Optimized Dynamic Programming (DP) / Dynamic Time Warp (DTW) as a Python external.
Implments the classic dynamic programming best-path calculation. Because the inner loop is implemented as a C routine, it is 500-1000x faster than the equivalent pure Python.
The external library needs to be compiled; this should be possible with
python setup.py build. This creates the
_dpcore_py.so file that needs to go in the same directory as
dpcore.py. (If you're using HomeBrew on a Mac, you may be able to simply
make -f Makefile.dpcore_py to create the compiled object.)
See http://nbviewer.ipython.org/github/dpwe/dp_python/blob/master/dp.ipynb for an ipython notebook demonstrating the DTW alignment of two spoken utterances.
Based on the Matlab DP external: http://labrosa.ee.columbia.edu/matlab/dtw/
dp(local_costs, penalty=0.0, gutter=0.0)
Use dynamic programming to find a min-cost path through a matrix of local costs.
- local_costs : np.array of float
- matrix of local costs at each cell
- penalty : float
- additional cost incurred by (0,1) and (1,0) steps [default: 0.0]
- gutter : float
- proportion of edge length away from [-1,-1] that best path will be accepted at. [default: 0.0 i.e. must reach top-right]
- p, q : np.array of int
- row and column indices of best path
- total_costs : np.array of float
- matrix of minimum costs to each point
- phi : np.array of int
- traceback matrix indicating preceding best-path step for each cell:
- 0 -- diagonal predecessor
- 1 -- previous column, same row
- 2 -- previous row, same column
Port of Matlab routine
dp.m (with some modifications). See
dpcore(M, pen, use_extension=True)
Core dynamic programming calculation of best path.
M[r,c] is the array of local costs.
Create D[r,c] as the array of costs-of-best-paths to r,c, and phi[r,c] as the indicator of the point preceding [r,c] to allow traceback; 0 = (r-1,c-1), 1 = (r,c-1), 2 = (r-1, c)
- M : np.array of float
- Matrix of local costs
- pen : float
- Penalty to apply for non-diagonal steps
- use_extension : boolean
- If False, use the pure-python parallel implementation [default: True]
- D : np.array of float
- Array of best costs to each point, starting from (0,0)
- phi : np.array of int
- Traceback indices indicating the last step taken by
the lowest-cost path reaching this point. Values:
- 0 -- previous point was r-1, c-1
- 1 -- previous point was r, c-1
- 2 -- previous point was r-1, c