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AMD Tests

Travis CI Status

A set of Asynchronous Module Definition AMD compliance tests.

  1. Built In Test Runner
  2. Adding Your Own AMD Framework
  3. Adding AMD-JS Tests To Your CI

Using The Built In Test Runner

The amd-js test suite comes with a node based test runner. Node is available from the node.js website. A version greater than 0.8.0 is recommended.

Clone this repository into a local directory, install dependencies with the npm install command, and start the server:

node server/server.js

You can visit http://localhost:4000 in your browser and run the tests from there.

Adding Your Own AMD Framework

An implementation needs to have the following two files in the impl directory:

  • AMD loader implementation
  • configure script
  • optional installer script (for use if loader provides a Node.js server-side component. see impl/zazl for an example)

The configure script should define the following global variables:

  • config: a function that accepts configuration parameters. Similar to the RequireJS form of require({}).
  • go: a function that implements the top level, global function that starts loading of modules. Equivalent to the RequireJS global require([], function(){}) signature.
  • implemented: an object whose properties are the types of tests that the loader expects to pass. A list of valid test categories are at the end of this readme.

Please then add your framework to server/manifest and add a line to .travis.yml to begin auto-testing your code.

Adding AMD-JS Tests To Your Own Framework

It's possible to run the AMD-JS tests as part of your existing CI system. You need to provide bridges between the AMD-JS suite and your unit testing framework of choice. You can do this by either implementing a global amdJSPrint object or defining/implementing a global system object on which a print() method resides.

Here is a rudimentary system that just outputs to the console:

window.amdJSPrint = function (message, type) {
  console.log(message, type);
  • amdJSPrint(message, type): Outputs the results of a reporter assertion. The type is one of pass, fail, info, or done.

Using the above, this would be the QUnit equivalent. We use the QUnit stop and start methods to support any asynchronous operations that may be occuring in the test. In the example below, we also proxy our go method, allowing us to capture when a require() call begins, and when all callbacks have completed.

// load me after your AMD implementation that provides
// "go", "config", and "implemented"
(function() {
  var oldGo = window.go;
  window.go = function () {
    var newArgs = [], 0);
    var fn = newArgs[newArgs.length - 1];

    // pause qunit test execution until the dependencies
    // are resolved
    newArgs[newArgs.length - 1] = function () {
      fn.apply(undefined, arguments);

    oldGo.apply(window, newArgs);
  window.amdJSPrint = function (message, type) {
    if (type === 'info' || type === 'done') return;
    test(message, function() {
      ok(type === 'pass', message);

We recommend mounting this repository as a git submodule, at which point you can have your testing framework invoke each individual js test.

If you wish to hook this up directly to Travis-CI, an element is added to the page (#travis-results) with a pass/fail string as its contents. A capture of console.log() will also output details in the CI runs.

Test Types

Each test type builds on the other: supporting later test types implies support for earlier test types.

Basic AMD Functionality (basic)

in the basic_ directories (except basic_require)*

Very basic loading of named modules that have dependency arrays.

  • Support for define.amd to indicate an AMD loader.
  • Named modules.
  • Dependency arrays.
  • Circular dependency support via the "exports" and "require" dependency.
  • Test for the CommonJS "module" dependency.

The Basic require() Method (require)

in the basic_require directory

Basic require() support, in accordance with the amdjs require API:

  • require(String)
  • require(Array, Function)
  • require.toUrl(String)

Anonymous Module Support (anon)

in the anon_ directories*

Similar tests to basic, but using anonymous modules.

CommonJS Compatibility (funcString)

in the cjs_define directory

Tests parsing of definition functions via Function.prototype.toString() to get out dependencies. Used to support simplified CommonJS module wrapping:

  define(function (require) {
    var a = require('a');
    // Return the module definition.
    return {};

CommonJS Compatibility with Named Modules (namedWrap)

in the cjs_named directory

Similar to the funcString tests, but using named modules.

  define('some/module', function (require) {
    var a = require('a');
    //Return the module definition.
    return {};

AMD Loader Plugins (plugins)

in the plugin_double, plugin_fromtext, plugin_normalize directories*

Support for loader plugins.

  • Calling the same plugin resource twice and getting the same value.
  • Testing a plugin that implements normalize().
  • Testing a plugin that uses load.fromText().

Dynamic Plugins (pluginsDynamic)

in the plugin_dynamic and plugin_dynamic_string directories*

Support for loader plugins that use dynamic: true to indicate their resources should not be cached by the loader. Instead the loader should call the plugin's load() method for each instance of a dependency that can be loaded by the plugin.

Common Config: Packages

in the config_packages directory

Support for the common config API section on map config.

Common Config: Map

in the config_map and config_map_ directories*

Support for the common config API section on map config.

Common Config: Module

in the config_module directory

Support for the common config API section on module config.

Common Config: Path

in the config_paths directory

Support for the common config API section on paths config.

Common Config: Shim

in the config_shim directory

Support for the common config API section on shim config.


amdjs-tests is released under two licenses: new BSD, and MIT. See the LICENSE file for more info.

The individual loader implementations are subject to their own specific licenses. This license only covers the tests.


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