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Tendermint ABCI App for AMO blockchain

This document is available in Korean also.

Introduction

Current implementation of AMO blockchain uses Tendermint as its base consensus layer. Tendermint handles P2P connection between blockchain nodes; BFT consensus process among validator nodes; and RPC framework which serves client requests. However, Tendermint requires ABCI application to interpret block contents, i.e. transactions. This ABCI app is a main body of a blockchain application. ABCI app handles processing of transactions, i.e. state transfer; abstract blockchain state; validator control; and client query for blockchain state. This repository holds a collection of codes implementing Tendermint ABCI app for AMO blockchain (amoabci) and necessary helper scripts.

Installation

Install from pre-built binary

Run the following commands to install pre-built amod:

wget https://github.com/amolabs/amoabci/releases/download/v<version>/amod-<version>-linux-x86_64.tar.gz
tar -xzf amod-<version>-linux-x86_64.tar.gz
sudo cp ./amod /usr/local/bin/amod

Specify <version> of amod. Check out its latest releases

Install from Docker image

Install docker

Refer to Get Docker in Docker's official document to install docker from either pre-built binary or source.

Pull amolabs/amod image

To pull the official amod image from amolabs, execute the following commands:

sudo docker pull amolabs/amod:<tag>

Specify proper tag which indicates a specific version of amod image. To pull the latest image, tag should be latest or can be omitted. For example, if you would like to pull 1.7.6, then execute the following commands:

sudo docker pull amolabs/amod:1.7.6

Install from source

Prerequisites

To build from source, you need to install the followings:

  • git
  • make
    • For Debian or Ubuntu linux, you can install build-essential package.
    • For MacOS, you can use make from Xcode, or install GNU Make via Homebrew.
  • golang
    • In some cases, you need to set GOPATH and GOBIN environment variables manually. Check these variables before you proceed.
  • leveldb
    • For Debian or Ubuntu linux, you can install 'libleveldb-dev' package.
    • In case you use different servers for building and production, install libleveldb1v5 package in the production server.
  • rocksdb
    • For Debian or Ubuntu linux, you can install 'librocksdb-dev' package.
    • In case you use different servers for building and production, install librocksdb5.8 package in the production server.

Install amod

Run the following commands to build and install amod:

mkdir -p $GOPATH/src/github.com/amolabs
cd $GOPATH/src/github.com/amolabs
git clone https://github.com/amolabs/amoabci
cd amoabci
make install_c

Install amocli

You can run necessary daemons without amocli, but you may want to peek into blockchain node daemons to see what's going on there. AMO Labs provides a reference implementation of AMO client(amocli) and you may install it to communicate with AMO blockchain nodes. See amo-client-go for more information.

Preparation

AMO blockchain node is a networked application. It does nothing useful if not connected to other nodes. The first thing to figure out is to find out addresses of other nodes in a AMO blockchain network. Among various nodes in the network, it is recommended to connect to one of seed nodes. If there is no appropriate seed node, connect to a node having enough peers.

Network Information (Seed node)

chain id node_id node_ip_addr node_p2p_port node_rpc_port
amo-cherryblossom-01 fbd1cb0741e30308bf7aae562f65e3fd54359573 172.104.88.12 26656 26657
amo-testnet-200706 a944a1fa8259e19a9bac2c2b41d050f04ce50e51 172.105.213.114 26656 26657

NOTE: Mainnet's chain id is amo-cherryblossom-01. The network information can be modified without advance notice. If you have a trouble in connecting to any of these nodes, please feel free to submit a new issue to Issues section.

Get genesis.json

A blockchain is an ever-changing state machine. So you need to find out what is the initial state of the blockchain. Since AMO blockchain uses tendermint-like scheme, you need to get genesis.json file that defines the initial state of the chain.

NOTE: If you'd like to launch your own chain for any kind of purposes, you'd rather generate your own version of genesis.json file following tendermint-like scheme than download existing genesis.json file.

To download genesis.json file, execute the following command:

sudo apt install -y curl jq
curl <node_ip_addr>:<node_rpc_port>/genesis | jq '.result.genesis' > genesis.json

Prepare data directory

amod needs a data directory where configuration file and internal databases of amod are stored. The directory defines a complete snapshot of an AMO blockchain. So, it is mandatory to keep a directory structure like the following:

(data_root)
└── amo 
    ├── config
    └── data

data_root/amo/config directory stores some sensitive files such as node_key.json and priv_validator_key.json. You need to keep these files secure by control of read permission. Note that this applies to the case when you run daemons using a docker container as well.

Prepare necessary files

amod needs several files located under data_root/amo/config to operate properly:

  • config.toml: configuration
  • genesis.json: initial blockchain and app state
  • node_key.json††: node key for p2p connection
  • priv_validator_key.json††: validator key for conesnsus process

† These files must be prepared before launching amod.

Some notable configuration options of data_root/amo/config/config.toml are as follows:

  • moniker
  • rpc.laddr
  • rpc.cors_allowed_origins
  • p2p.laddr
  • p2p.external_adderess
  • p2p.seeds
  • p2p.persistent_peers

For more information, see Tendermint document.

†† amod will generate on its own if not prepared before launching. But, if you want to use specific keys, of course you need to prepare it before launching. One possible way to do this is to generate these keys using amod tendermint init command and put them in a configuration directory along with config.toml and genesis.json. Also, It is mandatory to write a proper seed node's <node_id>@<node_ip_addr>:<node_p2p_port> to p2p.seeds. For example, if you'd like to connect to mainnet seed node, p2p.seeds would be fbd1cb0741e30308bf7aae562f65e3fd54359573@172.104.88.12:26656.

Setup snapshot

Before running a node, there are two available options to sync blocks; sync from genesis block or sync from snapshot. As syncing from genesis block consumes lots of physical time, we offer snapshot of blocks taken at certain block height. The offerings are as follows:

chain id preset version db_backend block_height size
(comp/raw)
amo-cherryblossom-01 cherryblossom v1.7.5 rocksdb 6451392 56GB / 116GB
amo-cherryblossom-01 cherryblossom v1.6.5 rocksdb 2908399 21GB / 50GB

NOTE: Mainnet's chain id is amo-cherryblossom-01.

To download and setup the snapshot, execute the following commands:

sudo wget http://us-east-1.linodeobjects.com/amo-archive/<preset>_<version>_<db_backend>_<block_height>.tar.bz2
sudo tar -xjf <preset>_<version>_<db_backend>_<block_height>.tar.bz2
sudo rm -rf <data_root>/amo/data/
sudo mv amo-data/amo/data/ <data_root>/amo/

NOTE: The directory structure of files extracted from compressed *.tar.bz2 file may differ from each one. Check out whether extracted data/ directory is properly placed under <data_root>/amo/ directory.

For example, if chain id is amo-cherryblossom-01, version is v1.7.5, db backend is rocksdb, block height is 6451392, and data root is `/mynode, then execute the following commands:

sudo wget http://us-east-1.linodeobjects.com/amo-archive/cherryblossom_v1.7.5_rocksdb_6451392.tar.bz2
sudo tar -xjf cherryblossom_v1.7.5_rocksdb_6451392.tar.bz2
sudo rm -rf /mynode/amo/data/
sudo mv amo-data/amo/data/ /mynode/amo/

Usage

Initialize node

amod --home <data_root>/amo tendermint init

NOTE: To execute tendermint commands, simply append tendermint at the end of amod.

Run node

amod --home <data_root>/amo run

To run the daemon in background mode, use amod run &. Here, <data_root> is a data directory prepared previously. amod will open port 26656 for incoming P2P connection and port 26657 for incoming RPC connection.

Run node using Docker

Build Docker image

You may download the official amod docker image(amolabs/amod) released from AMO Labs from Docker hub. Of cource, you can build your own local docker image.

You can build a amod docker image by yourself as following or let the amod Makefile do it for you.

To build a amod docker image, do the followings:

mkdir -p $GOPATH/src/github.com/amolabs
cd $GOPATH/src/github.com/amolabs
git clone https://github.com/amolabs/amoabci
cd amoabci
make docker

The image will be tagged as amolabs/amod:latest. This image includes amod, so you just need one image (and one container).

Run Docker container

Run the daemons in a container as follows:

docker run -it --rm -p 26656-26657 -v <data_root>/amo:/amo:Z -d amolabs/amod:latest

Options above have the following meaning:

  • -it: make sure the terminal connects correctly
  • --rm: remove the container after daemons stop
  • -p 26656-26657: publish the container's ports to the host machine. This make sure that other nodes in the network can connect to our node.
  • -v <data_root>/amo:/amo:Z: mount amod data directory. <data_root> must be an absolute path.
  • amolabs/amod:latest: use this docker image when creating a container

Make sure that you see series of logs as the daemons init and run.