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Satchel (Beta)

JavaScript Style Guide last commit github version npm version license standard-readme compliant

Satchel is a minimal Bitcoin SV headless HD wallet for the web. It it is designed to speed up development of new Bitcoin apps without enforcing any UI opinions. It is a collection of convenience functions that work together to perform common wallet actions like importing private keys, making transactions, cleaning up UTXOs, and monitoring Bitcoin network activity. It uses bitsocket to monitor the logged in address tree, and triggers a callback to your application when related activity is seen on the network. It does not require you to run a bitcoin node or any other software. It relies on a few external services to keep the size as low as possible.

Table of Contents



You need npm or yarn installed.

On a mac you can use homebrew to install the above prerequisites


Clone the repo, cd into the folder and yarn (npm install)

$ git clone
$ cd satchel
$ yarn

Build From Source

To generate a new satchel.min.js file, run the yarn build command (npm run build)

$ yarn build

Run the Example

To launch the example via a local-web-server

Then open your browser to http://localhost:8000/example/index.html

$ yarn serve


Satchel: Options

Below are all the options available to configure satchel.

option description required type default
bitIndexApiKey Grab this from BitIndex ✔️ string 1DGD3...
planariaApiKey Grab this from BitDB ✔️ string 1XGGY...
planariaUrl Modify this if you are running a custom Planaria. string
bitsocketUrl Modify this if you are running custom bitsocket instance. string
feePerKb Satoshis per kilobyte for fee. integer 1000
rpc What rpc service to use for sending transactions. string
maxUtxos The maximum number of utxos to return when calling satchel.utxos(). Will return utxos with highest value. integer 5
txsQuery Data to query Planaria with when getHistory is called. function () => txsQuery()
bitsocketListener This creates a bitsocket on login and closes on delete. Used for watching new transactions. Set to null if you don't want it to run. function () => {} -> EventSource (see code)

Satchel: Included Libraries

All the power from included libraries is at your finger tips:

moneybutton/bsv is available at satchel.bsv.

moneybutton/mnemonic is available at satchel.Mnemonic

Satchel: Methods

address() -> bsv.Address

Retrieves the Address object associated with logged in user.


address().toString() -> string

Retrieves the string representation of the logged in address. This could be used to look up on an explorer website.

satchel.address().toString() === '1....'

balance() -> integer

Retrieves the amount of satoshis that are confirmed and unconfirmed combined.

if (satchel.balance() > 100000000) {
    console.log('you have at least 1 Bitcoin')

confirmedBalance() -> integer

Retrieves the amount of satoshis that are confirmed for the account.

if (satchel.confirmedBalance() === 0) {
    console.log('you have no confirmed Bitcoin')

unconfirmedBalance() -> integer

Retrieves the amount of satoshis that are unconfirmed for the account.

if (satchel.unconfirmedBalance() === 0) {
    console.log('you have no unconfirmed Bitcoin')

utxos(int max) -> [object]

Retrieves the utxo set associated with an address. This is used for sending transactions. By default all utxos are used as inputs, up to a maximum of 5 to prevent very large transactions that may fail to broadcast on wallets with a high number of utxos. You may provide an optional maximum number of utxos to consume. Passing null will use all of them regardless of tx size.

for (const utxo of satchel.utxos()) {

privateKey() -> bsv.PrivateKey()

Retrieves the individual private key of the current address. For an extended key, use satchel.hdPrivateKey() instead.

if (satchel.privateKey().publicKey.compressed) {
    console.log('your public key is compressed')

isLoggedIn() -> boolean

Checks if currently logged in.

if (! satchel.isLoggedIn()) {
    console.log('not logged in')

send(address: bsv.Address, satoshis: integer: (tx) => {})

Performs a basic transaction: to send N satoshis to an address.

const address = satchel.bsv.Address.fromString('1...')
const sats = 2000
let tx = await satchel.send(address, sats)
console.log('transaction sent')

cleanTxDust(tx: bsv.Transaction) -> bsv.Transaction

Removes all outputs with more than 0 and less than 546 satoshis. This is a protocol limit.

let tx = new satchel.bsv.Transaction()
tx = satchel.cleanTxDust(tx)

`addOpReturnData(tx: bsv.Transaction, data: [object]) -> bsv.Transaction

Adds one or more OP_RETURN data points.

To use this pass an array in datapay format.

let tx = new satchel.bsv.Transaction()
tx = satchel.addOpReturnData(tx, ['0x6d01', 'testing testing'])

broadcastTx(tx: bsv.Transaction, safe: boolean = true)

Sends a transaction off to the network. This uses the satchel.rpc option to choose a server. It sends the serialized form of a transaction to a bitcoin node. A callback may be provided in order to perform additional processing after the broadcast has completed. send uses this internally to actually broadcast the transaction. The safe parameter is used to choose between safe serialization or just conversion to string. In case of using OP_RETURN you must disable safe mode, and therefore bitcore-lib-cash will not give an error on broadcast.

const address = satchel.bsv.Address.fromString('1....')
const sats = 2000

let tx = new satchel.bsv.Transaction()
tx.from(satchel.utxos()), sats)
tx = satchel.cleanTxDust(tx)
// TODO - show lookup private key example instead

let response = await satchel.broadcastTx(tx)
console.log('transaction broadcast')


Retrieves the logged in addresses balance and updates localStorage, these values are set:

  • satchel-wallet.confirmed-balance
  • satchel-wallet.unconfirmed-balance
let balance = await satchel.updateBalance()
console.log('new balance is ', balance)


Retrieves the utxo set for the logged in address. The callback contains the json response.

let data = await satchel.updateUtxos()
console.log('you have ${satchel.utxos().length} utxos', data)


Retrieves transaction history across address tree.

let response = await satchel.getHistory()
console.log('history retrieved', response)

new() -> string

Creates a new HD wallet and logs in with it. Returns the new mnemonic passphrase.

let mnemonic = await
console.log('wallet created', mnemonic)

newDataTx(data: Array, address: string, satoshis: integer) -> txid: string

Creates a new bsv.Transaction object from datapay formatted array and signs it with the current child private key. Returns the Transaction object. Address and satoshis are optional inputs for creating a second output sending some BSV to the provided address.

let tx = await satchel.newDataTx(['yourdata', 'goes', 'here', '0x123'])
console.log('Tx created and ready to broadcast:', tx.toString())

next() -> object

Gets the next unused address information from BitIndex. This includes the chain, num, and address. Sets satchel.num key in localStorage.

let nextAddressObj = await
console.log('Next unused address:', nextAddressObj.address)

setMnemonicAnchor(a: Element)

Takes an HTMLAnchorElement and sets the href and download attributes to turn it into a 'download mnemonic' link. When clicked, a .txt file is downloaded containing your mnemonic passphrase. It will also remove the 'style:none' css attribute, making the button visible only when a mnemonic is available to download.

  <a id="downloadLink" style="display:none;">Download Mnemonic</a>
let el = document.getElementById('downloadLink')
let nextAddressObj = await satchel.setMnemonicAnchor(el)
console.log('Now you can click the download link', nextAddressObj)

queryPlanaria(query: object)

Performs a query on the bitdb database which results in a JSON object. Read more here about bitdb.

const testQuery = {
  'v': 3,
  'q': {
      'find': {
          'in.e.a':  satchel.address().toString()
      'limit': 10
  'r': {
      'f': '[ .[] | { block: .blk.i?, timestamp: .blk.t?, content: .out[1]?.s2 }]'

let r
try {
  r = await satchel.queryPlanaria(testQuery)
} catch (e) {
  console.error("Failed to query Planaria", err)

login(xprv: string)

Logs in with extended private key string. You will typically not need to call this yourself.

const xprv = 'xprv...';
await satchel.login(xprv)
// do some html stuff or something here, will run after localStorage is updated.
console.log('logged in')


Logs out. With normal operation you will not need to call this yourself. This is called when the logout button is clicked.

console.log('logged out')

sat2bsv(sat: integer) -> string

Gets the bsv value of some satoshis like 13370000. Use this because Javascript's number handling will introduce small errors otherwise.

let bitcoin = satchel.sat2bsv(10000)
console.log('converted', bitcoin)

bsv2sat(bsv: string) -> integer

Gets the satoshis of a bsv amount like 0.1337. Use this because Javascript's number handling will introduce small errors otherwise.

let satoshis = satchel.bsv2sat(1.22)
console.log('converted', satoshis)


Generates link href for a Whats On-Chain url address.

// logs out https://whatsonchain/address/1...


Generates link href for a Whats On-Chain tx.

// logs out https://whatsonchain/tx/tx...

qrCode(size: integer, format: string)

Returns a url to a qr-code for the current address.

console.log(satchel.qrCode(300, 'svg'))
// logs out


View the working example code, or run the example locally

Live Demos

  • uses satchel for generating and broadcasting transactions
  • DTV uses satchel for their visitors wallet solution

Code Standards

Always use the language's best practices!


There are examples above using satchel in the wild.

Usage: In a Website

  1. Add satchel to your page
<script src="/node_modules/bsv-satchel/dist/satchel.min.js">
  1. Initialize satchel to get started
    'bitIndexApiKey': 'BITINDEX_API_HERE',
    'planariaApiKey': 'PLANARIA_API_HERE',
    'feePerKb': 1337

Note: the satchel library will be available from window.satchel

Usage: As a Package

Use as an npm package

$ yarn add bsv-satchel


Satchmo - MrZ

Support the development of this project and the Satchel team 🙏



Feel free to dive in! Open an issue or submit PRs.


Satchel is powered by several 3rd-party services and public npm packages.

3rd-Party Services

Node Packages