Puppet Nagios module
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README.md

puppet-nagios

Overview

This module provides a full nagios monitoring solution, for setting up both servers and clients. There can be any number of each, though there is typically one server and many clients. The main limitation is that all server and client nodes need to have all of their nagios related puppet configuration on the same puppetmaster.

The server part is still very Red Hat Enterprise Linux specific. The client part is much more generic and has been tested on both RHEL and Gentoo.

Please note that this module is not for the faint of heart. Even I (the author) have my head hurt each time I have to make modificiations to it... but it is worth it, as it allows having monitoring automatically enabled by default on all nodes as well as for all standard services detected on them.

Upgrading

Version 2 of the module has updated all default checks to become classes, in order to work better with hiera's class parameters automatic lookup. The drawback is that overrides which were set from manifests possibly need to be moved to hieradata.

When upgrading from version 1, if you see checks changing arguments or getting added or removed, look at the check's parameters and migrate your exsting overrides, typically :

# Override the critical value for check foo
nagios::check::foo::args: '-c 10%'
# Disable the bar check completely
nagios::check::bar::ensure: 'absent'

Requirements

  • Stored configurations enabled on the puppetmaster (mandatory)
  • apache_httpd and php modules used for the nagios server node (optional)

The apache_httpd and php modules are required for the server part, though optionally since it is also possible to use an existing non-puppet managed web server or different puppet modules. For a new empty node, configuring it as a nagios server will be much quicker if those modules can be used.

Stored configurations are essential on the puppetmaster for the module to work at all, since it relies on having all nodes create their own exported nagios host and service resources, which the nagios server node then realizes to build its configuration.

For RHEL, any packages which might be required but are not part of the official repositories or EPEL can be found on http://dl.marmotte.net/rpms/

When SELinux is enforcing, the selinux::audit2allow definition is required to allow some basic nagios/nrpe accesses, though it can also be disabled.

Sample Usage

Nagios server instance (node specific, typically inside a node section) :

class { '::nagios::server':
  apache_httpd_ssl             => false,
  apache_httpd_conf_content    => template('my/httpd-nagios.conf.erb'),
  apache_httpd_htpasswd_source => 'puppet:///modules/my/htpasswd',
  cgi_authorized_for_system_information        => '*',
  cgi_authorized_for_configuration_information => '*',
  cgi_authorized_for_system_commands           => '*',
  cgi_authorized_for_all_services              => '*',
  cgi_authorized_for_all_hosts                 => '*',
  cgi_authorized_for_all_service_commands      => '*',
  cgi_authorized_for_all_host_commands         => '*',
  cgi_default_statusmap_layout                 => '3',
}

Nagios client instances (typically from site.pp) :

class { '::nagios::client':
  nrpe_allowed_hosts => '127.0.0.1,192.168.1.1',
}

Nagios client specific overrides. See client.pp and check/*.pp for all of the variables which can be manipulated this way. The following :

nagios::client::config { 'host_address': value => $::ipaddress_eth2 }

Will result in having $::nagios_host_name get $ipaddress_eth2 as its value for the entire configuration of the client where it is applied.

Nagios client check override configuration examples :

nagios::client::config { 'check_ram_ensure': value => 'absent' }
nagios::client::config { 'check_cpu_args': value => '-w 50 -c 20' }

Configuring a default check (must be done from a scope where nagios::client can inherit it) :

Nagios::Check::Swap { ensure => 'absent' }
if $::domain == 'example.com' {
  Nagios::Check::Cpu { notification_period => 'workhours' }
}

To enable nagiosgraph on the server :

class { '::nagios::nagiosgraph':
  # This is the default
  perflog => '/var/log/nagios/service_perfdata.log',
  # To enable the mouseover graphs
  nagios_service_action_url => '/nagiosgraph/cgi-bin/show.cgi?host=$HOSTNAME$&service=$SERVICEDESC$\' onMouseOver=\'showGraphPopup(this)\' onMouseOut=\'hideGraphPopup()\' rel=\'/nagiosgraph/cgi-bin/showgraph.cgi?host=$HOSTNAME$&service=$SERVICEDESC$',
  ssi => true,
}
# This is what needs to be changed/added for nagios::server
class { '::nagios::server':
  process_performance_data => '1',
  service_perfdata_file    => '/var/log/nagios/service_perfdata.log',
  service_perfdata_file_template => '$LASTSERVICECHECK$||$HOSTNAME$||$SERVICEDESC$||$SERVICEOUTPUT$||$SERVICEPERFDATA$',
  service_perfdata_file_processing_interval => '30',
  service_perfdata_file_processing_command => 'process-service-perfdata-nagiosgraph',
}

To enable nagiosgraph for the client's services in the server web interface :

class { '::nagios::client':
  service_use => 'generic-service,nagiosgraph-service',
}

To override the parameters of a default template using hiera :

```yaml
---
# Remove default warning notifications for services
nagios::server::template_generic_service:
  notification_options: 'u,c,r'

Hints

Debug any startup or configuration problems on the server with :

nagios -v /etc/nagios/nagios.cfg

A lot can be configured semi-dynamically for nagios::client (ideally using hiera's automatic class parameter lookup) :

class { '::nagios::client':
  host_notification_period => $::domain ? {
    /\.dev$/ => 'workhours',
    default  => '24x7',
  }
  # You will need to use the type "nagios_hostgroup" on the server for
  # all of the possible domain values to create the hostgroups.
  host_hostgroups => $::domain,
}

Notes

Client overrides should be done in this order :

  • For all services on some nodes : Using nagios::client service_* parameters
  • For all services on a node : Using the nagios::client host_* parameters
  • For specific services on all nodes : Using Nagios::Check::Foo { paramname => 'value' } (the scope must be the same or lower than where nagios::client is called from)
  • For specific services on a node : Using nagios::client::config { 'check_*': value => 'foo' } overrides

Note : nagios::client::config can also be used to override just about anything, though you must take into account that since it's done using custom facts, you'll need two puppet runs on the client node then one on the server node for the change to be applied : One for the fact to be created, then another for the client configuration to take the new fact into account, then the server run to update the nagios configuration. This might take a little while depending on how often puppet is run on the nodes.

MySQL

For the mysql_health based checks to work, you will need to create the MySQL user on your servers, allowed for localhost since we use nrpe for execution. Example :

# This could go in site.pp, the fact is present only if mysqld is found
if $::nagios_mysqld {
  mysql_user { 'nagios@localhost':
    ensure        => 'present',
    password_hash => mysql_password('mysupersecretpassword'),
  }
  mysql_grant { 'nagios@localhost/*.*':
    user       => 'nagios@localhost',
    table      => '*.*',
    privileges => [ 'REPLICATION CLIENT' ],
    require    => Mysql_user['nagios@localhost'],
  }
}
# In hieradata
nagios::check::mysql_health::args: '--username nagios --password mysupersecretpassword'

The single mysql_health script has many different 'modes', which are all enabled by default. Because hyphens shouldn't be used in puppet variable names, we use underscores instead in their names.

You can either selectively disable some :

# Disable some checks (modes)
nagios::check::mysql_health::modes_disabled:
  - 'slave_io_running'
  - 'slave_lag'
  - 'slave_sql_running'

Or selectively enable some :

# Enable only the following checks (modes)
nagios::check::mysql_health::modes_enabled:
  - 'connection_time'
  - 'open_files'
  - 'uptime'

Then for each mode, you can also pass some arguments, typically to change the warning and critical values as needed :

# Tweak some check values
nagios::check::mysql_health::args_connection_time: '--warning 5 --critical 10'

PostgreSQL

The postgres checks are very similar to the mysql_health ones. The single postgres script has many 'actions' ('modes'), which are enabled by default.

You can either selectively disable some :

# Disable some checks (modes)
nagios::check::postgres::modes_disabled:
  - 'new_version_pg'
  - 'new_version_tnm'
  - 'pgb_pool_cl_active'

Or selectively enable some :

# Enable only the following checks (modes)
nagios::check::postgres::modes_enabled:
  - 'locks'
  - 'logfile'
  - 'query_time'

Then for each mode, you can also pass some arguments, typically to change the warning and critical values as needed :

Note: The following pgbouncer related checks (modes) are disabled by default if no pgbouncer installation is detected:

  • pgb_pool_cl_active
  • pgb_pool_cl_waiting
  • pgb_pool_sv_active
  • pgb_pool_sv_idle
  • pgb_pool_sv_used
  • pgb_pool_sv_tested
  • pgb_pool_sv_login
  • pgb_pool_maxwait
  • pgbouncer_backends
  • pgbouncer_checksum
# Tweak some check values
nagios::check::postgres::args_query_time: '--warning=20s --critical=2m'

It is also possible to specify some custom query checks :

nagios::check::postgres::custom_queries:
  custom_query_1:
    query: 'SELECT SUBSTRING(version(), 12, 5)'
    valtype: 'string'
    warning: '9.4.4'
  custom_query_2:
    query: "SELECT SUBSTRING(version(), 12, 1) AS result"
    warning: 9
    valtype: 'integer'
    reverse: true

For more info please refer to the check_postgres nagios plugin documentation : https://bucardo.org/check_postgres/check_postgres.pl.html

MongoDB

The mongodb checks are very similar to the mysql_health ones. The single mongodb script has many 'actions' ('modes'), which are enabled by default. They may be enabled and disabled individually, or in groups of relevant checks, for instance all replication checks at once.

You will need to create the monitoring user and set the information :

nagios::check::mongodb::user: 'nagios'
nagios::check::mongodb::pass: 'mysupersecretpassword'
db.createUser(
  {
    user: "nagios",
    pwd: "mysupersecretpassword",
    roles:
      [
        "readAnyDatabase",
        "clusterMonitor",
        { role: "readWrite", db: "local" },
        { role: "readWrite", db: "nagios" }
      ]
   }
)

You can completely disable MongoDB monitoring for some nodes :

nagios::check::mongodb::ensure: 'absent'

You can selectively disable some :

# Disable some checks (modes)
nagios::check::mongodb::modes_disabled:
  - 'oplog'
  - 'queries_per_second'
  - 'queues'

Or selectively enable some :

# Enable only the following checks (modes)
nagios::check::mongodb::modes_enabled:
  - 'connect'
  - 'page_faults'

Or disable entire groups of non-relevant checks :

# Disable non relevant checks
nagios::check::mongodb::mmapv1: false
nagios::check::mongodb::v2: false
nagios::check::mongodb::replication: false
nagios::check::mongodb::sharding: false

For an arbiter, you can disable all non-relevant checks :

nagios::check::mongodb::arbiter: true

Then for each mode, you can also pass some arguments, typically to change the warning and critical values as needed :

# Tweak some check values
nagios::check::mongodb::args_connect: '-W 2 -C 4'
nagios::check::mongodb::args_connections: '-W 70 -C 80'
nagios::check::mongodb::args_memory: '-W 8 -C 16'
nagios::check::mongodb::args_opcounters: '-W 10000 -C 50000'
nagios::check::mongodb::args_replication_lag: '-W 15 -C 30'

For more info please refer to the nagios-plugin-mongodb documentation : https://github.com/mzupan/nagios-plugin-mongodb

Zookeeper

The zookeeper checks are very similar to the mysql_health ones. The single zookeeper script has many 'actions' ('keys'), which are enabled by default.

You can either selectively disable some :

# Disable some checks (keys)
nagios::check::zookeeper::keys_disabled:
  - 'zk_max_latency'
  - 'zk_outstanding_requests'

Or selectively enable some :

# Enable only the following checks (keys)
nagios::check::zookeeper::keys_enabled:
  - 'zk_avg_latency'
  - 'zk_open_file_descriptor_count'

Then for each key, you can also pass some arguments, typically to change the warning and critical values as needed :

# Tweak some check values
nagios::check::zookeeper::zk_avg_latency: '--warning=1 --critical=10'

When nagios::check::zookeeper::leader is set to true, the following additional checks are enabled by default:

  • zk_pending_syncs
  • zk_followers

For more info please refer to the check_zookeeper nagios plugin documentation: https://github.com/andreisavu/zookeeper-monitoring

Slack messaging integration

If you want to have your nagios notifications in Slack, enable the slack plugin by setting $plugin_slack parameter to true.

Additional parameters:

  • $plugin_slack_webhost (mandatory): an IP or FQDN for the host you installed nagios web interface
  • $plugin_slack_webhook (mandatory): Slack Web Hook url (grab it from Integration page at Slack Web Hook setup instruction section)
  • $plugin_slack_channel (default: '#alerts'): the channel where the bot will post in
  • $plugin_slack_botname (default: 'nagios'): the bot name

Sample Slack contact and commands configuration:

  nagios_contact { 'slack':
    alias                         => 'Slack',
    service_notification_period   => '24x7',
    host_notification_period      => '24x7',
    service_notification_options  => 'w,u,c,r',
    host_notification_options     => 'd,r',
    service_notification_commands => 'notify-service-by-slack',
    host_notification_commands    => 'notify-host-by-slack',
  }
  nagios_command { 'notify-service-by-slack':
    command_line => '$USER1$/slack_nagios -h "$HOSTNAME$" -n "$SERVICEDISPLAYNAME$" -o "$SERVICEOUTPUT$" -s "$SERVICESTATE$" -t "$NOTIFICATIONTYPE$" > /tmp/slack.log 2>&1',
  }
  nagios_command { 'notify-host-by-slack':
    command_line => '$USER1$/slack_nagios -h "$HOSTNAME$" -O "$HOSTOUTPUT$" -S "$HOSTSTATE$" -t "$NOTIFICATIONTYPE$" > /tmp/slack.log 2>&1',
  }

Then the slack contact should be added to the $admins_members parameter of the main nagios::server class.

RabbitMQ

For the rabbitmq based checks to work, you will need to create a nagios user on your rabbit servers

Example :

# This could go in site.pp, the fact is present only if rabbitmq-server is found
if $::nagios_rabbitmq {
    rabbitmq_user { 'nagios':
      password => 'mysupersecretpassword',
      tags     => ['monitoring'],
    }
    rabbitmq_user_permissions { 'nagios@/':
      read_permission      => '.*',
    }
}
# In hieradata
nagios::check::rabbitmq::user: 'nagios'
nagios::check::rabbitmq::pass: 'mysupersecretpassword'

The single rabbitmq script has many different 'modes', which are all enabled by default.

You can either selectively disable some :

# Disable some checks (modes)
nagios::check::rabbitmq::modes_disabled:
  - 'aliveness'
  - 'cluster_status'

Or selectively enable some :

# Enable only the following checks (modes)
nagios::check::rabbitmq::modes_enabled:
  - 'cluster_status'
  - 'connection_count'
  - 'queues_count'
  - 'mem_usage'

Then for each mode, you can also pass some arguments, typically to change the warning and critical values as needed :

# Tweak some check values
nagios::check::rabbitmq::connection_count: '-C 100 -W 50'

Redis

The single redis script has many different 'modes', which are all enabled by default.

You can either selectively disable some :

# Disable some checks (modes)
nagios::check::redis::modes_disabled:
  - 'connected_slaves'
  - 'blocked_clients'

Or selectively enable some :

# Enable only the following checks (modes)
nagios::check::redis::modes_enabled:
  - 'hitrate'
  - 'response_time'
  - 'rejected_connections'
  - 'uptime_in_seconds'

Then for each mode, you can also pass some arguments, typically to change the warning and critical values as needed :

# Tweak some check values
nagios::check::redis::args_response_time: '0.005,0.010' # Warning,Critical
nagios::check::redis::args_hitrate: '70,100' # Warning,Critical

Redis Sentinel

The redis_sentinel check is enable by default. This check will validate the number of healthy redis slaves and sentinels You can define the master:

nagios::check::redis_sentinel::master: 'MyAwesomeMaster'

You can also pass some arguments, typically to change the warning and critical values as needed :

# Tweak some check values
nagios::check::redis_sentinel::args: '-c 0,2 -w 0,2' # Slaves,Sentinels

Multiple Databases - Sentinels

If you want to monitor multiple redis databases on a single host you must use the definition nagios::check::redis::mdbs

  nagios::check::redis_mdbs { 'db_name' :
    fqdn  => 'host.domain.foo',
    port  => 'port_num',
    modes => {
      'connected_clients'    => '100,200', # Mode => 'Warning,Critical'
      'evicted_keys'         => '10,20',
      'rejected_connections' => '20,50',
    },
  }

On the other hand, if you want monitor multiple sentinels on a single host you must use the definiton nagios::check::redis_sentinel_mmasters

  nagios::check::redis_sentinel_mmasters { 'sentinel_master':
    port  => 'port_num',
    fqdn  => 'host.domain.foo',
  }

Note: In these kinds of scenarios the plugins will run on the Nagios Server. The nrpe agent won't be used to perform these checks.

RHEL Identity Manager

RHEL IDM manages few services. In this module we only monitor the following:

  • IDM status via /usr/sbin/ipactl status
  • IDM replication
  • KRB status

IDM general status monitoring is enabled by default if the file /usr/sbin/ipactl is found on the server.

You can enable the others with the following yaml setup:

# IDM Replication
nagios::check::ipa_replication::bind_dn: 'uid=nagios_user,cn=users,cn=accounts,dc=dummy,dc=domain,dc=com'
nagios::check::ipa_replication::bind_pass: 'mysupersecretpassword'
# KRB status
nagios::check::krb5::keytab: '/path/to/auth/keytab/file'
nagios::check::krb5::principal: 'nagios_user'
nagios::check::krb5::realm: 'DUMMY.DOMAIN.COM'

In order to get the keytab file please read the documentation of the ktutils command

Elastic Search

The elastic search monitoring has many different 'modes', which are all enabled by default.

You can either selectively disable some :

# Disable some checks (modes)
nagios::check::elasticsearch::modes_disabled:
  - 'split_brain'
  - 'unassigned_shards'

Or selectively enable some :

# Enable only the following checks (modes)
nagios::check::elasticsearch::modes_enabled:
  - 'cluster_status'
  - 'nodes'
  - 'jvm_usage'

Then for each mode, you can also pass some arguments, typically to change the warning and critical values as needed :

# Tweak some check values
nagios::check::elasticsearch::args_jvm_usage: '-N 10.0.0.1 -C 90 -W 80'
nagios::check::elasticsearch::args_nodes: '-E 5' # Expected nodes in cluester

Custom (NRPE) services / NRPE files / NRPE plugins

If you want to define a custom service (non-NRPE) without modifying module code:

nagios::server::commands:
  check_dns_addr:
    command_line: "$USER1$/check_dns -H $ARG1$ $ARG2$"

nagios::client::services:
  "check_command_tcp_port_8888_%{::fqdn}":
    check_command: 'check_tcp!8888'
    service_description: 'TCP port 8888'
  "check_dns_hostname_%{::fqdn}":
    check_command: 'check_dns_addr!$HOSTNAME$!-a $HOSTADDRESS$'
    service_description: 'DNS Hostname'

If you want to monitor a custom service (via NRPE) without modifying module code, use the following hieradata definitions:

# define server command that uses your custom plugin
# make sure the plugin exists at ${module_name}/templates/plugins/check_command
nagios::server::commands:
  check_nrpe_command:
    command_line: "%{::nagios::params::nrpe_command} %{::nagios::params::nrpe_options} -c check_command"

# define NRPE plugin to be installed on a client
nagios::client::nrpe_plugins:
  check_command:
    ensure: 'present'

# define NRPE file to be delivered to a client
nagios::client::nrpe_files:
  check_command:
    ensure: 'present'
    plugin: 'check_command'
    args: '-w 600 -c 900'
    sudo: true

# finally, define a service that uses our new custom NRPE plugin
nagios::client::services:
  "service_name_%{::fqdn}":
    check_command: 'check_nrpe_command'
    service_description: 'service description'
    contact_groups: 'all'

Having multiple client services/nrpe_files/nrpe_plugins definitions (e.g. multiple Hiera roles), you might want to change Hiera merge behaviour, e.g.:

lookup_options:
  nagios::client::nrpe_plugins:
    merge:
      strategy: deep
      merge_hash_arrays: true
  nagios::client::nrpe_files:
    merge:
      strategy: deep
      merge_hash_arrays: true
  nagios::client::services:
    merge:
      strategy: deep
      merge_hash_arrays: true
      knockout_prefix: '--'

## Host/Service Escalation rules support

In order to define a Host/Service escalation rule use the hierdata template below:

```yaml
# The easiest way to escalate service is to use hostgroups
nagios::server::hostescalation:
  orca-hostescalation:
    hostgroup_name: 'all'
    contact_groups: 'oncall,backup-oncall'
    first_notification: '6'
    last_notification: '0'
    notification_interval: '15'
    escalation_options: 'd,u,r'
    escalation_period: '24x7'

# The easiest way to escalate service is to use servicegroups
nagios::server::serviceescalation:
  orca-serviceescalation:
    servicegroup_name: 'escalation'
    contact_groups: 'oncall,backup-oncall'
    first_notification: '6'
    last_notification: '0'
    notification_interval: '15'
    escalation_options: 'w,u,c,r'
    escalation_period: '24x7'

Removing hosts

If you decommission a Nagios-monitored host a couple of manual steps are required to clean up.

# On the Puppet Master
puppet node deactivate <my_host>

# On the Nagios server
puppet agent -t
service nagios reload|restart

See Issue #21 on why the service restart is required.