Skip to content


Switch branches/tags

Name already in use

A tag already exists with the provided branch name. Many Git commands accept both tag and branch names, so creating this branch may cause unexpected behavior. Are you sure you want to create this branch?


CI NPM version js-standard-style

Proxy your HTTP requests to another server, with hooks. This fastify plugin forwards all requests received with a given prefix (or none) to an upstream. All Fastify hooks are still applied.

@fastify/http-proxy is built on top of @fastify/reply-from, which enables single route proxying.

This plugin can be used in a variety of circumstances, for example if you have to proxy an internal domain to an external domain (useful to avoid CORS problems) or to implement your own API gateway for a microservices architecture.


Fastify 4.x. See @fastify/http-proxy v7.x for Fastify 3.x compatibility.


npm i @fastify/http-proxy fastify


const Fastify = require('fastify');
const server = Fastify();

server.register(require('@fastify/http-proxy'), {
  upstream: '',
  prefix: '/api', // optional
  http2: false, // optional

server.listen({ port: 3000 });

This will proxy any request starting with /api to For instance http://localhost:3000/api/users will be proxied to

If you want to have different proxies on different prefixes you can register multiple instances of the plugin as shown in the following snippet:

const Fastify = require('fastify');
const server = Fastify();
const proxy = require('@fastify/http-proxy');

// /api/x will be proxied to
server.register(proxy, {
  upstream: '',
  prefix: '/api', // optional
  http2: false, // optional

// /rest-api/123/endpoint will be proxied to
server.register(proxy, {
  upstream: '',
  prefix: '/rest-api/:id/endpoint', // optional
  rewritePrefix: '/:id/endpoint', // optional
  http2: false, // optional

// /auth/user will be proxied to
server.register(proxy, {
  upstream: '',
  prefix: '/auth', // optional
  rewritePrefix: '/signon', // optional
  http2: false, // optional

// /user will be proxied to
server.register(proxy, {
  upstream: '',
  rewritePrefix: '/signon', // optional
  http2: false, // optional

server.listen({ port: 3000 });

Notice that in this case it is important to use the prefix option to tell the proxy how to properly route the requests across different upstreams.

Also notice paths in upstream are ignored, so you need to use rewritePrefix to specify the target base path.

For other examples, see example.js.

Request tracking

@fastify/http-proxy can track and pipe the request-id across the upstreams. Using the hyperid module and the @fastify/reply-from built-in options a fairly simple example would look like this:

const Fastify = require('fastify');
const proxy = require('@fastify/http-proxy');
const hyperid = require('hyperid');

const server = Fastify();
const uuid = hyperid();

server.register(proxy, {
  upstream: 'http://localhost:4001',
  replyOptions: {
    rewriteRequestHeaders: (originalReq, headers) => ({
      'request-id': uuid(),

server.listen({ port: 3000 });


This fastify plugin supports all the options of @fastify/reply-from plus the following.

Note that this plugin is fully encapsulated, and non-JSON payloads will be streamed directly to the destination.


An URL (including protocol) that represents the target server to use for proxying.


The prefix to mount this plugin on. All the requests to the current server starting with the given prefix will be proxied to the provided upstream.

Parametric path is supported. To register a parametric path, use the colon before the parameter name.

The prefix will be removed from the URL when forwarding the HTTP request.


Rewrite the prefix to the specified string. Default: ''.


A preHandler to be applied on all routes. Useful for performing actions before the proxy is executed (e.g. check for authentication).


When this option is false, you will be able to access the body but it will also disable direct pass through of the payload. As a result, it is left up to the implementation to properly parse and proxy the payload correctly.

For example, if you are expecting a payload of type application/xml, then you would have to add a parser for it like so:

fastify.addContentTypeParser('application/xml', (req, done) => {
  const parsedBody = parsingCode(req);
  done(null, parsedBody);


Specify preValidation function to perform the validation of the request before the proxy is executed (e.g. check request payload).

fastify.register(proxy, {
  upstream: ``,
  preValidation: async (request, reply) => {
    if (request.body.method === 'invalid_method') {
      reply.code(400).send({ message: 'payload contains invalid method' });


An object accessible within the preHandler via reply.context.config. See Config in the Fastify documentation for information on this option. Note: this is merged with other configuration passed to the route.


Object with reply options for @fastify/reply-from.


By default, @fastify/http-proxy will rewrite the location header when a request redirects to a relative path. In other words, the prefix will be added to the relative path.

If you want to preserve the original path, this option will disable this internal operation. Default: true.

Note that the rewriteHeaders option of @fastify/reply-from will retrieve headers modified (reminder: only location is updated among all headers) in parameter but with this option, the headers are unchanged.


An array that contains the types of the methods. Default: ['DELETE', 'GET', 'HEAD', 'PATCH', 'POST', 'PUT', 'OPTIONS'].


This module has partial support for forwarding websockets by passing a websocket boolean option.

A few things are missing:

  1. request id logging
  2. support ignoreTrailingSlash
  3. forwarding more than one subprotocols. Note: Only the first subprotocol is being forwarded

Pull requests are welcome to finish this feature.


Working only if property websocket is true.

An URL (including protocol) that represents the target websockets to use for proxying websockets. Accepted both https:// and wss://.

Note that if property wsUpstream not specified then proxy will try to connect with the upstream property.


The options passed to new ws.Server().

In case multiple websocket proxies are attached to the same HTTP server at different paths. In this case, only the first wsServerOptions is applied.


The options passed to the WebSocket constructor for outgoing websockets.

It also supports an additional rewriteRequestHeaders(headers, request) function that can be used to write the headers before opening the WebSocket connection. This function should return an object with the given headers. The default implementation forwards the cookie header.


The following benchmarks where generated on a dedicated server with an Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-7700 CPU @ 3.60GHz and 64GB of RAM:

Framework req/sec
express-http-proxy 2557
http-proxy 9519
@fastify/http-proxy 15919

The results were gathered on the second run of autocannon -c 100 -d 5 URL.


  • Perform validations for incoming data
  • Finish implementing websocket