Ruby wrapper around Bob Jenkins lookup3.c series of Hash functions
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Readme file for the Ruby 'hashfunction' library.

This library is a Ruby wrapper around Bob Jenkins lookup3.c set of hashing functions

It is distributed under the MIT Open source license.

The two functions that are implemented are:

hashlittle   - returns one 32 bit hash value per key

hashlittle2  - returns two 32 bit hash values per key

hashlittle2 can be combined with the technique of Enhanced Double Hashing of Dillinger and
Manolios to quickly generate several keys from a single hash function call.

For more information on EDH see:
Dillinger, Peter C.; Manolios, Panagiotis (2004b), "Bloom Filters in Probabilistic Verification", 
Proceedings of the 5th Internation Conference on Formal Methods in Computer-Aided Design, 
Springer-Verlag, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3312

You can run an example application in the app directory

$ ./hashfunction_example.rb

This will generate a series of 32 bit hash values from hashlittle, followed by a set 
of 2x the values from hashlittle2. Finally it will generate a set of 12 hash values from a
single key and a single library call using EDH

Things to note:

- The hash functions take initial values (initvals). The returned value will vary according
  to the initval. Typically you choose an arbitrary value and stick with it.

- The C functions generate 32 bit unsigned integer keys. Ruby, however, treats Fixnum integers
  as having only *31* bits. If given a value with 32 or more bits Ruby will represent this
  as a Bignum. This happens transparently and is not an issue but if you want to use
  bit shifting or other low level operations on the hash values then you need to be
  very aware of the Ruby convention.

There are other hash functions in the Bob Jenkins' various libraries. I have only written wrappers
for the ones that I am interested in. If you want a Ruby wrapper for any others either use
this code as a starting point or drop me an email and I may be able to write them and
add them to this library.

If you want to understand how the hash functions really work then do not ask me. They
are black boxes that I am only too happy to leave to experts in the field!

To recompile the library, go to the lib directory and run:

$ ruby extconf.rb
$ make

You should see something like this:

$ ruby extconf.rb
creating Makefile

$ make
gcc -I. -I/usr/local/lib/ruby/1.8/i686-darwin9.5.1 -I/usr/local/lib/ruby/1.8/i686-darwin9.5.1 -I. -D_XOPEN_SOURCE -D_DARWIN_C_SOURCE   -fno-common -D_XOPEN_SOURCE=1  -fno-common -pipe -fno-common   -c hashfunction.c
gcc -I. -I/usr/local/lib/ruby/1.8/i686-darwin9.5.1 -I/usr/local/lib/ruby/1.8/i686-darwin9.5.1 -I. -D_XOPEN_SOURCE -D_DARWIN_C_SOURCE   -fno-common -D_XOPEN_SOURCE=1  -fno-common -pipe -fno-common   -c lookup3.c
cc -dynamic -bundle -undefined suppress -flat_namespace -o hashfunction.bundle hashfunction.o lookup3.o -L. -L/usr/local/lib -L.     -lruby  -lpthread -ldl -lobjc  

To test the library, go to the test library and run:

$ ruby test_hashfunction.rb

You should see something like this:

$ ruby test_hashfunction.rb
Loaded suite test_hashfunction
Finished in 0.005994 seconds.

8 tests, 14 assertions, 0 failures, 0 errors

These tests correspond to the 'driver5' set of test in the lookup3.c code. I didn't see much
point in implementing the other tests.