Go client for the post-quantum Atum time-stamping service
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Go client (and CLI tool) to the Atum trusted timestamping server. So, why use Atum instead of RFC 3161 or ANSI ASC X9.95?

  1. Atum timestamps use XMSSMT hash-based signatures by default, which are safe, even against an adversary with a large quantum computer.
  2. Atum has a simple REST/json based API. See below.

Go example

To create a timestamp on some nonce, run

tsBytes, err := atum.JsonStamp("https://some.atum/server", someNonce)

This returns a Json encoded version of the timestamp. To check whether this timestamp is valid, run

valid, time, tsServer, _ := atum.Verify(tsBytes, nonce)

As anyone can run their own Atum server, you should check whether you should trust the Atum server that signed the timestamp (tsServer in the example above).

By default, the Atum server issues XMSSMT signatures, which are somewhat large in size. To request an Ed25519 signature, which is smaller, but not safe against an attacker with a quantum computer, use

alg := atum.Ed25519
ts, err := atum.SendRequest("https://some.atum/server",
                        Nonce: someNonce,
                        PreferredSigAlg: &alg

The ts is an *atum.Timestamp, which can be serialized using ts.MarshalText() or simply json.Marshal(ts).

For further documentation, see godoc.

Commandline tool

To create a timestamp on a file some-document (with a default Atum server), run:

atum stamp -f some-document

This will create an some-document.atum-timestamp file.

To check the timestamp, run

atum verify -f some-document

This will tell whether the timestamp is valid and by which server it was set. Like before, anyone can set up an Atum server, so you should check whether you trust the Atum server which set the timestamp.

To check for a specific server, run

atum verify -f some-document -S https://some.atum/server

This will fail if the document is not signed by that specific Atum server.

See atum -h for more options.


Want to run your own Atum server? Check out atumd.


An Atum server is a webservice and is identified by the url it runs at. An example of an Atum server is


Request a timestamp

To request a timestamp for the nonce example nonce, simply POST

{"Nonce": "ZXhhbXBsZSB0b2tlbg=="}

to the Atum server url. If everything is fine, the server will respond with

 "Error": null,
 "Stamp": (the json encoded Atum timestamp),
 "Info": null

If there is a problem, the Error field will be one missing nonce, nonce is too long, proof of work is missing, proof of work is invalid or too much lag. Also, if helpful, the Info field will include the server information, see below.

Atum timestamp for a nonce

An example of a (json encoded) Atum timestamp (for the nonce example nonce) is

 "Time": 1520078016,
 "ServerUrl": "https://metrics.privacybydesign.foundation/atum",
 "Sig": {
  • Time contains the unix time when the stamp was set. In this case march 3rd, 2018 at 11:53:36 UTC.
  • ServerUrl contains the url of the server which set the timestamp.
  • Alg is the signature algorithm used. Either ed25519 or xmssmt.
  • PublicKey contains the base64 encoded public key of the private key which was used to create the signature.
  • Data contains a base64 encoded Ed25519 or XMSSMT signature of the unix time (uint64, encoded big endian) concatenated with the nonce.

Note that the timestamp does not include the nonce itself. To check a timestamp, one verifies the signature, but also should verify that the public key belongs to the Atum server. More on this later.

Server information

A GET request to the url of the Atum server, will return a Json object like

 "MaxNonceSize": 128,
 "AcceptableLag": 60,
 "DefaultSigAlg": "xmssmt",
 "RequiredProofOfWork": {
   "xmssmt": "sha2bday-16-T3oAQ2oV2VIdO5LqOLyrCsOEOr+86AhOyRnR37Vja8I"
  • MaxNonceSize is the maximum size of a nonce in bytes which the Atum server will sign.
  • AcceptableLag is the largest difference in seconds the Atum server will accept between the requested time for a timestamp and the actual time.
  • DefaultSigAlg is the default signature algorithm used. See below.
  • RequiredProofOfWork is a map that lists for which signature algorithms what go-pow proof of work the server requires (if any).

This is the same Json object that might appear in Info field in the response to a timestamp POST request.

Optional request fields

A timestamp request (which is POSTed to the server url) may contain the following optional fields.

  • PreferredSigAlg to specify which kind of signature is preferred.
  • Time to request the time on the timestamp. This can't differ too much from the actual local time (as dictated by AcceptableLag).

For instance, this requests an ed25519 signature for the UNIX time 1520078016.

 "Nonce": "ZXhhbXBsZSB0b2tlbg==",
 "Time": 1520078016,
 "PreferredSigAlg": "ed25519"

Proof of work

The server can be configured to require a proof of work before it will create a timestamp with a certain signature scheme. By default, ed25519 does not require a proof of work, but xmssmt does.

The go-pow proof of work request is contained in the server information and changes, by default, daily. To fulfil the proof of work, the message that is to be signed for the timestamp (uint64 unix time concatenated with the nonce) must be used as bound data. This also means that Time should be specified in the request. The resulting proof is put in the ProofOfWork field of the POSTed request.

An example for the PoW-request sha2bday-16-T3oAQ2oV2VIdO5LqOLyrCsOEOr+86AhOyRnR37Vja8I is


Atum timestamp of a file (or longer message)

To timestamp a file (which is too long to be a nonce), a hash is used. An example of an Atum timestamp on an old versionof this README is

 "Time": 1520081260,
 "ServerUrl": "https://metrics.privacybydesign.foundation/atum",
 "Sig": {
   "Alg": "ed25519",
   "Data": "G/HCNLL/ZGkonGcDX4eIMysPw5Pw49vCsQ3wuFbo4dBd81HG8EGfwBsYBfPFCwyudrOW0jTxbNhcGvQG52VHDA==",
 "Hashing": {
  "Hash": "shake256",
  "Prefix": "3hGOzeS3h/Wm9FKa8RbXvrdHNqk/N1ZzFKDdnSpdoqg="

The nonce is computed by hashing the base64-decoded Prefix and then the file. Currently only shake256 is supported, which is SHA3's SHAKE-256 where a 64-byte nonce is extracted.

Lookup a public key

To verify an Atum timestamp, a client must check whether the public key is valid for the given Atum server. To do this, she sends a GET request with query parameters alg for the algorithm and pk for the hex encoded public key to <server url>/checkPublicKey. For example, a GET to



 "Trusted": true,
 "Expires": "2018-04-02T14:59:06.164300986+02:00"



would return

 "Trusted": false,
 "Expires": "2018-04-02T14:59:06.164300986+02:00"

The Expires field contains the time after which the client should check back with the server whether the public key is still trusted.

Other remarks

  1. Trusted server. Anyone can run an Atum server, which might or might not be honest. It is not sufficient to check that an Atum timestamp is valid: you should ensture that you trust the Atum server by which it was set.
  2. xmssmt or ed25519 The ed25519 signatures are significantly smaller (0.4kB versus 2kB for XMSSMT-SHA2_40/2_512) and faster to create and verify. xmssmt is still very fast, it takes approximately 5ms to create or verify a signature for XMSSMT-SHA2_40/2_512. The big difference is that ed25519 is easily broken by someone in possesion of a moderately sized quantum computer, which we are likely to see within the next 50 years. On the other hand, it seems very unlikely that XMSSMT-SHA2_40/2_512 will be broken in the forseeable future.