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README.md

Hazelcast Docker

This repository contains Dockerfiles for the official Hazelcast Docker images.

Quick Start

Hazelcast

You can launch a Hazelcast Docker Container by running the following command. You can find the full list of Hazelcast versions to replace $HAZELCAST_VERSION at Official Hazelcast Docker Hub.

$ docker run hazelcast/hazelcast:$HAZELCAST_VERSION

This command will pull a Hazelcast Docker image and run a new Hazelcast instance.

Hazelcast Hello World

For the simplest end-to-end scenario, you can create a Hazelcast cluster with two Docker containers and access it from the client application.

$ docker run -e JAVA_OPTS="-Dhazelcast.local.publicAddress=<host_ip>:5701" -p 5701:5701 hazelcast/hazelcast:$HAZELCAST_VERSION
$ docker run -e JAVA_OPTS="-Dhazelcast.local.publicAddress=<host_ip>:5702" -p 5702:5701 hazelcast/hazelcast:$HAZELCAST_VERSION

Note that:

  • each container must publish the 5701 port under a different host machine port (5701 and 5702 in the example)
  • supplying a custom hazelcast.local.publicAddress is critical for autodiscovery. Otherwise, Hazelcast will bind to Docker's internal ports.
  • <host_ip> needs to be the host machine address that will be used for the Hazelcast communication

After setting up the cluster, you can start the client application to check if it works correctly.

Hazelcast Enterprise

You can launch a Hazelcast Enterprise Docker Container by running the following command. You can find the full list of Hazelcast Enterprise versions to replace $HAZELCAST_VERSION at Official Hazelcast Docker Hub.

Please request trial license here or contact sales@hazelcast.com.

$ docker run -e HZ_LICENSE_KEY=<your_license_key> hazelcast/hazelcast-enterprise:$HAZELCAST_VERSION

Hazelcast Enterprise Hello World

To run two Hazelcast nodes, use the following commands.

$ docker run -p 5701:5701 -e HZ_LICENSE_KEY=<your_license_key> -e JAVA_OPTS="-Dhazelcast.local.publicAddress=<host_ip>:5701" hazelcast/hazelcast-enterprise:$HAZELCAST_VERSION
$ docker run -p 5702:5701 -e HZ_LICENSE_KEY=<your_license_key> -e JAVA_OPTS="-Dhazelcast.local.publicAddress=<host_ip>:5702" hazelcast/hazelcast-enterprise:$HAZELCAST_VERSION

Note that:

  • This example assumes unencrypted communication channels for IMDG members and clients. Hazelcast allows you to encrypt socket level communication between Hazelcast members and between Hazelcast clients and members. Refer to this section to learn about enabling TLS/SSL encryption.

Management Center Hello World

No matter if you started Hazelcast or Hazelcast Enterprise cluster, you could use the Management Center application to monitor and manage your cluster.

docker run \
  -e MC_INIT_CMD="./mc-conf.sh cluster add -H=/data -ma <host_ip>:5701 -cn dev" \
  -p 8080:8080 hazelcast/management-center:$MANAGEMENT_CENTER_VERSION

Now, you can access Management Center from your browser using the following URL: https://localhost:8080. You can read more about the Management Center Docker image here.

Note that the way the Management Center is started changed since Hazelcast 4.0. If you use Hazelcast 3.x, please find the instructions here.

Hazelcast Defined Environment Variables

JAVA_OPTS

As shown below, you can use JAVA_OPTS environment variable if you need to pass multiple VM arguments to your Hazelcast member.

$ docker run -e JAVA_OPTS="-Xms512M -Xmx1024M" hazelcast/hazelcast

PROMETHEUS_PORT

The port of the JMX Prometheus agent. For example, if you set PROMETHEUS_PORT=8080, then you can access metrics at: http://<hostname>:8080/metrics. You can also use PROMETHEUS_CONFIG to set a path to the custom configuration.

LOGGING_LEVEL

The logging level can be changed using the LOGGING_LEVEL variable, for example, to see the DEBUG logs.

$ docker run -e LOGGING_LEVEL=DEBUG hazelcast/hazelcast

Available logging levels are (from highest to lowest): OFF, FATAL, ERROR, WARN, INFO, DEBUG, TRACE and ALL. The default logging level is INFO. Invalid levels will be assumed OFF.

Note that if you need some more custom logging configuration, you can specify a configuration file.

$ docker run -v <config-file-path>:/opt/hazelcast/log4j2.properties hazelcast/hazelcast

HZ_LICENSE_KEY (Hazelcast Enterprise Only)

The license key for Hazelcast Enterprise can be defined using the HZ_LICENSE_KEY variable.

$ docker run -e HZ_LICENSE_KEY=<your_license_key> hazelcast/hazelcast-enterprise

TLS_ENABLED (Hazelcast Enterprise Only)

The TLS_ENABLED environment variable can be used to enable TLS for the communication. The key material folder should be mounted and properly referenced by using JAVA_OPTS variable.

# generate a sample key material to the current folder (self-signed certificate)
keytool -validity 365 -genkeypair -alias server -keyalg EC -keystore server.keystore -storepass 123456 -keypass 123456 -dname CN=localhost
keytool -export -alias server -keystore server.keystore -storepass 123456 -file server.crt
keytool -import -noprompt -alias server -keystore server.truststore -storepass 123456 -file server.crt

# run Hazelcast Enterprise with TLS enabled
docker run -v `pwd`:/keystore -e HZ_LICENSE_KEY=<your_license_key> \
    -e TLS_ENABLED=true \
    -e "JAVA_OPTS=-Djavax.net.ssl.keyStore=/keystore/server.keystore -Djavax.net.ssl.keyStorePassword=123456 -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStore=/keystore/server.truststore -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword=123456" \
    hazelcast/hazelcast-enterprise

Customizing Hazelcast

Memory

Hazelcast Docker image respects the container memory limits, so you can specify it with the -m parameter.

$ docker run -m 512M hazelcast/hazelcast:$HAZELCAST_VERSION

Note that by default Hazelcast uses up to 80% of the container memory limit, but you can configure it by adding -XX:MaxRAMPercentage to the JAVA_OPTS variable.

Using Custom Hazelcast Configuration File

If you need to configure Hazelcast with your own hazelcast.yaml (or hazelcast.xml), you can mount the host folder which contains Hazelcast configuration and pass hazelcast.config JVM property. For example, assuming you placed Hazelcast configuration as /home/ubuntu/hazelcast/hazelcast.yaml, you can execute the following command.

$ docker run -e JAVA_OPTS="-Dhazelcast.config=/opt/hazelcast/config_ext/hazelcast.yaml" -v /home/ubuntu/hazelcast:/opt/hazelcast/config_ext hazelcast/hazelcast

Alternatively, you can extend Hazelcast base image adding your Hazelcast configuration file.

Extending CLASSPATH with new jars or files

Hazelcast has several extension points i.e MapStore API where you can provide your own implementation to add specific functionality into Hazelcast Cluster. If you have custom jars or files to put into classpath of docker container, you can simply use Docker volume and use CLASSPATH environment variable in the docker run command. For example, assuming you placed your custom JARs into /home/ubuntu/hazelcast/, you can execute the following command.

$ docker run -e CLASSPATH="/opt/hazelcast/CLASSPATH_EXT/*" -v /home/ubuntu/hazelcast:/opt/hazelcast/CLASSPATH_EXT hazelcast/hazelcast

Alternatively, you can extend Hazelcast base image adding your custom JARs.

Extending Hazelcast Base Image

If you'd like to customize your Hazelcast member, you can extend the Hazelcast base image and provide your configuration file or/and custom JARs. To do that, you need to create a new Dockerfile and build it with docker build command.

In the Dockerfile example below, we are creating a new image based on the Hazelcast image and adding our configuration file and a custom JAR from our host to the container, which will be used with Hazelcast when the container runs.

FROM hazelcast/hazelcast:$HAZELCAST_VERSION

# Adding custom hazelcast.yaml
ADD hazelcast.yaml ${HZ_HOME}
ENV JAVA_OPTS -Dhazelcast.config=${HZ_HOME}/hazelcast.yaml

# Adding custom JARs to the classpath
ADD custom-library.jar ${HZ_HOME}

Graceful Shutdown

You can stop the member using the docker command: docker stop <containerid>.

By default, Hazelcast is configured to TERMINATE on receiving the SIGTERM signal from Docker, which means that a container stops quickly, but the cluster's data safety relies on the backup stored by other Hazelcast members.

The other option is to use the GRACEFUL shutdown, which triggers the partition migration before shutting down the Hazelcast member. Note that it may take some time, depending on your data size. To use that approach, configure the following properties:

  • Add hazelcast.shutdownhook.policy=GRACEFUL to your JAVA_OPTS environment variable
  • Add hazelcast.graceful.shutdown.max.wait=<seconds> to your JAVA_OPTS environment variable
    • Default value is 600 seconds
  • Stop the container using docker stop --time <seconds>
    • It defines how much time Docker waits before sending SIGKILL
    • Default value is 10 seconds
    • Value should be greater or equal hazelcast.graceful.shutdown.max.wait
    • Alternatively, you can configure the Docker timeout upfront by docker run --stop-timeout <seconds>

You can debug and monitor Hazelcast instances running inside Docker containers.

Managing and Monitoring

You can use JMX or Prometheus for application monitoring.

JMX

You can use the standard JMX protocol to monitor your Hazelcast instance. Start a Hazelcast container with the following parameters.

$ docker run -p 9999:9999 -e JAVA_OPTS='-Dhazelcast.jmx=true -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.port=9999 -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.authenticate=false -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.ssl=false' hazelcast/hazelcast

Now you can connect using the address: localhost:9999.

Prometheus

You can use the JMX Prometheus agent and expose JVM and JMX Hazelcast metrics.

$ docker run -p 8080:8080 -e PROMETHEUS_PORT=8080

Then, the metrics are available at: http://localhost:8080/metrics. Note that you can add also -e JAVA_OPTS='-Dhazelcast.jmx=true' to expose JMX via Prometheus (otherwise, just JVM metrics are visible).

Debugging

Remote Debugger

To debug your Hazelcast with the standard Java Tools support, use the following command to start Hazelcast container:

$ docker run -p 5005:5005 -e JAVA_TOOL_OPTIONS='-agentlib:jdwp=transport=dt_socket,server=y,suspend=n,address=*:5005' hazelcast/hazelcast

Now you can connect with your remote debugger using the address: localhost:5005.

Building Your Hazelcast Image

You may want to build your own Hazelcast Docker image with some custom JARs. For example, if you want to test if your change in the Hazelcast Root repository works fine in the Kubernetes environment or you just need to use an entry processor JAR. To do it, place your JARs into the current directory, build the image, and push it into the Docker registry.

Taking our first example, imagine you did some change in the Hazelcast Root repository and would like to test it on Kubernetes. You need to build hazelcast-SNAPSHOT.jar and then do the following.

$ cd hazelcast-oss
$ cp <path-to-hazelcast-jar> ./
$ docker build -t <username>/hazelcast:test .
$ docker push <username>/hazelcast:test

Then, use the image <username>/hazelcast:test in your Kubernetes environment to test your change.

Docker Images Usages

Hazelcast Docker Repositories

You can find all Hazelcast Docker Images on Docker Store Hazelcast Page. https://store.docker.com/profiles/hazelcast

You can find Docker files by going to the corresponding hazelcast-docker repo tag. See the full list here: https://github.com/hazelcast/hazelcast-docker/releases

Management Center

Please see Management Center Repository for Dockerfile definitions and have a look at available images on Docker Hub page.

Hazelcast Kubernetes

Hazelcast is prepared to work in the Kubernetes environment. For details, please check:

Hazelcast Openshift

Hazelcast is prepared to work in the OpenShift environment. For details, please check:

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This repository contains docker image for Hazelcast open-source in-memory data-grid.

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