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ActiveLogin.Identity

License: MIT Build Status Slack Twitter Follow

ActiveLogin.Identity provides parsing and validation of Swedish identities such as Personal Identity Number (svenskt personnummer) and Coordination Number (samordningsnummer). Built on NET Standard and packaged as NuGet-packages they are easy to install and use on multiple platforms.

Features

  • 🆔 .NET parser for Swedish Personal Identity Number (Svenskt personnummer)
  • 🐧 Cross platform: Targets .NET Standard 2.0
  • ✔️ Strong named
  • 🔒 GDPR Compliant
  • 📆 Extracts metadata such as date of birth and gender
  • 🔷 Written in F# and C# and works great with VB.NET as well
  • Well tested

Table of contents

Project & Packages overview

CI-builds from master of all packages are available in our Azure DevOps Artifacts feed.

Project Description NuGet Downloads
ActiveLogin.Identity.Swedish .NET classes handling Personal Identity Number NuGet NuGet
ActiveLogin.Identity.Swedish.AspNetCore Validation attributes for ASP.NET Core. NuGet NuGet
ActiveLogin.Identity.Swedish.TestData Provides Swedish Identity Numbers test data. NuGet NuGet

Getting started

1. Install the NuGet package

ActiveLogin.Identity is distributed as packages on NuGet, install using the tool of your choice, for example dotnet cli:

dotnet add package ActiveLogin.Identity.Swedish

2. Use the library in your C# project

PersonalIdentityNumber

PersonalIdentityNumber provides parsing methods such as PersonalIdentityNumber.Parse() and PersonalIdentityNumber.TryParse() that can be used like this:

var rawPersonalIdentityNumber = "990807-2391";
if (PersonalIdentityNumber.TryParse(rawPersonalIdentityNumber, out var personalIdentityNumber))
{
    Console.WriteLine("PersonalIdentityNumber");
    Console.WriteLine(" .ToString(): {0}", personalIdentityNumber.ToString());
    Console.WriteLine(" .To10DigitString(): {0}", personalIdentityNumber.To10DigitString());
    Console.WriteLine(" .To12DigitString(): {0}", personalIdentityNumber.To12DigitString());

    Console.WriteLine(" .GetDateOfBirthHint(): {0}", personalIdentityNumber.GetDateOfBirthHint().ToShortDateString());
    Console.WriteLine(" .GetAgeHint(): {0}", personalIdentityNumber.GetAgeHint().ToString());

    Console.WriteLine(" .GetGenderHint(): {0}", personalIdentityNumber.GetGenderHint().ToString());
    
    // IsTestNumber is an extension method from the package ActiveLogin.Identity.Swedish.TestData
    Console.WriteLine(" .IsTestNumber(): {0}", personalIdentityNumber.IsTestNumber().ToString());
}
else
{
    Console.Error.WriteLine("Unable to parse the input as a PersonalIdentityNumber.");
}

The code above would output (as of 2018-07-23):

PersonalIdentityNumber
 .ToString(): 199908072391
 .To10DigitString(): 990807-2391
 .To12DigitString(): 199908072391
 .GetDateOfBirthHint(): 1999-08-07
 .GetAgeHint(): 18
 .GetGenderHint(): Male
 .IsTestNumber(): True

StrictMode

The library can be configured to use different levels 'strictness' when parsing identity numbers. The different levels are:

  • Off
  • Ten Digits
  • Twelve Digits
  • Ten or Twelve Digits

By default 'Ten or Twelve Digits' is used but it can be overridden when calling Parse and TryParse, e.g.:

// this would fail since the input is not a 12 digit number.
PersonalIdentityNumber.Parse("990807-2391", StrictMode.TwelveDigits); 

For more information regarding StrictMode, see the FAQ.

Hints

Some data, such as DateOfBirth, Age and Gender can't be guaranteed to reflect the truth due to the limited quantity of personal identity numbers per day. Therefore they are exposed as extension methods in the C# api and are suffixed with Hint to reflect this. They are also placed in a separate namespace ActiveLogin.Identity.Swedish.Extensions. In the F# api these functions are available in the ActiveLogin.Identity.Swedish.PersonalIdentityNumber.Hints module.

ASP.NET Core MVC

If used to validate input in an ASP.NET Core MVC project, the PersonalIdentityNumberAttribute can be used like this:

public class SampleDataModel
{
    [PersonalIdentityNumber]
    public string PersonalIdentityNumber { get; set; }
}

The PersonalIdentityNumber attribute is available through a separate package:

dotnet add package ActiveLogin.Identity.Swedish.AspNetCore

CoordinationNumber

CoordinationNumber provides parsing methods such as CoordinationNumber.Parse() and CoordinationNumber.TryParse() that can be used like this:

var rawCoordinationNumber = "680164-2395";
if (CoordinationNumber.TryParse(rawCoordinationNumber, out var coordinationNumber))
{
    Console.WriteLine("CoordinationNumber");
    Console.WriteLine(" .ToString(): {0}", coordinationNumber.ToString());
    Console.WriteLine(" .To10DigitString(): {0}", coordinationNumber.To10DigitString());
    Console.WriteLine(" .To12DigitString(): {0}", coordinationNumber.To12DigitString());
    Console.WriteLine(" .RealDay: {0}", coordinationNumber.RealDay;

    Console.WriteLine(" .GetDateOfBirthHint(): {0}", coordinationNumber.GetDateOfBirthHint().ToShortDateString());
    Console.WriteLine(" .GetAgeHint(): {0}", coordinationNumber.GetAgeHint().ToString());

    Console.WriteLine(" .GetGenderHint(): {0}", coordinationNumber.GetGenderHint().ToString());
    
    // IsTestNumber is an extension method from the package ActiveLogin.Identity.Swedish.TestData
    Console.WriteLine(" .IsTestNumber(): {0}", coordinationNumber.IsTestNumber().ToString());
}
else
{
    Console.Error.WriteLine("Unable to parse the input as a CoordinationNumber.");
}

The code above would output (as of 2018-07-23):

CoordinationNumber
 .ToString(): 199908072391
 .To10DigitString(): 990807-2391
 .To12DigitString(): 199908072391
 .RealDay: 7
 .GetDateOfBirthHint(): 1999-08-07
 .GetAgeHint(): 18
 .GetGenderHint(): Male
 .IsTestNumber(): True

Hints

Some data, such as DateOfBirth, Age and Gender can't be guaranteed to reflect the truth due to the limited quantity of personal identity numbers per day. Therefore they are exposed as extension methods in the C# api and are suffixed with Hint to reflect this. They are also placed in a separate namespace ActiveLogin.Identity.Swedish.Extensions. In the F# api these functions are available in the ActiveLogin.Identity.Swedish.CoordinationNumber.Hints module.

ASP.NET Core MVC

CoordinationNumberAttribute: To be added.

3. Use the library in your F# project

open ActiveLogin.Swedish.Identity.FSharp

The PersonalIdentityNumber-module provides functions for parsing, creating and converting a PersonalIdentityNumber to its 10- or 12-digit string representation.

"990807-2391" 
|> PersonalIdentityNumber.parse 
|> function 
| Ok pin -> 
    printfn "%A" pin
    pin |> PersonalIdentityNumber.to10DigitString |> printfn "to10DigitString: %s"
    pin |> PersonalIdentityNumber.to12DigitString |> printfn "to12DigitString: %s"
    pin |> PersonalIdentityNumber.Hints.getDateOfBirthHint |> (fun date -> date.ToShortDateString() |> printfn "getDateOfBirthHint: %s")
    pin |> PersonalIdentityNumber.Hints.getAgeHint |> printfn "getAgeHint: %i"
    pin |> PersonalIdentityNumber.Hints.getGenderHint |> printfn "getGenderHint: %A"
    
    // isTestNumber is an extension from the package ActiveLogin.Identity.Swedish.TestData
    pin |> PersonalIdentityNumber.isTestNumber |> printfn "isTestNumber: %b"
| Error e -> printfn "Not a valid Swedish personal identity number. Error %A" e 

The code above would output (as of 2018-07-23):

{Year = Year 1999;
 Month = Month 8;
 Day = Day 7;
 BirthNumber = BirthNumber 239;
 Checksum = Checksum 1;}
to10DigitString: 990807-2391
to12DigitString: 199908072391
getDateOfBirthHint: 1999-08-07
getAgeHint: 18
getGenderHint: Male
isTestNumber: true

4. Browse tests and samples

For more usecases, samples and inspiration; feel free to browse our unit tests and samples:

FAQ

What definition are the implementations based on?

Swedish Personal Identity Number

The implementation is primarily based on the definition defined in Swedish Law:

But when there have been ambiguities we have also read more info and samples from these links from Swedish authorities:

Worth noticing is that the date part is not guaranteed to be the exact date you were born, but can be changed for another date within the same month.

Swedish Coordination Number

The implementation is primarily based on the definition defined in Swedish Law:

But when there have been ambiguities we have also read more info and samples from these links from Swedish authorities:

In summary: According to these definitions a coordination number is the same thing as a personal identity number, but you add 60 to the day part.

Exceptions to the definition

There is one issue though, in reality Skatteverket themselves does not follow either the definition in law or the definition on their own website. When we looked into the dataset of official testdata we noticed three specific issues:

  • There are cases when the month part (YYMMDD-IIIC) is set to 00
  • There are cases when the day part (YYMMDD-IIIC) is set to 60 (Day would equal: 00)
  • There are cases when the day part (YYMMDD-IIIC) is set to 89, 90 and 91 (Day would equal: 29, 30, 31) in a months where those dates do not exists. I.e. 29 and 30 in february (non leap year), 30 in february (leap year) and 31 in months that only have 30 days.

When we asked Skatteverket explicitly about this distinction between law/definition and reality we were given this explanation:

"A coordination can be issued even when the data (Date of birth) can not be confirmed. In this case, 00 might appear both for month and for day."

When asked for some public documentation on this, the closest thing Skatteverket has is the developer documentation for Navet.

In "Bilaga 7 XML-struktur" there is a definition under "5.1.2 Personid" that states that Month has a range of 00-12 and Day has a range of 60-91 (00-31 when subtracting 60).

Definition of Coordination Number

We do not agree that it follows from Day has a range of 60-91 (00-31 when subtracting 60) that days in the range 29-31 are valid days for any month in the year. Skatteverket has not been able to present us with any official documentation to support their interpretation. Nevertheless we have decided to go with the less strict interpretation in our implementation simply because we want to avoid false negatives when parsing an identity number.

What formats do you support parsing?

Swedish Personal Identity Number

The library supports 'strict' and 'loose' parsing modes. In strict mode the client specifies the exact format they expect to be parsing, i.e. StrictMode.TenDigits, StrictMode.TwelveDigits, StrictMode.TenOrTwelveDigits. If the input string contains any additional characters or whitespace except digits and the optional delimiter (for 10-digit numbers) the parsing will fail. With the 'loose' parsing mode Off, any invalid characters will be removed from the input string, while still preserving digits and + when that applies.

  • StrictMode.TenDigits
    • YYMMDD-BBBC
    • YYMMDD+BBBC
    • YYMMDDBBBC
  • StrictMode.TwelveDigits
    • YYYYMMDDBBBC
  • StrictMode.TenOrTwelveDigits
    • Any of the above

StrictMode.Off would also support other variations such as

  • YYMMDD BBBC
  • YYYYMMDD-BBBC
  • YYYYMMDD BBBC
  • YYYY MM DD BBB C
  • YY-MM-DD-BBBC

And basically anything else that can be cleaned and parsed :)

Explanations
  • YY: Year
  • MM: Month
  • DD: Day
  • BBB: Birth number
  • C: Checksum

Swedish Coordination Number

As the definition of coordination number is very close to personal identity number, the section above applies to coordination number as well. StrictMode works in the same way as for personal identity numbers:

  • StrictMode.TenDigits
    • YYMMDD-IIIC
    • YYMMDD+IIIC
    • YYMMDDIIIC
  • StrictMode.TwelveDigits
    • YYYYMMDDIIIC
  • StrictMode.TenOrTwelveDigits
    • Any of the above

StrictMode.Off would also support other variations such as

  • YYMMDD IIIC
  • YYYYMMDD-IIIC
  • YYYYMMDD IIIC
  • YYYY MM DD IIIC
  • YY-MM-DD-IIIC

But, as described in Exceptions to the definition, a coordination number can have 00 for month and 60 (00) for day. Also, for a coordination number we have an individual number instead of birth number.

Explanations
  • YY: Year
  • MM: Month
  • DD: Day
  • III: Individual number
  • C: Checksum

Why are you calling it "Swedish Personal Identity Number" and not Social Security Number?

The Swedish word "personnummer" is translated into "personal identity number" by Skatteverket and that's the translation we decided on using as it's used in official documents.

Unfortunately the term "social security number" or SSN is often used even for a swedish personal identity number, even though that is misleading as a SSN is something used in the United States and should not be mixed up with a PIN.

What data are you using for tests and samples?

To comply with GDPR and not no expose any real PINs, we are using the official test data for Swedish Personal Identity Numbers provided by Skatteverket.

If you need to use test numbers yourself, for example if you need to write tests using personal identity numbers, but want to avoid violating GDPR, we provide a nuget package with a simple api to get random test numbers or strings. You can also check if a personal identity number is a test number.

C# : Swedish Personal Identity Number

using ActiveLogin.Identity.Swedish.TestData; 

var aTestNumber = PersonalIdentityNumberTestData.GetRandom();
aTestNumber.IsTestNumber(); // => true

C# : Swedish Coordination Number

using ActiveLogin.Identity.Swedish.TestData; 

var aTestNumber = CoordinationNumberTestData.GetRandom();
aTestNumber.IsTestNumber(); // => true

F# : Swedish Personal Identity Number

open ActiveLogin.Identity.Swedish.TestData

let aTestNumber = PersonalIdentityNumberTestData.getRandom()
aTestNumber |> PersonalIdentityNumber.isTestNumber // => true

F# : Swedish Coordination Identity Number

open ActiveLogin.Identity.Swedish.TestData

let aTestNumber = CoordinationNumberTestData.getRandom()
aTestNumber |> CoordinationNumber.isTestNumber // => true

When should I use ...InSpecificYear(...)?

Some forms of a Swedish Personal Identity Number and Swedish Coordination Number depends of the age of the person it represents. The "-" will be replaced with a "+" on January 1st the year a person turns 100 years old. Therefore these methods (.To10DigitStringInSpecificYear(...), .ParseInSpecificYear(...), .TryParseInSpecificYear(...)) exists to define at what year the the data should be represented or parsed. Useful for parsing old data or printing data for the future.


Active Login

Integrating your systems with market leading authentication services.

Active Login is an Open Source project built on .NET Standard that makes it easy to integrate with leading Swedish authentication services like BankID.

It also provide examples of how to use it with the popular OpenID Connect & OAuth 2.0 Framework IdentityServer and provides a template for hosting the solution in Microsoft Azure. In addition, Active Login also contain convenient modules that help you work with and handle validation of Swedish Personal Identity Number (svenskt personnummer).

Contribute

We are very open to community contributions to Active Login. Please see our contribution guidelines before getting started.

Stay updated and join the discussion

The three primary ways to interact and stay updated with Active Login are:

License & acknowledgements

Active Login is licensed under the very permissive MIT license for you to be able to use it in commercial or non-commercial applications without many restrictions.

Active Login is built on or uses the following great open source products:

Sponsors

Active Solution is the main sponsor of Active Login. Active Solution is located in Stockholm (Sweden) and provides IT consulting with focus on web, cloud and AI.

Active Solution

We deliver tomorrow's cloud solutions, today. Our costumers choose us because we are engaged, flexible and efficient. We attract the brightest talent and are one of Microsoft's most valued partners.

https://www.activesolution.se/

Support & Training

If you need help with implementing Active Login, there are commercial support & training options available. See ActiveLogin.net for more details.