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Write Through and Read Through caching library inspired by CacheMoney and cache_fu, support ActiveRecord 3.

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Octocat-spinner-32 lib bump 1.6.2 April 16, 2013
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Octocat-spinner-32 README.md
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README.md

SecondLevelCache

Gem Version Dependency Status Build Status Code Climate

SecondLevelCache is a write-through and read-through caching library inspired by Cache Money and cache_fu, support only Rails3 and ActiveRecord.

Read-Through: Queries by ID, like current_user.articles.find(params[:id]), will first look in cache store and then look in the database for the results of that query. If there is a cache miss, it will populate the cache.

Write-Through: As objects are created, updated, and deleted, all of the caches are automatically kept up-to-date and coherent.

Install

In your gem file:

gem "second_level_cache", "~> 1.6"

Usage

For example, cache User objects:

class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  acts_as_cached(:version => 1, :expires_in => 1.week)
end

Then it will fetch cached object in this situations:

User.find(1)
User.find_by_id(1)
User.find_by_id!(1)
User.find_by_id_and_name(1, "Hooopo")
User.where(:status => 1).find_by_id(1)
user.articles.find_by_id(1)
user.articles.find(1)
User.where(:status => 1).find(1)
article.user

Cache key:

user = User.find 1
user.second_level_cache_key  # We will get the key looks like "slc/user/1/0"

Expires cache:

user = User.find(1)
user.expire_second_level_cache

or expires cache using class method:

User.expire_second_level_cache(1)

Disable SecondLevelCache:

User.without_second_level_cache do
  user = User.find 1
  # ...
end

Only SELECT * query will be cached:

# this query will NOT be cached
User.select("id, name").find(1)

Notice:

  • SecondLevelCache cache by model name and id, so only find_one query will work.
  • Only equal conditions query WILL get cache; and SQL string query like User.where("name = 'Hooopo'").find(1) WILL NOT work.
  • SecondLevelCache sync cache after transaction commit:
# user and account's write_second_level_cache operation will invoke after the logger.
ActiveRecord::Base.transaction do
   user.save
   account.save
   Rails.logger.info "info"
end # <- Cache write 

# if you want to do something after user and account's write_second_level_cache operation, do this way:
ActiveRecord::Base.transaction do
   user.save
   account.save
end # <- Cache write 
Rails.logger.info "info"

Configure

In production env, we recommend to use Dalli as Rails cache store.

 config.cache_store = [:dalli_store, APP_CONFIG["memcached_host"], {:namespace => "ns", :compress => true}]

Tips:

  • When you want to clear only second level cache apart from other cache for example fragment cache in cache store, you can only change the cache_key_prefix:
SecondLevelCache.configure.cache_key_prefix = "slc1"
  • When schema of your model changed, just change the version of the speical model, avoding clear all the cache.
class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  acts_as_cached(:version => 2, :expires_in => 1.week)
end
  • It provides a great feature, not hits db when fetching record via unique key(not primary key).
# this will fetch from cache
user = User.fetch_by_uniq_key("hooopo", :nick_name)

# this also fetch from cache
user = User.fetch_by_uniq_key!("hooopo", :nick_name) # this will raise `ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound` Exception when nick name not exists.

Contributors

License

MIT License

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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