Tracee: Runtime Security and Forensics using eBPF
Tracee is a Runtime Security and forensics tool for Linux. It is using Linux eBPF technology to trace your system and applications at runtime, and analyze collected events to detect suspicious behavioral patterns. It is delivered as a Docker image that monitors the OS and detects suspicious behavior based on a pre-defined set of behavioral patterns.
Check out the Tracee video hub for more.
The full documentation of Tracee is available at https://aquasecurity.github.io/tracee/latest. You can use the version selector on top to view documentation for a specific version of Tracee.
Before you proceed, make sure you follow the minimum requirements for running Tracee.
If running on BTF enabled kernel:
docker run --name tracee --rm --pid=host --cgroupns=host --privileged -v /tmp/tracee:/tmp/tracee -it aquasec/tracee:latest
Note: Running with BTF requires access to the kernel configuration file. Depending on the linux distribution it can be in either
/proc/config.gz(which docker mounts by default) or
/boot/config-$(uname -r)(which must be mounted explicitly).
If running on BTF disabled kernel:
docker run --name tracee --rm --pid=host --cgroupns=host --privileged -v /tmp/tracee:/tmp/tracee -v /lib/modules/:/lib/modules/:ro -v /usr/src:/usr/src:ro -it aquasec/tracee:latest
Note: You may need to change the volume mounts for the kernel headers based on your setup. See Linux Headers section for more info.
This will run Tracee with default settings and start reporting detections to standard output.
In order to simulate a suspicious behavior, you can run
strace ls in another terminal, which will trigger the "Anti-Debugging" signature, which is loaded by default.
In some cases, you might want to leverage Tracee's eBPF event collection capabilities directly, without involving the detection engine. This might be useful for debugging/troubleshooting/analysis/research/education. In this case you can run Tracee with the
trace sub-command, which will start dumping raw data directly into standard output. There are many configurations and options available so you can control exactly what is being collected and how. see the Documentation or add the
--help flag for more.
Tracee is composed of the following sub-projects, which are hosted in the aquasecurity/tracee repository:
- Tracee-eBPF - Linux Tracing and Forensics using eBPF
- Tracee-Rules - Runtime Security Detection Engine