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Python Twitter

A Python wrapper around the Twitter API.

Author: The Python-Twitter Developers


This library provides a pure Python interface for the Twitter API. It works with Python versions from 2.5 to 2.7. Python 3 support is under development.

Twitter provides a service that allows people to connect via the web, IM, and SMS. Twitter exposes a web services API and this library is intended to make it even easier for Python programmers to use.


From source:

Install the dependencies:

Alternatively use pip:

$ pip install -r requirements.txt

Download the latest python-twitter library from:

Extract the source distribution and run:

$ python build
$ python install


With setuptools installed:

$ python test

Without setuptools installed:

$ python

Getting the code

The code is hosted at Github.

Check out the latest development version anonymously with:

 $ git clone git://
 $ cd python-twitter


View the last release API documentation at:


The library provides a Python wrapper around the Twitter API and the Twitter data model.


The three model classes are twitter.Status, twitter.User, and twitter.DirectMessage. The API methods return instances of these classes.

To read the full API for twitter.Status, twitter.User, or twitter.DirectMessage, run:

$ pydoc twitter.Status
$ pydoc twitter.User
$ pydoc twitter.DirectMessage


The API is exposed via the twitter.Api class.

The python-twitter library now only supports oAuth authentication as the Twitter devs have indicated that OAuth is the only method that will be supported moving forward.

To create an instance of the twitter.Api with login credentials (Twitter now requires an oAuth Access Token for all API calls)

>>> import twitter
>>> api = twitter.Api(consumer_key='consumer_key',

To see if your credentials are successful:

>>> print api.VerifyCredentials()
{"id": 16133, "location": "Philadelphia", "name": "bear"}

NOTE - much more than the small sample given here will print

To fetch a single user's public status messages, where user is either a Twitter short name or their user id.

>>> statuses = api.GetUserTimeline(user)
>>> print [s.text for s in statuses]

To fetch a list a user's friends (requires authentication):

>>> users = api.GetFriends()
>>> print [ for u in users]

To post a Twitter status message (requires authentication):

>>> status = api.PostUpdate('I love python-twitter!')
>>> print status.text
I love python-twitter!

There are many more API methods, to read the full API documentation:

$ pydoc twitter.Api


Patches and bug reports are welcome, just please keep the style consistent with the original source.

Add more example scripts.

The twitter.Status and twitter.User classes are going to be hard to keep in sync with the API if the API changes. More of the code could probably be written with introspection.

Statement coverage of twitter_test is only about 80% of

The twitter.Status and twitter.User classes could perform more validation on the property setters.

More Information

Please visit the google group for more discussion.


Originally two libraries by DeWitt Clinton and Mike Taylor which was then merged into python-twitter.

Now it's a full-on open source project with many contributors over time:

  • Jodok Batlogg,
  • Kyle Bock,
  • Brad Choate,
  • Robert Clarke,
  • Jim Cortez,
  • Pierre-Jean Coudert,
  • Aish Raj Dahal,
  • Thomas Dyson,
  • Jim Easterbrook
  • Yoshinori Fukushima,
  • Hameedullah Khan,
  • Osama Khalid,
  • Omar Kilani,
  • Domen Kožar,
  • Robert Laquey,
  • Jason Lemoine,
  • Pradeep Nayak,
  • Ian Ozsvald,
  • Nicolas Perriault,
  • Glen Tregoning,
  • Lars Weiler,
  • Sebastian Wiesinger,
  • Jake Robinson,
  • abloch,
  • cahlan,
  • dpslwk,
  • edleaf,
  • ecesena,
  • git-matrix,
  • sbywater,
  • thefinn93,
  • themylogin,

and the rest of the python-twitter mailing list.


Copyright 2007-2013 The Python-Twitter Developers

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the 'License');
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an 'AS IS' BASIS,
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
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