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CProver Documentation


CBMC is a Bounded Model Checker for C and C++ programs. It supports C89, C99, most of C11 and most compiler extensions provided by gcc and Visual Studio. It also supports SystemC using Scoot. It allows verifying array bounds (buffer overflows), pointer safety, exceptions and user-specified assertions. Furthermore, it can check C and C++ for consistency with other languages, such as Verilog. The verification is performed by unwinding the loops in the program and passing the resulting equation to a decision procedure.

For full information see

For an overview of the various tools that are part of CProver and how to use them see


Get the latest release

  • Releases are tested and for production use.

Get the current develop version: git clone

  • Develop versions are not recommended for production use.



For windows you can install cbmc binaries via the .msi's found on the releases page.

Note that we depend on the Visual C++ redistributables. You likely already have these, if not please download and run vcredist.x64.exe from Microsoft to install them prior to running cbmc.


For different linux environments, you have these choices:

  1. Install CBMC through the distribution's repositories, with the downside that this might install an older version of cbmc, depending on what the package maintenance policy of the distribution is, or

  2. Install CBMC through the .deb package built by each release, available on the releases page. To do that, download the .deb package and run apt install cbmc-x.y.deb with root privileges, with x.y being substituted for the version you are attempting to install.

    NOTE: Because of libc/libc++ ABI compatibility and package dependency names, if you follow this path make sure you install the package appropriate for the version of operating system you are using.

  3. Compile from source using the instructions here


For macOS there is a package available in Homebrew/core. Assuming you have homebrew installed, you can run

$ brew install cbmc

to install CBMC, or if you already have it installed via homebrew

$ brew upgrade cbmc

to get an up-to-date version.

Homebrew will always update formulas to their latest version available, so you may periodically see an upgraded version of CBMC being downloaded regardless of whether you explicitly requested that or not. If you would rather this didn't happen, you can pin the CBMC version with:

$ brew pin cbmc

If instead of the latest version, you would want to install a historic version, you can do so with a homebrew tap that we maintain. Instructions for that are available in the documentation

Report bugs

If you encounter a problem please file a bug report:

Contributing to the code base

  1. Fork the repository
  2. Clone the repository git clone
  3. Create a branch from the develop branch (default branch)
  4. Make your changes (follow the coding guidelines)
  5. Push your changes to your branch
  6. Create a Pull Request targeting the develop branch

New contributors can look through the mini projects page for small, focussed feature ideas.


4-clause BSD license, see LICENSE file.