CyLP is a Python interface to COIN-OR’s Linear and mixed-integer program solvers (CLP, CBC, and CGL). CyLP’s unique feature is that you can use it to alter the solution process of the solvers from within Python. For example, you may define cut generators, branch-and-bound strategies, and primal/dual Simplex pivot rules completely in Python.
You may read your LP from an mps file or use the CyLP’s easy modeling facility. Please find examples in the documentation.
If you're comfortable with Docker, you can get started right away with the container available on Dockerhub that comes with CyLP pre-installed.
Otherwise, read on.
Prerequisites and installation
On Windows: Installation as a binary wheel
On Windows, a binary wheel is available and it is not necessary to install Cbc. Just do:
$ python -m pip install cylp
On Linux/macOS with conda: Installation from source
CyLP depends on NumPy and Cython as prerequisites for building from source (build-system requires). You will also need to install binaries for Cbc. The version should be 2.10 (recommended) or earlier (current master branch of Cbc will not work with this version of CyLP).
The following commands will create and activate a new conda environment with all these prerequisites installed:
$ conda create -n cbc coin-or-cbc cython numpy pkg-config scipy -c conda-forge $ conda activate cbc
Now you can install CyLP from PyPI:
$ pip install --no-build-isolation cylp
(The option --no-build-isolation ensures that cylp uses the Python packages installed by conda in the build phase.)
Alternatively, if you have cloned CyLP from GitHub:
$ pip install --no-build-isolation .
On Linux/macOS with pip: Installation from source
First of all, you will need to install binaries for Cbc. The version should be 2.10 (recommended) or earlier (current master branch of Cbc will not work with this version of CyLP). You can install Cbc by either by installing with your system's package manager, by downloading pre-built binaries, or by building yourself from source using coinbrew.
To install Cbc in Linux, the easiest way is to use a package manager. Install coinor-libcbc-dev on Ubuntu/Debian or coin-or-Cbc-devel on Fedora, or the corresponding package on your distribution.
On macOS, it is easiest to install Cbc with homebrew:
$ brew install cbc pkg-config
You should no longer need to build Cbc from source on any platform unless for some reason, none of the above recipes applies to you. If you do need to build from source, please go to the Cbc project page and follow the instructions there. After building and installing, make sure to either set the COIN_INSTALL_DIR variable to point to the installation or set PKG_CONFIG_PATH to point to the directory where the .pc files are installed. You may also need to set either LD_LIBRARY_PATH (Linux) or DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH (macOS).
Next, build and install CyLP:
$ python -m pip install cylp
This will build CyLP in an isolated environment that provides the build prerequisites and install it together with its runtime dependencies (install-requires), NumPy and SciPy <https://scipy.org>.
Testing your installation
- Optional step:
If you want to run the doctests (i.e.
make doctestin the
docdirectory) you should also define:
$ export CYLP_SOURCE_DIR=/Path/to/cylp
Now you can use CyLP in your python code. For example:
>>> from cylp.cy import CyClpSimplex >>> s = CyClpSimplex() >>> s.readMps('../input/netlib/adlittle.mps') 0 >>> s.initialSolve() 'optimal' >>> round(s.objectiveValue, 3) 225494.963
Or simply go to CyLP and run:
$ python -m unittest discover
to run all CyLP unit tests (this is currently broken).
Here is an example of how to model with CyLP's modeling facility:
import numpy as np from cylp.cy import CyClpSimplex from cylp.py.modeling.CyLPModel import CyLPArray s = CyClpSimplex() # Add variables x = s.addVariable('x', 3) y = s.addVariable('y', 2) # Create coefficients and bounds A = np.matrix([[1., 2., 0],[1., 0, 1.]]) B = np.matrix([[1., 0, 0], [0, 0, 1.]]) D = np.matrix([[1., 2.],[0, 1]]) a = CyLPArray([5, 2.5]) b = CyLPArray([4.2, 3]) x_u= CyLPArray([2., 3.5]) # Add constraints s += A * x <= a s += 2 <= B * x + D * y <= b s += y >= 0 s += 1.1 <= x[1:3] <= x_u # Set the objective function c = CyLPArray([1., -2., 3.]) s.objective = c * x + 2 * y.sum() # Solve using primal Simplex s.primal() print(s.primalVariableSolution['x'])
This is the expected output:
Clp0006I 0 Obj 1.1 Primal inf 2.8999998 (2) Dual inf 5.01e+10 (5) w.o. free dual inf (4) Clp0006I 5 Obj 1.3 Clp0000I Optimal - objective value 1.3 [ 0.2 2. 1.1]
You may access CyLP's documentation:
- Online : Please visit http://coin-or.github.io/CyLP/
- Offline : To install CyLP's documentation in your repository, you need
Sphinx (https://www.sphinx-doc.org/). You can generate the documentation by
going to cylp/doc and run
make latexand access the documentation under cylp/doc/build. You can also run
make doctestto perform all the doctest.
Who uses CyLP
The following software packages make use of CyLP:
- CVXPY, a Python-embedded modeling language for convex optimization problems, uses CyLP for interfacing to CBC, which is one of the supported mixed-integer solvers.
CyLP has been used in a wide range of practical and research fields. Some of the users include:
- PyArt, The Python ARM Radar Toolkit, used by Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (U.S. Department of energy).
- Meteorological Institute University of Bonn.
- Sherbrooke university hospital (Centre hospitalier universitaire de Sherbrooke): CyLP is used for nurse scheduling.
- Maisonneuve-Rosemont hospital (L'hôpital HMR): CyLP is used for physician scheduling with preferences.
- Lehigh University: CyLP is used to teach mixed-integer cuts.
- IBM T. J. Watson research center
- Saarland University, Germany