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readme.md

Introduction

The demo project is initialized from https://github.com/carnellj/spmia-chapter10. Additions are:

  • Code cleanup, bug fix, and better comments.
  • Java 9+ support.
  • Spring Boot 2.0 migration.
  • Easier local debugging by switching off service discovery and remote config file lookup.
  • Switch from Postgres to MySQL, and from Kafka to RabbitMQ.
  • Switch from Netflix Hystrix to Resilience4j.
  • Provide spring-cloud-gateway API gateway, as well as Netflix Zuul.
  • Kubernetes support.
  • Swagger integration.
  • Spring Boot Admin integration.
  • Prometheus & Grafana integration.

The project includes:

  • eureka-server: Service for service discovery. Registered services are shown on its web frontend, running at 8761 port.
  • config-server: Service for config file management. Config files can be accessed via: http://${config-server}:8888/${appname}/${profile}. Where ${appname} is spring.application.name and ${profile} is something like dev, prd or default.
  • zipkin-server: Service to aggregate distributed tracing data, working with spring-cloud-sleuth. It runs at 9411 port. All cross service requests, message bus delivery are traced by default.
  • zuul-server: Gateway service to route requests based on Netflix Zuul, running at 5555 port.
  • gateway-server: Gateway service to route requests based on spring-cloud-gateway, running at 5555 port.
  • authentication-service: OAuth2 enabled authentication service running at 8901. Redis is used for token cache. JWT support is also included. Spring Cloud Security 2.0 saves a lot when building this kind of services.
  • organization-service: Application service holding organization information, running at 8085. It also acts as an OAuth2 client to authentication-service for authorization.
  • license-service: Application service holding license information, running at 8080. It also acts as an OAuth2 client to authentication-service for authorization.
  • config: Config files hosted to be accessed by config-server.
  • docker: Docker compose support.
  • kubernetes: Kubernetes support.

NOTE: The new OAuth2 support in Spring is actively being developed. All functions are merging into core Spring Security 5. As a result, current implementation is suppose to change. See:

Tested Dependencies

  • Java 8+
  • Docker 1.13+
  • Kubernetes 1.11+

Building Docker Images

export BUILD_NAME=2.0.0
mvn clean package docker:build

In case of running out of disk space, clean up unused images and volumes with:

docker rmi $(docker images -f "dangling=true" -q)
docker volume prune

Running Docker Compose

export BUILD_NAME=2.0.0
docker-compose -f docker/docker-compose.yml up

Or with separate services:

docker-compose -f docker/docker-compose.yml up authentication-service organization-service license-service

Running Kubernetes

NOTE: Kubernetes does not support environment variable substitution by default.

kubectl create -f kubernetes/kubernetes.yml

Running Locally

Minimum deployment includes: authentication-service, organization-service & license-service. Just launch them in your favorite IDE.

Use Cases

Suppose you are using the kubernetes deployment.

Get OAuth2 token

curl is used here, and 31004 is the cluster-wide port of the Zuul gateway server:

# curl -u eagleeye:thisissecret http://172.16.87.12:31004/api/auth/oauth/token -X POST -d "grant_type=password&scope=webclient&username=user&password=password1"
{"access_token":"d3b817dc-fb7a-4e65-a080-d0e34c0dc4d5","token_type":"bearer","refresh_token":"a5d12d05-78ff-4170-ab4f-b9c4e9886358","expires_in":41496,"scope":"webclient"}

Get organization info

Use the token returned from previous request.

# curl -H "Authorization: Bearer d3b817dc-fb7a-4e65-a080-d0e34c0dc4d5" http://172.16.87.12:31004/api/organization/v1/organizations/e254f8c-c442-4ebe-a82a-e2fc1d1ff78a
{"id":"e254f8c-c442-4ebe-a82a-e2fc1d1ff78a","name":"customer-crm-co","contactName":"Mark Balster","contactEmail":"mark.balster@custcrmco.com","contactPhone":"823-555-1212"}

Get license info associated with organization info

Use the token returned from previous request.

# curl -H "Authorization: Bearer d3b817dc-fb7a-4e65-a080-d0e34c0dc4d5" http://172.16.87.12:31004/api/license/v1/organizations/e254f8c-c442-4ebe-a82a-e2fc1d1ff78a/licenses/f3831f8c-c338-4ebe-a82a-e2fc1d1ff78a
{"id":"f3831f8c-c338-4ebe-a82a-e2fc1d1ff78a","organizationId":"e254f8c-c442-4ebe-a82a-e2fc1d1ff78a","organizationName":"customer-crm-co","contactName":"Mark Balster","contactPhone":"823-555-1212","contactEmail":"mark.balster@custcrmco.com","productName":"CustomerPro","licenseType":"user","licenseMax":100,"licenseAllocated":5,"comment":null}

Distributed Tracing via Zipkin

Every response contains a correlation ID to help diagnose possible failures among service call. Run with curl -v to get it:

# curl -v ...
...
< sc-correlation-id: 3265b50156556c05
...

Search it in Zipkin to get all trace info, including latencies if you are interested in. zipkin-1 zipkin-2

The license service caches organization info in Redis, prefixed with organizations:. So you may want to clear them to get a complete tracing of cross service invoke.

redis-cli -h 172.16.87.12 -c del $(redis-cli -h 172.16.87.12 -c keys organizations* | gawk '{ print $1 }')

Working with OAuth2

All OAuth2 tokens are cached in Redis, prefixed with oauth2:. There is also JWT token support. Comment/Uncomment @Configuration in AuthorizationServerConfiguration and JwtAuthorizationServerConfiguration classes to switch it on/off.

Swagger Integration

The organization service and license service have Swagger integration. Access via /swagger-ui.html.

Spring Boot Admin Integration

Spring Boot Admin is integrated into the eureka server. Access via: http://${eureka-server}:8761/admin. sba-1

Prometheus & Grafana Integration

Spring Boot 2.0 added support for using Micrometer as the metrics collection facility. Prometheus is chosen to be the metrics registry, running at 9090 port. And Grafana is used to do query and visualization, running at 3000 port.

Grafana dashboards imported here are 4701 & 5373: grafana-1 grafana-2

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