This is a yum plugin that allows for private AWS S3 buckets to be used as package repositories. The plugin utilizes AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) roles for authorization, removing any requirement for an access or secret key pair to be defined anywhere in your repository configuration.
What is an IAM Role?
IAM Roles are used to control access to AWS services and resources.
For further details, take a look at the AWS-provided documentation: docs.
Why it's useful: when you assign an IAM role to an EC2 instance, credentials to access the instance are automatically provided by AWS. This removes the need to store them, change and/or rotate them, while also providing fine-grain controls over what actions can be performed when using the credentials.
This particular plug-in makes use of the IAM credentials when accessing S3 buckets backing a yum repository.
How to set it up?
There is a great blog post by Jeremy Carroll which explains in depth how to use this plugin: S3 Yum Repos With IAM Authorization.
Notes on S3 buckets and URLs
There are 2 types of S3 URLs:
- virtual-hosted–style URL:
https://<bucket>.s3.amazonaws.com/<path>if region is US East (us-east-1)
https://<bucket>.s3-<aws-region>.amazonaws.com/<path>in other regions
- path-style URLs:
https://s3.amazonaws.com/<bucket>/<path>if region is US East (us-east-1)
https://s3-<aws-region>.amazonaws.com/<bucket>/<path>in other regions
When using HTTP/S and a bucket name containing a dot (
.) you need to
use the path-style URL syntax.
Use outside of EC2
Some use-cases (Continuous Integration, Docker) involve S3-hosted yum repositories being accessed from outside EC2. For those cases two options are available:
- Use AWS API keys in AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID, AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY (and optionally AWS_SESSION_TOKEN) environment variables. Those will be used as a fallback if IAM role credentials can not be accessed.
- Defining the environment DISABLE_YUM_S3_IAM to 1 will disable the use of the yum-s3-iam plugin. This should be used with S3 bucket IP white-listing.
Currently the plugin does not support:
- Proxy server configuration
- Multi-valued baseurl or mirrorlist
make test to run some simple tests.
Testing with docker compose:
docker-compose -f docker-compose.tests.yml run yum-s3-iam test docker-compose -f docker-compose.tests.yml down --volumes --rmi all
Apache 2.0 license. See LICENSE.
- Mathias Brossard
- Mischa Spiegelmock
- Sean Edge
- Julius Seporaitis
- Robert Melas' code was used as a reference. See NOTICE.