SAME SYNTAX MOTION
by Ingo Karkat
Vim offers many different powerful motions to position the cursor, but none leverages the syntactic analysis of the built-in syntax highlighting.
This plugin provides mappings to jump to the borders and next [count] occurrences of text highlighted in the same way as under the cursor. So when you're in a large block of comments, a quick [y will take you to the beginning of the comment. The ay and iy text objects will select the surrounding text that belongs to the same syntax group, or is highlighted the same way.
- The SyntaxMotion plugin (vimscript #2965) by Dominique Pellé provides very similar motions for normal and visual mode, but no operator-pending and text objects. It does not skip over contained sub-syntax items and uses same color as the distinguishing property.
- textobj-syntax (vimscript #2716) provides similar ay and iy text objects, but doesn't support a [count] to select multiple.
"Same syntax" in the context of the mappings and text objects means: 1. The same highlight group is used to highlight the text. Transparent syntax groups are ignored, highlight links are followed. Depending on the colorscheme, this usually means if it has the same color and attributes, it's the same, though (especially in low-color terminals) multiple highlight groups may have the same visual appearance, but are _not_ identical. 2. The same syntax group as under the cursor. When this group contains other syntax groups (possibly with different highlighting), these are included. So when you have escape sequences in a string ("foo\<CR>bar"), quoted words in a comment (# a "foo" piece), or keywords in a docstring (@author Ernie), the entire text is treated as one syntax area, even though there are different-colored pieces inside. 3. Unhighlighted whitespace between the same syntax items is skipped. So when there are multiple keywords in a row (FOO BAR BAZ), they are treated as one area, even though the whitespace between them is not covered by the syntax. ]y Go to [count] next start of the same syntax. ]Y Go to [count] next end of the same syntax. [y Go to [count] previous start of the same syntax. [Y Go to [count] previous end of the same syntax. The 'wrapscan' setting applies. ay "a syntax" text object, select [count] same syntax areas. iy "inner syntax" text object, select [count] same syntax areas within the same line. Whitespace around the syntax area is not included. Unhighlighted whitespace delimits same syntax items here, so this selects individual keywords.
The code is hosted in a Git repo at https://github.com/inkarkat/vim-SameSyntaxMotion You can use your favorite plugin manager, or "git clone" into a directory used for Vim packages. Releases are on the "stable" branch, the latest unstable development snapshot on "master".
This script is also packaged as a vimball. If you have the "gunzip" decompressor in your PATH, simply edit the *.vmb.gz package in Vim; otherwise, decompress the archive first, e.g. using WinZip. Inside Vim, install by sourcing the vimball or via the :UseVimball command.
vim SameSyntaxMotion*.vmb.gz :so %
To uninstall, use the :RmVimball command.
- Requires Vim 7.0 or higher.
- Requires the CountJump plugin (vimscript #3130), version 1.90 or higher.
For a permanent configuration, put the following commands into your vimrc:
To change the default motion mappings, use:
let g:SameSyntaxMotion_BeginMapping = 'y' let g:SameSyntaxMotion_EndMapping = 'Y'
To also change the [ / ] prefix to something else, follow the instructions for CountJump-remap-motions.
To change the default text object mappings, use:
let g:SameSyntaxMotion_TextObjectMapping = 'y'
To also change the a prefix to something else, follow the instructions for CountJump-remap-text-objects.
- Because the algorithm has to sequentially inspect every character's syntax groups, movement (especially when there's no additional match and the search continues to the buffer's border or wraps around) can be noticeably slow.
Report any bugs, send patches, or suggest features via the issue tracker at https://github.com/inkarkat/vim-SameSyntaxMotion/issues or email (address below).
- CountJump 1.9 renames g:CountJump_Context to g:CountJump_TextObjectContext. You need to update to CountJump.vim (vimscript #3130) version 1.90!
- First published version.
- Started development.
Copyright: (C) 2012-2018 Ingo Karkat - The VIM LICENSE applies to this plugin.
Maintainer: Ingo Karkat email@example.com