stories configure hmr

Hans Larsen edited this page Aug 2, 2018 · 5 revisions

Configure Hot Module Replacement

Hot Module Replacement (HMR) is a WebPack feature to update code in a running app without rebuilding it. This results in faster updates and less full page-reloads.

You can read more about HMR by visiting this page.

In order to get HMR working with Angular CLI we first need to add a new environment and enable it.

Next we need to update the bootstrap process of our app to enable the @angularclass/hmr module.

Add environment for HMR

Create a file called src/environments/environment.hmr.ts with the following contents:

export const environment = {
 production: false,
 hmr: true
};

Update src/environments/environment.prod.ts and add the hmr: false flag to the environment:

export const environment = {
 production: true,
 hmr: false
};

Update src/environments/environment.ts and add the hmr: false flag to the environment:

export const environment = {
 production: false,
 hmr: false
};

Update angular.json to include an hmr environment as explained here and add configurations within build and serve to enable hmr. Note that <project-name> here represents the name of the project you are adding this configuration to in angular.json.

  "build": {
    "configurations": {
      ...
      "hmr": {
        "fileReplacements": [
          {
            "replace": "src/environments/environment.ts",
            "with": "src/environments/environment.hmr.ts"
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  },
  ...
  "serve": {
    "configurations": {
      ...
      "hmr": {
        "hmr": true,
        "browserTarget": "<project-name>:build:hmr"
      }
    }
  }

Add the necessary types to src/tsconfig.app.json

{
  ...
  "compilerOptions": {
    ...
    "types": ["node"]
  },
}

Run ng serve with the flag --configuration hmr to enable hmr and select the new environment:

ng serve --configuration hmr

Create a shortcut for this by updating package.json and adding an entry to the script object:

"scripts": {
  ...
  "hmr": "ng serve --configuration hmr"
}

Add dependency for @angularclass/hmr and configure app

In order to get HMR working we need to install the dependency and configure our app to use it.

Install the @angularclass/hmr module as a dev-dependency

$ npm install --save-dev @angularclass/hmr

Create a file called src/hmr.ts with the following content:

import { NgModuleRef, ApplicationRef } from '@angular/core';
import { createNewHosts } from '@angularclass/hmr';

export const hmrBootstrap = (module: any, bootstrap: () => Promise<NgModuleRef<any>>) => {
  let ngModule: NgModuleRef<any>;
  module.hot.accept();
  bootstrap().then(mod => ngModule = mod);
  module.hot.dispose(() => {
    const appRef: ApplicationRef = ngModule.injector.get(ApplicationRef);
    const elements = appRef.components.map(c => c.location.nativeElement);
    const makeVisible = createNewHosts(elements);
    ngModule.destroy();
    makeVisible();
  });
};

Update src/main.ts to use the file we just created:

import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';

import { AppModule } from './app/app.module';
import { environment } from './environments/environment';

import { hmrBootstrap } from './hmr';

if (environment.production) {
  enableProdMode();
}

const bootstrap = () => platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

if (environment.hmr) {
  if (module[ 'hot' ]) {
    hmrBootstrap(module, bootstrap);
  } else {
    console.error('HMR is not enabled for webpack-dev-server!');
    console.log('Are you using the --hmr flag for ng serve?');
  }
} else {
  bootstrap().catch(err => console.log(err));
}

Starting the development environment with HMR enabled

Now that everything is set up we can run the new configuration:

$ npm run hmr

When starting the server Webpack will tell you that it’s enabled:

NOTICE Hot Module Replacement (HMR) is enabled for the dev server.

Now if you make changes to one of your components they changes should be visible automatically without a complete browser refresh.

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