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README.rst

trace-summary - Generating network traffic summaries

.. rst-class:: opening

    ``trace-summary`` is a Python script that generates break-downs of
    network traffic, including lists of the top hosts, protocols,
    ports, etc. Optionally, it can generate output separately for
    incoming vs. outgoing traffic, per subnet, and per time-interval.

Download

You can find the latest trace-summary release for download at https://www.zeek.org/download.

trace-summary's git repository is located at https://github.com/zeek/trace-summary

This document describes trace-summary 0.89-9. See the CHANGES file for version history.

Overview

The trace-summary script reads both packet traces in libpcap format and connection logs produced by the Zeek network security monitor (for the latter, it supports both 1.x and 2.x log formats).

Here are two example outputs in the most basic form (note that IP addresses are 'anonymized'). The first is from a packet trace and the second from a Zeek connection log:

>== Total === 2005-01-06-14-23-33 - 2005-01-06-15-23-43
  - Bytes 918.3m - Payload 846.3m - Pkts 1.8m - Frags   0.9% - MBit/s      1.9 -
    Ports        | Sources                   | Destinations              | Protocols |
    80     33.8% | 131.243.89.214       8.5% | 131.243.89.214       7.7% | 6   76.0% |
    22     16.7% | 128.3.2.102          6.2% | 128.3.2.102          5.4% | 17  23.3% |
    11001  12.4% | 204.116.120.26       4.8% | 131.243.89.4         4.8% | 1    0.5% |
    2049   10.7% | 128.3.161.32         3.6% | 131.243.88.227       3.6% |           |
    1023   10.6% | 131.243.89.4         3.5% | 204.116.120.26       3.4% |           |
    993     8.2% | 128.3.164.194        2.7% | 131.243.89.64        3.1% |           |
    1049    8.1% | 128.3.164.15         2.4% | 128.3.164.229        2.9% |           |
    524     6.6% | 128.55.82.146        2.4% | 131.243.89.155       2.5% |           |
    33305   4.5% | 131.243.88.227       2.3% | 128.3.161.32         2.3% |           |
    1085    3.7% | 131.243.89.155       2.3% | 128.55.82.146        2.1% |           |


>== Total === 2005-01-06-14-23-33 - 2005-01-06-15-23-42
  - Connections 43.4k - Payload 398.4m -
    Ports        | Sources                   | Destinations              | Services           | Protocols | States        |
    80     21.7% | 207.240.215.71       3.0% | 239.255.255.253      8.0% | other        51.0% | 17  55.8% | S0      46.2% |
    427    13.0% | 131.243.91.71        2.2% | 131.243.91.255       4.0% | http         21.7% | 6   36.4% | SF      30.1% |
    443     3.8% | 128.3.161.76         1.7% | 131.243.89.138       2.1% | i-echo        7.3% | 1    7.7% | OTH      7.8% |
    138     3.7% | 131.243.90.138       1.6% | 255.255.255.255      1.7% | https         3.8% |           | RSTO     5.8% |
    515     2.4% | 131.243.88.159       1.6% | 128.3.97.204         1.5% | nb-dgm        3.7% |           | SHR      4.4% |
    11001   2.3% | 131.243.88.202       1.4% | 131.243.88.107       1.1% | printer       2.4% |           | REJ      3.0% |
    53      1.9% | 131.243.89.250       1.4% | 117.72.94.10         1.1% | dns           1.9% |           | S1       1.0% |
    161     1.6% | 131.243.89.80        1.3% | 131.243.88.64        1.1% | snmp          1.6% |           | RSTR     0.9% |
    137     1.4% | 131.243.90.52        1.3% | 131.243.88.159       1.1% | nb-ns         1.4% |           | SH       0.3% |
    2222    1.1% | 128.3.161.252        1.2% | 131.243.91.92        1.1% | ntp           1.0% |           | RSTRH    0.2% |

Prerequisites

  • This script requires Python 2.6 or newer.
  • The pysubnettree Python module.
  • Eddie Kohler's ipsumdump if using trace-summary with packet traces (versus Zeek connection logs)

Installation

Simply copy the script into some directory which is in your PATH.

Usage

The general usage is:

trace-summary [options] [input-file]

Per default, it assumes the input-file to be a libpcap trace file. If it is a Zeek connection log, use -c. If input-file is not given, the script reads from stdin. It writes its output to stdout.

Options

The most important options are summarized below. Run trace-summary --help to see the full list including some more esoteric ones.

-c:Input is a Zeek connection log instead of a libpcap trace file.
-b:Counts all percentages in bytes rather than number of packets/connections.
-E <file>:Gives a file which contains a list of networks to ignore for the analysis. The file must contain one network per line, where each network is of the CIDR form a.b.c.d/mask (including the corresponding syntax for IPv6 prefixes, e.g., 1:2:3:4::/64). Empty lines and lines starting with a "#" are ignored.
-i <duration>:Creates totals for each time interval of the given length (default is seconds; add "m" for minutes and "h" for hours). Use -v if you also want to see the breakdowns for each interval.
-l <file>:Generates separate summaries for incoming and outgoing traffic. <file> is a file which contains a list of networks to be considered local. Format as for -E.
-n <n>:Show top n entries in each break-down. Default is 10.
-r:Resolves hostnames in the output.
-s <n>:Gives the sample factor if the input has been sampled.
-S <n>:Sample input with the given factor; less accurate but faster and saves memory.
-m:Does skip memory-expensive statistics.
-v:Generates full break-downs for each time interval. Requires -i.
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