Validate your JSON APIs
Ruby
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MarkyMarkMcDonald and seanpdoyle Fix invalid schema_root examples
The previous schema_root values leads to a file not found error: they are
absolute paths instead of relative paths.
Latest commit a11a4ef May 30, 2018

README.md

JsonMatchers

Validate the JSON returned by your Rails JSON APIs

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

group :test do
  gem "json_matchers"
end

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install json_matchers

Usage

Inspired by Validating JSON Schemas with an RSpec Matcher.

First, configure it in your test suite's helper file:

Configure

RSpec

spec/spec_helper.rb

require "json_matchers/rspec"

JsonMatchers.schema_root = "spec/support/api/schemas"

Minitest

test/test_helper.rb

require "minitest/autorun"
require "json_matchers/minitest/assertions"

JsonMatchers.schema_root = "test/support/api/schemas"

Minitest::Test.send(:include, JsonMatchers::Minitest::Assertions)

Declare

Declare your JSON Schema in the schema directory.

spec/support/api/schemas/location.json or test/support/api/schemas/location.json:

Define your JSON Schema in the schema directory.

{
  "id": "https://json-schema.org/geo",
  "$schema": "https://json-schema.org/draft-06/schema#",
  "description": "A geographical coordinate",
  "type": "object",
  "properties": {
    "latitude": {
      "type": "number"
    },
    "longitude": {
      "type": "number"
    }
  }
}

Validate

RSpec

Validate a JSON response, a Hash, or a String against a JSON Schema with match_json_schema:

spec/requests/locations_spec.rb

describe "GET /locations" do
  it "returns Locations" do
    get locations_path, format: :json

    expect(response.status).to eq 200
    expect(response).to match_json_schema("locations")
  end
end

Minitest

Validate a JSON response, a Hash, or a String against a JSON Schema with assert_matches_json_schema:

test/integration/locations_test.rb

def test_GET_posts_returns_Locations
  get locations_path, format: :json

  assert_equal response.status, 200
  assert_matches_json_schema response, "locations"
end

Embedding other Schemas

To re-use other schema definitions, include $ref keys that refer to their definitions.

First, declare the singular version of your schema.

spec/support/api/schemas/user.json:

{
  "id": "file:/user.json#",
  "type": "object",
  "required": ["id"],
  "properties": {
    "id": { "type": "integer" },
    "name": { "type": "string" },
    "address": { "type": "string" },
  },
}

Then, when you declare your collection schema, reference your singular schemas.

spec/support/api/schemas/users/index.json:

{
  "id": "file:/users/index.json#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "users": {
      "description": "A collection of users",
      "example": [{ "id": "1" }],
      "type": "array",
      "items": {
        "$ref": "file:/user.json#"
      },
    },
  },
  "required": ["users"],
  "properties": {
    "users": {
      "$ref": "#/definitions/users"
    }
  },
}

NOTE: $ref resolves paths relative to the schema in question.

In this case "user.json" and "users/index.json" are resolved relative to "spec/support/api/schemas" or "test/support/api/schemas".

To learn more about $ref, check out Understanding JSON Schema Structuring.

Declaring a schema in a Subdirectory

Nesting a schema within a subdirectory is also supported:

spec/support/api/schemas/api/v1/location.json:

{
  "id": "https://json-schema.org/geo",
  "$schema": "https://json-schema.org/draft-06/schema#",
  "description": "A geographical coordinate",
  "type": "object",
  "properties": {
    "latitude": {
      "type": "number"
    },
    "longitude": {
      "type": "number"
    }
  }
}

spec/requests/api/v1/locations_spec.rb:

describe "GET api/v1/locations" do
  it "returns Locations" do
    get locations_path, format: :json

    expect(response.status).to eq 200
    expect(response).to match_json_schema("api/v1/location")
  end
end

Configuration

By default, the schema directory is spec/support/api/schemas.

This can be configured via JsonMatchers.schema_root.

# spec/support/json_matchers.rb

JsonMatchers.schema_root = "docs/api/schemas"

Upgrading from 0.9.x

Calls to match_json_schema and match_response_schema no longer accept options, and JsonMatchers.configure has been removed.

Contributing

Please see CONTRIBUTING.

json_matchers was inspired by Validating JSON Schemas with an RSpec Matcher by Laila Winner.

json_matchers is maintained by Sean Doyle.

Many improvements and bugfixes were contributed by the open source community.

License

json_matchers is Copyright © 2018 thoughtbot.

It is free software, and may be redistributed under the terms specified in the LICENSE file.

About thoughtbot

thoughtbot

json_matchers is maintained and funded by thoughtbot, inc. The names and logos for thoughtbot are trademarks of thoughtbot, inc.

We love open source software! See our other projects. We are available for hire.