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This repo contains the Jupyter notebooks for Optech's Schnorr/Taproot workshops.


For the purposes of demonstrating the features of schnorr and taproot to the Bitcoin developer community, we have developed an extended Python library on top of Bitcoin Core's function test framework, which provides Python classes and methods to build more sophisticated Taproot transactions and various schnorr signature schemes for preliminary evaluation.

Note: This Library is intended for demonstrative and educational purposes only.


Do not run test instances of bitcoind on the same machine that you store your Bitcoin private keys. These notebooks shouldn't interfere with your standard bitcoin data directory, but why risk it?


It will be useful to have some background on schnorr and taproot before running through the exercises in this repository.



Output Descriptors

Running the notebooks

The notebooks can either be run in the cloud or in a local Jupyter environment.

Google Colab cloud

Google Colab is a Jupyter notebook environment that requires no setup, is free to use and runs entirely in the Google cloud. Running the Optech Schnorr/Taproot workshop in Google Colab requires you to login with your Google account. The Colab environment disconnects your runtime after 30 minutes of inactivity and has a maximum session length of 12 hours. Don't forget to save your progress. You can have multiple runtimes and notebooks open at the same time.

The following notebooks are located in the Colab branch of this repository and are modified to run on Google Colab.

Local setup

The Optech Schnorr/Taproot workshop can be setup and run locally. This section lists the necessary steps and requirements.

Clone this (bitcoinops/taproot-workshop) repository

$ git clone

Build a taproot-supporting bitcoind

These workbooks require a bitcoind with version 0.21 or later which supports schnorr and taproot.


If you do not already have the Bitcoin Core repo on your local machine, then clone it with:

$ git clone

Note the path where you cloned the bitcoin repository and add it to the config.ini file in your taproot-workshop repository. For example, set:


Build bitcoind locally. See the build documentation ( in the Bitcoin Core repository docs directory for additional documentation on building bitcoind on Unix, macOS, or Windows.

Note that these notebooks will make use of the bitcoind wallet and so when following the build instructions above, do not use the --disable-wallet flag.

No need to run bitcoind or download the mainchain or testnet blockchain. We will run in regtest mode and spawn node instances via scripts.

Python 3

Verify you have python3 installed:

$ python3 --version

If not, you should install Python 3.


$ sudo apt-get install python3

macOS (using homebrew):

$ brew install python3


Python Dependencies

This workshop uses some Python dependencies, particularly jupyter-notebook. To keep dependencies local to the project, you should create and activate a virtual environment. You can skip this step if you're happy to install the dependencies globally.

Make sure you are in your taproot-workshop repository folder.

$ python3 -m venv .venv && source .venv/bin/activate

(if you're using the csh or fish shells, replace .venv/bin/activate with .venv/bin/activate.csh or .venv/bin/

Install dependencies:

$ pip3 install -r requirements.txt

Ensure jupyter notebook is installed:

$ jupyter notebook --version

Jupyter notebook is a handy tool which allow us to run python code directly in an interactive document like this one. The workshop materials are built directly with jupyter .ipynb files, which you can open once you have jupyter installed.

Start jupyter notebook to see exercises:

$ jupyter notebook

Jupyter will start a notebook server in your terminal, and provide a link for your browser from which you can interact with notebook files. If your browser doesn't automatically open the notebook file explorer, click on the link provided by jupyter notebook server in the terminal.

  • Click on the 0.1-test-notebook.ipynb notebook.
  • Verify that 0.1-test-notebook.ipynb passes all checks.

After you have run the 0.1 example exercises, please also run through the 0.2-elliptic-curve-math.ipynb and 0.3-tagged-hashes.ipynb notebooks and exercises before the workshop.

Notebooks 1.x, 2.x, etc will be covered during the workshop. There is no need to run through those beforehand.

Stop the current running jupyter session using Control-C in the terminal.

After you have finished your jupyter session, you can deactivate the Python virtual environment with:

$ deactivate


Taproot & Schnorr Python Library & Documentation.






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