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OSMesa

Join the chat at https://gitter.im/osmesa/Lobby

This project is a collection of tools for working with OpenStreetMap (OSM). It is built to enable large scale batch analytic jobs to run on the latest OSM data, as well as streaming jobs which operate on updated with minutely replication files.

All command apps written to perform these batch and streaming jobs live in the apps subproject. Reusable components that can be used to construct your own batch and stream processors live in the analytics subproject.

Getting Started

This library is a toolkit meant to make the munging and manipulation of OSM data a simpler affair than it would otherwise be. Nevertheless, a significant degree of domain-specific knowledge is necessary to profitably work with OSM data. Prospective users would do well to study the OSM data-model and to develop an intuitive sense for how the various pieces of the project hang together to enable an open-source, globe-scale map of the world.

If you're already fairly comfortable with OSM's model, running one of the diagnostic (console printing/debugging) Spark Streaming applications provided in the apps subproject is probably the quickest way to explore Spark SQL and its usage within this library. To run the change stream processor application from the beginning of (OSM) time and until cluster failure or user termination, try this:

# head into the 'src' directory
cd src

# build the jar we'll be submitting to spark
sbt "project apps" assembly

# submit the streaming application to spark for process management
spark-submit \
  --class osmesa.apps.streaming.ChangeStreamProcessor \
  ./apps/target/scala-2.11/osmesa-apps.jar \
  --start-sequence 1

Deployment

Utilities are provided in the deployment directory to bring up cluster and enable you to push the OSMesa apps jar to that cluster. The spawned EMR cluster comes with Apache Zeppelin enabled, which allows jars to be registered/loaded for a console-like experience similar to Jupyter or IPython notebooks but which will execute spark jobs across the entire spark cluster. Actually wiring up Zeppelin to use OSMesa sources is beyond the scope of this document, but it is a relatively simple configuration.

Statistics

Summary statistics aggregated at the user and hashtag level that are supported by OSMesa:

  • Number of added buildings (building=*, version=1)
  • Number of modified buildings (building=*, version > 1 || minorVersion > 0)
  • Number of deleted buildings (building=*, visible == false)
  • Number of added roads (highway=*, version=1)
  • Number of modified roads (highway=*, version > 1 || minorVersion > 0)
  • Number of deleted roads (highway=*, visible == false)
  • km of added roads (highway=*, version=1)
  • km of modified roads (highway=*, version > 1 || minorVersion > 0)
  • km of deleted roads (highway=*, visible == false)
  • Number of added waterways (waterway={river,riverbank,canal,stream,stream_end,brook,drain,ditch,dam,weir,waterfall,pressurised}, version=1)
  • Number of modified waterways (waterway={river,riverbank,canal,stream,stream_end,brook,drain,ditch,dam,weir,waterfall,pressurised}, version > 1 || minorVersion > 0)
  • Number of deleted waterways (waterway={river,riverbank,canal,stream,stream_end,brook,drain,ditch,dam,weir,waterfall,pressurised}, version > 1 || minorVersion > 0)
  • km of added waterways (waterway=*, version=1)
  • km of modified waterways (waterway=*, version > 1 || minorVersion > 0)
  • km of deleted waterways (waterway=*, version > 1 || minorVersion > 0)
  • Number of added coastlines (natural=coastline, version=1)
  • Number of modified coastlines (natural=coastline, version > 1 || minorVersion > 0)
  • Number of deleted coastlines (natural=coastline, visible == false)
  • km of added coastline (natural=coastline, version=1)
  • km of modified coastline (natural=coastline, version > 1 || minorVersion > 0)
  • km of deleted coastline (natural=coastline, visible == false)
  • Number of added points of interest ({amenity,shop,craft,office,leisure,aeroway}=*, version=1)
  • Number of modified points of interest ({amenity,shop,craft,office,leisure,aeroway}=*, version > 1 || minorVersion > 0)
  • Number of deleted points of interest ({amenity,shop,craft,office,leisure,aeroway}*, visible == false)
  • Number of added "other" (not otherwise tracked, but tagged in OSM) features (not otherwise captured, version=1)
  • Number of modified "other" features (not otherwise captured, version > 1 || minorVersion > 0)
  • Number of deleted "other" features (not otherwise captured, visible == false)

SQL Tables

Statistics calculation, whether batch or streaming, updates a few tables that jointly can be used to discover user or hashtag stats. These are the schemas of the tables being updated.

These tables are fairly normalized and thus not the most efficient for directly serving statistics. If that's your goal, it might be useful to create materialized views for any further aggregation. A couple example queries that can serve as views are provided: hashtag_statistics and user_statistics

Batch

  • ChangesetStatsCreator will load aggregated statistics into a PostgreSQL database using JDBC.

  • MergeChangesets will update a changesets ORC file with the contents of the provided changeset stream.

Stream

Vector Tiles

Vector tiles, too, are generated in batch and via streaming so that a fresh set can be quickly generated and then kept up to date. Summary vector tiles are produced for two cases: to illustrate the scope of a user's contribution and to illustrate the scope of a hashtag/campaign within OSM

Batch

  • FootprintCreator produces a z/x/y stack of vector tiles corresponding to all changes marked with a given hashtag or user, depending on the CLI options provided.

Stream

  • HashtagFootprintUpdater updates a z/x/y stack of vector tiles corresponding to all changes marked with a given hashtag
  • UserFootprintUpdater updates a z/x/y stack of vector tiles which correspond to a user's modifications to OSM

About

OSMesa is an OpenStreetMap processing stack based on GeoTrellis and Apache Spark

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