🐞Data access framework in native Golang(Golang实现的类Scrapy框架)
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README.md

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goDataAccess is a data access framework implemented in native Golang(1.5+), which is designed to make the DA(data access) process easier and efficient.

中文文档

Deploy goDataAccess with Docker: docker pull zhangxiaoyang/godataaccess

Introduction

For many reasons, we often have to crawl public information from the Internet. The typical way of scraping information includes analyzing target websites and writing rules, writing spiders, saving data, etc, in a process called data access.

To simplify development, you may try Scrapy, one of the most famous web crawling framework written in Python. If the target websites do not have anti-spider strategy, Scrapy may be a good choice. Otherwise, you may need to get more available IP addresses and write your own agents integrated with spiders.

goDataAccess can help you deal with these hassles, which contains three parts: spider, agent and da.

Architecture

Spider

Spider is a web crawling framework like scrapy, including engine, scheduler, downloader, processer, extractor, pipeline, and plugin.

Example

  • Scraping http://m.baidu.com with engine
package main

import (
	"github.com/zhangxiaoyang/goDataAccess/spider/core/engine"
	"github.com/zhangxiaoyang/goDataAccess/spider/core/pipeline"
)

func main() {
	url := "http://m.baidu.com"
	engine.NewEngine("crawl_baidu_and_print_it").AddPipeline(pipeline.NewConsolePipeline()).SetStartUrl(url).Start()
}
  • Starting spider from JSON file
package main

import (
	"github.com/zhangxiaoyang/goDataAccess/spider/core/engine"
)

func main() {
	engine.NewQuickEngine("crawl_baidubaike_with_quickengine.json").Start()
}
  • Using extractor
package main

import (
	"bufio"
	"github.com/zhangxiaoyang/goDataAccess/spider/common"
	"github.com/zhangxiaoyang/goDataAccess/spider/core/engine"
	"github.com/zhangxiaoyang/goDataAccess/spider/core/extractor"
	"github.com/zhangxiaoyang/goDataAccess/spider/core/pipeline"
	"os"
	"strings"
)

type MyProcesser struct{}

func NewMyProcesser() *MyProcesser {
	return &MyProcesser{}
}

func (this *MyProcesser) Process(resp *common.Response, y *common.Yield) {
	items := extractor.NewExtractor().
		SetScopeRule(`(?s)<dt class="basicInfo-item name">.*?</dd>`).
		SetRules(map[string]string{
		"key":   `(?s)name">(.*?)</dt>`,
		"value": `(?s)value">(.*?)</dd>`,
	}).
		SetTrimFunc(extractor.TrimHtmlTags).
		Extract(resp.Body)

	for _, item := range items {
		y.AddItem(item)
	}
}

func getUrlsFromFile(fileName string) []string {
	var urls = []string{}
	file, _ := os.Open(fileName)
	r := bufio.NewReader(file)
	for i := 0; i < 10; i++ {
		line, _ := r.ReadString('\n')
		urls = append(urls, strings.TrimSpace(line))
	}
	return urls
}

func main() {
	engine.NewEngine("crawl_baidubaike_with_extractor").
		AddPipeline(pipeline.NewConsolePipeline()).
		SetProcesser(NewMyProcesser()).
		SetStartUrls(getUrlsFromFile("test.url")).
		Start()
}

More examples here: https://github.com/zhangxiaoyang/goDataAccess/tree/master/spider/example

Learn more plugins: https://github.com/zhangxiaoyang/goDataAccess/tree/master/spider/plugin

Agent

Agent is based on goDataAccess/spider. You can use it to scrape and validate Internet free proxies. Free and available proxies will be served as RPC.

If you want to combine agents with your spiders, you may need to learn proxy_plugin or view DA demos.

Usage

cd goDataAccess/agent
go run run_agent.go & # fetching and validating free proxies
go run run_server.go & # run http server at 127.0.0.1:1234 for spiders(use proxy_plugin to access agent)

DA

Crawl baike.baidu.com with proxies: https://github.com/zhangxiaoyang/goDataAccess/tree/master/da/baike.baidu.com

Crawl bgp.he.net(handle cookie/session): https://github.com/zhangxiaoyang/goDataAccess/tree/master/da/bgp.he.net

License

MIT