Clear Climate Code reimplementation of GISTEMP
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README.md

CLEAR CLIMATE CODE GISTEMP

README FOR RELEASE 0.6.x

  • Nick Barnes, Climate Code Foundation
  • David Jones, Climate Code Foundation
  • 2014-07-11

CONTENTS

  1. Introduction
  2. Dependencies
  3. Installation
  4. Input Data
  5. Running
  6. Results
  7. Regression Testing

    A. References B. Document history C. Copyright and license

1. INTRODUCTION

This is release 0.6.x of the Clear Climate Code GISTEMP project (ccc-gistemp).

Clear Climate Code have reimplemented GISTEMP (the GISS surface temperature analysis system), to make it clearer. Work continues towards making it more clear and more accessible.

ccc-gistemp release 0.6.x is a release of ccc-gistemp version 0.6. The purpose of version 0.6 is to make ccc-gistemp more useful by:

  • allowing more flexible choices of input data. For example: GHCN v3; USHCN only; ocean only.
  • allowing a land mask to be used in the step where land and ocean data are combined.

In addition there are various bug fixes and improvements to clarity.

Changes since earlier releases are described in more detail in release-notes.txt.

URLs for further information:

http://clearclimatecode.org/ Clear Climate Code website and blog.

https://github.com/ClimateCodeFoundation/ccc-gistemp ccc-gistemp code repository.

2. DEPENDENCIES

You need Python and a machine that can run it, and a network connection; there are no explicit operating system or CPU architecture dependencies so "any" operating system or CPU should be okay.

Python comes in several versions. We recommend Python 2.6 or Python 2.7, but ccc-gistemp should work on any version of Python from the 2.x branch (since 2.4). It will not work with Python 3.x. Support for Python 2.4 (and to some extent 2.5) remains fragile, and it has caused some problems in the past.

The code should run on OS X, FreeBSD, Windows, and probably a variety of other Unix-like operating systems.

A network connection is required to download the input files (which need only be done once), and to display an optional graph from the results. If you use a proxy to access the internet then Python requires that the "http_proxy" environment variable is set. The proxy will need to handle both HTTP and FTP requests (this seems to cause some trouble, see "INPUT DATA" below for downloading data by hand).

Python may already be installed on your machine (for example, it comes pre-installed on OS X), it may be possible to install it using your operating system's package manager; for Windows you can download an installer from http://www.python.org/download/ . We recommend you use a stable production release from the Python 2.x series (Python 3.x will not work).

3. INSTALLATION

Unpack ccc-gistemp-0.6.x.tar.gz.

4. INPUT DATA

ccc-gistemp uses input data in the subdirectory input/. This input data includes large files (a few megabytes to a few dozen megabytes) of temperature records from GHCN, USHCN, and sea surface data, and small files of additional temperature records and station tables from GISS. These files are all specified in config/sources, and there is code in tool/fetch.py to fetch them from the originating organisations over the internet. It will not download a file if it is already present in the input/ directory, so if you wish to run ccc-gistemp with updated input data, you can delete the input/ directory before you start.

Downloading the input data is a common causes of problems. Maintaining the part of the code that does this (which has nothing to do with the core GISTEMP algorithm) is a significant cost. If the tools we provide do not seem to download the input data correctly, you can download the data "by hand" and install it in the input/ directory. See doc/input.txt for more details.

5. RUNNING

To run ccc-gistemp:

python tool/run.py

That command runs steps 0 through 5. To run only a single step or a shorter sequence of steps, use the -s argument. For instance:

python tool/run.py -s 3         # Runs just step 3
python tool/run.py -s 0-3,5     # Runs steps 0,1,2,3,5 (omitting 4)

We use this directory structure:

ccc-gistemp-x.x.x/code/ Source code for the GISTEMP algorithm only /config/ Configuration files /doc/ Internal developer documentation /input/ Input data files /log/ Log files /tool/ Tools - sources other than the GISTEMP algorithm /work/ Intermediate data files /result/ Final result files

Running the code should write to the input/ directory when fetching input data, but subsequently only write to the work/ log/ and result/ directories. Before running tool/run.py, these directories can all be deleted (if you wish, for example, to have a clean run).

In 2011 a complete run takes about 35 minutes on an Amazon EC2 "High-CPU Medium Instance" which is a bit faster than the sorts of not-very-impressive machines that the developers use. If you want this to go much faster we recommend that you run using PyPy (an alternate implementation of Python http://codespeak.net/pypy/dist/pypy/doc/ ). See this note from Paul Ollis: http://groups.google.com/group/ccc-gistemp-discuss/browse_thread/thread/cb0409e770820680

6. RESULTS

After running run.py, the GISTEMP result files are all in the result/ directory. A simple graphical chart is made using the Google Chart API; this file:

result/google-chart.url

contains the URL of a chart showing the global annual mean surface temperature anomaly.

If you have the results of two separate runs in two different directories, old-result/ and new-result/ , then an HTML report comparing the two can be generated with this command:

python tool/compare_results.py --labela=old --labela=new old-result new-result

This will produce a file called index.html in the current directory, including various statistical comparisons of the two result files.

7. REGRESSION TESTING

To test ccc-gistemp against GISTEMP:

python tool/regression.py

This will fetch a tarball from http://ccc-gistemp.googlecode.com/files/ccc-gistemp-test-2009-12-28.tar.gz and uncompress it to a local directory ccc-gistemp-test-2009-12-28/. This contains input files and result data kindly provided to the ccc-gistemp project by Dr Reto Ruedy of NASA GISS, from an actual run of GISTEMP at GISS on 2009-12-28. Once the tarball is fetched and unpacked, the local ccc-gistemp code will be run on it and the results compared, generating a report in index.html.

Note that there are indeed some changes between the results of the reference run and 0.4.1 (and subsequent versions), mainly caused by a change to the GISTEMP algorithm, for rural/urban station distinction, made at GISS since the reference run. We have replicated that change in ccc-gistemp (see http://ccc-gistemp.googlecode.com/issues/detail?id=54). To test ccc-gistemp running the same algorithm as the reference GISTEMP run, edit code/parameters.py to set use_global_brightness = False before running tool/regression.py.

A. REFERENCES

None.

B. DOCUMENT HISTORY

Most recent changes first:

2010-10-29 DRJ Updated to prepare for 0.6.1. 2010-10-22 DRJ Updated to prepare for 0.6.0. 2010-07-21 DRJ Updated to prepare for 0.5.1. 2010-07-19 DRJ Updated to prepare for 0.5.0. 2010-07-13 DRJ Added note about PyPy. 2010-03-11 DRJ Updated to prepare for 0.4.1. 2010-03-09 DRJ Updated to prepare for 0.4.0. 2010-01-26 NB Updated to prepare for 0.3.0. 2010-01-25 DRJ Removed PNG result. 2010-01-22 NB Updated to reflect some code moving to tool/. 2010-01-11 NB Updated to describe preflight better. 2010-01-06 DRJ Updated for our all-Python status. 2009-12-03 NB Updated for transfer to GoogleCode project. 2008-09-19 DRJ Added PNG result. 2008-09-13 NB Updated for CCC 0.1.0. 2008-09-12 NB Updated for CCC 0.0.3. 2008-09-12 NB Updated for CCC 0.0.2. 2008-09-11 NB Updated for CCC 0.0.1. 2008-09-08 NB Created.

C. COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This document is copyright (C) 2009, 2010 Ravenbrook Limited; and (C) 2010 Climate Code Foundation. All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use of this document in any form, with or without modification, is permitted provided that redistributions of this document retain the above copyright notice, this condition and the following disclaimer.

THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS DOCUMENT, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.