A simple node.js GPIO helper for the Onion Omega.
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README.md

omega_gpio

Build Status

A simple Node.js GPIO helper for the Onion Omega. This module is written in such a way to produce very readable and intuitive code. It purposely avoids using terms like "pullup/pulldown" and "active low/active_high" with the intent to be more accessible to people just getting started in hardware.

Under the hood it relies on the GPIO Sysfs Interface.

Example

// get the necessary modules
var gpio = require('omega_gpio');
var Button = gpio.Button;
var LED = gpio.LED;

// Button connected to pin 23 that is wired to read a digital high when pressed
var myButton = new Button(23);

// LED connected to pin 26 that is wired so that it turns on when the output 
// pin is set to a digital low
var myLED = new LED(26, {on_when:"low"});

// Clean up the pins on exit
process.on('SIGINT', function(){
  console.log("Cleaning up...");
    myButton.destroy();
    myLED.destroy();
    process.exit();
});

// Infinite loop checking the button
var checkButton = function(){
  if(myButton.isPressed()){
    myLED.on();
  }
  else{
    myLED.off();
  }
  setImmediate(checkButton);
}

setImmediate(checkButton);

Installation

Installing Node

The first thing you need to do is install Node on the Omega.

opkg update
opkg install nodejs

For Development

If you want to use the library but also contribute to it I'd recommend cloning the repository.

git clone https://github.com/sidwarkd/omega_js.git

You can make changes and then deploy it to your Omega using the following on your Mac while in the root directory of the project.

scp *.js root@[omega address]:[directory where you want to copy the files]

Direct Usage

Since the omega currently doesn't support NPM we can't use that to install the library directly on the Omega. Once you've developed your project using the library use wget in the meantime to get a simple install script that downloads the files to ~/omega_gpio and places them in a node_modules folder. Just run the following from your Omega.

wget -O - https://raw.githubusercontent.com/sidwarkd/omega_js/master/bin/install.sh | sh

Then you can copy your source files into the omega_gpio folder and everything should just work.

Usage

Currently the library supports the following hardware abstractions:

General Usage Note

All of the GPIO related objects in the library inherit from the base GPIOPin object. To properly release the pin when you are finished using it you should always call the destroy() function otherwise the pin can become locked and unusable on subsequent runs of your program. You can manually unlock a pin from the command line by using the following command.

echo [pin number to unlock] > /sys/class/gpio/gpiochip0/subsystem/unexport

Switch

Constructor

var sw = new Switch(pinNumber[, options]);
  • pinNumber Number - The pin number to which the switch is connected
  • options Object
    • on_when String - The digital state, "high" or "low", that will be present on the pin when the switch is in the on position. This is determined by how you've wired the switch. Default = "high"

Functions

isOn()

Returns true if switch is on. false otherwise.

destroy()

Cleans up the pin and releases it back to the OS.

Example

// A switch connected to pin 0 that is wired to register a high voltage when on
var Switch = require("omega_gpio").Switch;
var sw = new Switch(0);

// A switch connected to pin 1 that is wired to register a low voltage when on
var sw2 = new Switch(1, {when_on:"low"});

if(sw.isOn())
    console.log("The switch is on");
}

// Always destroy when finished
sw.destroy();
sw2.destroy();

Button

Constructor

var button = new Button(pinNumber[, options]);
  • pinNumber Number - The pin number to which the button is connected
  • options Object
    • pressed_when String - The digital state, "high" or "low", that will be present on the pin when the button is pressed. This is determined by how you've wired the button. Default = "high"

Functions

isPressed()

Returns true if button is pressed. false otherwise.

destroy()

Cleans up the pin and releases it back to the OS.

Example

// A button connected to pin 0 that is wired to register a high voltage when pressed
var Button = require("omega_gpio").Button;
var btn1 = new Button(0);

// A button connected to pin 1 that is wired to register a low voltage when pressed
var btn2 = new Button(1, {when_pressed:"low"});

while(true){
    if(btn1.isPressed()){
        console.log("Let me go!");
    }
}

// Always destroy when you are done.
btn1.destroy();
btn2.destroy();

LED

Constructor

var led = new LED(pinNumber[, options]);
  • pinNumber Number - The pin number to which the switch is connected
  • options Object
    • on_when String - The digital state, "high" or "low", that will cause the led to turn on. This is determined by how you've wired the switch. Default = "high"

Functions

on()

Turns on the LED.

off()

Turns off the LED.

toggle()

Toggles the current state of the LED.

isLit()

Returns true if the LED is currently on. false otherwise.

destroy()

Cleans up the pin and releases it back to the OS.

Example

// An LED connected to pin 0 that turns on when the pin is a digital high
var LED = require("omega_gpio").LED;
var led = new LED(0);
led.on();
led.off();
led.toggle();
led.destroy();

Relay

Constructor

var relay = new Relay(pinNumber[, options]);
  • pinNumber Number - The pin number to which the relay is connected
  • options Object
    • when_on String - The digital state, "high" or "low", that will activate the relay. This is determined by how you've wired the relay. Default = "high"

Functions

on()

Activates the relay to turn on the attached device.

off()

Turns the relay off, cutting power to the attached device.

toggle()

Toggle the current state of the relay.

destroy()

Cleans up the pin and releases it back to the OS.

Example

// A relay connected to pin 0 that will active when a high voltage is set on pin 0
var Relay = require("omega_gpio").Relay;
var relay = new Relay(0);
relay.on();
relay.off();
relay.toggle();
relay.destroy();

Buzzer

Constructor

var buzzer = new Buzzer(pinNumber[, options]);
  • pinNumber Number - The pin number to which the switch is connected
  • options Object
    • when_on String - The digital state, "high" or "low", that will sound the buzzer. This is determined by how you've wired the buzzer. Default = "high"

Functions

on()

Activates the buzzer to turn on the attached device.

off()

Turns the buzzer off, cutting power to the attached device.

toggle()

Toggle the current state of the buzzer.

destroy()

Cleans up the pin and releases it back to the OS.

Example

// A buzzer connected to pin 0 that will make a sound when a high voltage is set on pin 0
var Buzzer = require("omega_gpio").Buzzer;
var buzzer = new Buzzer(0);
buzzer.on();
buzzer.off();
buzzer.toggle();
buzzer.destroy();

Contributing

I absolutely welcome feedback on the library as well as pull requests with enhancements and/or fixes. If you choose to contribute it would be helpful if you could add some tests but that isn't a requirement. Before you submit a pull request please run the existing tests. You need to have Mocha installed.

npm test

Suggested Improvements

  • Add motion sensor
  • Documentation improvements
  • npm script option to help with deployment to omega
  • Eventing for switch and button
  • Native extension for GPIO access
  • I2C functionality
  • Serial functionality
  • Native extension for serial and i2c
  • Additional abstractions for various IO modules
  • Add setSource to LED so it can be bound to an input
  • Add blink() function to LED
  • How to initialize pin state before setting it as an output

License

MIT