Yasuo is a ruby script that scans for vulnerable 3rd-party web applications.
While working on a network security assessment (internal, external, redteam gigs etc.), we often come across vulnerable 3rd-party web applications or web front-ends that allow us to compromise the remote server by exploiting publicly known vulnerabilities. Some of the common & favorite applications are Apache Tomcat administrative interface, JBoss jmx-console, Hudson Jenkins and so on.
If you search through Exploit-db, there are over 10,000 remotely exploitable vulnerabilities that exist in tons of web applications/front-ends and could allow an attacker to completely compromise the back-end server. These vulnerabilities range from RCE to malicious file uploads to SQL injection to RFI/LFI etc.
Yasuo is built to quickly scan the network for such vulnerable applications thus serving pwnable targets on a silver platter.
Setup / Install
You would need to install the following gems:
- gem install ruby-nmap net-http-persistent mechanize text-table sqlite3
Yasuo provides following command-line options:
-r :: If you want Yasuo to perform port scan, use this switch to provide an IP address or IP range
-l :: If you want Yasuo to perform port scan, use this switch to provide an input file with new-line separated IP addresses, similar to nmap's -iL option
-s :: Provide custom signature file. [./yasuo.rb -s mysignatures.yaml -f nmap.xml] [Default - signatures.yaml]
-f :: If you do not want Yasuo to perform port scan and already have an nmap output in xml format, use this switch to feed the nmap output
-u :: Takes a newline-separated file of URLs saved from previous run of Yasuo. See below for more details.
-n :: Tells Yasuo to not ping the host while performing the port scan. Standard nmap option.
-p :: Use this switch to provide port number(s)/range
-A :: Use this switch to scan all the 65535 ports. Standard nmap option.
-b [all/form/basic] :: If the discovered application implements authentication, use this switch to brute-force the auth. "all" will brute-force both form & http basic auth. "form" will only brute-force form-based auth. "basic" will only brute-force http basic auth.
-t :: Specify maximum number of threads
-h :: Well, take a guess
What is this new switch: --usesavedstate (-u)
When Yasuo runs, it performs several steps before starting to enumerate vulnerable applications. If you provide an IP address or range, it will perform a port scan against the provided targets. If you provide Yasuo with nmap xml output file, it will parse that file and enumerate hosts with open web ports. It then sends a request for a fake (non-existent) file and directory to each enumerated host:ip. To reduce false-positives, it discards all ip:port that respond back with HTTP 200 Ok for the fake file & directory requests. At the end of this whole process, we get a list of, let's say, "good urls". These good urls are then used to enumerate vulnerable applications.
If for some reason, you have to re-run Yasuo against the same set of targets, the previous versions of Yasuo will go through this whole process again. That's not efficient at all. I know, I am mostly dumb and a slow learner but I am constantly evolving. Anyways, a good reason to re-run Yasuo against the same targets could be to use a different (or custom) signatures file.
This latest version of Yasuo will automatically save a file, savedURLstateXXXXX.out, in the same folder it runs from. This file will contain all the "good urls". If you plan to re-run Yasuo on the same targets, just feed this file to Yasuo without the -f or -r options.
Example: ruby yasuo.rb -s my_custom_signatures.yaml -u savedURLstateXXXXX.out
Yasuo will parse this file and start enumerating vulnerable applications against the listed "good urls". Ta-Da.
./yasuo -r 127.0.0.1 -p 80,8080,443,8443 -b form
The above command will perform port scan against 127.0.0.1 on ports 80, 8080, 443 and 8443 and will brute-force login for all the applications that implement form-based authentication.
./yasuo -l /project/hosts -p 80,8080,443,8443
The above command will perform port scan against the hosts in file /projetcs/hosts on ports 80, 8080, 443 and 8443 and will not perform any brute-force actions against the applications dicovered.
./yasuo -f my_nmap_output.xml -b all
The above command will parse the nmap output file "my_nmap_output.xml" and will brute-force login for all the applications that implement form-based and http basic authentication.