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README.md

Tiny OpenEXR image library.

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tinyexr is a small, single header-only library to load and save OpenEXR (.exr) images. tinyexr is written in portable C++ (no library dependency except for STL), thus tinyexr is good to embed into your application. To use tinyexr, simply copy tinyexr.h into your project.

Features

Current status of tinyexr is:

  • OpenEXR v1 image
    • Scanline format
    • Tiled format
      • Tile format with no LoD (load).
      • Tile format with LoD (load).
      • Tile format with no LoD (save).
      • Tile format with LoD (save).
    • Custom attributes
  • OpenEXR v2 image
    • Multipart format
      • Load multi-part image
      • Save multi-part image
      • Load multi-part deep image
      • Save multi-part deep image
  • OpenEXR v2 deep image
    • Loading scanline + ZIPS + HALF or FLOAT pixel type.
  • Compression
    • NONE
    • RLE
    • ZIP
    • ZIPS
    • PIZ
    • ZFP (tinyexr extension)
    • B44?
    • B44A?
    • PIX24?
  • Line order.
    • Increasing, decreasing (load)
    • Random?
    • Increasing, decreasing (save)
  • Pixel format (UINT, FLOAT).
    • UINT, FLOAT (load)
    • UINT, FLOAT (deep load)
    • UINT, FLOAT (save)
    • UINT, FLOAT (deep save)
  • Support for big endian machine.
    • Loading scanline image
    • Saving scanline image
    • Loading multi-part channel EXR
    • Saving multi-part channel EXR
    • Loading deep image
    • Saving deep image
  • Optimization
    • C++11 thread loading
    • C++11 thread saving
    • ISPC?
    • OpenMP multi-threading in EXR loading.
    • OpenMP multi-threading in EXR saving.
    • OpenMP multi-threading in deep image loading.
    • OpenMP multi-threading in deep image saving.
  • C interface.
    • You can easily write language bindings (e.g. golang)

Supported platform

  • x86-64
    • Windows 7 or later
    • Linux(posix) system
    • macOS
  • AARCH64
    • aarch64 linux(e.g. Raspberry Pi)
    • Android
    • iOS
    • macOS(Should work)
  • RISC-V(Should work)
  • Big endian machine(not maintained, but should work)
    • SPARC, PowerPC, ...
  • WebAssembly(JavaScript)
    • Loader only(See js)
  • Python binding

Requirements

  • C++ compiler(C++11 recommended. C++03 may work)

Use case

New TinyEXR (v0.9.5+)

Older TinyEXR (v0.9.0)

Examples

Experimental

Usage

NOTE: API is still subject to change. See the source code for details.

Include tinyexr.h with TINYEXR_IMPLEMENTATION flag (do this only for one .cc file).

//Please include your own zlib-compatible API header before
//including `tinyexr.h` when you disable `TINYEXR_USE_MINIZ`
//#define TINYEXR_USE_MINIZ 0
//#include "zlib.h"
#define TINYEXR_IMPLEMENTATION
#include "tinyexr.h"

Compile flags

  • TINYEXR_USE_MINIZ Use embedded miniz (default = 1). Please include zlib.h header (before tinyexr.h) if you disable miniz support.
  • TINYEXR_USE_PIZ Enable PIZ compression support (default = 1)
  • TINYEXR_USE_ZFP Enable ZFP compression supoort (TinyEXR extension, default = 0)
  • TINYEXR_USE_THREAD Enable threaded loading using C++11 thread (Requires C++11 compiler, default = 0)
  • TINYEXR_USE_OPENMP Enable OpenMP threading support (default = 1 if _OPENMP is defined)
    • Use TINYEXR_USE_OPENMP=0 to force disable OpenMP code path even if OpenMP is available/enabled in the compiler.

Quickly reading RGB(A) EXR file.

  const char* input = "asakusa.exr";
  float* out; // width * height * RGBA
  int width;
  int height;
  const char* err = NULL; // or nullptr in C++11

  int ret = LoadEXR(&out, &width, &height, input, &err);

  if (ret != TINYEXR_SUCCESS) {
    if (err) {
       fprintf(stderr, "ERR : %s\n", err);
       FreeEXRErrorMessage(err); // release memory of error message.
    }
  } else {
    ...
    free(out); // release memory of image data
  }

Reading layered RGB(A) EXR file.

If you want to read EXR image with layer info (channel has a name with delimiter .), please use LoadEXRWithLayer API.

You need to know layer name in advance (e.g. through EXRLayers API).

  const char* input = ...;
  const char* layer_name = "diffuse"; // or use EXRLayers to get list of layer names in .exr
  float* out; // width * height * RGBA
  int width;
  int height;
  const char* err = NULL; // or nullptr in C++11

  // will read `diffuse.R`, `diffuse.G`, `diffuse.B`, (`diffuse.A`) channels
  int ret = LoadEXRWithLayer(&out, &width, &height, input, layer_name, &err);

  if (ret != TINYEXR_SUCCESS) {
    if (err) {
       fprintf(stderr, "ERR : %s\n", err);
       FreeEXRErrorMessage(err); // release memory of error message.
    }
  } else {
    ...
    free(out); // release memory of image data
  }

Loading Singlepart EXR from a file.

Scanline and tiled format are supported.

  // 1. Read EXR version.
  EXRVersion exr_version;

  int ret = ParseEXRVersionFromFile(&exr_version, argv[1]);
  if (ret != 0) {
    fprintf(stderr, "Invalid EXR file: %s\n", argv[1]);
    return -1;
  }

  if (exr_version.multipart) {
    // must be multipart flag is false.
    return -1;
  }

  // 2. Read EXR header
  EXRHeader exr_header;
  InitEXRHeader(&exr_header);

  const char* err = NULL; // or `nullptr` in C++11 or later.
  ret = ParseEXRHeaderFromFile(&exr_header, &exr_version, argv[1], &err);
  if (ret != 0) {
    fprintf(stderr, "Parse EXR err: %s\n", err);
    FreeEXRErrorMessage(err); // free's buffer for an error message
    return ret;
  }

  // // Read HALF channel as FLOAT.
  // for (int i = 0; i < exr_header.num_channels; i++) {
  //   if (exr_header.pixel_types[i] == TINYEXR_PIXELTYPE_HALF) {
  //     exr_header.requested_pixel_types[i] = TINYEXR_PIXELTYPE_FLOAT;
  //   }
  // }

  EXRImage exr_image;
  InitEXRImage(&exr_image);

  ret = LoadEXRImageFromFile(&exr_image, &exr_header, argv[1], &err);
  if (ret != 0) {
    fprintf(stderr, "Load EXR err: %s\n", err);
    FreeEXRHeader(&exr_header);
    FreeEXRErrorMessage(err); // free's buffer for an error message
    return ret;
  }

  // 3. Access image data
  // `exr_image.images` will be filled when EXR is scanline format.
  // `exr_image.tiled` will be filled when EXR is tiled format.

  // 4. Free image data
  FreeEXRImage(&exr_image);
  FreeEXRHeader(&exr_header);

Loading Multipart EXR from a file.

Scanline and tiled format are supported.

  // 1. Read EXR version.
  EXRVersion exr_version;

  int ret = ParseEXRVersionFromFile(&exr_version, argv[1]);
  if (ret != 0) {
    fprintf(stderr, "Invalid EXR file: %s\n", argv[1]);
    return -1;
  }

  if (!exr_version.multipart) {
    // must be multipart flag is true.
    return -1;
  }

  // 2. Read EXR headers in the EXR.
  EXRHeader **exr_headers; // list of EXRHeader pointers.
  int num_exr_headers;
  const char *err = NULL; // or nullptr in C++11 or later

  // Memory for EXRHeader is allocated inside of ParseEXRMultipartHeaderFromFile,
  ret = ParseEXRMultipartHeaderFromFile(&exr_headers, &num_exr_headers, &exr_version, argv[1], &err);
  if (ret != 0) {
    fprintf(stderr, "Parse EXR err: %s\n", err);
    FreeEXRErrorMessage(err); // free's buffer for an error message
    return ret;
  }

  printf("num parts = %d\n", num_exr_headers);


  // 3. Load images.

  // Prepare array of EXRImage.
  std::vector<EXRImage> images(num_exr_headers);
  for (int i =0; i < num_exr_headers; i++) {
    InitEXRImage(&images[i]);
  }

  ret = LoadEXRMultipartImageFromFile(&images.at(0), const_cast<const EXRHeader**>(exr_headers), num_exr_headers, argv[1], &err);
  if (ret != 0) {
    fprintf(stderr, "Parse EXR err: %s\n", err);
    FreeEXRErrorMessage(err); // free's buffer for an error message
    return ret;
  }

  printf("Loaded %d part images\n", num_exr_headers);

  // 4. Access image data
  // `exr_image.images` will be filled when EXR is scanline format.
  // `exr_image.tiled` will be filled when EXR is tiled format.

  // 5. Free images
  for (int i =0; i < num_exr_headers; i++) {
    FreeEXRImage(&images.at(i));
  }

  // 6. Free headers.
  for (int i =0; i < num_exr_headers; i++) {
    FreeEXRHeader(exr_headers[i]);
    free(exr_headers[i]);
  }
  free(exr_headers);

Saving Scanline EXR file.

  // See `examples/rgbe2exr/` for more details.
  bool SaveEXR(const float* rgb, int width, int height, const char* outfilename) {

    EXRHeader header;
    InitEXRHeader(&header);

    EXRImage image;
    InitEXRImage(&image);

    image.num_channels = 3;

    std::vector<float> images[3];
    images[0].resize(width * height);
    images[1].resize(width * height);
    images[2].resize(width * height);

    // Split RGBRGBRGB... into R, G and B layer
    for (int i = 0; i < width * height; i++) {
      images[0][i] = rgb[3*i+0];
      images[1][i] = rgb[3*i+1];
      images[2][i] = rgb[3*i+2];
    }

    float* image_ptr[3];
    image_ptr[0] = &(images[2].at(0)); // B
    image_ptr[1] = &(images[1].at(0)); // G
    image_ptr[2] = &(images[0].at(0)); // R

    image.images = (unsigned char**)image_ptr;
    image.width = width;
    image.height = height;

    header.num_channels = 3;
    header.channels = (EXRChannelInfo *)malloc(sizeof(EXRChannelInfo) * header.num_channels);
    // Must be (A)BGR order, since most of EXR viewers expect this channel order.
    strncpy(header.channels[0].name, "B", 255); header.channels[0].name[strlen("B")] = '\0';
    strncpy(header.channels[1].name, "G", 255); header.channels[1].name[strlen("G")] = '\0';
    strncpy(header.channels[2].name, "R", 255); header.channels[2].name[strlen("R")] = '\0';

    header.pixel_types = (int *)malloc(sizeof(int) * header.num_channels);
    header.requested_pixel_types = (int *)malloc(sizeof(int) * header.num_channels);
    for (int i = 0; i < header.num_channels; i++) {
      header.pixel_types[i] = TINYEXR_PIXELTYPE_FLOAT; // pixel type of input image
      header.requested_pixel_types[i] = TINYEXR_PIXELTYPE_HALF; // pixel type of output image to be stored in .EXR
    }

    const char* err = NULL; // or nullptr in C++11 or later.
    int ret = SaveEXRImageToFile(&image, &header, outfilename, &err);
    if (ret != TINYEXR_SUCCESS) {
      fprintf(stderr, "Save EXR err: %s\n", err);
      FreeEXRErrorMessage(err); // free's buffer for an error message
      return ret;
    }
    printf("Saved exr file. [ %s ] \n", outfilename);

    free(rgb);

    free(header.channels);
    free(header.pixel_types);
    free(header.requested_pixel_types);

  }

Reading deep image EXR file. See example/deepview for actual usage.

  const char* input = "deepimage.exr";
  const char* err = NULL; // or nullptr
  DeepImage deepImage;

  int ret = LoadDeepEXR(&deepImage, input, &err);

  // access to each sample in the deep pixel.
  for (int y = 0; y < deepImage.height; y++) {
    int sampleNum = deepImage.offset_table[y][deepImage.width-1];
    for (int x = 0; x < deepImage.width-1; x++) {
      int s_start = deepImage.offset_table[y][x];
      int s_end   = deepImage.offset_table[y][x+1];
      if (s_start >= sampleNum) {
        continue;
      }
      s_end = (s_end < sampleNum) ? s_end : sampleNum;
      for (int s = s_start; s < s_end; s++) {
        float val = deepImage.image[depthChan][y][s];
        ...
      }
    }
  }

deepview

examples/deepview is simple deep image viewer in OpenGL.

DeepViewExample

TinyEXR extension

ZFP

NOTE

TinyEXR adds ZFP compression as an experimemtal support (Linux and MacOSX only).

ZFP only supports FLOAT format pixel, and its image width and height must be the multiple of 4, since ZFP compresses pixels with 4x4 pixel block.

Setup

Checkout zfp repo as an submodule.

$ git submodule update --init

Build

Then build ZFP

$ cd deps/ZFP
$ mkdir -p lib   # Create `lib` directory if not exist
$ make

Set 1 to TINYEXT_USE_ZFP define in tinyexr.h

Build your app with linking deps/ZFP/lib/libzfp.a

ZFP attribute

For ZFP EXR image, the following attribute must exist in its EXR image.

  • zfpCompressionType (uchar).
    • 0 = fixed rate compression
    • 1 = precision based variable rate compression
    • 2 = accuracy based variable rate compression

And the one of following attributes must exist in EXR, depending on the zfpCompressionType value.

  • zfpCompressionRate (double)
    • Specifies compression rate for fixed rate compression.
  • zfpCompressionPrecision (int32)
    • Specifies the number of bits for precision based variable rate compression.
  • zfpCompressionTolerance (double)
    • Specifies the tolerance value for accuracy based variable rate compression.

Note on ZFP compression.

At least ZFP code itself works well on big endian machine.

Unit tests

See test/unit directory.

TODO

Contribution is welcome!

  • Compression
    • B44?
    • B44A?
    • PIX24?
  • Custom attributes
    • Normal image (EXR 1.x)
    • Deep image (EXR 2.x)
  • JavaScript library (experimental, using Emscripten)
    • LoadEXRFromMemory
    • SaveMultiChannelEXR
    • Deep image save/load
  • Write from/to memory buffer.
    • Deep image save/load
  • Tile format.
    • Tile format with no LoD (load).
    • Tile format with LoD (load).
    • Tile format with no LoD (save).
    • Tile format with LoD (save).
  • Support for custom compression type.
    • zfp compression (Not in OpenEXR spec, though)
    • zstd?
  • Multi-channel.
  • Multi-part (EXR2.0)
    • Load multi-part image
    • Load multi-part deep image
  • Line order.
    • Increasing, decreasing (load)
    • Random?
    • Increasing, decreasing (save)
  • Pixel format (UINT, FLOAT).
    • UINT, FLOAT (load)
    • UINT, FLOAT (deep load)
    • UINT, FLOAT (save)
    • UINT, FLOAT (deep save)
  • Support for big endian machine.
    • Loading multi-part channel EXR
    • Saving multi-part channel EXR
    • Loading deep image
    • Saving deep image
  • Optimization
    • ISPC?
    • OpenMP multi-threading in EXR loading.
    • OpenMP multi-threading in EXR saving.
    • OpenMP multi-threading in deep image loading.
    • OpenMP multi-threading in deep image saving.

Python bindings

pytinyexr is available: https://pypi.org/project/pytinyexr/ (loading only as of 0.9.1)

Similar or related projects

License

3-clause BSD

tinyexr uses miniz, which is developed by Rich Geldreich richgel99@gmail.com, and licensed under public domain.

tinyexr tools uses stb, which is licensed under public domain: https://github.com/nothings/stb tinyexr uses some code from OpenEXR, which is licensed under 3-clause BSD license.

Author(s)

Syoyo Fujita (syoyo@lighttransport.com)

Contributor(s)

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