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By Marco Holz¹, Ágnes Kiss¹, Deevashwer Rathee², and Thomas Schneider¹. (¹ ENCRYPTO, TU Darmstadt; ² Department of Computer Science, IIT (BHU) Varanasi)
In European Symposium on Research in Computer Security (ESORICS'20). Paper available here.

This work is based on the ABY framework for efficient mixed-protocol secure two-party computation.

For simplicity, we will only describe the short version of the build process here, including the differences and additional steps required compared to the ABY build procedure. Please also refer to the detailed build instructions of ABY.

Additional build requirements

In addition to the build requirements of ABY, you need to install the following software in advance:

  • Microsoft SEAL is used for BFV homomorphic encryption. Please refer to the SEAL installation instructions.

Build Instructions (Short Version)

  1. Clone the git repository by running:

    git clone
  2. Enter the Framework directory: cd linearPFE/

  3. Enter the build directory: cd build

  4. Use CMake configure the build (using only one of the two different cmake commands). Assuming you globally installed SEAL:

    cmake ..

    Assuming you locally installed SEAL in the ~/mylibs directory:

    cmake -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=~/mylibs ..

    This also initializes and updates the Git submodules of the dependencies located in extern/. If you plan to work without a network connection, you should to a --recursive clone in Step 1.

  5. Call make in the build directory. You can find the build executables and libraries in the directories bin/ and lib/, respectively.

Running PFE performance measurements

This code is provided as a experimental implementation for testing purposes and should not be used in a productive environment. We cannot guarantee security and correctness.

Prior to running the performance measurements, choose the HE scheme in src/abycore/sharing/yaosharing.h:

// choose between DJN/Paillier, RLWE-based (BFV) or ECC-based (EC ElGamal) encryption
#define KM11_CRYPTOSYSTEM KM11_CRYPTOSYSTEM_ECC // <-- set the HE scheme of you choice here

If you want to disable parallelized multi-core execution, you may disable OpenMP in the CMakeLists.txt file in the root directory of the project:

# Remove/comment the following lines to disable OpenMP parallel execution

After changing these lines, make sure to re-run cmake and make (see build instruction) to apply the changes.

Inside the build directory, you can find two helper scripts to run and evaluate the experiments:

  • ./build/ can be used to execute the performance measurements. Please run ./ 0 to start the server (holding the private input x) and run ./ 1 to start the client (holding the private function f). See the comments inside the script on how to run the performance tests between two independent machines. The script will automatically run 10 iterations with circuits of size 1000, 10000, 100000 and 1000000 gates each.
  • ./build/ can be used to evaluate the measurements created by the previous script. List the measurement files usung ls and run python perf_2020_01_01-1337, where perf_2020_01_01-1337 is the prefix of the measurement files, to create csv files with containing the averaged performance measurements. The script will automatically detect the HE scheme and will name the csv files (created in the current directory) accordingly.


Linear-complexity Private Function Evaluation (PFE) based on homomorphic encryption (as presented at ESORICS'20).








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