Omnipay 3.x implementation of Authorize.Net API
Switch branches/tags
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Permalink
Type Name Latest commit message Commit time
Failed to load latest commit information.
docs
src
tests
.gitignore
.travis.yml
LICENSE
README.md
composer.json
phpunit.xml.dist Start adding some tests, badges, etc. May 18, 2018

README.md

Build Status Latest Stable Version Total Downloads Latest Unstable Version License

Table of Contents

Omnipay-AuthorizeNetApi

Omnipay 3.x implementation of Authorize.Net API

Installation

composer require "academe/omnipay-authorizenetapi: ~3.0"

Authorize.Net API

The Authorize.Net API driver handles server-to-server requests. It is used both for direct card payment (though check PCI requirements) and for creating transactions using a card token.

API Authorize/Purchase (Credit Card)

The following example is a simple authorize with supplied card details. You would normally avoid allowing card details near your merchant site back end for PCI compliance reasons, supplying a tokenised card reference instead (see later section for this).

<?php

include 'vendor/autoload.php';

$gateway = Omnipay\Omnipay::create('AuthorizeNetApi_Api');

$gateway->setAuthName('XXXXXxxxxxx');
$gateway->setTransactionKey('XXXXX99999xxxxx');
$gateway->setTestMode(true);

$creditCard = new Omnipay\Common\CreditCard([
    // Swiped tracks can be provided instead, if the card is present.
    'number' => '4000123412341234',
    'expiryMonth' => '12',
    'expiryYear' => '2020',
    'cvv' => '123',
    // Billing and shipping details can be added here.
]);

// Generate a unique merchant site transaction ID.
$transactionId = rand(100000000, 999999999);

$response = $gateway->authorize([
    'amount' => '7.99',
    'currency' => 'USD',
    'transactionId' => $transactionId,
    'card' => $creditCard,
])->send();

// Or use $gateway->purchase() to immediately capture.

var_dump($response->isSuccessful());
// bool(true)

var_dump($response->getCode());
// string(1) "1"

var_dump($response->getMessage());
// string(35) "This transaction has been approved."

var_dump($response->getTransactionReference());
// string(11) "60103474871"

API Capture

Once authorized, the amount can be captured:

// Captured from the authorization response.
$transactionReference = $response->getTransactionReference();

$response = $gateway->capture([
    'amount' => '7.99',
    'currency' => 'USD',
    'transactionReference' => $transactionReference,
])->send();

API Authorize/Purchase (Opaque Data)

The "Opaque Data" here is a tokenised credit or debit card. Authorize.Net can tokenise cards in a number of ways, once of which is through the accept.js package on the front end. It works like this:

You build a payment form in your page. As well as hard-coding it as shown below, the gateway provides a method to generate it dynamically too.

<form id="paymentForm"
    method="POST"
    action="https://example.com/authorize">
    <input type="text" id="cardNumber" placeholder="cardNumber"/>
    <input type="text" id="expMonth" placeholder="expMonth"/>
    <input type="text" id="expYear" placeholder="expYear"/>
    <input type="text" id="cardCode" placeholder="cardCode"/>
    <input type="hidden" name="opaqueDataValue" id="opaqueDataValue" />
    <input type="hidden" name="opaqueDataDescriptor" id="opaqueDataDescriptor" />
    <button>Pay Now</button>
</form>

Note the card detail elements do not have names, so will not be submitted to your site. Two hidden fields are defined to carry the opaquer data to your site. You can include any many other fields as you like in the same form, which may include names and an address.

After the payment form, you will need the accept.js JavaScript:

    <script type="text/javascript"
        src="https://jstest.authorize.net/v1/Accept.js"
        charset="utf-8">\
    </script>

Or use https://js.authorize.net/v1/Accept.js for production.

You need to catch the "Pay Now" submission and send it to a function to process the card details. Either an onclick attribute or a jQuery event will work. For example:

<button type="button" onclick="sendPaymentDataToAnet()">Pay</button>

The sendPaymentDataToAnet function handles the tokenisation.

<script type="text/javascript">
function sendPaymentDataToAnet() {
    // Set up authorisation to access the gateway.
    var authData = {};
        authData.clientKey = "YOUR PUBLIC CLIENT KEY";
        authData.apiLoginID = "YOUR API LOGIN ID";

    // Capture the card details from the payment form.
    // The cardCode is the CVV.
    // You can include fullName and zip fields too, for added security.
    // You can pick up bank account fields in a similar way, if using
    // that payment method.
    var cardData = {};
        cardData.cardNumber = document.getElementById("cardNumber").value;
        cardData.month = document.getElementById("expMonth").value;
        cardData.year = document.getElementById("expYear").value;
        cardData.cardCode = document.getElementById("cardCode").value;

    // Now send the card data to the gateway for tokenisation.
    // The responseHandler function will handle the response.
    var secureData = {};
        secureData.authData = authData;
        secureData.cardData = cardData;
        Accept.dispatchData(secureData, responseHandler);
}
</script>

The response handler is able to provide errors that may have been generated while trying to tokenise the card. But if all is well, it updates the payment form with the opaque data (another function paymentFormUpdate):

function responseHandler(response) {
    if (response.messages.resultCode === "Error") {
        var i = 0;
        while (i < response.messages.message.length) {
            console.log(
                response.messages.message[i].code + ": " +
                response.messages.message[i].text
            );
            i = i + 1;
        }
    } else {
        paymentFormUpdate(response.opaqueData);
    }
}

Populate the opaque data hidden form items, then submit the form again:

function paymentFormUpdate(opaqueData) {
    document.getElementById("opaqueDataDescriptor").value = opaqueData.dataDescriptor;
    document.getElementById("opaqueDataValue").value = opaqueData.dataValue;
    document.getElementById("paymentForm").submit();
}

Back at the server, you will have two opaque data fields to capture:

  • opaqueDataDescriptor
  • opaqueDataValue

Initiate an authorize() or purchase() at the backend, as described in the previous section. In the creditCard object, leave the card details blank, not set. Instead, send the opaque data:

$request = $gateway->authorize([
    ...
    'opaqueDataDescriptor' => $opaqueDataDescriptor,
    'opaqueDataValue' => $opaqueDataValue,
]);

or

$request->setOpaqueData($opaqueDataDescriptor, $opaqueDataValue);

or join with a colon (:) to handle as a card token:

$request->setToken($opaqueDataDescriptor . ':' . $opaqueDataValue);

The authorize or purchase should then go ahead as though the card details were provided directly. In the result, the last four digits of the card will be made available in case a refund needs to be performed.

Further details can be fouund in the officual documentation.

Note also that the opaque data is used for other payment sources, such as bank accounts and PayPal.

API Void

An authorized transaction can be voided:

// Captured from the authorization response.
$transactionReference = $response->getTransactionReference();

$response = $gateway->void([
    'transactionReference' => $transactionReference,
])->send();

API Refund

A cleared credit card payment can be refunded, given the original transaction reference, the original amount, and the last four digits of the credit card:

$response = $gateway->refund([
    'amount' => '7.99',
    'currency' => 'USD',
    'transactionReference' => $transactionReference,
    'numberLastFour' => '1234',
])->send();

API Fetch Transaction

An existing transaction can be fetched from the gateway given its transactionReference:

$response = $gateway->fetchTransaction([
    'transactionReference' => $transactionReference,
])->send();

The Hosted Payment Page will host the payment form on the gateway. The form can be presented to the user as a full page redirect or in an iframe.

Hosted Payment Page

The Hosted Payment Page is a different gateway:

$gateway = Omnipay\Omnipay::create('AuthorizeNetApi_HostedPage');

The gateway is configured the same way as the direct API gateway, and the authorize/purchase requests are created in the same way, except for the addition of return and cancel URLs:

Hosted Payment Page Authorize/Purchase

$request = $gateway->authorize([
    'amount' => $amount,
    // etc.
    'returnUrl' => 'return URL after the transaction is approved or rejected',
    'cancelUrl' => 'URL to use if the user cancels the transaction',
]);

The response will be a redirect, with the following details used to construct the redirect in the merchant site:

$response = $request->send();

$response->getRedirectMethod();
// Usually "POST"

$response->getRedirectUrl();
// The redirect URL or POST form action.

$response->getRedirectData()
// Array of name/value elements used to construct hidden fields
// in the POST form.

A naive POST "pay now" button may look like the following form.

$method = $response->getRedirectMethod();
$action = $response->getRedirectUrl();

echo "<form method='$method' action='$action'>";
foreach ($response->getRedirectData() as $name => $value) {
    $dataName = htmlspecialchars($name);
    $dataValue = htmlspecialchars($value);

    echo "<input type='hidden' name='$dataName' value='$dataValue' />";
}
echo "<button type='submit'>Pay Now</button>";
echo "</form>";

This will take the user to the gateway payment page, looking something like this by default:


Default Gateway Payment Page

The billing details will be prefilled with the card details supplied in the $gateway->authorize(). What the user can change and/or see, can be changed using options or confiration in the account.

Taking the hostedPaymentPaymentOptions as an example, this is how the options are set:

The documentation lists hostedPaymentPaymentOptions as supporting these options: {"cardCodeRequired": false, "showCreditCard": true, "showBankAccount": true}

To set any of the options, drop the hostedPayment prefix from the options name, then append with the specific option you want to set, and use the result as the parameter, keeping the name in camelCase. So the above set of options are supported by the following parameters:

  • paymentOptionsCardCodeRequired
  • paymentOptionsShowCreditCard
  • paymentOptionsShowBankAccount

You can set these in the authorize() stage:

$request = $gateway->authorize([
    ...
    // Hide the bank account form but show the credit card form.
    'paymentOptionsShowCreditCard' => true,
    'paymentOptionsShowBankAccount' => false,
    // Change the "Pay" buton text.
    'buttonOptionsText' => 'Pay now',
]);

or use the set*() form to do the same thing:

$request->setPaymentOptionsShowBankAccount(false);

Webhook Notifications

The Authorize.Net gateway provides a rich set of webhooks to notify the merchant site (and/or other backend systems) about events related to customers or payments. The current documentation can be found here.

For some API methods, such as the Hosted Payment Page, the webhooks are necessary for operation. For other API methods they provide additional information.

The webhooks can be configured in the Authorize.Net account settings page. They can also be fully managed through a REST API, so that a merchant site can register for all the webhooks that it needs. Note that the webhook management RESTful API has not yet been implemented here.

Your notification handler is set up like this at your webhook endpoint:

$gateway = Omnipay::create('AuthorizeNetApi_Api');

$gateway->setAuthName($authName);
$gateway->setTransactionKey($authKey);
$gateway->setTestMode(true); // for false

$notification = $gateway->acceptNotification();

This will read and parse the webhook POST data. The raw nested array data can be found at:

$notification->getData();

The parsed Notification value object can be found at:

$notification->getParsedData();

Some details that describe the nature of the notification are:

// The main target: payment or customer
$notification->getEventTarget();

// The event subtarget. e.g. capture, fraud, void, subscription
$notification->getEventSubtarget();

// The event action. e.g. created, updated, deleted, held, approved, declined
$notification->getEventMethod();

See here for a full list of the target, subtarget and actions: https://github.com/academe/authorizenet-objects/blob/master/src/ServerRequest/Notification.php#L24

For those notifications that contain the transactionReference, this can be obtained:

$notification->getTransactionReference();

For any notifications that do not involve a transaction, this will be null. Note that the webhook does not include the merchant transactionId, so there is nothing to tie the payment webhook back to a Hosted Page request. In this case, you can supply the transactionId as a query parameter on the notifyUrl when creating the Hosted Payment Page data. However, do be aware this ID will be visible to end users monitoring browser traffic, and the ID (being in the URL) will not be included in the notification signing, so could be faked. It is unlikely, but just be aware that it is a potential attack vector, so maybe self-sign the URL too.

For consistency with other Omipay Driers, this driver may make an opinionated decision on how the transactionId is passed into the notification handler, but only after researchign how other people are handling it. There is a front-end way to do it through an iframe, but it seems vulnerable to user manipulation to me.