Python library to interact with Move Hub / PoweredUp Hubs
Move Hub is central controller block of LEGO® Boost Robotics Set.
In fact, Move Hub is just a Bluetooth hardware piece, and all manipulations with it are made by commands passed through Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) wireless protocol. One of the ways to issue these commands is to write Python program using this library.
The best way to start is to look into
demo.py file, and run it (assuming you have installed library).
If you have Vernie assembled, you might run scripts from
- auto-detect and connect to Move Hub device
- auto-detects peripheral devices connected to Hub
- constant, angled and timed movement for motors, rotation sensor subscription
- vision sensor: several modes to measure distance, color and luminosity
- tilt sensor subscription: 2 axis, 3 axis, bump detect modes
- RGB LED color change
- Headlight brightness change
- push button status subscription
- battery voltage and current subscription available
Please note that this library requires one of Bluetooth backend libraries to be installed, please read section here for details.
Install library like this:
pip install -U pylgbst
Then instantiate MoveHub object and start invoking its methods. Following is example to just print peripherals detected on Hub:
from pylgbst.hub import MoveHub hub = MoveHub() for device in hub.peripherals: print(device)
Each peripheral kind has own methods to do actions and/or get sensor data. See features list for individual doc pages.
Bluetooth Backend Prerequisites
You have following options to install as Bluetooth backend (some of them might require
sudo on Linux):
pip install bleak- bleak lib, supports Linux/Windows/MacOS (recommended)
pip install pygatt- pygatt lib, works on both Windows and Linux
pip install gatt- gatt lib, supports Linux, does not work on Windows
pip install gattlib- gattlib - supports Linux, does not work on Windows, requires
pip install bluepy- bluepy lib, supports Linux, including Raspbian, which allows connection to the hub from the Raspberry PI
Windows users may first turn to the Bleak backend, which should support any internal or external Bluetooth adapter recognized by the OS. The Windows version of pygatt will only work with a Bluegiga BLED112 Bluetooth Smart Dongle.
Please let author know if you have discovered any compatibility/preprequisite details, so we will update this section to help future users
Depending on backend type, you might need Linux
sudo to be used when running Python.
Bluetooth Connection Options
There is an optional parameter for
MoveHub class constructor, accepting instance of
Connection object. By default, it will try to use whatever
get_connection_auto() returns. You have several options to manually control that:
get_connection_auto()to attempt backend auto-detection
get_connection_bluegiga()- if you use BlueGiga Adapter (
get_connection_gatt()- if you use Gatt Backend on Linux (
get_connection_gattool()- if you use GattTool Backend on Linux (
get_connection_gattlib()- if you use GattLib Backend on Linux (
get_connection_bluepy()- if you use Bluepy backend on Linux/Raspbian (
get_connection_bleak()- if you use Bleak backend (
All the functions above have optional arguments to specify adapter name and Hub name (or mac address). Please take a look at functions source code for details.
If you want to specify name for Bluetooth interface to use on local computer, you can pass that to class or function of getting a connection. Then pass connection object to
MoveHub constructor. Like this:
from pylgbst.hub import MoveHub from pylgbst import get_connection_gatt conn = get_connection_gatt(hub_mac='AA:BB:CC:DD:EE:FF') hub = MoveHub(conn)
Roadmap & TODO
- validate operations with other Hub types (train, PUP etc)
- make connections to detect hub by UUID instead of name
- document all API methods
- https://github.com/LEGO/lego-ble-wireless-protocol-docs - true docs for LEGO BLE protocol
- https://github.com/JorgePe/BOOSTreveng - initial source of protocol knowledge
- https://github.com/spezifisch/sphero-python/blob/master/BB8joyDrive.py - example with another approach to bluetooth libs
- https://github.com/virantha/bricknil - for the lovers of async Python, alternative implementation of library to control PoweredUp Hubs