The ShopifyAPI library allows Python developers to programmatically access the admin section of stores.
The API is accessed using pyactiveresource in order to provide an interface similar to the ruby Shopify API gem. The data itself is sent as XML over HTTP to communicate with Shopify, which provides a web service that follows the REST principles as much as possible.
All API usage happens through Shopify applications, created by either shop owners for their own shops, or by Shopify Partners for use by other shop owners:
- Shop owners can create applications for themselves through their own admin: http://docs.shopify.com/api/tutorials/creating-a-private-app
- Shopify Partners create applications through their admin: http://app.shopify.com/services/partners
For more information and detailed documentation about the API visit http://api.shopify.com
To easily install or upgrade to the latest release, use pip
pip install --upgrade ShopifyAPI
easy_install -U ShopifyAPI
ShopifyAPI uses pyactiveresource to communicate with the REST web service. pyactiveresource has to be configured with a fully authorized URL of a particular store first. To obtain that URL you can follow these steps:
First create a new application in either the partners admin or your store admin. For a private App you'll need the API_KEY and the PASSWORD otherwise you'll need the API_KEY and SHARED_SECRET.
For a private App you just need to set the base site url as follows:
shop_url = "https://%s:%s@SHOP_NAME.myshopify.com/admin" % (API_KEY, PASSWORD) shopify.ShopifyResource.set_site(shop_url)
That's it you're done, skip to step 6 and start using the API! For a partner App you will need to supply two parameters to the Session class before you instantiate it:
In order to access a shop's data, apps need an access token from that specific shop. This is a two-stage process. Before interacting with a shop for the first time an app should redirect the user to the following URL:
with the following parameters:
client_id– Required – The API key for your app
scope– Required – The list of required scopes (explained here: http://docs.shopify.com/api/tutorials/oauth)
redirect_uri– Required – The URL where you want to redirect the users after they authorize the client. The complete URL specified here must be identical to one of the Application Redirect URLs set in the App's section of the Partners dashboard. Note: in older applications, this parameter was optional, and redirected to the Application Callback URL when no other value was specified.
state– Optional – A randomly selected value provided by your application, which is unique for each authorization request. During the OAuth callback phase, your application must check that this value matches the one you provided during authorization. This mechanism is important for the security of your application.
We've added the create_permision_url method to make this easier, first instantiate your session object: ```python session = shopify.Session("SHOP_NAME.myshopify.com") ``` Then call: ```python scope=["write_products"] permission_url = session.create_permission_url(scope) ``` or if you want a custom redirect_uri: ```python permission_url = session.create_permission_url(scope, "https://my_redirect_uri.com") ```
Once authorized, the shop redirects the owner to the return URL of your application with a parameter named 'code'. This is a temporary token that the app can exchange for a permanent access token.
Before you proceed, make sure your application performs the following security checks. If any of the checks fails, your application must reject the request with an error, and must not proceed further.
- Ensure the provided
stateis the same one that your application provided to Shopify during Step 3.
- Ensure the provided hmac is valid. The hmac is signed by Shopify as explained below, in the Verification section.
- Ensure the provided hostname parameter is a valid hostname, ends with myshopify.com, and does not contain characters other than letters (a-z), numbers (0-9), dots, and hyphens.
If all security checks pass, the authorization code can be exchanged once for a permanent access token. The exchange is made with a request to the shop.
with the following parameters:
* client_id – Required – The API key for your app * client_secret – Required – The shared secret for your app * code – Required – The code you received in step 3
and you'll get your permanent access token back in the response.
There is a method to make the request and get the token for you. Pass all the params received from the previous call (shop, code, timestamp, signature) as a dictionary and the method will verify the params, extract the temp code and then request your token:
token = session.request_token(params)
This method will save the token to the session object and return it. For future sessions simply pass the token when creating the session object.
session = shopify.Session("SHOP_NAME.myshopify.com", token)
- Ensure the provided
The session must be activated before use:
Now you're ready to make authorized API requests to your shop! Data is returned as ActiveResource instances:
# Get the current shop shop = shopify.Shop.current() # Get a specific product product = shopify.Product.find(179761209) # Create a new product new_product = shopify.Product() new_product.title = "Burton Custom Freestyle 151" new_product.product_type = "Snowboard" new_product.vendor = "Burton" success = new_product.save() #returns false if the record is invalid # or if new_product.errors: #something went wrong, see new_product.errors.full_messages() for example # Update a product product.handle = "burton-snowboard" product.save() # Remove a product product.destroy()
Alternatively, you can use temp to initialize a Session and execute a command which also handles temporarily setting ActiveResource::Base.site:
with shopify.Session.temp("SHOP_NAME.myshopify.com", token): product = shopify.Product.find()
If you want to work with another shop, you'll first need to clear the session::
pyactiveresource resources map to RESTful resources in the Shopify API.
pyactiveresource exposes life cycle methods for creating, finding, updating, and deleting resources which are equivalent to the
DELETE HTTP verbs.
product = shopify.Product() product.title = "Shopify Logo T-Shirt" product.id # => 292082188312 product.save() # => True shopify.Product.exists(product.id) # => True product = shopify.Product.find(292082188312) # Resource holding our newly created Product object # Inspect attributes with product.attributes product.price = 19.99 product.save() # => True product.destroy() # Delete the resource from the remote server (i.e. Shopify)
The tests for this package also serve to provide advanced examples of usage.
Some resources such as
Fulfillment are prefixed by a parent resource in the Shopify API.
In order to interact with these resources, you must specify the identifier of the parent resource in your request.
This package also includes the
shopify_api.py script to make it easy to
open up an interactive console to use the API with a shop.
Obtain a private API key and password to use with your shop (step 2 in "Getting Started")
shopify_api.pyscript to save the credentials for the shop to quickly log in. The script uses PyYAML to save and load connection configurations in the same format as the ruby shopify_api.
shopify_api.py add yourshopname
Follow the prompts for the shop domain, API key and password.
Start the console for the connection.
To see the full list of commands, type:
Using Development Version
The development version can be built using
python setup.py sdist
then the package can be installed using pip
pip install --upgrade dist/ShopifyAPI-*.tar.gz
easy_install -U dist/ShopifyAPI-*.tar.gz
Note Use the
bin/shopify_api.py script when running from the source tree.
It will add the lib directory to start of sys.path, so the installed
version won't be used.
To run tests, simply open up the project directory in a terminal and run:
pip install setuptools --upgrade` python setup.py test
Alternatively, use tox to sequentially test against different versions of Python in isolated environments:
pip install tox tox
See the tox documentation for help on running only specific environments at a time. The related tool detox can be used to run tests in these environments in parallel:
pip install detox detox
Currently there is no support for:
- asynchronous requests
- persistent connections
- Shopify API <= Read the tech docs!
- Ask questions on the Shopify forums <= Ask questions on the forums!
Copyright (c) 2012 "Shopify inc.". See LICENSE for details.