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Next.js SDK for signing in with Auth0 (Experimental)
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README.md

@auth0/nextjs-auth0

Auth0 SDK for signing in to your Next.js applications.

Note: This library is currently in an experimental state and support is best effort.

License

Table of Contents

Installation

Using npm:

npm install @auth0/nextjs-auth0

Using yarn:

yarn add @auth0/nextjs-auth0

Getting Started

Runtime Configuration

And then create an instance of the Auth0 plugin (eg: under /utils/auth0.js):

import { initAuth0 } from '@auth0/nextjs-auth0';

export default initAuth0({
  domain: '<AUTH0_DOMAIN>',
  clientId: '<AUTH0_CLIENT_ID>',
  clientSecret: '<AUTH0_CLIENT_SECRET>',
  scope: 'openid profile',
  redirectUri: 'http://localhost:3000/api/callback',
  postLogoutRedirectUri: 'http://localhost:3000/',
  session: {
    // The secret used to encrypt the cookie.
    cookieSecret: '<RANDOMLY_GENERATED_SECRET>',
    // The cookie lifetime (expiration) in seconds. Set to 8 hours by default.
    cookieLifetime: 60 * 60 * 8,
    // Store the id_token in the session. Defaults to false.
    storeIdToken: false,
    // Store the access_token in the session. Defaults to false.
    storeAccessToken: false,
    // Store the refresh_token in the session. Defaults to false.
    storeRefreshToken: false
  },
  oidcClient: {
    // Optionally configure the timeout in milliseconds for HTTP requests to Auth0.
    httpTimeout: 2500,
    // Optionally configure the clock tolerance in milliseconds, if the time on your server is running behind.
    clockTolerance: 10000
  }
});

Add 'http://localhost:3000/api/callback' to your list of Allowed Callback URLs in your auth0 account.

Login

In order to sign in the user we'll first need a link to the login route.

<a href='/api/login'>Login</a>

Create an API Route for this route (/pages/api/login.js) which uses the client:

import auth0 from '../../utils/auth0';

export default async function login(req, res) {
  try {
    await auth0.handleLogin(req, res);
  } catch(error) {
    console.error(error)
    res.status(error.status || 400).end(error.message)
  }
}

This will redirect the user to Auth0. After the transaction is completed Auth0 will redirect the user back to your application. This is why the callback route (/pages/api/callback.js) needs to be created which will create a session cookie:

import auth0 from '../../utils/auth0';

export default async function callback(req, res) {
  try {
    await auth0.handleCallback(req, res, { redirectTo: '/' });
  } catch(error) {
    console.error(error)
    res.status(error.status || 400).end(error.message)
  }
}

You can optionally send extra parameters to Auth0 to influence the transaction, for example:

  • Showing the login page
  • Filling in the user's email address
  • Exposing information to the custom login page (eg: to show the signup tab)
import auth0 from '../../utils/auth0';

export default async function login(req, res) {
  try {
    await auth0.handleLogin(req, res, {
      authParams: {
        login_hint: 'foo@acme.com',
        ui_locales: 'nl',
        scope: 'some other scope',
        foo: 'bar'
      }
    });
  } catch(error) {
    console.error(error)
    res.status(error.status || 400).end(error.message)
  }
}

Logout

For signing the user out we'll also need a logout link:

<a href='/api/logout'>Logout</a>

Create an API Route for this route (/pages/api/logout.js) which uses the client:

import auth0 from '../../utils/auth0';

export default async function logout(req, res) {
  try {
    await auth0.handleLogout(req, res);
  } catch(error) {
    console.error(error)
    res.status(error.status || 400).end(error.message)
  }
}

User Profile

If you want to expose a route which returns the user profile to the client you can create an additional route (eg: /pages/api/me.js):

import auth0 from '../../utils/auth0';

export default async function me(req, res) {
  try {
    await auth0.handleProfile(req, res);
  } catch(error) {
    console.error(error)
    res.status(error.status || 500).end(error.message)
  }
}

You can then load the user after the page has been rendered on the server:

async componentDidMount() {
  const res = await fetch('/api/me');
  if (res.ok) {
    this.setState({
      session: await res.json()
    })
  }
}

If you need to access the user's session from within an API route or a Server-rendered page you can use getSession. Note that this object will also contain the user's access_token and id_token.

Profile.getInitialProps = async ({ req, res }) => {
  if (typeof window === 'undefined') {
    const { user } = await auth0.getSession(req);
    if (!user) {
      res.writeHead(302, {
        Location: '/api/login'
      });
      res.end();
      return;
    }

    return { user }
  }
}

Calling an API

It's a common pattern to use Next.js API Routes and proxy them to external APIs. When doing so these APIs typically require an access_token to be provided. These APIs can then be configured in Auth0.

In order to get an access_token for an API you'll need to configure the audience on the Auth0 plugin and configure it to store the access_token in the cookie:

import { initAuth0 } from '@auth0/nextjs-auth0';

export default initAuth0({
  domain: '<AUTH0_DOMAIN>'
  clientId: '<AUTH0_CLIENT_ID>',
  clientSecret: '<AUTH0_CLIENT_SECRET>',
  audience: 'https://api.mycompany.com/',
  scope: 'openid profile',
  redirectUri: 'http://localhost:3000/api/callback',
  postLogoutRedirectUri: 'http://localhost:3000/',
  session: {
    cookieSecret: '<RANDOMLY_GENERATED_SECRET>',
    cookieLifetime: 60 * 60 * 8,
    storeAccessToken: true
  }
});

Then you could create a route (eg: /pages/api/customers.js) which can call an external API (eg: https://api.mycompany.com) using the user's access_token.

import auth0 from '../../utils/auth0';

export default async function getCustomers(req, res) {
  try {
    const { accessToken } = await auth0.getSession(req);

    const apiClient = new MyApiClient(accessToken);
    return apiClient.getCustomers();
  } catch(error) {
    console.error(error)
    res.status(error.status || 500).end(error.message)
  }
}

Requiring Authentication

If you have API routes for which you want to require the user to be authenticated you can use the requireAuthentication handler:

import auth0 from '../../lib/auth0';

export default auth0.requireAuthentication(async function billingInfo(req, res) {
  const { user } = await auth0.getSession(req);
  res.json({
    email: user.email,
    country: 'United States',
    paymentMethod: 'Paypal'
  })
});

If the user is authenticated then your API route will simply execute, but if the user is not authenticated an error (401) will be returned:

{
  "error": "not_authenticated",
  "description": "The user does not have an active session or is not authenticated"
}

Documentation

Cookies

All cookies will be set as HttpOnly cookies and will be forced to HTTPS (Secure) if the application is running with NODE_ENV=production and not running on localhost.

Troubleshooting

Error id_token issued in the future, now 1570650460, iat 1570650461

Increase the clock tolerance for id_token validation:

import { initAuth0 } from '@auth0/nextjs-auth0';

export default initAuth0({
  ...
  session: {
    ...
  },
  oidcClient: {
    // Eg: increase the tolerance to 10 seconds.
    clockTolerance: 10000
  }
});

Contributing

Run NPM install first to install the dependencies of this project:

npm install

In order to build a release you can run the following commands and the output will be stored in the dist folder:

npm run clean
npm run lint
npm run build

Additionally you can also run tests:

npm run test
npm run test:watch

Support + Feedback

This SDK is in Early Access and support is best effort. Open an issue in this repository to get help or provide feedback.

Vulnerability Reporting

Please do not report security vulnerabilities on the public GitHub issue tracker. The Responsible Disclosure Program details the procedure for disclosing security issues.

What is Auth0?

Auth0 helps you to easily:

  • implement authentication with multiple identity providers, including social (e.g., Google, Facebook, Microsoft, LinkedIn, GitHub, Twitter, etc), or enterprise (e.g., Windows Azure AD, Google Apps, Active Directory, ADFS, SAML, etc.)
  • log in users with username/password databases, passwordless, or multi-factor authentication
  • link multiple user accounts together
  • generate signed JSON Web Tokens to authorize your API calls and flow the user identity securely
  • access demographics and analytics detailing how, when, and where users are logging in
  • enrich user profiles from other data sources using customizable JavaScript rules

Why Auth0?

License

This project is licensed under the MIT license. See the LICENSE file for more info.

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