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About The Project

Skforecast is a Python library that eases using scikit-learn regressors as single and multi-step forecasters. It also works with any regressor compatible with the scikit-learn API (LightGBM, XGBoost, CatBoost, ...).

Why use skforecast?

The fields of statistics and machine learning have developed many excellent regression algorithms that can be useful for forecasting, but applying them effectively to time series analysis can still be a challenge. To address this issue, the skforecast library provides a comprehensive set of tools for training, validation and prediction in a variety of scenarios commonly encountered when working with time series. The library is built using the widely used scikit-learn API, making it easy to integrate into existing workflows. With skforecast, users have access to a wide range of functionalities such as feature engineering, model selection, hyperparameter tuning and many others. This allows users to focus on the essential aspects of their projects and leave the intricacies of time series analysis to skforecast. In addition, skforecast is developed according to the following priorities:

  • Fast and robust prototyping. ⚡
  • Validation and backtesting methods to have a realistic assessment of model performance. 🔍
  • Models must be deployed in production. 🔨
  • Models must be interpretable. 🔮

Share Your Thoughts with Us

Thank you for choosing skforecast! We value your suggestions, bug reports and recommendations as they help us identify areas for improvement and ensure that skforecast meets the needs of the community. Please consider sharing your experiences, reporting bugs, making suggestions or even contributing to the codebase on GitHub. Together, let's make time series forecasting more accessible and accurate for everyone.


For detailed information on how to use and leverage the full potential of skforecast please refer to the comprehensive documentation available at: 📚


The default installation of skforecast only installs hard dependencies.

pip install skforecast

Specific version:

pip install skforecast==0.11.0

Latest (unstable):

pip install git+

Install the full version (all dependencies):

pip install skforecast[full]

Install optional dependencies:

pip install skforecast[sarimax]
pip install skforecast[plotting]


  • Python >= 3.8

Hard dependencies

  • numpy>=1.20, <1.27
  • pandas>=1.2, <2.2
  • tqdm>=4.57.0, <4.67
  • scikit-learn>=1.0, <1.4
  • optuna>=2.10.0, <3.5
  • joblib>=1.1.0, <1.4

Optional dependencies

  • matplotlib>=3.3, <3.9
  • seaborn>=0.11, <0.14
  • statsmodels>=0.12, <0.15
  • pmdarima>=2.0, <2.1

What is new in skforecast 0.12?

Visit the release notes to view all notable changes.

  • Bayesian hyperparameter search for the ForecasterAutoregMultiSeries, ForecasterAutoregMultiSeriesCustom, and ForecasterAutoregMultiVariate using optuna as the search engine.
  • Feature Selection functions.
  • Allow different exogenous variables per series in the ForecasterAutoregMultiSeries and ForecasterAutoregMultiSeriesCustom.
  • New encoding for the ForecasterAutoregMultiSeries and ForecasterAutoregMultiSeriesCustom.
  • Bug fixes and performance improvements.


A Forecaster object in the skforecast library is a comprehensive container that provides essential functionality and methods for training a forecasting model and generating predictions for future points in time.

The skforecast library offers a variety of forecaster types, each tailored to specific requirements such as single or multiple time series, direct or recursive strategies, or custom predictors. Regardless of the specific forecaster type, all instances share the same API.

Forecaster Single series Multiple series Recursive strategy Direct strategy Probabilistic prediction Time series differentiation Exogenous features Custom features
ForecasterAutoreg ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
ForecasterAutoregCustom ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
ForecasterAutoregDirect ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
ForecasterMultiSeries ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
ForecasterMultiSeriesCustom ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
ForecasterMultiVariate ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
ForecasterSarimax ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️

Main User Guides

Examples and tutorials



How to contribute

Primarily, skforecast development consists of adding and creating new Forecasters, new validation strategies, or improving the performance of the current code. However, there are many other ways to contribute:

  • Submit a bug report or feature request on GitHub Issues.
  • Contribute a Jupyter notebook to our examples.
  • Write unit or integration tests for our project.
  • Answer questions on our issues, Stack Overflow, and elsewhere.
  • Translate our documentation into another language.
  • Write a blog post, tweet, or share our project with others.

For more information on how to contribute to skforecast, see our Contribution Guide.

Visit our authors section to meet all the contributors to skforecast.


If you use skforecast for a scientific publication, we would appreciate citations to the published software.


Amat Rodrigo, Joaquin, & Escobar Ortiz, Javier. (2023). skforecast (v0.11.0). Zenodo.


Amat Rodrigo, J., & Escobar Ortiz, J. (2023). skforecast (Version 0.11.0) [Computer software].


author = {Amat Rodrigo, Joaquin and Escobar Ortiz, Javier},
title = {skforecast},
version = {0.11.0},
month = {11},
year = {2023},
license = {BSD-3-Clause},
url = {},
doi = {10.5281/zenodo.8382788}

View the citation file.


If you found skforecast useful, you can support us with a donation. Your contribution will help to continue developing and improving this project. Many thanks!



BSD-3-Clause License