Dartson is a Dart library that can be used to convert Dart objects into a JSON string.
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pubspec.yaml

README.md

dartson

Pub Version Build Status

Dartson is a dart library which converts Dart Objects into their JSON representation. It helps you keep your code clean of fromJSON and toJSON functions by using dart:mirrors reflection. It works after dart2js compiling.

Transformer

Add the following lines to the pubspec.yaml in order to use the transformer:

transformers:
- dartson
...

Remove the @MirrorsUsed annotation and the assigned import if it's no longer used by any other library. When using the transformer, mirrors are completely removed when pub build is called.

Features not completed yet

  • Support of nested generics (example: Map<String,List<MyClass>>)
  • Support of methods within entities (example: String getAName() => "${whatEver}.Name";)
  • "as" import of dartson within a library separated into parts
  • Complete end2end testing

How the transformer works

  1. All dartson imports "package:dartson/dartson.dart" are rewritten to "package:dartson/dartson_static.dart"
  2. Classes that are annotated using "@Entity" receive 3 methods "dartsonEntityEncode", "dartsonEntityDecode", "newEntity" and implement "StaticEntity"

Known issues:

  • Entities cannot contain one of the following methods: "dartsonEntityEncode", "dartsonEntityDecode", "newEntity"
  • The interface StaticEntity will be added to the global namespace, there shouldn't be any other class named the same
  • Entities need to have a default constructor without any arguments
  • Entities of third party libraries do not work
  • Entities can only extend other Entities
  • Dartson transformer should be placed on top of all transformers to prevent CodeTransform issues (known when using polymer)

Serializing objects in dart

library example;

import 'package:dartson/dartson.dart';

@Entity()
class EntityClass {
  String name;
  
  @Property(name:"renamed")
  bool otherName;
  
  @Property(ignore:true)
  String notVisible;
  
  // private members are never serialized
  String _private = "name";
  
  String get doGetter => _private;
}

void main() {
  var dson = new Dartson.JSON();

  EntityClass object = new EntityClass();
  object.name = "test";
  object.otherName = "blub";
  object.notVisible = "hallo";
  
  String jsonString = dson.encode(object);
  print(jsonString);
  // will return: '{"name":"test","renamed":"blub","doGetter":"name"}'
}

Parsing json to dart object

library example;

import 'package:dartson/dartson.dart';

@Entity()
class EntityClass {
  String name;
  String _setted;
  
  @Property(name:"renamed")
  bool otherName;
  
  @Property(ignore:true)
  String notVisible;
  
  List<EntityClass> children;
  
  set setted(String s) => _setted = s;
  String get setted => _setted;
}

void main() {
  var dson = new Dartson.JSON();

  EntityClass object = dson.decode('{"name":"test","renamed":"blub","notVisible":"it is", "setted": "awesome"}', new EntityClass());
  
  print(object.name); // > test
  print(object.otherName); // > blub
  print(object.notVisible); // > it is
  print(object.setted); // > awesome
  
  // to parse a list of items use [decode] and set the third argument to true
  List<EntityClass> list = dson.decode('[{"name":"test", "children": [{"name":"child1"},{"name":"child2"}]},{"name":"test2"}]', new EntityClass(), true);
  print(list.length); // > 2
  print(list[0].name); // > test
  print(list[0].children[0].name); // > child1
}

Mapping Maps and Lists to dart objects

Frameworks like Angular.dart come with several HTTP services which already transform the HTTP response to a map using JSON.encode. To use those encoded Maps or Lists use map.

library example;

import 'package:dartson/dartson.dart';

@Entity()
class EntityClass {
  String name;
  String _setted;
  
  @Property(name:"renamed")
  bool otherName;
  
  @Property(ignore:true)
  String notVisible;
  
  List<EntityClass> children;
  
  set setted(String s) => _setted = s;
  String get setted => _setted;
}

void main() {
  var dson = new Dartson.JSON();

  EntityClass object = dson.map({"name":"test","renamed":"blub","notVisible":"it is", "setted": "awesome"}, new EntityClass());
  print(object.name); // > test
  print(object.otherName); // > blub
  print(object.notVisible); // > it is
  print(object.setted); // > awesome
  
  // to parse a list of items use [map] and set the third argument to true
  List<EntityClass> list = dson.map([{"name":"test", "children": [{"name":"child1"},{"name":"child2"}]},{"name":"test2"}], new EntityClass(), true);
  print(list.length); // > 2
  print(list[0].name); // > test
  print(list[0].children[0].name); // > child1
}

Writting custom TypeTransformers

Transformers are used to encode / decode none serializable types that shouldn't be treated as objects / lists (for example DateTime).

/// A simple DateTime transformer which uses the toString() method.
class DateTimeParser<T> extends TypeTransformer {
  T decode(dynamic value) {
    return DateTime.parse(value);
  }

  dynamic encode(T value) {
    return value.toString();
  }
}

In order to use the TypeTransformer you need to register the transformer in a main function:

// ...
void main() {
  var dson = new Dartson.JSON();
  dson.addTransformer(new DateTimeParser(), DateTime);
}

Use default transformers

library test;

import 'package:dartson/dartson.dart';
import 'package:dartson/transformers/date_time.dart';

void main() {
  var dson = new Dartson.JSON();
  dson.addTransformer(new DateTimeParser(), DateTime);
}