Light express app wrapper to develop an API comfortably.
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README.md

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Dolman

dolman is a very light wrapper around an express app meaning to provide some comfortable utilities for one developing a REST API.

As such, dolman overload express' response object to provide handy methods such as .ok or .notFound and provides a easy way to deploy routers using straightforward configuration.

Summary

Installation

You can easily install dolman using npm:

npm install --save dolman

Usage

Wrapping an express app

var express = require('express'),
    wrap = require('dolman');

var app = express();

// Wrapping the express app & providing some options:
var dolman = wrap(app);

// Example with a custom typology:
var dolman = wrap(app, {typology: myCustomTypology});

// Example with a custom logger:
var dolman = wrap(app, {
  logger: {
    error: function(msg, data) {},
    warn: ...
  }
});

Responses

A wrapped express app will have an enhanced response object:

var app = express(),
    dolman = wrap(app);

app.get('/hello', function(req, res) {
  return res.ok({hello: 'world'});
});

// The following methods are available:
res.ok([result]);
res.created([result]);
res.badRequest([reason]);
res.unauthorized();
res.forbidden();
res.notFound([reason]);
res.serverError([error]);

Note that the responses will be sent as JSON and will follow this standard:

// Typical success
{
  status: 'ok',
  code: 200,
  result: {
    hello: 'world'
  }
}

// Typical error
{
  status: 'error',
  code: 400,
  error: {
    message: 'Bad Request',
    reason: {
      source: 'body',
      expecting: {
        id: 'number'
      },
      sent: {
        id: 'whatever'
      }
    }
  }
}

Router

dolman exposes an easy way to create express routers by using lists of configuration objects representing a single route.

var app = express(),
    dolman = wrap(app);

// Creating a router with a single route
var router = dolman.router([
  {
    url: '/hello',
    action: function(req, res) {
      return res.ok({hello: req.query.name});
    }
  }
]);

// Creating the same router with beforehand authentication
var router = dolman.router(authMiddleware, routes);

app.use(router);
// or to use a namespace
app.use('/prefix', router);

A route can be described likewise:

{
  // [required] - The matching express pattern.
  // Remember that this could even be an array or a regex.
  url: '/hello/:name',

  // [required] - The action to perform.
  action: function(req, res) {
    return res.ok({hello: req.params.name});
  },

  // You can alternatively pass an array of functions
  action: [fn1, fn2],

  // [optional] - The route's name.
  name: 'hello',

  // [optional] - The route's description.
  description: 'Say hello to someone.',

  // [optional] - The accepted methods.
  // If not provided, defaults to 'ALL'
  method: 'POST',

  // The following also works:
  methods: ['POST', 'PUT'],

  // [optional] - Validation for params, query and body.
  validate: {
    params: {
      name: 'string'
    },
    query: {
      age: '?number'
    },
    body: {
      title: 'string',
      content: {
        id: '?number',
        text: 'string'
      }
    }
  },

  // [optional] - Cache specifications
  cache: 'hello',

  // Or, if the cached response is relative to the request's parameters:
  cache: {
    key: 'hello',
    hasher: function(req) {
      return req.params.name;
    }
  },

  // [optional] You can leverage HTTP Cache-Control headers as well.
  httpCache: 'no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate',

  // Or, shorthand and fluent way to set 'private, max-age':
  httpCache: {
    hours: 2 // seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks
  },

  // [optional] - A typology definition used to check and clamp the data output.
  mask: {
    name: 'string',
    age: '?number'
  }
}

Note that the validation specifications are handled by the typology library.

Specs

dolman gives you the opportunity to retrieve very easily the specifications of your API if you need them, for instance, to hydrate a client elsewhere.

The output will follow the SPORE specifications.

var express = require('express'),
    wrap = require('dolman');

var app = express(),
    dolman = wrap(express);

var router = dolman.router([
  {
    url: '/hello',
    name: 'hello',
    description: 'Say hello.',
    action: function(req, res) {
      return res.ok({hello: 'world'});
    }
  }
]);

app.use('/nested', router);

dolman.specs();
>>> {
  formats: ['json'],
  methods: {
    hello: {
      path: '/nested/hello',
      name: 'hello',
      description: 'Say hello.'
    }
  }
}

Note that dolman will only output your routes having a name.

What on earth is a dolman?

A dolman is a loose garment with narrow sleeves, an opening in the front and lavish braids. While originating from Turkey, this garment was mostly worn as a jacket by hussars.

License

MIT