Helper library for handling JWTs in Angular 2 apps
TypeScript JavaScript
Latest commit 79ff609 Jan 18, 2017 @chenkie chenkie update config instructions

README.md

angular2-jwt

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angular2-jwt is a helper library for working with JWTs in your Angular 2 applications.

For examples of integrating angular2-jwt with SystemJS, see auth0-angular2.

Contents

What is this Library for?

angular2-jwt is a small and unopinionated library that is useful for automatically attaching a JSON Web Token (JWT) as an Authorization header when making HTTP requests from an Angular 2 app. It also has a number of helper methods that are useful for doing things like decoding JWTs.

This library does not have any functionality for (or opinion about) implementing user authentication and retrieving JWTs to begin with. Those details will vary depending on your setup, but in most cases, you will use a regular HTTP request to authenticate your users and then save their JWTs in local storage or in a cookie if successful.

For more on implementing authentication endpoints, see this tutorial for an example using HapiJS.

Key Features

  • Send a JWT on a per-request basis using the explicit AuthHttp class
  • Decode a JWT from your Angular 2 app
  • Check the expiration date of the JWT
  • Conditionally allow route navigation based on JWT status

Installation

npm install angular2-jwt

The library comes with several helpers that are useful in your Angular 2 apps.

  1. AuthHttp - allows for individual and explicit authenticated HTTP requests
  2. tokenNotExpired - allows you to check whether there is a non-expired JWT in local storage. This can be used for conditionally showing/hiding elements and stopping navigation to certain routes if the user isn't authenticated

Basic Configuration

Create a factory function to use as a provider for AuthHttp. This will allow you to configure angular2-jwt in the AuthConfig instance later on.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';

export function authHttpServiceFactory(http: Http, options: RequestOptions) {
  return new AuthHttp(new AuthConfig(), http, options);
}

@NgModule({
  // ...

  providers: [
    // ...
    {
      provide: AuthHttp,
      useFactory: authHttpServiceFactory,
      deps: [Http, RequestOptions]
    }
  ]
})

Sending Authenticated Requests

If you wish to only send a JWT on a specific HTTP request, you can use the AuthHttp class. This class is a wrapper for Angular 2's Http and thus supports all the same HTTP methods.

import { AuthHttp } from 'angular2-jwt';
// ...
class App {

  thing: string;

  constructor(public authHttp: AuthHttp) {}

  getThing() {
    this.authHttp.get('http://example.com/api/thing')
      .subscribe(
        data => this.thing = data,
        err => console.log(err),
        () => console.log('Request Complete')
      );
  }
}

Configuration Options

AUTH_PROVIDERS gives a default configuration setup:

  • Header Name: Authorization
  • Header Prefix: Bearer
  • Token Name: id_token
  • Token Getter Function: (() => localStorage.getItem(tokenName))
  • Supress error and continue with regular HTTP request if no JWT is saved: false
  • Global Headers: none

If you wish to configure the headerName, headerPrefix, tokenName, tokenGetter function, noTokenScheme, globalHeaders, or noJwtError boolean, you can using provideAuth or the factory pattern (see below).

Errors

By default, if there is no valid JWT saved, AuthHttp will return an Observable error with 'Invalid JWT'. If you would like to continue with an unauthenticated request instead, you can set noJwtError to true.

Token Scheme

The default scheme for the Authorization header is Bearer, but you may either provide your own by specifying a headerPrefix, or you may remove the prefix altogether by setting noTokenScheme to true.

Global Headers

You may set as many global headers as you like by passing an array of header-shaped objects to globalHeaders.

Advanced Configuration

You may customize any of the above options using a factory which returns an AuthHttp instance with the options you would like to change.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';

export function authHttpServiceFactory(http: Http, options: RequestOptions) {
  return new AuthHttp(new AuthConfig({
    tokenName: 'token',
        tokenGetter: (() => sessionStorage.getItem('token')),
        globalHeaders: [{'Content-Type':'application/json'}],
     }), http, options);
}

@NgModule({
  // ...

  providers: [
    // ...
    {
      provide: AuthHttp,
      useFactory: authHttpServiceFactory,
      deps: [Http, RequestOptions]
    }
  ]
})

Configuration for Ionic 2

To configure angular2-jwt in Ionic 2 applications, use the factory pattern in your @NgModule. Since Ionic 2 provides its own API for accessing local storage, configure the tokenGetter to use it.

import { AuthHttp, AuthConfig } from 'angular2-jwt';
import { Http } from '@angular/http';
import { Storage } from '@ionic/storage';

let storage = new Storage();

export function getAuthHttp(http) {
  return new AuthHttp(new AuthConfig({
    headerPrefix: YOUR_HEADER_PREFIX,
    noJwtError: true,
    globalHeaders: [{'Accept': 'application/json'}],
    tokenGetter: (() => storage.get('id_token')),
  }), http);
}

@NgModule({
  imports: [
    IonicModule.forRoot(MyApp),
  ],
  providers: [
    {
      provide: AuthHttp,
      useFactory: getAuthHttp,
      deps: [Http]
    },    
  // ...  
  bootstrap: [IonicApp],  
  // ...
})

To use tokenNotExpired with Ionic 2, use the Storage class directly in the function.

import { Storage } from '@ionic/storage';
import { tokenNotExpired } from 'angular2-jwt';

let storage = new Storage();

this.storage.get('id_token').then(token => {
    console.log(tokenNotExpired(null, token)); // Returns true/false
});

Sending Per-Request Headers

You may also send custom headers on a per-request basis with your authHttp request by passing them in an options object.

getThing() {
  let myHeader = new Headers();
  myHeader.append('Content-Type', 'application/json');

  this.authHttp.get('http://example.com/api/thing', { headers: myHeader })
    .subscribe(
      data => this.thing = data,
      err => console.log(error),
      () => console.log('Request Complete')
    );

  // Pass it after the body in a POST request
  this.authHttp.post('http://example.com/api/thing', 'post body', { headers: myHeader })
    .subscribe(
      data => this.thing = data,
      err => console.log(error),
      () => console.log('Request Complete')
    );
}

Using the Observable Token Stream

If you wish to use the JWT as an observable stream, you can call tokenStream from AuthHttp.

tokenSubscription() {
  this.authHttp.tokenStream.subscribe(
      data => console.log(data),
      err => console.log(err),
      () => console.log('Complete')
    );
}

This can be useful for cases where you want to make HTTP requests out of observable streams. The tokenStream can be mapped and combined with other streams at will.

Using JwtHelper in Components

The JwtHelper class has several useful methods that can be utilized in your components:

  • decodeToken
  • getTokenExpirationDate
  • isTokenExpired

You can use these methods by passing in the token to be evaluated.

jwtHelper: JwtHelper = new JwtHelper();

useJwtHelper() {
  var token = localStorage.getItem('id_token');

  console.log(
    this.jwtHelper.decodeToken(token),
    this.jwtHelper.getTokenExpirationDate(token),
    this.jwtHelper.isTokenExpired(token)
  );
}

Checking Authentication to Hide/Show Elements and Handle Routing

The tokenNotExpired function can be used to check whether a JWT exists in local storage, and if it does, whether it has expired or not. If the token is valid, tokenNotExpired returns true, otherwise it returns false.

Note: tokenNotExpired will by default assume the token name is id_token unless a token name is passed to it, ex: tokenNotExpired('token_name'). This will be changed in a future release to automatically use the token name that is set in AuthConfig.

// auth.service.ts

import { tokenNotExpired } from 'angular2-jwt';

loggedIn() {
  return tokenNotExpired();
}

The loggedIn method can now be used in views to conditionally hide and show elements.

 <button id="login" *ngIf="!auth.loggedIn()">Log In</button>
 <button id="logout" *ngIf="auth.loggedIn()">Log Out</button>

To guard routes that should be limited to authenticated users, set up an AuthGuard.

// auth-guard.service.ts

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { Router } from '@angular/router';
import { CanActivate } from '@angular/router';
import { Auth } from './auth.service';

@Injectable()
export class AuthGuard implements CanActivate {

  constructor(private auth: Auth, private router: Router) {}

  canActivate() {
    if(this.auth.loggedIn()) {
      return true;
    } else {
      this.router.navigate(['unauthorized']);
      return false;
    }
  }
}

With the guard in place, you can use it in your route configuration.

import { AuthGuard } from './auth.guard';

export const routes: RouterConfig = [
  { path: 'admin', component: AdminComponent, canActivate: [AuthGuard] },
  { path: 'unauthorized', component: UnauthorizedComponent }
];

Contributing

Pull requests are welcome!

Development

Use npm run dev to compile and watch for changes.

What is Auth0?

Auth0 helps you to:

  • Add authentication with multiple authentication sources, either social like Google, Facebook, Microsoft Account, LinkedIn, GitHub, Twitter, Box, Salesforce, among others, or enterprise identity systems like Windows Azure AD, Google Apps, Active Directory, ADFS or any SAML Identity Provider.
  • Add authentication through more traditional username/password databases.
  • Add support for linking different user accounts with the same user.
  • Support for generating signed Json Web Tokens to call your APIs and flow the user identity securely.
  • Analytics of how, when and where users are logging in.
  • Pull data from other sources and add it to the user profile, through JavaScript rules.

Create a free account in Auth0

  1. Go to Auth0 and click Sign Up.
  2. Use Google, GitHub or Microsoft Account to login.

Issue Reporting

If you have found a bug or if you have a feature request, please report them at this repository issues section. Please do not report security vulnerabilities on the public GitHub issue tracker. The Responsible Disclosure Program details the procedure for disclosing security issues.

Author

Auth0

License

This project is licensed under the MIT license. See the LICENSE file for more info.