The Amsterdam Compiler Kit
C OpenEdge ABL Assembly Roff GAP Makefile Other
Latest commit 8f79699 Feb 15, 2017 @davidgiven committed on GitHub Merge pull request #52 from kernigh/pr-relolis
PowerPC: more ha16/lo16 from ncg, new RELOLIS
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bin Distributions are a pain --- let's not bother any more. Instead, we j… Sep 2, 2016
doc Distributions are a pain --- let's not bother any more. Instead, we j… Sep 2, 2016
emtest Distributions are a pain --- let's not bother any more. Instead, we j… Sep 2, 2016
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examples Add a B version of the hilo program. Dec 29, 2016
fast Distributions are a pain --- let's not bother any more. Instead, we j… Sep 2, 2016
fcc Distributions are a pain --- let's not bother any more. Instead, we j… Sep 2, 2016
first Actually tell the user which tests failed. Jan 15, 2017
h Add RELOLIS for PowerPC lis with ha16 or hi16. Feb 8, 2017
include/_tail_mon Distributions are a pain --- let's not bother any more. Instead, we j… Sep 2, 2016
lang Tune the installed manual pages. Jan 19, 2017
lib Fix cosmetic warning when compiling B. Jan 15, 2017
mach Use "mr" and make a few other tweaks in PowerPC ncg table. Feb 10, 2017
man Add a man page for the PowerPC assembler (not used anywhere yet). Jan 18, 2017
modules Merge branch 'default' into kernigh-osx Nov 28, 2016
plat Fix parameters of signal handlers for linuxppc. Jan 22, 2017
tests/plat Add a bunch more set operations to the PowerPC backends, and the Pasc… Jan 17, 2017
util Document RELOLIS from commit 1bf58cf. Feb 10, 2017
.clang-format Don't sort inludes any more (breaks too many ACK files). Jan 7, 2017
.distr Updated distr files. Jun 21, 2013
.hgignore Add hgignore file. Jun 12, 2016
.travis.yml Trying to install openbios-ppc causes Travis to error out now (not su… Dec 29, 2016
Action Modified to no longer build LLgen, as it is now distributed seperately. Jul 18, 2006
CHANGES Updated. Sep 3, 2016
Copyright new copyright notice in repository May 26, 2005
Makefile Correctly export PREFIX to the Lua build system. Dec 28, 2016
NEW Added some new readmes at the top level. Jun 24, 2005
README Update the README. Jan 7, 2017
TODO Added some new readmes at the top level. Jun 24, 2005
TakeAction Added the appropriate #! magic at the beginning of shell scripts. (So… Jul 18, 2006
build.lua Merge from default. Dec 26, 2016 Build ego. May 15, 2013


                     THE AMSTERDAM COMPILER KIT V6.1pre1

                  © 1987-2005 Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam


The Amsterdam Compiler Kit is a complete compiler toolchain consisting of
front end compilers for a number of different languages, code generators,
support libraries, and all the tools necessary to go from source code to
executable on any of the platforms it supports.

This is an early prerelease of the apocryphal version 6.1 release. Not a
lot is supported, the build mechanism needs work, and a lot of things are
probably broken. However, what's there should be sufficient to get things
done and to evaluate how the full 6.1 release should work. 



ANSI C, B, Pascal, Modula 2, Basic. K&R is supported via the ANSI C compiler.


pc86          produces bootable floppy disk images for 8086 PCs
linux386      produces ELF executables for PC Linux systems
linux68k      produces ELF executables for m68020 Linux systems
linuxppc      produces ELF executables for PowerPC Linux systems
cpm           produces i80 CP/M .COM files
rpi           produces Raspberry Pi GPU binaries


The version 5.0 build mechanism has been completely rewritten. Installation
ought to be fairly straightforward.


- an ANSI C compiler. This defaults to gcc. You can change this by setting
  the CC make variable.

- flex and yacc.

- GNU make.

- Lua 5.1 and the luaposix library (used by the build system).

- (optionally) ninja; if you've got this, this will be autodetected and give
  you faster builds.

- (optionally) the qemu suite: if you have this installed, the build system
  will detect it automatically and run the test suites for the supported
  architectures. Get both the qemu-system-* platform emulators and the qemu-*
  userland emulators (only works on Linux).

- about 40MB free in /tmp (or some other temporary directory).

- about 6MB in the target directory.


- edit the Makefile. There's a small section at the top where you can change
  the configuration. Probably the only one you may want to edit is PREFIX,
  which changes where the ACK installs to.

- Run:


  ...from the command line. This will do the build.

  The make system is fully parallelisable. If you have a multicore system,
  install ninja and it'll use all your cores. If you don't have ninja, you
  can still use make for parallel builds with:

    make MAKEFLAGS='-r -j8'   # or however many cores you have

  ...but frankly, I recommend ninja.

- Run:

    sudo make install

  ...from the command line. This will install the ACK in your PREFIX
  directory (by default, /usr/local).

The ACK should now be ready to use.


Currently I haven't sorted out all the documentation --- it's supplied in the
distribution, but not all of it gets installed yet --- so here is a quickstart

The main command to use is 'ack'. This invokes the compiler and the linker.
Some useful options include:

  -m<platform>     build for the specified platform
  -o <file>        specifies the output file
  -c               produce a .o file
  -c.s             produce a .s assembly file
  -O               enable optimisation (optimisation levels go up to 6)
  -ansi            compile ANSI C (when using the C compiler)
  -v               be more verbose (repeatable)
  <file>           build file

ack figures out which language to use from the file extension:

  .c               C (ANSI or K&R)
  .b               the PDP-11 dialect of B
  .bas             Basic
  .mod             Modula-2
  .ocm             Occam 1
  .p               Pascal
  .o               object files
  .s               assembly files
  .e               ACK intermediate code assembly files

For further information, see the man page (which actually does get
installed, but is rather out of date).

There are some (known working) example programs in the 'examples' directory.
A sample command line is:

ack -mlinux386 -O examples/paranoia.c


There are some things you should be aware of.

- Look at plat/<PLATFORMNAME>/README for information about the supported
- The library support is fairly limited; for C, it's at roughly the ANSI C
  level, and for the other languages it's similar.
- When compiling languages other than C, the ACK will usually look at the
  first character of the file. If it's a #, then the file will be run through
  the C preprocessor anyway.

- BSD systems may need to up the number of file descriptors (e.g.
  'ulimit -n 200') before the ACK will compile.
- The ACK uses its own .o format. You won't be able to mix the ACK's object
  files and another compiler's.

- When compiling together multiple B source files, you need to do some extra
  work to initialise them properly otherwise your program will crash on
  startup; see the ack(1) and abmodules(1) man pages.

- The distribution contains *everything*, including the weird, ancient,
  archaic stuff that doesn't work any more and never will, such as the int EM
  interpreter and the assembler-linkers. Only some of it builds. Look for
  build.lua files.


The ACK is mature, well-tested software, but the environment in which it was
developed for and tested under is rather different from that available on
today's machines. There will probably be little in the way of logical bugs,
but there may be many compilation and API bugs.

If you wish to use the ACK, *please* join the mailing list. We are interested
in any reports of success and particularly, failure. If it does fail for you,
we would love to know why, in as much detail as possible. Bug fixes are even
more welcome.

The ACK is licensed under a BSD-like license. Please see the 'Copyright' file
for the full text.

You can find the mailing list on the project's web site:
Please enjoy.

David Given (davidgiven on Github)