A fastlane plugin that lets you execute tasks in a managed docker container
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README.md

Mango - Fastlane plugin

fastlane Plugin Badge License Gem

A fastlane plugin that runs Android tasks on a specified Docker image

Mango Logo

Running Android tests, especially Espresso on a continuous integration environment like Jenkins can be a hassle. You need to boot, manage and destroy an Android Virtual Device (AVD) during the test run. This is why we, the mobile releases team at XING, built this plugin. It spins up a specified Docker image and runs a given task on it.

Another requirement we had was to run on a clean environment, which is why Mango also helps us to run our unit test and more. For an example check out the example Fastfile

Prerequisites

In order to use this plugin you will need to to have Docker installed on the machine you are using. Documentation on how to set it up properly on a Linux (ubuntu) machine can be found here.

If you need an Android Virtual Device (AVD) to run your tests (for example Espresso, Calabash or Appium), it's necessary to check that your CPU supports kvm virtualisation. We already experienced that it doesn't fully work on macOS and are using Linux for that.

Getting Started

This project is a fastlane plugin. To get started with fastlane-plugin-mango, add it to your project by running:

fastlane add_plugin mango

Usage

After installing this plugin you have access to one additional action (mango) in your Fastfile.

So a lane in your Fastfile could look similar to this for Espresso tests:

desc "Run espresso tests on docker images"
  lane :Espresso_Tests do
     run_dockerized_task(
       container_name: "espresso_container",
       port_factor: options[:port_factor],
       docker_image: "joesss/mango-docker:latest",
       container_timeout: 120,
       android_task: "./gradlew connectedAndroidTest",
       post_actions: "adb logcat -d > logcat.txt",
       pull_latest_image: true          
     )
   end

or to this for unit tests or other gradle tasks:

desc "Run unit tests on docker images"
  lane :Unit_Tests do
     run_dockerized_task(
       container_name: "unit_tests_container",
       port_factor: options[:port_factor],
       docker_image: "joesss/mango-base:latest",
       is_running_on_emulator: false,
       android_task: "./gradlew testDebug",
       pull_latest_image: true         
     )
   end

Now you can call this new lane by calling bundle exec fastlane Espresso_Tests.

The Plugin will start up the given docker_image, execute the given android_task and afterwards execute the post_actions.

Configuration options

The mango action has plenty of options to configure it.

Option Description Default value Optional Type
container_name Name of the docker container. Will be generated randomly if not defined. - String
no_vnc_port Port to redirect noVNC. To observe your docker container from your browser while it's running. 6080 Integer
device_name Name of the Android device. Nexus 5X String
emulator_name Name of the Android emulator. emulator-5554 String
docker_image Name of the Docker image, that should be started and used to run your tasks. butomo1989/docker-android-x86-5.1.1 String
container_timeout Timeout (in seconds) to get a healthy docker container. Depending on your docker_image it may take some time until it's started up and ready to use. 450 (this equals 7.5 minutes) Integer
android_task A generic Android task you want to execute. - String
sdk_path The path to your Android sdk directory. ANDROID_HOME environment variable String
port_factor Base for calculating a unique port for noVNC. We recommend to use the EXECUTOR_NUMBER from your Jenkins environment. - String
workspace_dir Path to the workspace to execute commands. If you want to execute your android_task from a different directory you have to specify workspace_dir. /root/tests/ String
maximal_run_time Defines the maximal time of your test run in minutes. This can be helpful if you want to kill hanging processes automatically after a certain time. 60 Integer
bundle_install Defines if the Android task must execute bundle install before running a build. This is useful if you want to execute non-gradle tasks. Like Calabash, where you need to update/install your Ruby dependencies. true Boolean
is_running_on_emulator Define if container boots up an emulator instance inside of it. This will trigger configuration of noVNC, assign necessary ports etc. true Boolean
post_actions Actions that will be executed after the main command has been executed. - String
pre_action Actions that will be executed before the docker image gets pulled - String
docker_registry_login Command to authenticate yourself in a custom Docker registry - String
pull_latest_image Defines if you want to pull the :latest tag of the given docker_image false Boolean

Contributing

🎁 Bug reports and pull requests for new features are most welcome!

👷🏼 We are looking forward to your pull request, we'd love to help!

You can help by doing any of the following:

  • Reviewing pull requests
  • Bringing ideas for new features
  • Answering questions on issues
  • Improving documentation

This project is intended to be a safe, welcoming space for collaboration, and contributors are expected to adhere to the Contributor Covenant code of conduct.

Issues and Feedback

For any other issues and feedback about this plugin, please submit it to this repository.

Troubleshooting

If you have trouble using plugins, check out the Plugins Troubleshooting guide.

License

The fastlane plugin is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.

Example

Check out the example Fastfile to see how to use this plugin. Try it by cloning the repo, running fastlane install_plugins and bundle exec fastlane test.

Run tests for this plugin

To run both the tests and code style validation, run

rake

To automatically fix many of the styling issues, use

rubocop -a

Using fastlane Plugins

For more information about how the fastlane plugin system works, check out the Plugins documentation.

About fastlane

fastlane is the easiest way to automate beta deployments and releases for your iOS and Android apps. To learn more, check out fastlane.tools.