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JSON Stream Stringify

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JSON Stringify as a Readable Stream with rescursive resolving of any readable streams and Promises.

Breaking Changes in v3

Important and Breaking Changes in v2

  • Completely rewritten from scratch
  • 100% Code Coverage! 🎉
  • Space argument finally implemented! 🎉
  • ⚠️ Cycling is off by default
  • ⚠️ JsonStreamStringify is now a constructor; use new operator
  • Removed dependency on global JSON.stringify, Async/Await and Generators
  • JsonStreamStringify is now compiled with babel to target ES5 (polyfills needed)
  • Rejected promises and input stream errors are now handled and emitted as errors
  • Added cyclic structure detection to prevent infinite recursion
  • 🆕 Converted to Typescript

Main Features

  • Promises are rescursively resolved and the result is piped through JsonStreamStringify
  • Streams (Object mode) are recursively read and output as arrays
  • Streams (Non-Object mode) are output as a single string
  • Output is streamed optimally with as small chunks as possible
  • Cycling of cyclical structures and dags using Douglas Crockfords cycle algorithm*
  • Great memory management with reference release after processing and WeakMap/Set reference handling
  • Optimal stream pressure handling
  • Tested and runs on ES5**, ES2015**, ES2016 and later
  • Bundled as UMD and Module

* Off by default since v2
** With polyfills

Install

npm install --save json-stream-stringify

# Optional if you need polyfills
# Make sure to include these if you target NodeJS <=v6 or browsers
npm install --save @babel/polyfill @babel/runtime

Usage

Using Node v8 or later with ESM / Webpack / Browserify / Rollup

No Polyfills, TS / ESM

import { JsonStreamStringify } from 'json-stream-stringify';

Polyfilled, TS / ESM

install @babel/runtime-corejs3 and corejs@3

import { JsonStreamStringify }  from 'json-stream-stringify/polyfill';
import { JsonStreamStringify }  from 'json-stream-stringify/module.polyfill'; // force ESM

Using Node >=8 / Other ES2015 UMD/CommonJS environments

const { JsonStreamStringify } = require('json-stream-stringify'); // let module resolution decide UMD or CJS
const { JsonStreamStringify } = require('json-stream-stringify/umd'); // force UMD
const { JsonStreamStringify } = require('json-stream-stringify/cjs'); // force CJS

Using Node <=6 / Other ES5 UMD/CommonJS environments

const { JsonStreamStringify } = require('json-stream-stringify/polyfill');
const { JsonStreamStringify } = require('json-stream-stringify/umd/polyfill');
const { JsonStreamStringify } = require('json-stream-stringify/cjs/polyfill');

Note: This library is primarily written for LTS versions of NodeJS. Other environments are not tested.
Note on non-NodeJS usage: This module depends on node streams library. Any Streams3 compatible implementation should work - as long as it exports a Readable class, with instances that looks like readable streams.
Note on Polyfills: I have taken measures to minify global pollution of polyfills but this library does not load polyfills by default because the polyfills modify native object prototypes and it goes against the W3C recommendations.

API

new JsonStreamStringify(value[, replacer[, spaces[, cycle]]])

Streaming conversion of value to JSON string.

Parameters

  • value Any
    Data to convert to JSON.

  • replacer Optional Function(key, value) or Array
    As a function the returned value replaces the value associated with the key. Details
    As an array all other keys are filtered. Details

  • spaces Optional String or Number
    A String or Number object that's used to insert white space into the output JSON string for readability purposes. If this is a Number, it indicates the number of space characters to use as white space. If this is a String, the string is used as white space. If this parameter is not recognized as a finite number or valid string, no white space is used.

  • cycle Optional Boolean
    true enables cycling of cyclical structures and dags.
    To restore cyclical structures; use Crockfords Retrocycle method on the parsed object (not included in this module).

Returns

jsonStreamStringify#path

Get current path begin serialized.

Returns

  • Array[String, Number]
    Array of path Strings (keys of objects) and Numbers (index into arrays).
    Can be transformed into an mpath with .join('.').
    Useful in conjunction with .on('error', ...), for figuring out what path may have caused the error.

Complete Example

const { JsonStreamStringify } = require('json-stream-stringify');

const jsonStream = new JsonStreamStringify({
    // Promises and Streams may resolve more promises and/or streams which will be consumed and processed into json output
    aPromise: Promise.resolve(Promise.resolve("text")),
    aStream: ReadableObjectStream({a:1}, 'str'),
    arr: [1, 2, Promise.resolve(3), Promise.resolve([4, 5]), ReadableStream('a', 'b', 'c')],
    date: new Date(2016, 0, 2)
});
jsonStream.once('error', () => console.log('Error at path', jsonStream.stack.join('.')));
jsonStream.pipe(process.stdout);

Output (each line represents a write from jsonStreamStringify)

{
"aPromise":
"text"
"aStream":
[
{
"a":
1
}
,
"str"
]
"arr":
[
1
,
2
,
3
,
[
4
,
5
]
,
"
a
b
c
"
],
"date":
"2016-01-01T23:00:00.000Z"
}

Practical Example with Express + Mongoose

app.get('/api/users', (req, res, next) => {
  res.type('json'); // Required for proper handling by test frameworks and some clients
  new JsonStreamStringify(Users.find().stream()).pipe(res);
});

Why do I not get proper typings? (Missing .on(...), etc.)

install @types/readable-stream or @types/node or create your own stream.d.ts that exports a Readable class.

License

MIT

Copyright (c) 2016 Faleij faleij@gmail.com