This bash script offers quick shortcuts to simulate slower network connections. It is useful when you need to simulate a wireless network on a Linux network server, especially when you are using a virtual machine guest on your local machine or in the cloud.
slow 3G # Slow network on default eth0 down to 3G wireless speeds slow reset # Reset connection for default eth0 to normal slow vsat # Simulate satellite internet with a high latency slow dsl -b 1mbps # Simulate DSL with a slower speed than the default slow modem-56k -d eth1 # Simulate a 56k modem on the eth1 device. eth0 is unchanged. slow -b 100000 -l 100ms # Simulate network with a 100k bandwidth and 100ms latency slow T1 -p 0.1% # Simulate T1 line with 1 in 1000 packet loss slow T3 -c 0.1% # Simulate T3 line with 1 in 1000 packet corruption
If you assign more than one network interface to a virtual guest, you could run slow on one of the interfaces, so that it you can switch between fast and slow connections by switching the IP address endpoint.
Slow requires Linux and the 'tc' suite of traffic control tools.
See the Cisco Global Cloud Index Supplement for statistics on bandwidth and latency for countries all over the world.
The available built-in targets simulate many common network scenarios. They start out without assuming clear transmissions without extra delays, corruptions, or duplications.
|AMPS||1G cell phone data|
|EDGE / 2.5G / GPRS||2G cell phone data|
|3G||3G cell phone data|
|4G||4G cell phone data|
|modem-0.1k / modem-110||110 baud modem, circa 1970s|
|modem-0.3k/ modem-300||300 baud modem, circa 1970s|
|modem-1.2k / modem-1200||1200 baud modem, circa 1980s|
|modem-2.4k/ modem-2400||2400 baud modem, circa 1980s|
|modem-9.6k / modem-9600||9600 baud modem, circa 1980s|
|modem-14.4k / modem-14400||14.4k modem, circa 1990s|
|modem-28.8k / modem-28800||28.8k modem, circa 1990s|
|modem-56k / modem-56000||56k modem, circa 2000|
|56k||56k leased line (low latency)|
|T1 / t1||T1 line (1500Mbps, low latency)|
|T3 / t3||T3 line (45Mbps, low latency)|
|DSL / dsl||Consumer DSL|
|cablemodem||Consumer cable modem|
|wifi-a / wifi-g||45Mbps WIFI|
|vsat||5Mbps, high latency satellite terminal|
By adding extra command line parameters you can tweak the behavior of the network interface further, adding precise bandwidth and latency tweaks, or add packet loss or corruption.
|-h / --help||Get help. Default behavior if no parameters given.|
|-v / --version||Version info|
|-d / --device||Set device name|
|-b / --bandwidth||Bandwidth, use bytes, kbps, mbps|
|-l / --latency||Latency, in ms, e.g. "20ms"|
|-p / --packetloss||Packet loss in percent, e.g. "0.3%"|
|-c / --corruption||Corrupt random bits, in percent, e.g. "0.01%"|
|-q / --quiet||Make output quiet|
This project is set up with Vagrant to make it convenient to test, even if you are not running Linux as your host operating system.
Install Vagrant and Virtualbox and issue the command
vagrant up and then you can experiment with the different commands, for example:
vagrant up vagrant ssh # wait for vagrant prompt sudo /vagrant/slow 56k
Stack Overflow and Superuser questions that helped:
It would be nice to expand the options that this took more options, such as adjusting for random fluctuations in speed, packet reordering, and smarter packet dropping. Reading up on the Linux Advanced Routing and Traffic Control HOWTO should provide food for thought.