Generic test automation framework.
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Robot Framework


Robot Framework is a generic open source test automation framework for acceptance testing and acceptance test-driven development (ATDD). It has easy-to-use tabular test data syntax and it utilizes the keyword-driven testing approach. Its testing capabilities can be extended by test libraries implemented either with Python or Java, and users can create new higher-level keywords from existing ones using the same syntax that is used for creating test cases.

Robot Framework is operating system and application independent. The core framework is implemented using Python, supports both Python 2 and Python 3, and runs also on Jython (JVM), IronPython (.NET) and PyPy. The framework has a rich ecosystem around it consisting of various generic test libraries and tools that are developed as separate projects. For more information about Robot Framework and the ecosystem, see

Robot Framework project is hosted on GitHub where you can find source code, an issue tracker, and some further documentation. See CONTRIBUTING.rst if you are interested to contribute. Downloads are hosted on PyPI, except for the standalone JAR distribution that is on Maven central.

Robot Framework development is sponsored by Robot Framework Foundation.

Latest version Number of downloads License Slack channel


If you already have Python with pip installed, you can simply run:

pip install robotframework

Alternatively you can get Robot Framework source code by downloading the source distribution from PyPI and extracting it, or by cloning the project repository from GitHub. After that you can install the framework with:

python install

For more detailed installation instructions, including installing Python, Jython, IronPython and PyPy, see INSTALL.rst.


Below is a simple example test case for testing login to some system. You can find more examples with links to related demo projects from

*** Settings ***
Documentation     A test suite with a single test for valid login.
...               This test has a workflow that is created using keywords in
...               the imported resource file.
Resource          resource.robot

*** Test Cases ***
Valid Login
    Open Browser To Login Page
    Input Username    demo
    Input Password    mode
    Submit Credentials
    Welcome Page Should Be Open
    [Teardown]    Close Browser


Starting from Robot Framework 3.0, tests are executed from the command line using the robot script or by executing the robot module directly like python -m robot or jython -m robot. Older Robot Framework versions have Python interpreter specific pybot, jybot and ipybot scripts that still work but will be deprecated and removed in the future.

The basic usage is giving a path to a test case file or directory as an argument with possible command line options before the path:

robot tests.robot
robot --variable --outputdir results path/to/tests/

Additionally there is rebot tool for combining results and otherwise post-processing outputs:

rebot --name Example output1.xml output2.xml

Run robot --help and rebot --help for more information about the command line usage. For a complete reference manual see Robot Framework User Guide.


Support and contact


Robot Framework is open source software provided under the Apache License 2.0. Robot Framework documentation and other similar content use the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license. Most libraries and tools in the ecosystem are also open source, but they may use different licenses.