> sync tool

<prefix> START

Start messages will be sent at the end of the nodes list and means that sync tool can start doing actions.

SYNC

sync tool -> orgalorg

<prefix> SYNC <description>

Sync tool can send sync messages after some steps are done to be sure, that every node in cluster are performing steps gradually, in order.

When orgalorg receives sync message, it will be broadcasted to every connected sync tool.

SYNC (broadcasted)

orgalorg -> sync tool

<prefix> SYNC <node> <description>

orgalorg will retransmit incoming sync message from one node to every connected node (including node, that is sending sync).

Sync tools can wait for specific number of the incoming sync messages to continue to the next step of execution process.

Example

<- are outgoing messages (from orgalorg to sync tools).

<- ORGALORG:132464327653 HELLO
<- ORGALORG:132464327653 NODE [user@node1:22]
<- ORGALORG:132464327653 NODE [user@node2:1234]
<- ORGALORG:132464327653 START
-> (from node1) ORGALORG:132464327653 SYNC phase 1 completed
<- ORGALORG:132464327653 SYNC [user@node1:22] phase 1 completed
-> (from node2) ORGALORG:132464327653 SYNC phase 1 completed
<- ORGALORG:132464327653 SYNC [user@node2:1234] phase 1 completed

Testing

To run tests it's enough to:

./run_tests

Requirements

Testcases are run through tests.sh library.

For every testcase new set of temporary containers will be initialized through hastur, so systemd is required for running test suite.

orgalorg testcases are close to reality as possible, so orgalorg will really connect via SSH to cluster of containers in each testcase.

Coverage

Run following command to calculate total coverage (available after running testsuite):

make coverage.total

Current coverage level is something about 85%.