Linear Assignmment Problem solver using Jonker-Volgenant algorithm - Python 3 native module.
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Linear Assignment Problem solver using Jonker-Volgenant algorithm

This project is the rewrite of pyLAPJV which supports Python 3 and updates the core code. The performance is twice as high as the original thanks to the optimization of the augmenting row reduction phase using Intel AVX intrinsics. It is a native Python 3 module and does not work with Python 2.x, stick to pyLAPJV otherwise.

Blog post

Linear assignment problem is the bijection between two sets with equal cardinality which optimizes the sum of the individual mapping costs taken from the fixed cost matrix. It naturally arises e.g. when we want to fit t-SNE results into a rectangular regular grid. See this awesome notebook for the details about why LAP matters: CloudToGrid.

Jonker-Volgenant algorithm is described in the paper:

R. Jonker and A. Volgenant, "A Shortest Augmenting Path Algorithm for Dense and Sparse Linear Assignment Problems," Computing, vol. 38, pp. 325-340, 1987.

This paper is not publicly available though a brief description exists on JV is faster in than the Hungarian algorithm in practice, though the complexity is the same - O(n3).

The C++ source of the algorithm comes from It has been reworked and partially optimized with OpenMP 4.0 SIMD.


pip3 install lapjv

Tested on Linux and macOS.


Refer to for the complete code.

from lapjv import lapjv
row_ind, col_ind, _ = lapjv(cost_matrix)