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ethereum/node-crawler

Ethereum Node Crawler

Crawls the network and visualizes collected data. This repository includes backend, API and frontend for Ethereum network crawler.

Backend is based on devp2p tool. It tries to connect to discovered nodes, fetches info about them and creates a database. API software reads raw node database, filters it, caches and serves as API. Frontend is a web application which reads data from the API and visualizes them as a dashboard.

Features:

  • Advanced filtering, allows you to add filters for a customized dashboard
  • Drilldown support, allows you to drill down the data to find interesting trends
  • Network upgrade readiness overview
  • Responsive mobile design

Contribute

Project is still in an early stage, contribution and testing is welcomed. You can run manually each part of the software for development purposes or deploy whole production ready stack with Docker.

Frontend

Development

For local development with debugging, remoting, etc:

  1. Copy .env into .env.local and replace the variables.
  2. And then npm install then npm start
  3. Run tests to make sure the data processing is working good. npm test

Production

To deploy this web app:

  1. Build the production bits by npm install then npm run build the contents will be located in build folder.
  2. Use your favorite web server, in this example we will be using nginx.
  3. The nginx config for that website could be which proxies the api to endpoint /v1. Review the frontent/nginx.conf file for an example.

Backend API

The API is using 2 databases. 1 of them is the raw data from the crawler and the other one is the API database. Data will be moved from the crawler DB to the API DB regularly by this binary. Make sure to start the crawler before the API if you intend to run them together during development.

Dependencies

  • golang
  • sqlite3

Development

go run ./cmd/crawler

Production

  1. Build the assembly into /usr/bin
    go build ./cmd/cralwer -o /usr/bin/node-crawler
    
  2. Create a system user for running the application
    useradd --system --create-home --home-dir /var/lib/node-crawler node-crawler
    
  3. Make sure database is in /var/lib/node-crawler/crawler.db
  4. Create a systemd service in /etc/systemd/system/node-crawler.service:
    [Unit]
    Description = eth node crawler api
    Wants       = network-online.target
    After       = network-online.target
    
    [Service]
    User       = node-crawler
    ExecStart  = /usr/bin/node-crawler api --crawler-db /var/lib/node-crawler/crawler.db --api-db /var/lib/node-crawler/api.db
    Restart    = on-failure
    RestartSec = 3
    TimeoutSec = 300
    
    [Install]
    WantedBy = multi-user.target
    
  5. Then enable it and start it.
    systemctl enable node-crawler
    systemctl start node-crawler
    systemctl status node-crawler
    

Crawler

Dependencies

  • golang
  • sqlite3
Country location

Development

go run ./cmd/crawler

Run crawler using crawl command.

go run ./cmd/crawler crawl

Production

Build crawler and copy the binary to /usr/bin.

go build ./cmd/crawler -o /usr/bin/node-crawler

Create a systemd service similarly to above API example. In executed command, override default settings by pointing crawler database to chosen path and setting period to write crawled nodes. If you want to get the country that a Node is in you have to specify the location the geoIP database as well.

No GeoIP
node-crawler crawl --timeout 10m --crawler-db /path/to/database
With GeoIP
node-crawler crawl --timeout 10m --crawler /path/to/database --geoipdb GeoLite2-Country.mmdb

Docker setup

Production build of preconfigured software stack can be easily deployed with Docker. To achieve this, clone this repository and access docker directory.

Make sure you have Docker and docker-compose tools installed.

The docker compose uses a local ./data directory to store the database and GeoIP file. It's best to create this directory and add the GeoIP file before starting the system. You can read the ./docker-compose.yml file for more details.

docker-compose up

Developing with Nix

Nix is a package manager and system configuration tool and language for reproducible, declarative, and reliable systems.

The Nix Flake in this repo contains all the dependencies needed to build the frontend and crawler.

The flake.lock file locks the commit which the package manager uses to build the packages. Essentially locking the dependencies in time, not in version.

To update the lock file, use nix flake update --commit-lock-file this will update the git commits in the lock file, and commit the new lock file with a nice, standard commit message which shows the change in commit hashes for each input.

To activate the development environment with all the packages available, you can use the command nix develop. To automate this process, you can use direnv with use flake in your .envrc. You can learn more about Nix and direnv here.

Deploying with NixOS

Nix is a package manager and system configuration tool and language for reproducible, declarative, and reliable systems.

The Nix Flake in this repo also contains a NixOS module for configuring and deploying the node-crawler, API, and Nginx.

There is just a little bit of extra configuration which is needed to bring everything together.

An example production configuration:

Your NixOS flake.nix:

{
  inputs = {
    nixpkgs.url = "github:NixOS/nixpkgs/nixos-unstable";
    node-crawler.url = "github:ethereum/node-crawler";
  };
  outputs = {
    nixpkgs,
    node-crawler,
  }:
  {
    nixosConfigurations = {
      crawlerHostName = nixpkgs.lib.nixosSystem {
        specialArgs = {
          inherit node-crawler
        };
        modules = [
          ./configuration.nix

          node-crawler.nixosModules.nodeCrawler
        ];
      };
    };
  };
}

Your example configuration.nix:

{ node-crawler, ... }:

{
  # Add the overlay from the node-crawler flake
  # to get the added packages.
  nixpkgs.overlays = [
    node-crawler.overlays.default
  ];

  # It's a good idea to have your firewall
  # enabled. Make sure you have SSH allowed
  # so you don't lock yourself out. The openssh
  # service should do this by default.
  networking = {
    firewall = {
      enable = true;
      allowedTCPPorts = [
        80
        443
      ];
    };
  };

  services = {
    nodeCrawler = {
      enable = true;
      hostName = "server hostname";
      nginx = {
        forceSSL = true;
        enableACME = true;
      };
    };

    # Needed for the node crawler to get the country
    # of the crawled IP address.
    geoipupdate = {
      enable = true;
      settings = {
        EditionIDs = [
          "GeoLite2-Country"
        ];
        AccountID = account_id;
        LicenseKey = "location of licence key on server";
      };
    };
  };

  # Needed to enable ACME for automatic SSL certificate
  # creation for Nginx.
  security.acme = {
    acceptTerms = true;
    defaults.email = "admin+acme@example.com";
  };
}

About

Attempts to crawl the Ethereum network of valid Ethereum execution nodes and visualizes them in a nice web dashboard.

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License

MIT and 2 other licenses found

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