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bitjs: Binary Tools for JavaScript

Introduction

A set of dependency-free JavaScript modules to handle binary data in JS (using Typed Arrays). Includes:

  • bitjs/archive: Unarchiving files (unzip, unrar, untar) in the browser, implemented as Web Workers and allowing progressively unarchiving while streaming.
  • bitjs/file: Detect the type of file from its binary signature.
  • bitjs/image: Conversion of WebP images to PNG or JPEG.
  • bitjs/io: Low-level classes for interpreting binary data (BitStream, ByteStream). For example, reading or peeking at N bits at a time.

Installation

Install it using your favourite package manager, the package is registered under @codedread/bitjs.

$ npm install @codedread/bitjs

or

$ yarn add @codedread/bitjs

Example Usage

bitjs.archive

This package includes objects for unarchiving binary data in popular archive formats (zip, rar, tar) providing unzip, unrar and untar capabilities via JavaScript in the browser. The unarchiving actually happens inside a Web Worker.

import { Unzipper } from './bitjs/archive/archive.js';
const unzipper = new Unzipper(zipFileArrayBuffer);
unzipper.addEventListener('progress', updateProgress);
unzipper.addEventListener('extract', receiveOneFile);
unzipper.addEventListener('finish', displayZipContents);
unzipper.start();

function updateProgress(e) {
  // e.currentFilename is the file currently being unarchived/scanned.
  // e.totalCompressedBytesRead has how many bytes have been unzipped so far
}

function receiveOneFile(e) {
  // e.unarchivedFile.filename: string
  // e.unarchivedFile.fileData: Uint8Array
}

function displayZipContents() {
  // Now sort your received files and show them or whatever...
}

The unarchivers also support progressively decoding while streaming the file, if you are receiving the zipped file from a slow place (a Cloud API, for instance). For example:

import { Unzipper } from './bitjs/archive/archive.js';
const unzipper = new Unzipper(anArrayBufferWithStartingBytes);
unzipper.addEventListener('progress', updateProgress);
unzipper.addEventListener('extract', receiveOneFile);
unzipper.addEventListener('finish', displayZipContents);
unzipper.start();
...
// after some time
unzipper.update(anArrayBufferWithMoreBytes);
...
// after some more time
unzipper.update(anArrayBufferWithYetMoreBytes);

bitjs.file

This package includes code for dealing with files. It includes a sniffer which detects the type of file, given an ArrayBuffer.

import { findMimeType } from './bitjs/file/sniffer.js';
const mimeType = findMimeType(someArrayBuffer);

bitjs.image

This package includes code for dealing with binary images. It includes a module for converting WebP images into alternative raster graphics formats (PNG/JPG).

import { convertWebPtoPNG, convertWebPtoJPG } from './bitjs/image/webp-shim/webp-shim.js';
// convertWebPtoPNG() takes in an ArrayBuffer containing the bytes of a WebP
// image and returns a Promise that resolves with an ArrayBuffer containing the
// bytes of an equivalent PNG image.
convertWebPtoPNG(webpBuffer).then(pngBuf => {
  const pngUrl = URL.createObjectURL(new Blob([pngBuf], {type: 'image/png'}));
  someImgElement.setAttribute(src, pngUrl);
});

bitjs.io

This package includes stream objects for reading and writing binary data at the bit and byte level: BitStream, ByteStream.

import { BitStream } from './bitjs/io/bitstream.js';
const bstream = new BitStream(someArrayBuffer, true, offset, length);
const crc = bstream.readBits(12); // read in 12 bits as CRC, advancing the pointer
const flagbits = bstream.peekBits(6); // look ahead at next 6 bits, but do not advance the pointer

Tests

Reference

  • UnRar: A work-in-progress description of the RAR file format.

History

This project grew out of another project of mine, kthoom (a comic book reader implemented in the browser). This repository was automatically exported from my original repository on GoogleCode and has undergone considerable changes and improvements since then, including adding streaming support, starter RarVM support, tests, many bug fixes, and updating the code to ES6.